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  1. Pharmacological inhibition of histone deacetylase reduces NADPH oxidase expression, oxidative stress and the progression of atherosclerotic lesions in hypercholesterolemic apolipoprotein E-deficient mice; potential implications for human atherosclero

    Contributor(s):: Manea, S. A., Vlad, M. L., Fenyo, I. M., Lazar, A. G., Raicu, M., Muresian, H., Simionescu, M., Manea, A.

  2. Validation of a Commercially Available Enzyme ImmunoAssay for the Determination of Oxytocin in Plasma Samples from Seven Domestic Animal Species

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cecile Bienboire-Frosini, Camille Chabaud, Alessandro Cozzi, Elisa Codecasa, Patrick Pageat

    The neurohormone oxytocin (OT) has a broad range of behavioral effects in mammals. It modulates a multitude of social behaviors, e.g., affiliative and sexual interactions. Consequently, the OT role in various animal species is increasingly explored. However, several issues have been raised...

  3. A randomized cross-over exploratory study of the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college student stress before final exams

    | Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Barker, R. T., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M.

    This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students (n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....

  4. A randomized cross-over exploratory study of the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college student stress before final exams

    | Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Barker, R. T., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M.

    This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students (n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....

  5. A randomized cross-over exploratory study of the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college student stress before final exams

    | Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Barker, R. T., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M.

    This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students ( n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....

  6. Determination of residue levels of alpha-chloralose in duck tissues

    | Contributor(s):: Goldade, David A., Stahl, Randal S., Johnston, John J.

  7. Hormonal and behavioural stress responses to capture and radio-collar fitting in free-ranging pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus)

    | Contributor(s):: Munerato, M. S., Marques, J. A., Caulkettt, N. A., Tomas, W. M., Zanetti, E. S., Trovati, R. G., Pereira, G. T., Palme, R.

    This study evaluated the short-term hormonal and behavioural responses to capture and radio-collar fitting in free-ranging pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus). Twenty adult deer (eleven females and nine males) were captured in the South Pantanal wetland (Brazil) and equipped with VHF...

  8. A case study: fecal corticosteroid and behavior as indicators of welfare during relocation of an Asian elephant

    | Contributor(s):: Laws, N., Ganswindt, A., Heistermann, M., Harris, M., Harris, S., Sherwin, C.

    This study was a preliminary investigation of an enzyme immunoassay for measuring fecal glucocorticoid metabolites in a male Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) by investigating changes in behavior and cortisol metabolite excretion associated with a putative stressful event. The study collected...

  9. The welfare of young Polish Konik horses subjected to agricultural workload

    | Contributor(s):: Kedzierski, W., Pluta, M.

    Every year a new group of young Polish Konik colts are separated from the forest herds to be trained in the stable breeding system. The aim of this study was to evaluate how the young Polish Konik horses who had been born in a forest reserve adapt to and tolerate draft work. Two groups of 6...

  10. Variations of some physiological and immunological parameters in Siberian sturgeon ( Acipenser baerii, Brandt, 1869) subjected to an acute stressor

    | Contributor(s):: Eslamloo, K., Falahatkar, B.

    This study was carried out to investigate the effect of an acute stressor on the variation of some physiological and immunological parameters of Siberian sturgeon ( Acipenser baerii) juveniles. Fish, reared in 3 tanks for 10 weeks, were used for this study. The acute stress of fish consisted of 2...

  11. Measuring faecal glucocorticoid metabolites as a non-invasive tool for monitoring adrenocortical activity in South American camelids

    | Contributor(s):: Arias, N., Requena, M., Palme, R.

  12. Therapy dogs' salivary cortisol levels vary during animal-assisted interventions

    | Contributor(s):: Glenk, L. M., Kothgassner, O. D., Stetina, B. U., Palme, R., Kepplinger, B., Baran, H.

  13. Preventing zoonotic canine leishmaniasis in northeastern Brazil: pet attachment and adoption of community Leishmania prevention

    | Contributor(s):: Esch, K. J., Pontes, N. N., Arruda, P., O'Connor, A., Morais, L., Jeronimo, S. M., Petersen, C. A.

    Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), caused by Leishmania infantum chagasi (L.i. chagasisyn. infantum) in northeastern Brazil, was responsible for 51,000 new VL cases from 1980 to 2003. Household presence of L. infantum-infected dogs is a major risk factor for human infection. Despite culling of dogs...

  14. Exposure to dogs is associated with a decreased tumour necrosis factor-alpha-producing capacity in early life

    | Contributor(s):: Lappalainen, M. H., Huttunen, K., Roponen, M., Remes, S., Hirvonen, M. R., Pekkanen, J.

  15. Occult enteric infection by Ancylostoma caninum: a previously unrecognized zoonosis

    | Contributor(s):: Croese, J., Loukas, A., Opdebeeck, J., Prociv, P.

  16. Prediction of residential pet and cockroach allergen levels using questionnaire information

    | Contributor(s):: Gehring, U., Triche, E., van Strien, R. T., Belanger, K., Holford, T., Gold, D. R., Jankun, T., Ren, P., McSharry, J. E., Beckett, W. S., Platts-Mills, T. A., Chapman, M. D., Bracken, M. B., Leaderer, B. P.

  17. Dog handlers' and dogs' emotional and cortisol secretion responses associated with animal-assisted therapy sessions

    | Contributor(s):: Haubenhofer, D. K., Mrchengast, S.

  18. Suffering in diseased pigs as expressed by behavioural, clinical and clinical-chemical traits, in a well defined parasite model. (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)

    | Contributor(s):: Reiner, G., Hubner, K., Hepp, S.

    In assessing the quality of life of farm animals, the absence of disease has been given highest priority. During the course of infection, sickness and suffering refer to a coordinated set of behavioural and physiological changes. For a better understanding and assessment of animal suffering due...

  19. Evidence that zoo visitors influence HPA activity in spider monkeys ( Ateles geoffroyii rufiventris ). (Special issue: Primates in zoos)

    | Contributor(s):: Davis, N., Schaffner, C. M., Smith, T. E.

    There has been conflicting evidence about the impact of visitors on zoo animals. The present study was designed to increase understanding of visitor effect by assessing the relationship between visitor numbers and activity in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. An enzyme-immunoassay...

  20. Effect of crate height during short-term confinement on the welfare and behaviour of turkeys

    | Contributor(s):: Wichman, A., Norring, M., Pastell, M., Algers, B., Poso, R., Valros, A., Saloniemi, H., Hanninen, L.

    During transport from the farm to the slaughter house birds are often confined in crates with limited space. In this study we investigated how the confinement of male turkeys in crates of 40, 55 or 90 cm height for 6 h, affected the turkeys welfare. We used both behavioural observations and...