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  1. Non-invasive Assessment of Fecal Stress Biomarkers in Hunting Dogs During Exercise and at Rest

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Augusta Zannoni, Marco Pietra, Alba Gaspardo, Pier Attilio Accorsi, Monica Barone, Silvia Turroni, Luca Laghi, Chenglin Zhu, Patrizia Brigidi, Monica Forni

    Intense exercise causes to organisms to have oxidative stress and inflammation at the gastrointestinal (GI) level. The reduction in intestinal blood flow and the exercise-linked thermal damage to the intestinal mucosa can cause intestinal barrier disruption, followed by an inflammatory...

  2. Movement or more food? A comparison of motivation for exercise and food in stall-housed sows and gilts

    | Contributor(s):: Tokareva, Mariia, Brown, Jennifer A., Woodward, Alexa, Pajor, Edmond A., Seddon, Yolande M.

  3. Examining Obedience Training as a Physical Activity Intervention for Dog Owners: Findings from the Stealth Pet Obedience Training (SPOT) Pilot Study

    | Contributor(s):: Potter, K., Masteller, B., Balzer, L. B.

  4. Sizing up physical activity: The relationships between dog characteristics, dog owners' motivations, and dog walking

    | Contributor(s):: Clarise Lim, Ryan E. Rhodes

    ObjectiveRegular dog walking is likely a symbiotic relationship between the needs of the dog and its owner. This relationship has seen limited attention. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between dog characteristics, dog owners' perceptions of responsibility and...

  5. Activities outside of the care setting for people with dementia: a systematic review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: D'Cunha, N. M., Isbel, S., McKune, A. J., Kellett, J., Naumovski, N.

    OBJECTIVES: To summarise the evidence from interventions investigating the effects of out of care setting activities on people with dementia living in residential aged care. DESIGN: A systematic review. METHODS: A systematic search of electronic databases (PubMed, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of...

  6. Locking down the impact of New Zealand's COVID-19 alert level changes on pets

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Esam, F., Forrest, R., Waran, N.

    The influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on human-pet interactions within New Zealand, particularly during lockdown, was investigated via two national surveys. In Survey 1, pet owners (n = 686) responded during the final week of the five-week Alert Level 4 lockdown (highest level of restrictions -...

  7. Association of Dog and Cat Ownership with Incident Frailty among Community-Dwelling Elderly Japanese

    | Contributor(s):: Taniguchi, Y., Seino, S., Nishi, M., Tomine, Y., Tanaka, I., Yokoyama, Y., Ikeuchi, T., Kitamura, A., Shinkai, S.

  8. Slower, shorter, sadder: a qualitative study exploring how dog walks change when the canine participant develops osteoarthritis

    | Contributor(s):: Belshaw, Z., Dean, R., Asher, L.

  9. Can ownership of an animal contribute to prevention of cardiovascular disorders?

    | Contributor(s):: Machova, K., Dadova, K.

    2019Eur J Prev Cardiol26141562-15632047-487310.1177/2047487319844365eng1 Department of Animal Science and Ethology, CULS Prague, Czech Republic.2 Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Charles University, Czech Republic.text

  10. Effects of Simulated Horseback Riding on Balance, Postural Sway, and Quality of Life in Older Adults With Parkinson's Disease

    | Contributor(s):: Goudy, L. S., Rigby, B. R., Silliman-French, L., Becker, K. A.

  11. Track Surfaces Used for Ridden Workouts and Alternatives to Ridden Exercise for Thoroughbred Horses in Race Training

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ashleigh V. Morrice-West, Peta L. Hitchens, Elizabeth A. Walmsley, R. Chris Whitton

    Little is known about the types of surfaces used during training of Thoroughbred racehorses or methods of exercise used in addition to ridden track-work. Our aims were to (1) describe the types of surfaces used in the training of Thoroughbred racehorses and to (2) identify alternative...

  12. Cow in Motion: A review of the impact of housing systems on movement opportunity of dairy cows and implications on locomotor activity

    | Contributor(s):: Shepley, Elise, Lensink, Joop, Vasseur, Elsa

    As humans, we recognize the importance of exercise. We go to the gym, walk our dogs, and ride our horses. Even our hamsters get a wheel to run on. Considering this, it is surprising that, when it comes to the production animals that make up the bulk of domestic animals, the concept of ‘exercise’...

  13. Understanding how dogs encourage and motivate walking: cross-sectional findings from RESIDE

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, M. Knuiman, H. E. Christian

    Background: Many people live with dogs but not all walk with them regularly. This study examines the demographic and behavioural factors that contribute towards owners reporting having a strong sense of encouragement and motivation to walk provided by their dogs, which we call ‘the Lassie...

  14. Evaluation of an open source method for calculating physical activity in dogs from harness and collar based sensors

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, C. Ladha

    Background: The ability to make objective measurements of physical activity in dogs has both clinical and research applications. Accelerometers offer a non-intrusive and convenient solution. Of the commercialy available sensors, measurements are commonly given in manufacturer bespoke units and...

  15. Dog owners are more likely to meet physical activity guidelines than people without a dog: An investigation of the association between dog ownership and physical activity levels in a UK community

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, Robert M. Christley, Christopher Jewell, Alexander J.German, Lynne M. Boddy, Hayley E. Christian

    Previous research suggests that dog owners are slightly more physically active than those without dogs, but have only studied one household member, and it is unclear whether time spent dog walking replaces other physical activity (PA). A survey of 191 dog owning adults (DO), 455 non-dog owning...

  16. A Comparison of Walking Rates Between Wild and Zoo African Elephants

    | Contributor(s):: Miller, Lance J., Chase, Michael J., Hacker, Charlotte E.

    With increased scrutiny surrounding the welfare of elephants in zoological institutions, it is important to have empirical evidence on their current welfare status. If elephants are not receiving adequate exercise, it could lead to obesity, which can lead to many issues including acyclicity and...

  17. Epidemiological Panel Studies of Older Adults: New Frontiers in the Research on Human– Animal Interaction

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jr, Roland J. Thorpe, Kelley, Jessica A.

    This paper discusses epidemiological studies of older adults and human–animal interaction (HAI), and potential relevance to future research on HAI and animal-assisted interventions (AAI) in aging populations. Key issues in epidemiological work are discussed, including target populations,...

  18. Preference and demand for exercise in stabled horses

    | Contributor(s):: Lee, Joyce, Floyd, Toby, Erb, Hollis, Houpt, Katherine

    Operant conditioning and two choice preference tests were used to assess the motivation of horses to be released from straight and from box stalls. The motivations for food, a companion, and release into a paddock were compared when the horses had to work for each commodity at increasing fixed...

  19. Increasing the interval between winter outdoor exercise aggravates agonistic interactions in Hérens cows kept in tie-stalls

    | Contributor(s):: Castro, Isabelle M. L., Gygax, Lorenz, Wechsler, Beat, Hauser, Rudolf

    Cows of the dual-purpose Hérens breed are highly motivated to engage in dominance interactions and thus famous for the cow fights traditionally organised by Swiss breeders. However, this characteristic may result in excessively aggressive behaviour when cows kept in tie-stalls meet during winter...

  20. Effects of environmental factors on cribbing activity by horses

    | Contributor(s):: Whisher, Lindsay, Raum, Mary, Pina, Lisa, Pérez, Lucia, Erb, Hollis, Houpt, Charles, Houpt, Katherine

    Quantitative measurements of cribbing were made and the environmental influences on the behavior were examined. Licking the substrate preceded cribbing; the horses licked a median of 1.7 times before each cribbing event while eating grain and 1.1 times before each cribbing event while eating hay....