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  1. Public perceptions of undercover investigations in livestock farming: An end that justifies the means?

    Contributor(s):: Schulze, M., Risius, A., Spiller, A.

  2. The ophthalmic health and refractive state of working dogs in South Brazil

    Contributor(s):: Oliveira, J. K. de, Bortolini, M., Schaller, M., Schuchmann, R. K., Moore, B. A., Montiani-Ferreira, F.

  3. Eye Blink Rates and Eyelid Twitches as a Non-Invasive Measure of Stress in the Domestic Horse

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katrina Merkies, Chloe Ready, Leanne Farkas, Abigail Hodder

    Physiological changes provide indices of stress responses, however, behavioural measures may be easier to determine. Spontaneous eye blink rate has potential as a non-invasive indicator of stress. Eyelid movements, along with heart rate (HR) and behaviour, from 33 horses were evaluated over...

  4. Understanding Cows' Emotions on Farm: Are Eye White and Ear Posture Reliable Indicators?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Monica Battini, Anna Agostini, Silvana Mattiello

    Understanding the emotions of dairy cows is primarily important in enhancing the level of welfare and provide a better life on farm. This study explored whether eye white and ear posture can reliably contribute to interpret valence and arousal of emotions in dairy cows. The research was...

  5. Evaluation of D-dimer levels in aqueous humor of rabbit eyes with and without induced intraocular fibrin and fibrinolytic treatment

    | Contributor(s):: Voelter, K., Tappeiner, C., Riond, B., Nuss, K., Bruetsch, D., Pot, S. A.

  6. The Effect of Noseband Tightening on Horses' Behavior, Eye Temperature, and Cardiac Responses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kate Fenner, Samuel Yoon, Peter White, Melissa Starling, Paul McGreevy

    Restrictive nosebands are common in equestrian sport. This is concerning, as recent evidence suggests that very tight nosebands can cause a physiological stress response, and may compromise welfare. The objective of the current study was to investigate relationships that noseband tightness has...

  7. Corrigendum: Do Animals Engage Greater Social Attention in Autism? An Eye Tracking Analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Valiyamattam, G. J., Katti, H., Chaganti, V. K., O'Haire, M. E., Sachdeva, V.

  8. Do Animals Engage Greater Social Attention in Autism? An Eye Tracking Analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Valiyamattam, G. J., Katti, H., Chaganti, V. K., O'Haire, M. E., Sachdeva, V.

  9. What Makes a Dog Adoptable? An Eye-Tracking Investigation

    | Contributor(s):: Isgate, Sara, Couchman, Justin J.

    Humans readily attribute personality and behavioral traits to dogs, and these attributions influence decisions about adoption. This study focused on how these attributions could be influenced by breed and pose by using pictures of four breeds (Doberman Pinscher, Golden Retriever, pit bull, and...

  10. Animal-Based Welfare Assessment of Cattle and Water Buffalo in Bangladeshi Slaughterhouses

    | Contributor(s):: Alam, Mohammad Rashedul, Islam, Md Jahirul, Amin, Al, Shaikat, Amir Hossan, Pasha, Md Ridoan, Doyle, Rebecca E.

    This study quantified the welfare of 423 cattle and water buffalo in four Bangladeshi slaughterhouses to identify facility and species-specific factors that influence welfare. The majority of animals arrived at the slaughterhouse with injuries, signs of dehydration and oculo-nasal discharge....

  11. Eyestalk ablation procedures to minimize pain in the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium americanum

    | Contributor(s):: Diarte-Plata, Genaro, Sainz-Hernández, Juan C., Aguiñaga-Cruz, Jazmín A., Fierro-Coronado, Jesús A., Polanco-Torres, Arturo, Puente-Palazuelos, Catalina

    This article proposes an enhanced and less painful procedure to eliminate the flow of hormones from the X organ sinus gland in adult Macrobrachium americanum. Three groups and two controls were analyzed to determine the amount of stress caused by the following: (1) unilateral eyestalk ablation,...

  12. Evolution of facial muscle anatomy in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Kaminski, J., Waller, B. M., Diogo, R., Hartstone-Rose, A., Burrows, A. M.

    Domestication shaped wolves into dogs and transformed both their behavior and their anatomy. Here we show that, in only 33,000 y, domestication transformed the facial muscle anatomy of dogs specifically for facial communication with humans. Based on dissections of dog and wolf heads, we show that...

  13. Looking into the eyes of a cow: Can eye whites be used as a measure of emotional state?

    | Contributor(s):: Lambert, Helen S., Carder, Gemma

    A number of studies have looked at whether the percentage of visible eye whites could be a reliable and dynamic tool for measuring emotional state in cattle. In this study we have built upon previous research to further test this measure with different stimuli and different types of emotional...

  14. The Processing of Human Emotional Faces by Pet and Lab Dogs: Evidence for Lateralization and Experience Effects

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anjuli L.A. Barber, Dania Randi, Corsin A. Müller, Ludwig Huber

    From all non-human animals dogs are very likely the best decoders of human behavior. In addition to a high sensitivity to human attentive status and to ostensive cues, they are able to distinguish between individual human faces and even between human facial expressions. However, so far little...

  15. Molecular Characterization of Pneumococcal Isolates from Pets and Laboratory Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mark van der Linden, Adnan Al-Lahham, Werner Nicklas, Ralf René Reinert

    Background Between 1986 and 2008 Streptococcus pneumoniae was isolated from 41 pets/zoo animals (guinea pigs (n = 17), cats (n = 12), horses (n = 4), dogs (n = 3), dolphins (n = 2), rat (n = 2), gorilla (n = 1)) treated in medical veterinary laboratories and zoos, and 44 laboratory animals...

  16. Different allelic frequency of progressive rod-cone degeneration in two populations of Labrador Retrievers in Japan

    | Contributor(s):: Takanosu, M.

  17. Sustained attention to the owner is enhanced in dogs trained for animal assisted interventions

    | Contributor(s):: Mongillo, P., Pitteri, E., Marinelli, L.

  18. Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans

    | Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.

    Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...

  19. Face processing of animal and human static stimuli by children with autism spectrum disorder: a pilot study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marine Grandgeorge, CÈline Degrez, Zarrin Alavi, Eric Lemonnier

    Animals are part of humans' social environment and present numerous benefits. Each partner in a human-animal interaction uses signals emitted by the other (e.g. postures, gestures or gaze directions) to collect information to adjust their behaviour. Face processing impairment is associated...

  20. Behavioral responses of nursing home residents to visits from a person with a dog, a robot seal or a toy cat

    | Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Sorensen, L. U., Videbech, P. B., Poulsen, P. H., Houbak, B., Damgaard, V., Keseler, I., Edwards, D., Christensen, J. W.

    Previous studies suggest that contact with dogs can positively affect the wellbeing of elderly people in nursing homes, but there is a lack of research investigating the causal pathways of these effects. One such pathway may relate to the behavioral responses of the elderly when interacting with...