Jul 13 2014
1st Global Conference: Making Sense of: The Animal and Human Bond
A "how-to" guide for designing judgment bias studies to assess captive animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Bethell, E. J.
Robust methods to assess nonhuman animal emotion are essential for ensuring good welfare in captivity. Cognitive bias measures such as the judgment bias task have recently emerged as promising tools to assess animal emotion. The simple design and objective response measures make judgment bias...
A comparative approach to the study of Keeper-Animal Relationships in the zoo. (Special Issue: Zoo animal welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Carlstead, K.
Research on intensively farmed animals over the past 25 years has shown that human-animal interactions, by affecting the animal's fear of humans, can markedly limit the productivity and welfare of farm animals. This article begins to explore some of the factors that need to be considered to...
A Cultural History of Crocodiles in the Philippines: Towards a New Peace Pact?
Contributor(s):: Van Der Ploeg, J. A. N., Van Weerd, Merlijn, Persoon, Gerard A.
A Day with Crows-Rarity, Nativity and the Violent-Care of Conservation
Contributor(s):: Thom van Dooren
This article explores the intermingled violence and care of endangered species conservation. The structure of the paper takes the form of a narrative account of a day spent at the Keauhou Bird Conservation Center in Hawai‘i, observing staff taking care of a captive population of critically...
A Hypothetical Engagement: GATT Article XX(a) and Indonesia's FATWA Against Trade in Endangered Species
Contributor(s):: Lisa M. Meissner
The greatest recognized threat facing biodiversity conservation today is habitat destruction. Other threats include but are not limited to global climate change, encroachment, illegal wildlife trafficking, and overexploitation through intensive agricultural and commercial uses. Although wildlife...
A Perspective on Zoos: Andreas Kaufmann at TEDxVilnius
Contributor(s):: Andreas Kaufmann
Andreas has loved animals and nature since his early childhood, which he spent near the lowland forests, surrounded by farm animals and pets.But the zoos… he did not like them. So what turned him into taking a job… at a zoo?Andreas has been actively involved with wild animals,...
A preliminary study into the effectiveness of stroboscopic light as an aversive stimulus for fish
Contributor(s):: Mesquita, F. de O., Godinho, H. P., Azevedo, P. G. de, Young, R. J.
To reduce fish mortality in nature it is often necessary to expel individuals from areas modified by humans (e.g., dams) where they could be injured or killed. We tested the effectiveness of stroboscopic light as an aversive stimulus for zebrafish (Danio rerio) in captivity. We used six groups of...
A review of the impacts and benefits of human-animal relationships
Contributor(s):: Mariah Howell
Animals, both domestic and non-domestic, have played a crucial role in our social history for thousands of years. They appear in myths and literature dating from the prehistoric times to the present, and are vital to human culture, economy, and psychology. A review of the existing literature has...
American Attitudes Toward and Knowledge of Animals: An Update
Contributor(s):: S.R. Kellert
The distribution of a typology of basic attitudes toward animals in the American population is explored through personal interviews with 3,107 randomly selected persons in the 48 contiguous states and Alaska. Data is presented on the prevalence of these attitudes in the overall American...
An Attempt at Captive Breeding of the Endangered Newt Echinotriton andersoni, from the Central Ryukyus in Japan
Contributor(s):: Takeshi Igawa, Hirotaka Sugawara, Miyuki Tado, Takuma Nishitani, Atsushi Kurabayashi, Mohammed Mafizul Islam, Shohei Oumi, Seiki Katsuren, Tamotsu Fujii, Masayuki Sumida
Anderson’s crocodile newt (Echinotriton andersoni) is distributed in the Central Ryukyu Islands of southern Japan, but environmental degradation and illegal collection over the last several decades have devastated the local populations. It has therefore been listed as a class B1 endangered...
An Institutional Analysis of Ontario's Endangered Species Act: Investigating the Implementation Challenges
Contributor(s):: Nafisa Sarwath
In a rapidly changing environment, management of natural resources is essential. Currently the world is undergoing a rapid loss of biodiversity through extinctions caused by human activities. Despite the alarming rate of species endangerment and subsequent loss, efforts to reduce species loss...
Animal welfare in the musk deer [ Moschus chrysogaster ]
Contributor(s):: Shrestha, M. N.
Assessing Contingent Valuation as a Decision Making Tool for the Endangered Species Act
Contributor(s):: Kelly Redden
The purpose of this project is to examine how utilizing the contingent valuation method could help or hinder the decision making process for the Endangered Species Act (ESA). Contingent valuation is a technique which uses surveys to measure people’s willingness to pay for a specific good or...
Behavior as a tool for welfare improvement and conservation management in the endangered lizard ( Gallotia bravoana )
Contributor(s):: Mesa-Avila, G., Molina-Borja, M.
The study assessed the behavior of Gallotia bravoana (La Gomera, Canary Islands, one of the world's most threatened reptiles) to facilitate management decisions and improve welfare during initial stages of a species' recovery plan. The study analyzed - and remote-controlled video cameras filmed -...
Behavioral and hormonal consequences of transporting giant pandas from China to the United States
Contributor(s):: Snyder, R. J., Perdue, B. M., Powell, D. M., Forthman, D. L., Bloomsmith, M. A., Maple, T. L.
Zoological institutions strive to ensure the welfare of nonhuman animals in captivity. Part of this effort involves reducing the level of distress experienced by an animal to the greatest extent possible. However, some necessary zoo management practices such as transportation induce stress...
Behaviour of a captive pair of clouded leopards ( Neofelis nebulosa ): introduction without injury
Contributor(s):: Law, G., Tatner, P.
Behavioural evidence of hybridization (Japanese x European) in domestic quail released as game birds
Contributor(s):: Deregnaucourt, S., Guyomarc'h, J. C., Spano, S.
The European quail is a partial migrant bird considered 'vulnerable' by the European community. The decline of this subspecies has spurred an annual release of large numbers of domestic Japanese quail. Prezygotic and postzygotic isolating mechanisms have not been established between these two...
Beyond recovery: Wisconsin's wolf policy 1980-2008
Contributor(s):: Treves, Adrian
Wildlife protectionists, livestock producers, and black bear hunters influenced wolf policy in Wisconsin, USA, over the past 29 years. Wolf policy aligned closely with protectionist values until 2003, when litigations over lethal control and wolf reclassification created a rift. Since 2003,...
Bringing the Endangered Barn Owl Back to McLean County, Illinois: Implementing a Local Nest Box Program
Contributor(s):: Anna Groves
Barn owls are an endangered species in Illinois, but populations have been known to increase where nest box programs have been implemented. In conjunction with the John Wesley Powell Audubon Society, a barn owl nest box program was established in McLean County and the surrounding area. Seventeen...