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  1. Instituting Dark-Colored Cover to Improve Central Space Use Within Guinea Pig Enclosure

    Contributor(s):: Byrd, Charles P., Winnicker, Christina, Gaskill, Brianna N.

    Domestic guinea pigs (Cavia aperea f. porcellus) in laboratories have been shown to actively avoid the centers of their cages. This experiment tested a novel, dark-colored “shader” placed over the central portion of a cage. Based on the observed behavior of wild guinea pig species, it was...

  2. Introducing a semi-naturalistic exhibit as structural enrichment for two brown bears ( Ursus arctos ). Does this ensure their captive well-being?

    Contributor(s):: Soriano, A. I., Ensenyat, C., Serrat, S., Mate, C.

    In this study we used the daily activity pattern and use of space as indicators of change in the program of structural enrichment, implemented with 2 subjects of the species Ursus arctos in the Barcelona Zoo. We collected 930 sampling points in each study phase for each of the individuals: The...

  3. Introducing the new dog or cat into the home

    Contributor(s):: Mills, D., Dube, M. B., Zulch, H.

    Sections on potential stressors in the initial settling-in period, dos and don'ts for first encounters with a new pet, and problem prevention through education.

  4. Is behavioural enrichment always a success? Comparing food presentation strategies in an insectivorous lizard (Plica plica)

    Contributor(s):: Januszczak, Inez Sukuna, Bryant, Zoe, Tapley, Benjamin, Gill, Iri, Harding, Luke, Michaels, Christopher John

    Staggering food availability through a delivery device is a common way of providing behavioural enrichment as it is usually thought to increase the amount of natural behaviour due to the unpredictability of the food source. Tree-runner lizards (Plica plica) are a Neotropical, scansorial,...

  5. Is training zoo animals enrichment? A Letter to the Editor

    Contributor(s):: Westlund, Karolina

    2014Applied Animal Behaviour Science152100-1020168-159110.1016/j.applanim.2013.12.013text

  6. Juvenile farmed mink ( Mustela vison ) with additional access to swimming water play more frequently than animals housed with a cylinder and platform, but without swimming water

    Contributor(s):: Vinke, C. M., Leeuwen, J. van, Spruijt, B. M.

    The opportunity to perform play behaviour may be an important ontogenic activity that stimulates behavioural variability and may enhance an individual's coping capacity later in life. Play behaviour in juveniles may be enhanced by the presence of cage enrichments relevant to the animal's...

  7. Juvenile psittacine environmental enrichment

    Contributor(s):: Simone-Freilicher, E., Rupley, A. E.

  8. Laboratory Animal Welfare Meets Human Welfare: A Cross-Sectional Study of Professional Quality of Life, Including Compassion Fatigue in Laboratory Animal Personnel

    Contributor(s):: LaFollette, M. R., Riley, M. C., Cloutier, S., Brady, C. M., O'Haire, M. E., Gaskill, B. N.

  9. Laboratory mice persist in gaining access to resources: a method of assessing the importance of environmental features

    Contributor(s):: Sherwin, C. M.

  10. Larger, enriched cages are associated with 'optimistic' response biases in captive European starlings ( Sturnus vulgaris )

    Contributor(s):: Matheson, S. M., Asher, L., Bateson, M.

    Anxious and depressed humans typically view circumstances more pessimistically than non-depressed individuals. Here, we explore the proposal that such cognitive biases also exist in non-human animals, and could be used as novel measures of animal welfare. Specifically, we test the hypothesis that...

  11. Learning performance of gestating sows called to the feeder

    Contributor(s):: Kirchner, Jasmin, Manteuffel, Christian, Manteuffel, Gerhard, Schrader, Lars

    A call feeding station in which sows learn to be allowed to enter a feeding station only after being called by an individual acoustic signal has been shown to reduce agonistic interactions in front of the feeding station. Here, we tested important prerequisites for integration of a call feeding...

  12. Life-long well being: applying animal welfare science to nonhuman primates in sanctuaries

    Contributor(s):: Brent, L.

    Nonhuman primates have become common in sanctuaries, and a few such facilities even specialize in their care. Sanctuaries can improve the well being of many unwanted primates, especially in terms of housing and socialization. However, diverse facilities call themselves sanctuaries, and they have...

  13. Limitations on the effectiveness of environmental improvement in reducing stereotypic behaviour in bank voles ( Clethrionomys glareolus )

    Contributor(s):: Cooper, J. J., Odberg, F., Nicol, C. J.

  14. Lion, ungulate, and visitor reactions to playbacks of lion roars at Zoo Atlanta

    Contributor(s):: Kelling, A. S., Allard, S. M., Kelling, N. J., Sandhaus, E. A., Maple, T. L.

    Felids in captivity are often inactive and elusive in zoos, leading to a frustrating visitor experience. Eight roars were recorded from an adult male lion and played back over speakers as auditory enrichment to benefit the lions while simultaneously enhancing the zoo visitor experience. In...

  15. Long-Term Macroevaluation of Environmental Enrichment in Three Brown Bears (Ursus arctos) at Barcelona Zoo

    Contributor(s):: Soriano, Ana I., Vinyoles, Dolors, Maté, Carmen

    The evaluation of enrichment programs is important to determine their effect on nonhuman animal welfare. The daily activity pattern and use of space of 3 brown bears (Ursus arctos) were used for long-term macroevaluation of enrichment to compare the baseline and enrichment phases. Focal sampling...

  16. Looking forward to interacting with their caretakers: dolphins' anticipatory behaviour indicates motivation to participate in specific events

    Contributor(s):: Clegg, Isabella L. K., Rödel, Heiko G., Boivin, Xavier, Delfour, Fabienne

    Anticipatory behaviour describes the actions taken to prepare for an upcoming event. Bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in captivity are known to display anticipatory behaviours before feeding sessions, but it is unknown whether they would anticipate non-alimentary events. Furthermore,...

  17. Loose housing of small goat groups: influence of visual cover and elevated levels on feeding, resting and agonistic behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Aschwanden, J., Gygax, L., Wechsler, B., Keil, N. M.

    Frequent social conflicts among goats due to their strict rank relationships can pose problems in loose housing of goats by negatively influencing feeding and resting times of low-ranking group members. In this study, we tested whether enrichment of loose-housing pens with structural elements...

  18. Managing long-term wellness in captive sea turtles

    Contributor(s):: Wood, L. D.

  19. Maximizing the effectiveness of environmental enrichment: suggestions from the experimental analysis of behavior.

    | Contributor(s):: Tarou, L. R., Bashaw, M. J.

    Environmental enrichment programs provide benefits to both captive animals and the facilities that house them, but cost time and resources to design, implement, and maintain. As yet, there have been few theoretically based guidelines to assist animal care staff in establishing cost-efficient...

  20. Measuring the value to the public of pig welfare improvements: a contingent valuation approach

    | Contributor(s):: Glass, C. A., Hutchinson, W. G., Beattie, V. E.

    The welfare of farm animals is a policy area that has increased greatly in importance in recent years. When deciding whether a proposed policy should be implemented, it can be useful for policymakers to compare the costs of the proposed improvement with the perceived benefits. The costs are...