Use of Primates in Research: What Do We Know About Captive Strepsirrhine Primates?
Contributor(s):: Lázaro, Gloria Fernández, Zehr, Sarah, García, Enrique Alonso
The increasing debate and restrictions on primate research have prompted many surveys about their status. However, there is a lack of information regarding strepsirrhine primates in the literature. This study provides an overview of research on strepsirrhines in captivity by analyzing scientific...
A Postzoo Future: Why Welfare Fails Animals in Zoos
Contributor(s):: Pierce, Jessica, Bekoff, Marc
Discussions on the welfare of nonhuman animals in zoos tend to focus on incremental improvements without addressing the underlying problem of captivity. But alterations to the conditions of zoo captivity are irrelevant for animals. Real zoo reform will involve working to completely change the...
Nonhuman Animals, Public Health, and Ethics: A First Step, But…
Contributor(s):: Akhtar, Aysha
In December 2015, the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health held the first-ever summit on the intersection between nonhuman animal ethics and human health. The conference covered a variety of issues where animal health intersects with human health, including the wildlife trade, animal...
Assessing Youth Perceptions and Knowledge of Ethics at 4-H Horse Shows in Louisiana
Contributor(s):: Walker, Neely, Cater, Melissa, Bourg, Brittany, Devall, Hannah, Sarver, Megan
Due to the increased awareness of animal welfare issues and sensitized attitudes throughout society, youth animal projects provide a unique opportunity to assess and impact youth understanding and attitudes regarding animal welfare. Animal ethics training is not an uncommon requirement for...
Ethical Motivation and Vegetarian Dieting: The Underlying Role of Anti-speciesist Attitudes
Contributor(s):: Rosenfeld, Daniel L.
The most common motivation people have for becoming vegetarian is ethical concern about using animals for food. One ideology called speciesism—which entails assigning different moral worth to different species of animals—is thought to play a central role in promoting ethical vegetarianism....
The Dividing Line Between Wildlife Research and Management—Implications for Animal Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Johan Lindsjö, Katarina Cvek, Elin M. F. Spangenberg, Johan N. G. Olsson, Margareta Stéen
Wild animals are used for research and management purposes in Sweden and throughout the world. Animals are often subjected to similar procedures and risks of compromised welfare from capture, anesthesia, handling, sampling, marking, and sometimes selective removal. The interpretation of the...
The Road to TNR: Examining Trap-Neuter-Return Through the Lens of Our Evolving Ethics
| Contributor(s):: Peter Joseph Wolf, Joan E. Schaffner
In the 2008 article “A Review of Feral Cat Control,” Robertson explored the trend developing in the management of so-called “feral” cats away from lethal methods toward the non-lethal method of trap-neuter-return (TNR). The review explored various issues raised by the...
An evolutionary point of view of animal ethics
| Contributor(s):: Criscuolo, François, Sueur, Cédric
The observation that animals may respond to the emotional states of conspecific or even heterospecific individuals is not new. After more than one century, the need to define what exactly non-human animals are able to feel and—from this starting point—rethink the legal status and place of animals...
"Feelings and Fitness" Not "Feelings or Fitness"–The Raison d'être of Conservation Welfare, Which Aligns Conservation and Animal Welfare Objectives
| Contributor(s):: Ngaio J. Beausoleil, David J. Mellor, Liv Baker, Sandra E. Baker, Mariagrazia Bellio, Alison S. Clarke, Arnja Dale, Steve Garlick, Bidda Jones, Andrea Harvey, Benjamin J. Pitcher, Sally Sherwen, Karen A. Stockin, Sarah Zito
Increasingly, human activities, including those aimed at conserving species and ecosystems (conservation activities) influence not only the survival and fitness but also the welfare of wild animals. Animal welfare relates to how an animal is experiencing its life and encompasses both its...
Naturecultures and the affective (dis)entanglements of happy meat
| Contributor(s):: Bruckner, Heide K., Colombino, Annalisa, Ermann, Ulrich
Longitudinal effects of human supremacy beliefs and vegetarianism threat on moral exclusion (vs. inclusion) of animals
| Contributor(s):: Leite, Ana C., Dhont, Kristof, Hodson, Gordon
Animals and Organisations: An Ethic of Care Framework
| Contributor(s):: Connolly, Lucy, Cullen, John G.
Dually Noted: The effects of a pressure headcollar on compliance, discomfort and stress in horses during handling
| Contributor(s):: Ijichi, Carrie, Tunstall, Shelby, Putt, Ella, Squibb, Keith
Horse handlers often encounter problem behaviour resulting from a lack of stimulus control. Handlers are often only 15% of the weight of horses, which evolved strong flight responses. Therefore, many riders and handlers resort to the use of "aids" to maintain control of their animals. However,...
The Other Animal of Transplant's Future
| Contributor(s):: Sharp, L. A.
As an anthropologist, I have long been interested in highly experimental science, with my work engaging the moral underpinnings of xenoscience and, more recently, lab animal research. The possibility of employing animals as human “matches” sparks enthusiastic responses among...
Cross-species referential signalling events in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris)
| Contributor(s):: Worsley, H. K., O'Hara, S. J.
Environmental and Animal Defense: PROD
| Contributor(s):: Almiron, Núria, Faria, Catia
Toward a New Framework for Understanding Human–Wild Animal Relations: PROD
| Contributor(s):: Waldhorn, Daniela R.
Emotional support animal assessments: Toward a standard and comprehensive model for mental health professionals
| Contributor(s):: Younggren, Jeffrey N., Boness, Cassandra L., Bryant, Leisl M., Koocher, Gerald P.
Are Illegal Direct Actions by Animal Rights Activists Ethically Vigilante?
| Contributor(s):: Michael P. Allen, Erica von Essen
Constructed as terrorist, illegal direct actions by animal rights activists have become the subject of draconian law enforcement measures in the US and UK. Some scholars respond to this phenomenon by interpreting such actions to protect vulnerable animals not as terrorist but civilly...
Biophilia: Alienation and Solidarity
| Contributor(s):: Ralph Acampora
Biophilia, theorized by Fromm, Wilson, and Kellert, is examined as a potential support for a pro-animal ethos. First, I look at the idea and its definitions at the hands of its chief theorizers. Then I investigate how different stages of human cultural development (foraging, pastoralism,...