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  1. Helping fish flourish: environmental enrichment for aquatic species

  2. Honest signalling through chemicals by elephants with applications for care and conservation.

    | Contributor(s):: Schulte, B. A., Freeman, E. W., Goodwin, T. E., Hollister-Smith, J., Rasmussen, L. E. L.

    Chemical signals are difficult to fake because they are often directly associated with phenotype and physiological condition, and hence likely to be honest signals for intraspecific communication. Chemical signals may be modified after release by the sender or by the environment. The proximate...

  3. Human interaction as environmental enrichment for pair-housed wolves and wolf-dog crosses

    | Contributor(s):: Mehrkam, L. R., Verdi, N. T., Wynne, C. D. L.

    Private nonhuman animal sanctuaries are often financially limited in their ability to implement traditional environmental enrichment strategies. One possible solution may be to provide socialized animals with human interaction sessions. However, the merit of human interaction as enrichment has...

  4. Identification of major welfare issues for captive elephant husbandry by stakeholders

    | Contributor(s):: Gurusamy, V., Tribe, A., Phillips, C. J. C.

    Accurate identification of key welfare issues for captive elephants could improve standards and help in the development of a welfare index. In the absence of adequate scientific information on the relative importance of key issues, the views of a range of stakeholders were sought using adaptive...

  5. If you knew what was good for you! The value of environmental enrichments with known welfare benefits is not demonstrated by sows using operant techniques

    | Contributor(s):: Elmore, M. R. P., Garner, J. P., Johnson, A. K., Kirkden, R. D., Richert, B. T., Pajor, E. A.

    This study assessed the motivation of gestating sows housed in standard, barren gestation stalls (used for breeding/implantation and/or gestation) for access to environmental enrichment. Enrichment consisted of a cotton rope or rubber mat in comparison to positive (additional food when fed at...

  6. Impact of structural and cognitive enrichment on the learning performance, behavior and physiology of dwarf goats (Capra aegagrus hircus)

    | Contributor(s):: Oesterwind, Susann, Nürnberg, Gerd, Puppe, Birger, Langbein, Jan

    Intensive husbandry usually offers only limited opportunities for animals to perform their characteristic species–specific behavior and can lead to boredom, stress or frustration. The positive impact of structural forms of environmental enrichment on animal welfare is well investigated...

  7. Impact of tank background on the welfare of the African clawed frog, Xenopus laevis (Daudin)

    | Contributor(s):: Holmes, Andrew M., Emmans, Christopher J., Jones, Niall, Coleman, Robert, Smith, Tessa E., Hosie, Charlotte A.

    The captive environment of a laboratory animal can profoundly influence its welfare and the scientific validity of research produced. The African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis) is a common model organism, however current husbandry guidelines lack supporting quantitative evidence. The visual...

  8. Improving the Welfare of a Zoo-Housed Male Drill (Mandrillus leucophaeus poensis) Aggressive Toward Visitors

    | Contributor(s):: Martín, Olga, Vinyoles, Dolors, García-Galea, Eduardo, Maté, Carmen

    Improving the welfare of nonhuman animals in captivity and maintaining behavioral competence for future conservation purposes is of the highest priority for zoos. The behavior of an aggressive male drill (Mandrillus leucophaeus poensis) was assessed in Barcelona Zoo. The 2-year study presented in...

  9. Improving the welfare of captive macaques ( Macaca sp.) through the use of water as enrichment

    | Contributor(s):: Robins, J. G., Waitt, C. D.

    This review evaluates the use of water as a tool for enriching the environments of macaques (Macaca sp.) in captivity. Many macaque species are known to swim and forage in water in the wild, and in-situ reports suggest that access to water promotes activity and cultural behavior. Yet, there is a...

  10. In response to the Letter to the Editor regarding the article: “Is training zoo animals enriching?”

    | Contributor(s):: Melfi, Vicky

    2014Applied Animal Behaviour Science152103-1050168-159110.1016/j.applanim.2013.12.012text

  11. Increasing farm animal welfare by positively motivated instrumental behaviour. (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)

    | Contributor(s):: Manteuffel, G., Langbein, J., Puppe, B.

    Rewarded instrumental learning leads to the association of an environmental cue with the positive result of the own activity. Instrumental behaviour includes motivation for a specific reward, anticipation of its successful acquisition and positive appraisal. In this paper, we present theoretical...

  12. Increasing shelter cat welfare through enrichment: A review

    | Contributor(s):: Houser, Bridgette, Vitale, Kristyn R.

    Research into cat behavior has gained more attention in recent years. As one of the world’s most popular companion animals, work in this field has potential to have wide-reaching benefits. Cats living in shelters are posed with distinct welfare concerns. Shelter cat welfare can be increased...

  13. Individual differences in temperament and behavioral management practices for nonhuman primates

    | Contributor(s):: Coleman, Kristine

    Effective behavioral management plans are tailored to the unique behavioral patterns of each individual species. However, even within a species behavioral needs of individuals can vary. Factors such as age, sex, and temperament can affect behavioral needs of individuals. While some of these...

  14. Influence of cinnamon and catnip on the stereotypical pacing of oncilla cats ( Leopardus tigrinus ) in captivity

    | Contributor(s):: Resende, L. de S., Gomes, K. C. P., Andriolo, A., Genaro, G., Remy, G. L., Ramos Junior, V. de A.

    Nonhuman animals in captivity can experience environmental privation that results in their exhibiting abnormal behaviors. Environmental enrichment techniques can help improve their welfare. This study investigated the behavior of 8 zoo-housed oncilla cats (Leopardus tigrinus) in response to 2...

  15. Influence of different types of environmental enrichment on the behaviour of finishing pigs in two different housing systems: 2. Ratio of pigs to enrichment

    | Contributor(s):: Scott, K., Taylor, L., Gill, B. P., Edwards, S. A.

    The aims of this study were to assess the effects of: (1) environmental enrichment with either straw bedding or a hanging manipulable toy and (2) the ratio of pigs to environmental enrichment when toys are provided. One thousand and twenty four (Large White x Landrace) x Large White pigs were...

  16. Influence of different types of environmental enrichment on the behaviour of finishing pigs in two different housing systems: 3. Hanging toy versus rootable toy of the same material

    | Contributor(s):: Scott, K., Taylor, L., Gill, B. P., Edwards, S. A.

    This study aimed to assess the effects of (1) environmental enrichment with either straw bedding or a plastic toy and (2) the way in which the plastic toy was presented on the behaviour of finishing pigs in two different housing systems. One thousand and twenty four (Large White x Landrace) x...

  17. Influence of environmental conditions and facility on faecal glucocorticoid concentrations in captive pygmy rabbits ( Brachylagus idahoensis)

    | Contributor(s):: Scarlata, C. D., Elias, B. A., Godwin, J. R., Powell, R. A., Shepherdson, D., Shipley, L. A., Brown, J. L.

  18. Influence of environmental stimuli on maternal behaviour related to bonding, reactivity and crushing of piglets in domestic sows

    | Contributor(s):: Herskin, M. S., Jensen, K. H., Thodberg, K.

    Effects of floor type (sand vs. concrete) and substrate type (straw feeder vs. no straw feeder) were examined in a 2 x 2 factorial experiment with 9 replicates of 4 multiparous sows. From one week prepartum until 13-15 days postpartum, sows were kept individually in 'get-away pens' with a 7.6...

  19. Influence of Exercise Enrichment on Feedlot Cattle Behaviour and the Human–Animal Relationship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emma J. Dunston-Clarke, Isabella Hunter, Teresa Collins

    Finding practicable and cost-effective enrichment for cattle in feedlots is challenging. While enrichment should not negatively impact productivity, it could assist in improving feedlot sustainability by addressing societal concern that cattle have restricted, unnatural lives. In a feedlot 250...

  20. Influence of social status on the welfare of growing pigs housed in barren and enriched environments

    | Contributor(s):: O'Connell, N. E., Beattie, V. E., Moss, B. W.

    One hundred and twenty-eight pigs were reared in barren or enriched environments from birth to slaughter at 21 weeks of age. Pigs remained as litter-mate groups until 8 weeks of age when they were mixed into groups of eight animals. These groups were balanced for gender and weight and contained...