The Dividing Line Between Wildlife Research and Management—Implications for Animal Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Johan Lindsjö, Katarina Cvek, Elin M. F. Spangenberg, Johan N. G. Olsson, Margareta Stéen
Wild animals are used for research and management purposes in Sweden and throughout the world. Animals are often subjected to similar procedures and risks of compromised welfare from capture, anesthesia, handling, sampling, marking, and sometimes selective removal. The interpretation of the...
"Feelings and Fitness" Not "Feelings or Fitness"–The Raison d'être of Conservation Welfare, Which Aligns Conservation and Animal Welfare Objectives
| Contributor(s):: Ngaio J. Beausoleil, David J. Mellor, Liv Baker, Sandra E. Baker, Mariagrazia Bellio, Alison S. Clarke, Arnja Dale, Steve Garlick, Bidda Jones, Andrea Harvey, Benjamin J. Pitcher, Sally Sherwen, Karen A. Stockin, Sarah Zito
Increasingly, human activities, including those aimed at conserving species and ecosystems (conservation activities) influence not only the survival and fitness but also the welfare of wild animals. Animal welfare relates to how an animal is experiencing its life and encompasses both its...
Naturecultures and the affective (dis)entanglements of happy meat
| Contributor(s):: Bruckner, Heide K., Colombino, Annalisa, Ermann, Ulrich
Toward a New Framework for Understanding Human–Wild Animal Relations: PROD
| Contributor(s):: Waldhorn, Daniela R.
Are Illegal Direct Actions by Animal Rights Activists Ethically Vigilante?
| Contributor(s):: Michael P. Allen, Erica von Essen
Constructed as terrorist, illegal direct actions by animal rights activists have become the subject of draconian law enforcement measures in the US and UK. Some scholars respond to this phenomenon by interpreting such actions to protect vulnerable animals not as terrorist but civilly...
Xenotransplantation, Subsistence Hunting and the Pursuit of Health: Lessons for Animal Rights-Based Vegan Advocacy
| Contributor(s):: Nathan M. Nobis
I argue that, contrary to what Tom Regan suggests, his rights view implies that subsistence hunting is wrong, that is, killing animals for food is wrong even when they are the only available food source, since doing so violates animal rights. We can see that subsistence hunting is wrong on...
We Are All Noah: Tom Regan's Olive Branch to Religious Animal Ethics
| Contributor(s):: Matthew C. Halteman
For the past thirty years, Tom Regan has bucked the trend among secular animal rights philosophers and spoken patiently and persistently to the best angels of religious ethics in a stream of publications that enjoins religious scholars, clergy, and lay people alike to rediscover the resources...
Chasing Secretariat's Consent: The Impossibility of Permissible Animal Sports
| Contributor(s):: James Rocha
Tom Regan argued that animal sports cannot be morally permissible because they are cruel and the animals do not voluntarily participate. While Regan is correct about actual animal sports, we should ask whether substantially revised animal sports could be permissible. We can imagine significant...
Harming (Respectfully) Some to Benefit Others: Animal Rights and the Moral Imperative of Trap-Neuter-Release Programs
| Contributor(s):: Cheryl E. Abbate
Because spaying/neutering animals involves the harming of some animals in order to prevent harm to others, some ethicists, like David Boonin, argue that the philosophy of animal rights is committed to the view that spaying/neutering animals violates the respect principle and that Trap Neuter...
Nozick's Libertarian Critique of Regan
| Contributor(s):: Josh Milburn
Robert Nozick’s oft-quoted review of Tom Regan’s The Case for Animal Rights levels a range of challenges to Regan’s philosophy. Many commentators have focussed on Nozick’s putative defence of speciesism, but this has led to them overlooking other aspects of the critique....
"Subjects-of-a-Life," Entelechy, and Intrinsic Teleology
| Contributor(s):: Josephine Donovan
This article explores the question of what is a “subject-of-a-life,” Tom Regan’s celebrated term for a living entity to whom, he argued, we humans owe ethical duty. I return to ancient concepts of entelechy and teleological organization, arguing that, stripped of theological...
The impact of atypical early histories on pet or performer chimpanzees
| Contributor(s):: Hani D. Freeman, Stephen R. Ross
It is widely accepted that an animal’s early history, including but not limited to its rearing history, can have a profound impact on later behavior. In the case of captive animals, many studies have used categorical measures such as mother reared or human reared that do not...
Application of Fraser's "Practical" Ethic in Veterinary Practice, and Its Compatibility with a "One Welfare" Framework
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Anne Fawcett, Siobhan Mullan, Paul McGreevy
Ethically challenging situations are common in veterinary practice. Veterinary ethics is considered important by veterinary students, educators, and regulators alike, and may help to reduce stress arising from ethically challenging situations in veterinarians. Ethical frameworks are designed to...
Revisao sobre etica e bem-estar nas intervencoes assistidas por caes
| Contributor(s):: P.D.E. Rosa, M. do R. G. Rainho, G. da G. Pereira
Exploring the Gaps in Practical Ethical Guidance for Animal Welfare Considerations of Field Interventions and Innovations Targeting Dogs and Cats
| Contributor(s):: Louisa Tasker, Susan F Getty, Joyce R Briggs, Valerie A.W. Benka
Domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) and cats (Felis silvestris catus) are common species targeted by nongovernmental or intergovernmental organizations, veterinarians and government agencies worldwide, for field interventions (e.g., population management, rabies vaccination programs) or...
Speaking Up: Veterinary Ethical Responsibilities and Animal Welfare Issues in Everyday Practice
| Contributor(s):: Elein Hernandez, Anne Fawcett, Emily Brouwer, Jeff Rau, Patricia V Turner
Although expectations for appropriate animal care are present in most developed countries, significant animal welfare challenges continue to be seen on a regular basis in all areas of veterinary practice. Veterinary ethics is a relatively new area of educational focus but is thought to be...
Is a "Good Death" at the Time of Animal Slaughter an Essentially Contested Concept?
| Contributor(s):: Qurat ulAin, Terry L. Whiting
The question of how to kill animals for food has persisted unresolved in the Anglo-American and European social and political discourse for more than a century. Scientific informed narrative has been directed at “documenting” the experience of the slaughtered animal in the last few...
Brazilian Citizens' Opinions and Attitudes about Farm Animal Production Systems
| Contributor(s):: Maria C. Yunes, Marina A. G. von Keyserlingk, Maria J. Hotzel
The inclusion of societal input is needed for food animal production industries to retain their “social license to operate”. Little is known about the knowledge and attitudes of Brazilian citizens regarding food animal production systems. The aim of this study was to explore the...
The Road to Hell Is Paved with Good Intentions: Why Harm–Benefit Analysis and Its Emphasis on Practical Benefit Jeopardizes the Credibility of Research
| Contributor(s):: Herwig Grimm, Matthias Eggel, Anna Deplazes-Zemp, Nikola Biller-Andorno
It is our concern that European Union Directive 2010/63/EU with its current project evaluation of animal research in the form of a harm–benefit analysis may lead to an erosion of the credibility of research. The HBA assesses whether the inflicted harm on animals is outweighed by potential...
American Citizens' Views of an Ideal Pig Farm
| Contributor(s):: Patrycia Sato, Maria J. Hotzel, Marina A.G. von Keyserlingk
Food animal production practices are often cited as having negative animal welfare consequences. The U.S. swine industry has not been exempt from such criticisms. Little is known, however, about how lay citizens who are not actively engaged in agricultural discussions, think about swine...