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All Categories (21-40 of 392)

  1. Activity and enrichment use in disabled Asiatic black bears (Ursus thibetanus) rescued from bile farms

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dallaire, J. A., Field, N., Mason, G. J.

    Physical disability has the potential to impede the use of environmental enrichments in rehabilitation programmes. We therefore compared the behaviour of 63 disabled and non-disabled socially housed adult Asiatic black bears rescued from bile farms for 103 observation hours. Amputees were less...

  2. Advances in Applied Zoo Animal Welfare Science

    | Contributor(s):: Ward, Samantha J., Sherwen, Sally, Clark, Fay E.

    Nonhuman animal welfare science is the scientific study of the welfare state of animals that attempts to make inferences about how animals feel from their behavior, endocrine function, and/or signs of physical health. These welfare measurements are applicable within zoos yet inherently more...

  3. Alternatives to nose-ringing in outdoor sows: 2. The provision of edible or inedible overground enrichment

    | Contributor(s):: Edge, H. L., Bornett, H. L. I., Newton, E., Edwards, S. A.

    The nose-ringing of outdoor pigs (Sus scrofa), although commonly practiced as a means to inhibit rooting behaviour and therefore reduce pasture damage and soil erosion, has been questioned on ethical grounds and alternatives are being sought. In this experiment, the effect of overground...

  4. An assessment of laboratory mouse welfare in UK animal units

    | Contributor(s):: Leach, M. C., Main, D. C. J.

    The welfare of conventional stock laboratory mice has been assessed in 46 UK animal units using an expert-defined welfare assessment protocol containing 119 measures of mouse welfare. These were recorded using a questionnaire and observations made during a one-day visit to each unit. The standard...

  5. An assessment of several potential enrichment devices for feedlot cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Wilson, S. C., Mitlohner, F. M., Morrow-Tesch, J., Dailey, J. W., McGlone, J. J.

    The behaviour of Charolais cross heifers kept in experimental feedlot pens (3 pens, N=10 per pen) was observed for frequency and duration of use of and percentages of animals interacting with five environmental potential enrichment devices (PEDs) over a period of 22 days. The PEDs tested were:...

  6. An empirical case study examining effectiveness of environmental enrichment in two captive Australian Sea Lions ( Neophoca cinerea )

    | Contributor(s):: Smith, B. P., Litchfield, C. A.

    This case study examined the effect of environmental enrichment on the activity budgets of a male and female Australian Sea Lion (Neophoca cinerea) housed together at Adelaide Zoo. Using non-food-related (intrinsic) and food-related (extrinsic) enrichment objects, the study conducted an ABABA...

  7. An ethological approach to determining housing requirements of gamebirds in raised laying units

    | Contributor(s):: Matheson, S. M., Donbavand, J., Sandilands, V., Pennycott, T., Turner, S. P.

    Each year, the UK rears around 20-30 million pheasants and 3-6 million red-legged partridges for shooting purposes. However, welfare organisations and some members of the gamebird industry itself have raised concerns about the use of raised laying units for breeding gamebirds. Although the...

  8. An examination of nest-building behaviour using five different nesting materials in C57BL/6J and BALB/c mice

    | Contributor(s):: Obermueller, B., Castellani, C., Till, H., Reininger-Gutmann, B., Singer, G.

  9. An explorative study on the effect of provision of preferred and non-preferred enrichment on behavioural and physiological parameters in laboratory ferrets (Mustela putorius furo)

    | Contributor(s):: Reijgwart, Marsinah L., Vinke, Claudia M., Hendriksen, Coenraad F. M., den Hoed, Kim M., van der Meer, Manon I., van der Meer, Miriam, Schoemaker, Nico J., van Zeeland, Yvonne R. A.

    Environmental enrichment is often advocated to refine animal studies. Despite the increasing use of ferrets as an animal model in biomedical research, the knowledge on effects of the provision of enrichment on these animals is limited. Additionally, it is unknown whether varying types of...

  10. An exploratory study on the effects of a straw dispenser in farrowing crates

    | Contributor(s):: Bulens, A., Renders, L., Beirendonck, S. van, Thielen, J. van, Driessen, B.

    The effect of a straw dispenser in farrowing crates was investigated to determine the extent to which the provision of small quantities of straw has an influence on both sows and piglets. Sows and suckling piglets are often housed in barren environments with limited opportunities to show behavior...

  11. An initial investigation into the effects of isolation and enrichment on the welfare of laboratory pigs housed in the PigTurn system, assessed using tear staining, behaviour, physiology and haematology

    | Contributor(s):: DeBoer, S. P., Garner, J. P., McCain, R. R., Lay, D. C., Jr., Eicher, S. D., Marchant-Forde, J. N.

    In some parts of the world, the laboratory pig ( Sus scrofa) is often housed in individual, sterile housing which may impose stress. Our objectives were to determine the effects of isolation and enrichment on pigs housed within the PigTurn - a novel penning system with automated blood sampling -...

  12. An investigation of the effect of environmental enrichment and space allowance on the behaviour and production of growing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Beattie, V. E., Walker, N., Sneddon, I. A.

    Newly weaned 6-week-old pigs in groups of 6 littermates were placed in enriched environments with a floor space allowance of 0.5, 1.1, 1.7 or 2.3 msuperscript 2/pig (treatments 1-4, respectively). Treatment 5 was identical to treatment 4, except for the absence of enriching elements which...

  13. Animal Enrichment Strategies for Promoting Natural Behaviors in Captive Populations of Tasmanian Devils (Sarcophilus harrisii)

    | Contributor(s):: Tierney O\'neal

    The population of Tasmanian devils (Sarcophilus harrisii) is in rapid decline due to Devil Facial Tumour Disease, and insurance populations have been created in captivity for potential future introduction into the wild. Many problems can arise within captive animal populations including loss of...

  14. Animal welfare and its assossiations with farm size and stockmanship characteristics on European breeding-to-finishing pig farms

    | Contributor(s):: Ruckli, A. K., Dippel, S., Helmerichs, J., Hubbard, C., Munsterhjelm, C., Vermeer, H., Leeb, C.

  15. Anticipation of a food ball increases short-term activity levels in growing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Imfeld-Mueller, Sabrina, Hillmann, Edna

    Analogous to the way in which repeated episodes of stress can lead to a negative emotional state, it is possible that repeated positive emotions could lead to a positive emotional state. Positive emotions can be induced by providing enrichment or by successfully coping with cognitive challenges....

  16. Application of the Welfare Quality animal welfare assessment system in Finnish pig production, Part II: Associations between animal-based and environmental measures of welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Munsterhjelm, C., Heinonen, M., Valros, A.

    This study aimed to establish associations between the environment and animal-based measures of welfare collected on 158 Finnish farms according to the Welfare Quality systems for pigs. The data consisted of 95 welfare assessments in fattening pigs and 103 in sows, including suckling piglets....

  17. Are the effects of enrichment due to the presence of multiple items or a particular item in the cages of laboratory rat?

    | Contributor(s):: Abou-Ismail, Usama A.

    Although the effects of environmental enrichment on laboratory rodents have been extensively described, it is not yet known whether these effects were simply due to the presence of multiple items in the cage or due solely to the presence of a particular item. This experiment was therefore carried...

  18. Are wild animals suited to a travelling circus life?

    | Contributor(s):: Iossa, G., Soulsbury, C. D., Harris, S.

    A comprehensive synopsis of the welfare of captive, wild (ie non-domesticated) animals in travelling circuses is missing. We examined circus animal welfare and, specifically, behaviour, health, living and travelling conditions. We compared the conditions of non-domesticated animals in circuses...

  19. Assessing efficiency of a Human Familiarisation and Training Programme on fearfulness and aggressiveness of military dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Haverbeke, A., Rzepa, C., Depiereux, E., Deroo, J., Giffroy, J. M., Diederich, C.

    It has been shown that Belgian military working dogs exhibit fearful and aggressive behaviour towards human and unknown environment. This study aims to assess the effects of a Human Familiarisation and Training Programme (HFTP: based on positive and frequent dog-handler interactions and training)...

  20. Auditory stimulation as enrichment for zoo-housed Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus )

    | Contributor(s):: Wells, D. L., Irwin, R. M.

    This study explored the effect of auditory stimulation on the behaviour and welfare of four zoo-housed, female Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). All animals were exposed, in an ABA design, to two conditions of auditory stimulation: a 'control' (no auditory stimulation), and an 'experimental'...