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Tags: Epidemiology

All Categories (1-20 of 143)

  1. Critical Review of Research Methods Used to Consider the Impact of Human-Animal Interaction on Older Adults' Health

    Contributor(s):: Friedmann, E., Gee, N. R.

  2. Dog owners are more likely to meet physical activity guidelines than people without a dog: An investigation of the association between dog ownership and physical activity levels in a UK community

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, Robert M. Christley, Christopher Jewell, Alexander J.German, Lynne M. Boddy, Hayley E. Christian

    Previous research suggests that dog owners are slightly more physically active than those without dogs, but have only studied one household member, and it is unclear whether time spent dog walking replaces other physical activity (PA). A survey of 191 dog owning adults (DO), 455 non-dog owning...

  3. Epidemiology of tattoo skin disease in captive common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus): Are males more vulnerable than females?

    | Contributor(s):: Bressem, Marie-Françoise Van, Waerebeek, Koen Van, Duignan, Pádraig J.

    Clinical and epidemiological features of tattoo skin disease (TSD) are reported for 257 common bottlenose dolphins held in 31 facilities in the Northern Hemisphere. Photographs and biological data of 146 females and 111 males were analyzed. Dolphins were classified into three age classes: 0–3...

  4. A qualitative study of zoonotic risk factors among rural communities in southern China

    | Contributor(s):: Li, H. Y., Zhu, G. J., Zhang, Y. Z., Zhang, L. B., Hagan, E. A., Martinez, S., Chmura, A. A., Francisco, L., Tai, H., Miller, M., Daszak, P.

  5. Influence of living in a multicat household on health and behaviour in a cohort of cats from the United Kingdom

    | Contributor(s):: Roberts, C., Gruffydd-Jones, T., Williams, J. L., Murray, J. K.

  6. Good keeper-elephant relationships in North American zoos are mutually beneficial to welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Carlstead, Kathy, Paris, Stephen, Brown, Janine L.

    Relationships between animals and their human caretakers can have profound impacts on animal welfare in farms, laboratories and zoos, while human attitudes are important predictors of caretaker behavior towards livestock. In this study, we examined the impact of keeper attitudes about working...

  7. Why pace? The influence of social, housing, management, life history, and demographic characteristics on locomotor stereotypy in zoo elephants

    | Contributor(s):: Greco, Brian J., Meehan, Cheryl L., Heinsius, Jennifer L., Mench, Joy A.

    Stereotypic behaviors (SB) are common in zoo-housed elephants, and these behaviors can be performed at high rates. Elephants perform different SB forms (e.g., weaving, pacing), but no published studies have evaluated the factors contributing to the development or performance of these different...

  8. Overweight and obese pet owners: respondent and pet characteristics in the rural Midwestern United States

    | Contributor(s):: Heuberger, R. A., Garner, J. A., Corby, A., DeWitt, K., Sluis, R. vander

    The obesity epidemic has impacted both people and pets in the rural Midwestern United States (MWUS). Tailoring health advice to the socio-demographic characteristics and dietary patterns of owners and their pets can help promote adherence to health behavior changes for owners and foster health...

  9. Major medical causes by breed and life stage for dogs presented at veterinary clinics in the Republic of Korea: a survey of electronic medical records

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Eunju Kim, Changyong Choe, Jae Guy Yoo, Sang-Ik Oh, Younghun Jung, Ara Cho, Suhee Kim, Yoon Jung Do

    Background Age and breed are considered the greatest risk factors for disease prevalence and mortality in companion dogs. Understanding the prevalence of diseases, in relation to age and breed, would support appropriate guidance for future health care strategies and provide useful information...

  10. Zoonotic diagrams: mastering and unsettling human-animal relations

    | Contributor(s):: Lynteris, Christos

  11. Relevant Measures to Prevent the Spread of African Swine Fever in the European Union Domestic Pig Sector

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cristina Jurado, Marta Martinez-Aviiles, Ana De La Torre, Marina Stukelj, Helena Cardosa de Carvalho Ferreira, Monica Cerioli, Jose Manuel Sanchez-Vizcaino, Silvia Bellini

    During the past decade, African swine fever (ASF) has spread from the Caucasus region to eastern European Union countries affecting domestic pig and wild boar populations. In order to avert ASF spread, mitigation measures targeting both populations have been established. However, despite these...

  12. MLVA and LPS Characteristics of Brucella canis Isolated from Humans and Dogs in Zhejiang, China

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dongri Piao, Heng Wang, Dongdong Di, Guozhong Tian, Jiantong Luo, Wenjie Gao, Hongyan Zhao, Weimin Xu, Weixing Fan, Hai Jiang

    Brucella canis is a pathogenic bacterium that causes brucellosis in dogs, and its zoonotic potential has been increasing in recent years. 32 B. canis strains were divided into 26 genotypes using MLVA-16. The comprehensive approaches have been used to analyze human and...

  13. VetCompass Australia: A National Big Data Collection System for Veterinary Science

    | Contributor(s):: Paul McGreevy, Peter Thomson, Navneet K. Dhand, David Raubenheimer, Sophie Masters, Caroline S. Mansfield, Timothy Baldwin, Ricardo J. Soares Magalhaes, Jacquie Rand, Peter Hill, Anne Peaston, James Gilkerson, Martin Combs, Shane Raidal, Peter Irwin, Peter Irons, Richard Squires, David Brodbelt, Jeremy Hammond

    VetCompass Australia is veterinary medical records-based research coordinated with the global VetCompass endeavor to maximize its quality and effectiveness for Australian companion animals (cats, dogs, and horses). Bringing together all seven Australian veterinary schools, it is the first...

  14. Prevalence of Canine Obesity, Obesity-Related Metabolic Dysfunction, and Relationship with Owner Obesity in an Obesogenic Region of Spain

    | Contributor(s):: J. Alberto Montoya-Alonso, Inmaculada Bautista-Castaño, Cristina Peña, Lourdes Suárez, M. Candelaria Juste, Asta Tvarijonaviciute

    The main objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of canine obesity and obesity-related metabolic dysfunction (ORMD) in the obesogenic area in Spain. The prevalence of overweight/obesity among owners of obese pets was also evaluated. In the sample population studied (93 client-owned...

  15. Application of Survival Analysis and Multistate Modeling to Understand Animal Behavior: Examples from Guide Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Lucy Asher, Naomi D. Harvey, Martin Green, Gary C. W. England

    Epidemiology is the study of patterns of health-related states or events in populations. Statistical models developed for epidemiology could be usefully applied to behavioral states or events. The aim of this study is to present the application of epidemiological statistics to understand animal...

  16. Tuberculosis and One Health – What is in a Name?

    | Contributor(s):: Susanna Sternberg Lewerin

    Most control programs for bovine tuberculosis include reporting to both veterinary and public health authorities, and measures to prevent transmission from animals to humans. On the other hand, reporting of human cases to veterinary authorities is rare, unless an animal source is suspected....

  17. "Who's been a good dog?" - Owner perceptions and motivations for treat giving

    | Contributor(s):: White, G. A., Ward, L., Pink, C., Craigon, J., Millar, K. M.

    Complex relationships commonly exist between owners and their companion animals, particularly around feeding behaviour with an owner's affection or love for their animal most pronounced through the provision of food. It is notable that the pet food market is experiencing strong year-on-year...

  18. A prospective exploration of farm, farmer, and animal characteristics in human-animal relationships: an epidemiological survey

    | Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Boivin, X., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.

    Human-animal relationships are essential for dairy farming. They affect work comfort and efficiency, as well as milk production. A poor human-animal relationship can result in stress and accidents to both animals and caretakers and needs to be improved. However, many studies have demonstrated the...

  19. Veterinary Public Health Collaborations: An Essential Component of Future Public Health Preparedness

    | Contributor(s):: Bryan C. Gooding

    Veterinarians protect the public's health by serving in multiple roles as epidemiologists, food inspectors, and veterinary medical officers in local, state, federal, and military organizations. One of the more prominent roles that veterinarians play in the public health arena is preventing...

  20. Epidemiological and Genetic Data Supporting the Transmission of Ancylostoma ceylanicum among Human and Domestic Animals

    | Contributor(s):: Romano Ngui, Yvonne A. L. Lim, Rebecca Traub, Rohela Mahmud, Mohd Sani Mistam

    Currently, information on species-specific hookworm infection is unavailable in Malaysia and is restricted worldwide due to limited application of molecular diagnostic tools. Given the importance of accurate identification of hookworms, this study was conducted as part of an ongoing molecular...