Dog Ownership and Training Reduces Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms and Increases Self-Compassion Among Veterans: Results of a Longitudinal Control Study
Contributor(s):: Bergen-Cico, D., Smith, Y., Wolford, K., Gooley, C., Hannon, K., Woodruff, R., Spicer, M., Gump, B.
Objectives: The aims of this study were to measure the potential impact of a therapeutic dog ownership and training program for Veterans with symptoms of post-traumatic stress. Design: The study used a quasi-experimental design with two cohorts of Veterans-a dog owner-trainer intervention and a...
An Investigation of Pre-Service Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Animals and Empathy Toward Humans: Implications for Humane Education Development
Contributor(s):: Fung, Suk Chun, Zhou, Sili
In the last 20 years, humane education (HE) has undergone a paradigm shift from a simple animal welfare education model to a teacher-led positive education approach that cultivates kindness, love, and empathy in children and youth. While teachers’ humane attitudes are considered a prerequisite...
Children’s Welfare Knowledge of and Empathy with Farm Animals: A Qualitative Study
Contributor(s):: Burich, Lisbeth, Williams, Joanne M.
Public concern for farm animal welfare is increasing in the UK, as is evidenced by recent legislation. Calls have been made to enhance awareness of food, farming, and farm animal welfare among school children, yet educators have very little research available to aid meaningful design of farm...
Cruelty to Animals in Turkish Children: Connections with Aggression and Empathy
Contributor(s):: Akdemir, Seda, Gölge, Zeynep Belma
This study explored the relationship between cruelty to animals, aggression, and empathy in primary school children. The relationship between pet ownership, love for animals in the family, and engaging in cruelty to animals was also investigated. The sample consisted of 1,248 students (633 girls,...
Human-Directed Empathy and Attitudes Toward Animal Use: A Survey of Spanish Veterinary Students
Contributor(s):: Menor-Campos, David J., Knight, Sarah, Sánchez-Muñoz, Carolina, López-Rodríguez, Rocío
Veterinary practitioners are thought of as guardians of animal health and wellbeing, and are considered important in the development of policies on animals. Measuring veterinary students’ attitudes toward animals and animal use is needed when assessing the effectiveness of education programs...
Effects of a Dog-training Intervention on At-risk Youth
Contributor(s):: Lahav, Shlomit, Sarid, Orly, Kantor, Halit
In the past few decades, interventions that involve animals have gained support among therapists, as they encourage verbal and non-verbal expressions of emotions. Our aim was to examine the impact of a dog-training intervention on the empathic skills of at-risk youth, compared with an...
Empathy-Related Ratings to Still Images of Human and Nonhuman Animal Groups in Negative Contexts Graded for Phylogenetic Similarity
Contributor(s):: Ingham, H. Rae Westbury, Neumann, David L., Waters, Allison M.
Research using film stimuli has shown that the strength of empathy-related responses toward nonhuman animals is related to the amount of phylogenetic similarity of the animals to humans. The present study aimed to develop and validate a new set of still images depicting humans and nonhuman...
Measuring empathic responses in animals
Contributor(s):: Edgar, J. L., Nicol, C. J., Clark, C. C. A., Paul, E. S.
Domestic animals may be frequently exposed to situations in which they witness the distress or pain of conspecifics and the extent to which they are affected by this will depend on their capacity for empathy. Empathy encompasses two partially distinct sets of processes concerned with the...
An evolutionary point of view of animal ethics
Contributor(s):: Criscuolo, François, Sueur, Cédric
The observation that animals may respond to the emotional states of conspecific or even heterospecific individuals is not new. After more than one century, the need to define what exactly non-human animals are able to feel and—from this starting point—rethink the legal status and place of animals...
Using Reentry Simulations to Promote Changes in Attitude toward Offenders: Experiential Learning to Promote Successful Reentry
Contributor(s):: Moak, Stacy C., Walker, Jeffery T., Earwood, Martha, Towery, Gabby
The communicative role of companion pets in patient-centered critical care
Contributor(s):: Yamasaki, J.
Emotional states and emotional contagion in pigs after exposure to a positive and negative treatment
Contributor(s):: Reimert, Inonge, Fong, Stephanie, Rodenburg, T. Bas, Bolhuis, J. Elizabeth
After-effects of events that elicit an emotional state on both the animals that experienced these events and on their group members have only scarcely been studied. We investigated effects of a positive vs. negative treatment on the behaviour and emotional state of pigs and their naive pen mates...
The effect of oxytocin on yawning by dogs (Canis familiaris) exposed to human yawns
Contributor(s):: Kis, Anna, Tóth, Katinka, Kanizsár, Orsolya, Topál, József
Previous studies have found that human yawning is contagious to dogs, but the results are still controversial. It is also debated whether contagious yawning is a sign of empathy, and the physiological mechanisms behind this phenomenon are also unknown. Our goal was to further investigate if human...
Psychosocial Impact of Pet Keeping on Schoolchildren in China
| Contributor(s):: Yanxia Song, Toshiya Hirose, Naoko Koda
Studies in Western countries have demonstrated the benefits of pets for humans. However, there are not many studies on human-pet relationships in different cultures and societies; for example, few in Asia. This questionnaire survey demonstrated that attachment to pets benefits the psychosocial...
Interpersonal and Pet Attachment, Empathy toward Animals, and Anthropomorphism: An Investigation of Pet Owners in Romania
| Contributor(s):: Alina Simona Rusu, Carmen Costea-Barlutiu, Dennis C. Turner
The current study investigates the associations between interpersonal and pet attachment (anxiety and avoidance dimensions), empathy toward animals, and anthropomorphism in the Romanian cultural context, where problems regarding the effectiveness of pet management programs are still being...
Exploring the borders between human and non-human animals | Alan Hook | TEDxBallybofey
| Contributor(s):: Alan Hook
What is it like to be a horse? - Reflecting on philosopher Thomas Nagel’s essay What Is It Like To Be A Bat? Alan Hook, Associate Head of School for Ulster Universities’ School of Communication and Media will discuss some of his latest research into the benefits and limitations of...
The effectiveness of Dutch Cell Dogs in correctional facilities in the Netherlands: a study protocol of a quasi-experimental trial
| Contributor(s):: Schenk, G., Duindam, H. M., Creemers, H. E., Hoeve, M., Stams, Gjjm, Asscher, J. J.
Perception de la souffrance, empathie inter-espèces et régimes d'interactivité
| Contributor(s):: Veronique Servais
La perception de la souffrance animale dépend de l’empathie et celle-ci fait l’objet d’un biais « intra-groupe » chez l’humain. On le retrouve dans le cas de l’empathie inter-espèces : la réponse varie en...
Empathy and Prosocial Behaviorists. Insights from Intra-and Inter-species Interactions
| Contributor(s):: Maria Elide Vanutelli, Michela Balconi
It has been suggested that "sharing the same body" between the observer and the observed subject allows for a direct form of understanding and emotional attuning by a process of simulation. Then, what happens when we don't have the same body? The aim of the present paper is to...
Why Do We Care?: A Natural History of Noddings' Ethical Theory
| Contributor(s):: Walter Jason Niedermeyer
Noddings’ theory of caring, which is nearing its 35th anniversary, has failed to garner the attention of the more classical theories of ethics. This slight may be due to its relative youth, or the historical support for other constructs, but if examined through the lens of...