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  1. Animal-assisted therapy: a meta-analysis

    Contributor(s):: Nimer, J., Lundahl, B.

    Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) has been practiced for many years and there is now increasing interest in demonstrating its efficacy through research. To date, no known quantitative review of AAT studies has been published; our study sought to fill this gap. We conducted a comprehensive search of...

  2. Can a week of therapeutic riding make a difference? - A pilot study

    Contributor(s):: Kaiser, L., Spence, L. J., Lavergne, A. G., Bosch, K. L. vanden

    The objective of this research was to determine the effect of a five-day therapeutic riding day camp on children's anger, quality of life and perceived self-competence. Our study sample involved 16 able-bodied individuals (11+or-4.4. years) with no known physical or psychological disability, and...

  3. Child-companion animal attachment bonds in single and two-parent families

    Contributor(s):: Bodsworth, W., Coleman, G. J.

    This study addressed the issue of whether children who potentially have reduced access to parental resources have a stronger attachment bond with a dog, compared with children who have greater access. The study compared children in single-parent families with those in two-parent families on level...

  4. Companion animal separation and loneliness

    Contributor(s):: Gilbey, A., McNicholas, J., Collis, G. M.

    It is widely believed that companion animal ownership can help to alleviate loneliness. This study explored whether companion animal separation leads to increased levels of loneliness. Among new students who had been at university for three weeks, no evidence was found that companion animal...

  5. Companion animals as selfobjects

    Contributor(s):: Brown, S. E.

    This research examined whether self psychology could be systematically applied to human-animal relationships. Twenty-four semi-structured interviews were conducted, which consisted of 16 questions designed to illuminate selfobject needs. The interviews were intended to identify whether the...

  6. Cooperative fishing interactions between Aboriginal Australians and dolphins in eastern Australia

    Contributor(s):: Neil, D. T.

    Published eyewitness accounts and stories from Aboriginal Australians are used to provide an overview of the geographical extent and characteristics of cooperative fishing between Aboriginal Australians and dolphins in eastern Australia. These sources indicate that cooperative fishing was...

  7. Disciplining behavior of dog owners in problematic situations: the factorial structure

    Contributor(s):: Ben-Michael, J., Korzilius, H. P. L. M., Felling, A. J. A., Vossen, J. M. H.

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the magnitude and structure of situation-specific owner emotions and behavioral reactions in problematic situations involving a dog. The following questions were addressed: 1. What is the magnitude of situation-specific owner emotions and reactions in a...

  8. Does it bite? The role of stimuli characteristics on preschoolers' interactions with robots, insects and a dog

    Contributor(s):: Howard, L., Vick, S. J.

    While there is increasing interest in the impact of animal interactions upon children's wellbeing and attitudes, there has been less attention paid to the specific characteristics of the animals that attract and engage children. We used a within-subjects design to explore how differences in...

  9. Dogs in child psychotherapy: effects on state of mind

    Contributor(s):: Prothmann, A., Bienert, M., Ettrich, C.

    Using a pretest-posttest design, this study investigates possible influences of animal-assisted therapy (AAT), using a dog, on the state of mind of children and adolescents who have undergone inpatient psychiatric treatment. To measure this, the Basler Befindlichkeits-Skala (BBS) was used, which...

  10. Effects of a pet visitation program on the behavior and emotional state of adjudicated female adolescents

    Contributor(s):: Conniff, K. M., Scarlett, J. M., Goodman, S., Appel, L. D.

    This study was designed to assess the impact of an ongoing pet visitation program on the behavior and emotional state of adjudicated female adolescents at a medium secure residential facility over an eight-week period. To our knowledge, this study is the first randomized trial with a...

  11. Human-pet dynamics in cross-cultural perspective

    Contributor(s):: Gray, P. B., Young, S. M.

    Pets increasingly serve the function as emotional surrogates of children, with tremendous resources poured into their care. However, this function of pets may be quite different from the typical human-pet dynamics characterizing a wider array of societies. To help fill a gap in the cross-cultural...

  12. Illustrating animals for the working classes: The Penny Magazine (1832-1845)

    Contributor(s):: Austin, A. L.

    In 1832, several British periodicals surfaced with the advent of new print technologies. Sponsored by the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, Charles Knight created and published one of the first cheap periodicals for the masses, The Penny Magazine (1832-1845). Knight has been studied...

  13. Pet ownership in childhood and socio-emotional characteristics, work values and professional choices in early adulthood

    Contributor(s):: Vizek-Vidovic, V., Arambasic, L., Kerestes, G., Kuterovac-Jagodic, G., Vlahovic-Stetic, V.

    The main goal of this study, partly retrospective in character, was to explore if and how pet ownership in childhood is related to several indicators of socio-emotional development, as well as work values and professional choices in early adulthood. The sample consisted of 356 students (200...

  14. Pet ownership, type of pet and socio-emotional development of school children

    Contributor(s):: Vidovic, V. V., Stetic, V. V., Bratko, D.

    The current study was designed to compare the socio-emotional characteristics of school children pet owners and children without pets and to examine whether the type of pet is a variable which can differentiate the socio-emotional development of their owners. The subjects, 425 girls and 401 boys,...

  15. Relationship effects in psychological explanations of nonhuman behavior

    Contributor(s):: Kiesler, S., Lee, S. L., Kramer, A. D. I.

    Research suggests that close relationships with animals encourage psychological explanations of their behaviour. To determine the causal effect of ownership on psychological explanations, we conducted experiments in which we manipulated participants' ownership of a target imagined dog (experiment...

  16. School-based social training with and without dogs: evaluation of their effectiveness

    Contributor(s):: Tissen, I., Hergovich, A., Spiel, C.

    This study examined the effects of different training methods on social behavior, empathy, and aggression (open and relational) in children (third-graders) at several intervals. There were three experimental conditions: "Social training without dogs," "Social training with dogs," and "Dog...

  17. The effect of behavioral therapy on dog phobia response patterns

    Contributor(s):: Hoffmann, W. A., Odendaal, J. S. J.

    Phobic fear can be regarded as an emotional response syndrome consisting of three groups of response patterns, namely cognitive-affective, motor-behavioral and physiological. In the present study, female students were assigned to two groups: an experimental group consisting of participants...

  18. The effects of the presence of a dog in the classroom

    Contributor(s):: Hergovich, A., Monshi, B., Semmler, G., Zieglmayer, V.

    This study examined the effects of the presence of a dog in the classroom on field independence, social competence, empathy with animals and social-emotional atmosphere. The participants were 46 first-graders (43 of them immigrants) of two school classes (control and experimental). In the...

  19. The impact of anthropogenic factors on the behavior, reproduction, management and welfare of urban, free-roaming cat populations

    Contributor(s):: Finkler, H., Hatna, E., Terkel, J.

    Free-roaming domestic cats constitute an integral part of many urban ecosystems worldwide; their presence results from undisturbed natural reproduction, abandonment by pet owners, and abundant food resources. These cats present controversial and emotional issues regarding management of their high...

  20. The relation between socio-economic status concerns and angry peer conflict resolution is moderated by pet provisions of support

    Contributor(s):: Bryant, B. K., Donnellan, M. B.

    Conflict resolution is a critical skill required in peer relations, and anger retaliation is a problematic strategy for resolving conflict. Conflict resolution with peers in relation to socio-economic status (SES) concerns among boys was investigated. Of particular interest in this study was a...