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  1. Impact of a cattle brush on feedlot steer behavior, productivity and stress physiology

    Contributor(s):: Park, Rachel M., Schubach, Kelsey M., Cooke, Reinaldo F., Herring, Andy D., Jennings, Jenny S., Daigle, Courtney L.

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of environmental enrichment (EE), in the form of a cattle brush, on feedlot cattle behavior, productivity and stress physiology. Steers were blocked by weight and assigned to one of two treatments 1) Cattle brush secured to fence line...

  2. Use of space and behavior of weaned piglets kept in enriched two-level housing system

    Contributor(s):: Fels, Michaela, Lüthje, Franziska, Faux-Nightingale, Alice, Kemper, Nicole

    In this study, the possibility of introducing an elevated platform to a piglet pen was explored as a way of increasing available space and creating functional areas. On the platform, nine different manipulable materials were offered. In four batches, 40 weaned piglets were kept for five weeks in...

  3. On-Farm Evaluation of an Automatic Enrichment Device with Maize Silage for Laying Hens

    Contributor(s):: Giersberg, Mona Franziska, Kemper, Nicole, Spindler, Birgit

    Challenges in alternative housing for laying hens are barren functional areas such as winter gardens and the occurrence of behavioral disorders. Environmental enrichment is a measure to deal with these problems. Therefore, an enrichment device offering maize silage automatically was tested in two...

  4. Maternal Behavior, Posture Change, and Production Performance of Lactating Sows Housed in an Enriched Environment

    Contributor(s):: Yi, Ran, Wang, Chao, Zhang, Xin, Zhao, Peng, Zhang, Mingyue, Li, Xiang, Cui, Shiquan, Liu, Honggui, Bao, Jun

    This study aimed to evaluate whether adding straw to a loose-farrowing house promotes maternal functions and production. Forty-eight sows (Landrace× Large White) were housed in either a farrowing pen without straw (C, n = 24) or with straw (S, n = 24). Behaviors were observed using video...

  5. Guardians' Knowledge and Husbandry Practices of Feline Environmental Enrichment

    Contributor(s):: Alho, Ana Margarida, Pontes, Joana, Pomba, Constança

    Feline environmental enrichment can prevent numerous disorders including anxiety, stress, obesity, and feline idiopathic cystitis. Despite its easy implementation and low cost, it has received little attention. The main goal of this study was to assess guardians' knowledge concerning feline...

  6. Evaluation of Enrichment for Reptiles in Zoos

    Contributor(s):: Eagan, Taylor

    Studies on environmental enrichment for reptiles are lacking in the scientific literature. Although the literature reflects a limited take on reptile enrichment in the zoological community, it may not be the case in reality as enrichment is generally considered an important aspect of the care of...

  7. Effects of environmental enrichment on activity and lameness in commercial broiler production

    Contributor(s):: Vasdal, Guro, Vas, Judit, Newberry, Ruth C., Moe, Randi Oppermann

    The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the effects of commercially applied environmental enrichments on behavior and lameness in broilers. Two consecutive flocks of broilers were observed at 16 days and 30 days of age to investigate differences between enriched (peat, bales of lucerne...

  8. Effects of Enrichment Presentation and Other Factors on Behavioral Welfare of Pantropical Spotted Dolphin (Stenella attenuata)

    Contributor(s):: Perez, Barbara C., Mehrkam, Lindsay R., Foltz, Amanda R., Dorey, Nicole R.

    Environmental enrichment is a crucial element of promoting welfare for animals in captivity. However, enrichment programs are not always formally evaluated for their efficacy. Furthermore, there is little empirical evidence of enrichment evaluation for species of small cetaceans in zoological...

  9. Effect of simple and low-cost enrichment items on behavioral, clinical, and productive variables of caged laying hens

    Contributor(s):: Frediani, Mayra H., Pizzutto, Cristiane S., Alves, Maíra B. R., Pereira, Ricardo J. G.

    Housing layers in battery cages is a practice still used by many countries but it has been criticized because of its influence on behavioral repertoire of birds. We investigated whether simple and affordable enrichment devices alone impact behavior, foot condition and performance of laying hens...

  10. Assessment of environmental enrichment for different primate species under low budget: A case study

    Contributor(s):: Costa, R., Sousa, C., Llorente, M.

    The 2011 European Union Zoo Inquiry presented evidence that most zoos fail to achieve adequate levels of nonhuman animal welfare. Appropriate environmental enrichment (EE) can play a role in the promotion of welfare. However, financial and staff constraints frequently make it challenging to...

  11. Visitor Perceptions of Nature Conservation at Helsinki Zoo

    Contributor(s):: Ojalammi, Sanna, Nygren, Nina V.

    These days zoos often claim that their main objective is the promotion of nature conservation and that they strive to educate their visitors about animals and nature conservation. But how do zoo visitors themselves perceive this emphasis on conservation education? In order to determine how...

  12. The Effect of Conservation Knowledge on Attitudes and Stated Behaviors toward Arthropods of Urban and Suburban Elementary School Students

    Contributor(s):: Cornelisse, Tara M., Sagasta, Jacquelyn

    Arthropods provide ecosystem services upon which humans depend, yet are declining across the globe. Arthropods are neglected from conservation efforts due to many factors that include a lack of understanding of their roles and conservation need. Knowledge gain of arthropod roles could therefore...

  13. Local Insects as Flagship Species to Promote Nature Conservation? A Survey among Primary School Children on Their Attitudes toward Invertebrates

    Contributor(s):: Schlegel, Jürg, Breuer, Gabriele, Rupf, Reto

    Flagship species play an important role in promoting nature conservation. However, although the significance of invertebrates in biodiversity and ecosystem services is undisputed, they are rarely used as flagship species. A focused approach to better understand the drivers of differences in...

  14. Use of dynamic and rewarding environmental enrichment to alleviate feather pecking in non-cage laying hens

    Contributor(s):: Daigle, Courtney L., Rodenburg, T. Bas, Bolhuis, J. Elizabeth, Swanson, Janice C., Siegford, Janice M.

    Feather pecking (FP) can cause feather loss, resulting in physical injuries, which may lead to cannibalism. FP appears to be a redirection of foraging behavior, which intensifies when hens have difficulty coping with stress and fear. Dynamic environmental enrichment (EE) may allow expression of...

  15. Tail biting behaviour and tail damage in pigs and the relationship with general behaviour: Predicting the inevitable?

    Contributor(s):: Ursinus, Winanda W., Van Reenen, Cornelis G., Kemp, Bas, Bolhuis, J. Elizabeth

    Tail biting behaviour in pigs is a common problem in conventional housing systems. Our study examined the consistency over time in tail biting and tail damage and it explored the predictive value of general behaviours observed in individual pigs and in pens as a whole. Pigs (n=480), reared in...

  16. Stress, the HPA axis, and nonhuman primate well-being: A review

    Contributor(s):: Novak, Melinda A., Hamel, Amanda F., Kelly, Brian J., Dettmer, Amanda M., Meyer, Jerrold S.

    Numerous stressors are routinely encountered by wild-living primates (e.g., food scarcity, predation, aggressive interactions, and parasitism). Although many of these stressors are eliminated in laboratory environments, other stressors may be present in that access to space and social partners is...

  17. Sleeping tight or hiding in fright? The welfare implications of different subtypes of inactivity in mink

    Contributor(s):: Meagher, Rebecca K., Campbell, Dana L. M., Dallaire, Jamie Ahloy, Díez-León, María, Palme, Rupert, Mason, Georgia J.

    Effects of sub-optimal housing on inactivity vary across species and experiments, probably because inactivity is heterogeneous, reflecting both positive states (e.g. relaxation) and negative ones (e.g. fear). We therefore aimed to identify specific subtypes of inactivity that could indicate poor...

  18. Playful handling as social enrichment for individually- and group-housed laboratory rats

    Contributor(s):: Cloutier, Sylvie, Baker, Chelsea, Wahl, Kim, Panksepp, Jaak, Newberry, Ruth C.

    Social housing is recommended for laboratory rats because they are highly social mammals but research constraints or medical issues often demand individual housing and, when social housing is practiced, it typically involves housing with only one or two conspecifics. We hypothesized that playful...

  19. Is training zoo animals enriching?

    Contributor(s):: Melfi, Vicky

    Husbandry training of zoo animals (training) has been associated with many benefits, and indisputably is a valuable tool; training facilitates movement of animals within their environment, and participation in husbandry and medical procedures. Training has also been considered to be enriching....

  20. Fresh wood reduces tail and ear biting and increases exploratory behaviour in finishing pigs

    Contributor(s):: Telkänranta, Helena, Bracke, Marc B. M., Valros, Anna

    Chewing and rooting are high behavioural priorities in pigs. Lack of suitable materials can lead to abnormal behaviours such as tail and ear biting. In commercial farming, slatted floors limit the use of straw, and various point-source objects have therefore been developed. The crucial challenge...