Blue foxes’ (Vulpes lagopus) motivation to gain access and interact with various resources
Contributor(s):: Koistinen, Tarja, Korhonen, Hannu T., Hämäläinen, Elina, Mononen, Jaakko
We analysed the willingness of blue foxes (Vulpes lagopus) to work for and utilise five resources: a platform, wooden block, sand floor, nest box and empty space. Ten juvenile blue fox males were housed singly in apparatus consisting of three cages connected with one-way doors through the walls...
Bobcat ( Lynx rufus ) breeding in captivity: the importance of environmental enrichment
Contributor(s):: Molla, M. I., Quevedo, M. A., Castro, F.
Environmental enrichment is an improvement in the biological functioning of nonhuman animals in captivity resulting from modifications to their environment; however, specifying appropriate and practical measures of enrichment is problematic. This study analyzes the behavior of 4 bobcats (Lynx...
Bones as enrichment for farmed blue foxes ( Vulpes lagopus ): interaction with the bones and preference for a cage with the bones
Contributor(s):: Koistinen, T., Turunen, A., Kiviniemi, V., Ahola, L., Mononen, J.
Animal welfare regulations (e.g. Recommendations of European Convention) state that farmed foxes need to be provided with an activity object, though the material or shape of the object is not specified. We aimed to evaluate the properties of bones as an activity object for farmed blue foxes...
Boys (toms) don’t try. Behaviour of turkeys in a Novel Object test – Influence of age and sex
Contributor(s):: Kulke, K., Kemper, N., Stracke, J.
Can 'environmental enrichment' affect domestic chickens' preferences for one half of an otherwise symmetrical home cage?
Contributor(s):: Jones, R. B., Carmichael, N. L.
32 chickens were reared in pairs in wooden boxes from 1 to 10 days of age. One chick from each pair was marked to facilitate identification and its position in 1 or other of the symmetrical halves of the home box was noted at each of 32 visual scans carried out every day. Cumulative sightings in...
Captive coyotes compared to their counterparts in the wild: does environmental enrichment help?
Contributor(s):: Shivik, J. A., Palmer, G. L., Gese, E. M., Osthaus, B.
This article attempts to determine the effects of environment (captive or wild) and a simple form of environmental enrichment on the behavior and physiology of a nonhuman animal. Specifically, analyses first compared behavioral budgets and stereotypic behavior of captive coyotes (Canis latrans)...
Caregiver perceptions of what indoor cats do "for fun"
Contributor(s):: Shyan-Norwalt, M. R.
In a survey conducted to determine enrichment activities for indoor cats in the caregivers' homes, 304 indoor-cat caregivers answered structured interviews about their cats' use of windows and other "fun activities." The survey asked caregivers about durations of window use, what cats watched...
Case control study on environmental, nutritional and management-based risk factors for tail-biting in long-tailed pigs
Contributor(s):: Kallio, P. A., Janczak, A. M., Valros, A. E., Edwards, S. A., Heinonen, M.
Cats prefer species-appropriate music
Contributor(s):: Snowdon, C. T., Teie, D., Savage, M.
Many studies have attempted to use music to influence the behavior of nonhuman animals; however, these studies have often led to conflicting outcomes. We have developed a theoretical framework that hypothesizes that in order for music to be effective with other species, it must be in the...
Chewable materials before weaning reduce tail biting in growing pigs
Contributor(s):: Telkänranta, Helena, Swan, Kirsi, Hirvonen, Heikki, Valros, Anna
Tail biting in pigs is a multi-factorial problem, and the early rearing environment has been proposed as a potential previously unidentified factor. The aim of this study was to test whether access to chewable material from birth to weaning reduces later tail biting. Undocked litters of 59 sows...
Choice and Control of Enrichment for a Rescued and Rehabilitated Atlantic Bottlenose Dolphin (Tusiops trunactus)
Contributor(s):: Hannah Bahe
Animals living under human care experience stress related to a lack of control over t environment. One way to remedy this is through the use of cognitive enrichment, su choice and control of enrichment. This type of enrichment has been shown to have benefits for animals under human care including...
Clinical pathology and cardiovascular parameters are not influenced by housing rats under increased environmental complexity
Contributor(s):: Mikkelsen, L. F., Sorensen, D. B., Krohn, T., Lauritzen, B., Dragsted, N., Hansen, A. K., Ottesen, J. L.
Since the release of the revised Appendix A from the Council of Europe for housing of laboratory animals there have been claims that laboratory animals should be housed under more complex conditions; known popularly as enrichment. A number of studies have expressed concerns that this may increase...
Mar 10 2014
Cognition, Enrichment and Collaboration
Cognitive bias in a non-human primate: husbandry procedures influence cognitive indicators of psychological well-being in captive rhesus macaques
| Contributor(s):: Bethell, E. J., Holmes, A., MacLarnon, A., Semple, S.
The measurement of 'cognitive bias' has recently emerged as a powerful tool for assessing animal welfare. Cognitive bias was initially, and widely, studied in humans, and describes the way in which particular emotions are associated with biases in information processing. People...
Cognitive enrichment affects behavioural reactivity in domestic pigs
| Contributor(s):: Puppe, B., Ernst, K., Schon, P. C., Manteuffel, G.
Cognitive challenges presented in connexion with the foraging behaviour of animals may have the potential to enrich the housing environment of captive animals, and thus can have beneficial effects on their behaviour and welfare. Therefore, we have developed a food-rewarded learning system based...
Cognitive relatives yet moral strangers?
| Contributor(s):: Judith Benz-Schwarzburg, Andrew Knight
This article provides an empirically based, interdisciplinary approach to the following two questions: Do animals possess behavioral and cognitive characteristics such as culture, language, and a theory of mind? And if so, what are the implications, when long-standing criteria used to justify...
Combination therapy reduces self-injurious behavior in a chimpanzee ( Pan troglodytes troglodytes ): a case report
| Contributor(s):: Bourgeois, S. R., Vazquez, M., Brasky, K.
Self-injurious behavior (SIB) remains a severe and intractable abnormal behavior for nonhuman primates in diverse settings and is a significant concern for veterinarians and behavioral scientists. To date, no single pharmacological, behavioral, social, or environmental intervention method has...
Comparison of pig behaviour when given a sequence of enrichment objects or a chain continuously
| Contributor(s):: Perre, V. van de, Driessen, B., Thielen, J. van, Verbeke, G., Geers, R.
Tail biting is a major problem in modern pig (Sus scrofa) production and results in a reduction of animal welfare and productive performance. Biting behaviour has been shown to be decreased by the use of enrichment objects. In this study, 108 pigs housed in a room with 12 pens were observed and a...
Comparison of the behaviour of captive white-faced capuchin monkeys ( Cebus capucinus ) in the presence of four kinds of deep litter
| Contributor(s):: Ludes, E., Anderson, J. R.
Captive white-faced capuchin monkeys (Cebus capucinus) were placed in a large indoor room without or with deep litter made of wood chips, dried ground maize cob, wood wool or garden peat. Feed was scattered on the bare floor or on the litter and the behaviour of the monkeys was observed. When...
Comparison of the severity of esophagogastric, lung and limb lesions at slaughter in pigs reared under standard and enriched conditions
| Contributor(s):: Ramis, G., Gomez, S., Pallares, F. J., Munoz, A.
Two hundred and ten pigs were reared in three groups (according to genotype) under enriched conditions of large open-front sawdust-bedded barns. Eight hundred and twenty pigs were reared under standard conditions of small 15-animal pens in a conventional barn with partially slatted floors and...