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  1. Relationship effects in psychological explanations of nonhuman behavior

    Contributor(s):: Kiesler, S., Lee, S. L., Kramer, A. D. I.

    Research suggests that close relationships with animals encourage psychological explanations of their behaviour. To determine the causal effect of ownership on psychological explanations, we conducted experiments in which we manipulated participants' ownership of a target imagined dog (experiment...

  2. School-based social training with and without dogs: evaluation of their effectiveness

    Contributor(s):: Tissen, I., Hergovich, A., Spiel, C.

    This study examined the effects of different training methods on social behavior, empathy, and aggression (open and relational) in children (third-graders) at several intervals. There were three experimental conditions: "Social training without dogs," "Social training with dogs," and "Dog...

  3. The effect of behavioral therapy on dog phobia response patterns

    Contributor(s):: Hoffmann, W. A., Odendaal, J. S. J.

    Phobic fear can be regarded as an emotional response syndrome consisting of three groups of response patterns, namely cognitive-affective, motor-behavioral and physiological. In the present study, female students were assigned to two groups: an experimental group consisting of participants...

  4. The effects of the presence of a dog in the classroom

    Contributor(s):: Hergovich, A., Monshi, B., Semmler, G., Zieglmayer, V.

    This study examined the effects of the presence of a dog in the classroom on field independence, social competence, empathy with animals and social-emotional atmosphere. The participants were 46 first-graders (43 of them immigrants) of two school classes (control and experimental). In the...

  5. The impact of anthropogenic factors on the behavior, reproduction, management and welfare of urban, free-roaming cat populations

    Contributor(s):: Finkler, H., Hatna, E., Terkel, J.

    Free-roaming domestic cats constitute an integral part of many urban ecosystems worldwide; their presence results from undisturbed natural reproduction, abandonment by pet owners, and abundant food resources. These cats present controversial and emotional issues regarding management of their high...

  6. The relation between socio-economic status concerns and angry peer conflict resolution is moderated by pet provisions of support

    Contributor(s):: Bryant, B. K., Donnellan, M. B.

    Conflict resolution is a critical skill required in peer relations, and anger retaliation is a problematic strategy for resolving conflict. Conflict resolution with peers in relation to socio-economic status (SES) concerns among boys was investigated. Of particular interest in this study was a...

  7. The value of a dog in a classroom of children with severe emotional disorders

    Contributor(s):: Anderson, K. L., Olson, M. R.

    The purpose of the present study was to determine how a dog's presence in a self-contained classroom of six children diagnosed with severe emotional disorders affected students' emotional stability and their learning. Across an eight-week period of time, the children were observed, the...

  8. Animals' emotions: studies in sheep using appraisal theories

    Contributor(s):: Veissier, I., Boissy, A., Desire, L., Greiveldinger, L.

    Animal welfare concerns stem from recognition of the fact that animals can experience emotions such as pain or joy. Nevertheless, discussion of animal emotions is often considered anthropomorphic, and there is a clear need to use explanatory frameworks to understand animals' emotions. We borrowed...

  9. Cognitive sciences to relate ear postures to emotions in sheep. (Special Issue: Knowing animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Boissy, A., Aubert, A., Desire, L., Greiveldinger, L., Delval, E., Veissier, I.

    Emotions are now largely recognised as a core element in animal welfare issues. However, convenient indicators to reliably infer emotions are still needed. As such, the availability of behavioural postures analogous to facial expressions in humans would be extremely valuable for animal studies of...

  10. Could empathy for animals have been an adaptation in the evolution of Homo sapiens ?

    Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, J. W. S., Paul, E. S.

    In humans, empathy has emotional and cognitive components, both of which are linked to caring and nurturant behaviour. Variations in each of these facets of empathy were likely to have been accessible to natural selection during the evolution of Homo, although the likely details of their...

  11. Quality of life and the evolution of the brain

    Contributor(s):: Kendrick, K. M.

    The dual problem of explaining brain evolution and the way in which it has led to wide species differences in behaviour and physiology has often appeared intractable to scientists. The main limiting factor is that we do not understand enough about how brains work to appreciate why gross or fine...

  12. Zoomorphism and anthropomorphism: fruitful fallacies? (Special Issue: Knowing animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Webster, J.

    Zoo- and anthropomorphism may both be scientific heresies but both may serve as a basis for thought (and real) experiments designed to explore our ability to assess quality of life as perceived by another sentient animal. Sentience, a major contributor to evolutionary fitness in a complex...

  13. Coordination of French research on animal welfare: organisation and activities of AGRI animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Veissier, I., Levy, F., Beaumont, C., Larrere, R., Dantzer, R.

    AGRIBEA was organized in 1999 to coordinate animal welfare research conducted by INRA (French Institute for Agronomy Research). Since then, AGRIBEA had expanded rapidly within and outside INRA and now had 128 members of which less than two thirds were from INRA, while the other members came from...

  14. Emotional aspects generated by the death of a pet

    Contributor(s):: Gardemann, P. N., Paranzini, C. S., Neta, J. H., Trapp, S. M.

    The connection between a man and a fellow animal has been increasingly intense as well as its benefits. The emotions identified in an owner who loses his pet highlight the importance of the family. Through the application of a questionnaire, it was found that the most common feelings generated by...

  15. [Dogs and people]

    Contributor(s):: Muller, G. E.

  16. [Remarks on the domestic dog as an object of instruction for the education of the developing child]

    Contributor(s):: Meyer, W., Pakur, M.

  17. Bereavement, pet loss and deceased body presentation: pet euthanasia and helping owners deal with grief

    Contributor(s):: Brown, C.

    This article describes the role of the veterinarian in helping pet owners make decisions on euthanasia and on coping with the loss of their pets.

  18. Emotional components of physical problems in the equine & small animals

    Contributor(s):: Schwartz, C.

  19. Good-byes, grieving, and growing: grief - the role of pets in the family

    Contributor(s):: Dias, J.

  20. Horses as healers

    Contributor(s):: Adams, C. L.