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  1. Neighborhood-Based Differences in Physical Activity: An Environment Scale Evaluation

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Brian E. Saelens, James F. Sallis, Jennifer B. Black, Diana Chen

    Objectives. This study evaluated a neighborhood environment survey and compared the physical activity and weight status of the residents in 2 neighborhoods. Methods. On 2 occasions, 107 adults from neighborhoods with differing “walkability” were selected to complete a...

  2. Aspects of juvenile and adolescent environment predict aggression and fear in 12-month-old guide dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Serpell, J. A., Duffy, D. L.

    Maturational changes in behavior, and the possible influence of the puppy-raising environment on behavioral development, were investigated in a total sample of 978 prospective guide dogs belonging to four different breeds/crosses. All dogs belonged to the same guide dog organization, and had...

  3. Koi (Cyprinus rubrofuscus) Seek Out Tactile Interaction with Humans: General Patterns and Individual Differences

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Fife-Cook, I., Franks, B.

    The study of human-animal interactions has provided insights into the welfare of many species. To date, however, research has largely focused on human relationships with captive mammals, with relatively little exploration of interactions between humans and other vertebrates, despite non-mammals...

  4. Effects of physical enrichment items and social housing on calves’ growth, behaviour and response to novelty

    | Contributor(s):: Zhang, Chenyu, Juniper, Darren T., Meagher, Rebecca K.

  5. Risk factors for aggression in adult cats that were fostered through a shelter program as kittens

    | Contributor(s):: O'Hanley, K. A., Pearl, D. L., Niel, L.

  6. Environmental enrichment impacts discrimination between familiar and unfamiliar human odours in snakes (Pantherophis guttata)

    | Contributor(s):: Nagabaskaran, Gokulan, Burman, Oliver H. P., Hoehfurtner, Tatjana, Wilkinson, Anna

  7. “You Can’t Ignore the Rat”: Nonhuman Animals in Boundary Work

    | Contributor(s):: McCumber, Andrew

  8. Behavioral Evaluation of Herpailurus yagouaroundi (É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1803) in Response to Environmental Enrichment

    | Contributor(s):: Meinert, Rodrigo Fischer, Pitlovanciv, Ana Kelly, Marenzi, Rosemeri Carvalho, Barreto, Andre Silva

  9. Visitors' perceptions of zoo-housed lesser anteater (Tamandua tetradactyla) welfare: Observation plays a larger role than a brief informative talk

    | Contributor(s):: Chiapero, F., Ferrari, R. H., Guglielmetti, A., García Capocasa, M. C., Busso, J. M.

  10. Environmental enrichment: an experiment in biosocial intervention

    | Contributor(s):: Chiapperino, Luca

  11. Behavioral and Haemato-Biochemical Responses of Nguni and Boran Steers Post Relocation and Herd Regrouping in a Novel Environment

    | Contributor(s):: Slayi, Mhlangabezi, Muchenje, Voster, Njisane, Yonela Zifikile

  12. Developing Children's Ability to Recognize Animal Emotions -- What Does It Take? A Study at the Zoo

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Silvia Rochaw, Augusta Gaspar, Francisco Esteves

    Several factors are known to affect children's identification of human emotions, but information is virtually inexistent regarding how they develop their ability to identify animal emotions. I this study we approached factors likely to influence children's identification of animal...

  13. Rewarding memories? Behaviour of broiler chickens towards peat in flocks with and without previous exposure to peat

    | Contributor(s):: Vas, Judit, BenSassi, Neila, Vasdal, Guro, Newberry, Ruth C.

    Under commercial conditions, environmental provisions assumed to have an enriching effect on broiler chicken welfare may be offered infrequently and at limited locations, raising questions about their enrichment value. We hypothesized that, if broilers given limited access to peat remembered peat...

  14. Play behaviour reduced by environmental enrichment in fast-growing broiler chickens

    | Contributor(s):: Liu, Zhenzhen, Torrey, Stephanie, Newberry, Ruth C., Widowski, Tina

    The objective of this study was to evaluate effects of environmental enrichment on play behaviour in fast-growing broiler chickens. Chicks (19 of each sex) were randomly assigned to 6 non-enriched (NE) pens and 6 pens enriched (E) with a raised platform, hanging weighing scale, peck stone, and...

  15. Balancing skill against difficulty - behavior, heart rate and heart rate variability of shelter dogs during two different introductions of an interactive game

    | Contributor(s):: Arhant, Christine, Altrichter, Bernadette, Lehenbauer, Sandra, Waiblinger, Susanne, Schmied-Wagner, Claudia, Yee, Jason

    Interactive games may boost positive well-being by combining the benefits of rewards with cognitive and social enrichment. However, a hasty introduction can lead to low success and frustration. We examine two methods of introducing an interactive game to dogs to test whether they elicit...

  16. Which types of rooting material give weaner pigs most pleasure?

    | Contributor(s):: Ocepek, Marko, Newberry, Ruth C., Andersen, Inger Lise

    Provision of rooting material as enrichment for pigs has been primarily oriented towards reducing negative affect (suffering). Information is also needed on the impact of different types of rooting materials in promoting positive affect (pleasure). We hypothesised that repeated addition of fresh...

  17. The ‘Cage Climber’ - A new enrichment for use in large-dimensioned mouse facilities

    | Contributor(s):: Vogt, Miriam Annika, Mertens, Sinja, Serba, Susanne, Palme, Rupert, Chourbaji, Sabine

    Environmental Enrichment has been shown in experimental contexts to have clear and often beneficial effects on animal physiology and behavior. Housing prior to experiments can represent a large proportion of an animal’s living conditions, and improving housing conditions can be seen as...

  18. Impact of a cattle brush on feedlot steer behavior, productivity and stress physiology

    | Contributor(s):: Park, Rachel M., Schubach, Kelsey M., Cooke, Reinaldo F., Herring, Andy D., Jennings, Jenny S., Daigle, Courtney L.

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of environmental enrichment (EE), in the form of a cattle brush, on feedlot cattle behavior, productivity and stress physiology. Steers were blocked by weight and assigned to one of two treatments 1) Cattle brush secured to fence line...

  19. Use of space and behavior of weaned piglets kept in enriched two-level housing system

    | Contributor(s):: Fels, Michaela, Lüthje, Franziska, Faux-Nightingale, Alice, Kemper, Nicole

    In this study, the possibility of introducing an elevated platform to a piglet pen was explored as a way of increasing available space and creating functional areas. On the platform, nine different manipulable materials were offered. In four batches, 40 weaned piglets were kept for five weeks in...

  20. On-Farm Evaluation of an Automatic Enrichment Device with Maize Silage for Laying Hens

    | Contributor(s):: Giersberg, Mona Franziska, Kemper, Nicole, Spindler, Birgit

    Challenges in alternative housing for laying hens are barren functional areas such as winter gardens and the occurrence of behavioral disorders. Environmental enrichment is a measure to deal with these problems. Therefore, an enrichment device offering maize silage automatically was tested in two...