Domestic horses (Equus caballus) prefer to approach humans displaying a submissive body posture rather than a dominant body posture
| Contributor(s):: Amy Victoria Smith, Clara Wilson, Karen McComb, Leanne Proops
Signals of dominance and submissiveness are central to conspecific communication in many species. For domestic animals, sensitivities to these signals in humans may also be beneficial. We presented domestic horses with a free choice between two unfamiliar humans, one adopting a submissive and...
Best Practice in Supporting Professional Identity Formation: Use of a Professional Reasoning Framework
| Contributor(s):: Armitage-Chan, E.
The Way Humans Behave Modulates the Emotional State of Piglets
| Contributor(s):: Sophie Brajon, Jean-Paul Laforest, Océane Schmitt, Nicholas Devillers
The emotional state can influence decision-making under ambiguity. Cognitive bias tests (CBT) proved to be a promising indicator of the affective valence of animals in a context of farm animal welfare. Although it is well-known that humans can influence the intensity of fear and reactions of...
Empathy and Prosocial Behaviorists. Insights from Intra-and Inter-species Interactions
| Contributor(s):: Maria Elide Vanutelli, Michela Balconi
It has been suggested that "sharing the same body" between the observer and the observed subject allows for a direct form of understanding and emotional attuning by a process of simulation. Then, what happens when we don't have the same body? The aim of the present paper is to...
Perception of animal sentience by Brazilian and French citizens: The case of sheep welfare and sentience
| Contributor(s):: Priscilla Regina Tamioso, Daniel Santiago Rucinque, Mara Miele, Alain Boissy, Carla Forte Maiolino Molento
The study compared the perception of ordinary citizens from Curitiba, Brazil (OB) and Clermont-Ferrand, France (OF), as well as OB, Brazilian veterinarians (VB), biologists (BB) and animal scientists (AB), concerning animal welfare and sentience. An online survey containing 18 open-ended,...
Human-animal emotional contagion and client communication
| Contributor(s):: Milani, M.
2017Can Vet J58121329-13300008-5286 (Print)0008-5286engDr. Milani is a behavior and bond practitioner, teacher, and author of several books on the interaction of animal behavior, health, and the human-animal relationship.text
Understanding the Value of Dog Facilitated Psychotherapy, What Theory Emerges?
| Contributor(s):: Annemarie Una Harmon O'Brien
Animal Assisted Therapy is a field that is growing substantially with animals purported to be a panacea from everything from autism to prisoner reform. In many countries they are incorporated into psychotherapy process. The researcher wanted to explore if this is a valid form of practice, the...
Judgement bias in goats (Capra hircus): investigating the effects of human grooming
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| Contributor(s):: Luigi Baciadonna, Christian Nawroth, Alan G. McElligott
Animal emotional states can be investigated by evaluating their impact on cognitive processes. In this study, we used a judgement bias paradigm to determine if short-term positive human-animal interaction (grooming) induced a positive affective state in goats. We tested two groups of...
An unexpected acoustic indicator of positive emotions in horses
| Contributor(s):: Mathilde Stomp, Maël Leroux, Marjorie Cellier, Séverine Henry, Alban Lemasson, Martine Hausberger
Indicators of positive emotions are still scarce and many proposed behavioural markers have proven ambiguous. Studies established a link between acoustic signals and emitter’s internal state, but few related to positive emotions and still fewer considered non-vocal sounds. One of them,...
The Processing of Human Emotional Faces by Pet and Lab Dogs: Evidence for Lateralization and Experience Effects
| Contributor(s):: Anjuli L.A. Barber, Dania Randi, Corsin A. Müller, Ludwig Huber
From all non-human animals dogs are very likely the best decoders of human behavior. In addition to a high sensitivity to human attentive status and to ostensive cues, they are able to distinguish between individual human faces and even between human facial expressions. However, so far little...
Attachment Style Is Related to Quality of Life for Assistance Dog Owners
| Contributor(s):: White, N., Mills, D., Hall, S.
Attachment styles have been shown to affect quality of life. Growing interest in the value of companion animals highlights that owning a dog can also affect quality of life, yet little research has explored the role of the attachment bond in affecting the relationship between dog ownership and...
How Japanese companion dog and cat owners' degree of attachment relates to the attribution of emotions to their animals
| Contributor(s):: Su, B., Koda, N., Martens, P.
Pet dogs' behavior when the owner and an unfamiliar person attend to a faux rival
| Contributor(s):: Prato-Previde, E., Nicotra, V., Pelosi, A., Valsecchi, P.
Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability during Sleep in Family Dogs (Canis familiaris). Moderate Effect of Pre-Sleep Emotions
| Contributor(s):: Bence Varga, Anna Gergely, Agoston Galambos, Anna Kis
It is common knowledge that negative emotions in humans are accompanied by both impaired subjective experience as well as maladaptive changes in behavior and physiology. The present paper investigates heart rate—one of the most commonly used emotion-related physiology measures—in...
The Benefits of Pets for Human Health
| Contributor(s):: Dana Casciotti, Diana Zuckerman
Social-emotional adjustment and pet ownership among adolescents with autism spectrum disorder
| Contributor(s):: Amanda Ward, Nicole Arola, Amy Bohnert, Rebecca Lieb
Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) often experience poor social-emotional adjustment and interactions with peers, but taking care of a family pet may serve as a buffer. This study utilized 81 parent-adolescent dyads to examine how dimensions of pet ownership (responsibility,...
Using Interactions Between Children and Companion Animals to Build Skills in Self-Regulation and Emotion Regulation
| Contributor(s):: Wanda Boyer
Promoting resiliency in adolescent girls through adventure programming
| Contributor(s):: Anja Whittington, Jeffery E. Aspelmeier, Nadine W. Budbill
This study examined whether participation in an adventure program increased the resiliency of adolescent girls. Eighty-seven girls who participated in Dirt Divas, a non-profit, adventure program, completed the Resiliency Scale for Children and Adolescents® before and after their...
Stepping out of the shadows of Alzheimer's disease: a phenomenological hermeneutic study of older people with Alzheimer's disease caring for a therapy dog
| Contributor(s):: Swall, A., Ebbeskog, B., Lundh Hagelin, C., Fagerberg, I.
Resolution of alliance ruptures: The special case of animal-assisted psychotherapy
| Contributor(s):: Zilcha-Mano, S.