Investigation of the behavioral characteristics of dogs purpose-bred and prepared to perform Vapor Wake detection of person-borne explosives
| Contributor(s):: Lazarowski, L., Haney, P. S., Brock, J., Fischer, T., Rogers, B., Angle, C., Katz, J. S., Waggoner, L. P.
Specialized detector dogs are increasingly being utilized for the detection of modern threats. The Vapor Wake® (VW) dog was developed to create a dog phenotype ideally suited for detecting hand-carried and body-worn explosives. VW dogs (VWDs) are trained to sample and alert to...
Dogs can detect the individual odors in a mixture of explosives
| Contributor(s):: Gazit, Irit, Goldblatt, Allen, Grinstein, Dan, Terkel, Joseph
2021Applied Animal Behaviour Science2351052120168-159110.1016/j.applanim.2020.105212text
Human–animal interface: The effects of handler's stress on the performance of canines in an explosive detection task
| Contributor(s):: Zubedat, Salman, Aga-Mizrachi, Shlomit, Cymerblit-Sabba, Adi, Shwartz, Jonathan, Leon, Joseph Fiko, Rozen, Shlomo, Varkovitzky, Itay, Eshed, Yuval, Grinstein, Dan, Avital, Avi
The handler–dog interaction is significantly important for the canine performance. The handler error may mislead the dog into false identification, and the probability to commit such an error is altered often by the handlers’ stressful state. In the current study we have focused on stress...
Explosives detection by military working dogs: Olfactory generalization from components to mixtures
| Contributor(s):: Lazarowski, Lucia, Dorman, David C.
The training of scent detection dogs using samples of explosives or their chemical precursors is a well-established and documented practice. However an area of canine odor detection that remains under-studied regards a trained dog's perception of an explosive odor when more than one odorant is...
Inhibitory control – Important trait for explosive detection performance in police dogs?
| Contributor(s):: Tiira, Katriina, Tikkanen, Antti, Vainio, Outi
Working dogs are used for a range of important operational tasks. Identifying potentially successful working dogs as early as possible is important as rejection rates are high and training is costly. Earlier research has mainly concentrated on personality traits such as boldness, and there is...
Maintenance energy requirements of odor detection, explosive detection and human detection working dogs
| Contributor(s):: Mullis, R. A., Witzel, A. L., Price, J.
Despite their important role in security, little is known about the energy requirements of working dogs such as odor, explosive and human detection dogs. Previous researchers have evaluated the energy requirements of individual canine breeds as well as dogs in exercise roles such as sprint...
Olfactory discrimination and generalization of ammonium nitrate and structurally related odorants in Labrador retrievers
| Contributor(s):: Lazarowski, L., Foster, M. L., Gruen, M. E., Sherman, B. L., Fish, R. E., Milgram, N. W., Dorman, D. C.
A critical aspect of canine explosive detection involves the animal's ability respond to novel, untrained odors based on prior experience with training odors. In the current study, adult Labrador retrievers ( N=15) were initially trained to discriminate between a rewarded odor (vanillin) and an...
Traits of drug and explosives detection in dogs of two breeds as evaluated by their handlers and trainers
| Contributor(s):: Adamkiewicz, E., Jezierski, T., Walczak, M., Gorecka-Bruzda, A., Sobczynska, M., Prokopczyk, M., Ensminger, J.
Police dogs handlers' and trainers' opinions on Labrador retrievers (n=87) and German shepherds (n=96) trained for drugs vs. explosives detection have been compared. As most important traits in both specialties the responders indicated: (1) willingness to sniff objects, (2) concentration...
A dog's life in the war zone
| Contributor(s):: Donn, Jeff
Research in Colombia on Explosives Detection by Rats
| Contributor(s):: Luisa Fernando Mendez Pardo, Andres M. Perez-Acosta
The interdisciplinary research group INVESTUD is investigating the effectiveness of mine-detecting lab rats. In Africa, the APOPO program is well-known for using African giant pouched rats for mine detection, but INVESTUD hopes to build on and even surpass APOPO’s progress to advance...
Canine olfactory receptor gene polymorphism and its relation to odor detection performance by sniffer dogs
| Contributor(s):: Lesniak, A., Walczak, M., Jezierski, T., Sacharczuk, M., Gawkowski, M., Jaszczak, K.
The Dogs of War
| Contributor(s):: Paltzer, Seth
Search and rescue: nutritional considerations for dogs with missions from drugs to disaster
| Contributor(s):: Newman, M.
Modification of net configurations of the Coda Netlaunchei registered to enhance bird capture
| Contributor(s):: Prisock, A. M., Dorr, B. S., Cumbee, J. C.
A survey of owners' perceptions of fear of fireworks in a sample of dogs and cats in New Zealand
| Contributor(s):: Dale, A. R., Walker, J. K., Farnworth, M. J., Morrissey, S. V., Waran, N. K.
Training rats to search and alert on contraband odors
| Contributor(s):: Otto, J., Brown, M. F., Long, W., III
This paper describes a series of behavioral experiments that were conducted to test a new concept using rats to detect contraband odors, such as explosives, drugs, or prohibited foodstuffs. Under this concept, the trained alerting behaviour of rats is remotely monitored by humans and/or computers...
Domination of olfaction over vision in explosives detection by dogs
| Contributor(s):: Gazit, I., Terkel, J.
This study examines the relative contribution of the senses of sight and smell to detection of explosives in dogs. Six sniffer dogs were required to detect explosives in a controlled (indoors) and uncontrolled (field track) environment, under both virtually dark (very low light intensity) and...
Explosives detection by sniffer dogs following strenuous physical activity
Reduced olfactory efficiency in sniffer dogs results mainly from overheating, and causes physiological and behavioural resources to be diverted from concentration on the assigned task and applied instead to methods of body cooling. Dogs do not possess sweat glands, and panting is the main means...