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  1. Domestication, selection, behaviour and welfare of animals - genetic mechanisms for rapid responses

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, P.

    Increased production has been the major goal of animal breeding for many decades, and the correlated side-effects have grown to become a major issue in animal welfare. In this paper, the main genetic mechanisms in which such side-effects may occur are reviewed with examples from our own research...

  2. Normal behaviour as a basis for animal welfare assessment

    Contributor(s):: Wechsler, B.

    It is generally agreed that farm animal welfare is at a high level when the animals can behave naturally. Most of today's housing systems, however, differ considerably from the natural environment in which the behavioural organisation of the ancestors of our farm animal species evolved....

  3. Proceedings of the UFAW International Symposium, Darwinian selection, selective breeding and the welfare of animals, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK, 22-23 June 2009

    Contributor(s):: Kirkwood, J. K., Weddell, S., Hubrecht, R. C., Wickens, S. M.

    The 150th anniversary of the publication of The Origin of Species is a good time to consider how selection can affect welfare - the quality of life. Darwin (1859) quoted Youatt's description of selective breeding: "...the magician's wand, by means of which he may summon into life whatever form...

  4. Quality of life and the evolution of the brain

    Contributor(s):: Kendrick, K. M.

    The dual problem of explaining brain evolution and the way in which it has led to wide species differences in behaviour and physiology has often appeared intractable to scientists. The main limiting factor is that we do not understand enough about how brains work to appreciate why gross or fine...

  5. Selective breeding of primates for use in research: consequences and challenges

    Contributor(s):: Honess, P., Stanley-Griffiths, M. A., Narainapoulle, S., Naiken, S., Andrianjazalahatra, T.

    Primates are bred in captivity for a number of purposes, from zoo-based captive breeding programmes for conservation to breeding for biomedical research. In each case, breeding animals that are fit for purpose, either as viable candidates for reintroduction or as valid research models, has...

  6. Zoomorphism and anthropomorphism: fruitful fallacies? (Special Issue: Knowing animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Webster, J.

    Zoo- and anthropomorphism may both be scientific heresies but both may serve as a basis for thought (and real) experiments designed to explore our ability to assess quality of life as perceived by another sentient animal. Sentience, a major contributor to evolutionary fitness in a complex...

  7. What's in a name? - Consequences of naming non-human animals. (Special issue: Minding animals: Emerging issues concerning our relationships with other animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Borkfelt, S.

    The act of naming is among the most basic actions of language. Indeed, it is naming something that enables us to communicate about it in specific terms, whether the object named is human or non-human, animate or inanimate. However, naming is not as uncomplicated as we may usually think and names...

  8. Domestication and behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Goldberg, J.

    The domestication of animal species has led to complex relations with humans entailing profound transformations, especially at the behavioural level. It is a rather difficult task to answer the question of whether the wild ancestors of a given domestic form were in some way preadapted to...