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  1. What Makes a Dog Adoptable? An Eye-Tracking Investigation

    Contributor(s):: Isgate, Sara, Couchman, Justin J.

    Humans readily attribute personality and behavioral traits to dogs, and these attributions influence decisions about adoption. This study focused on how these attributions could be influenced by breed and pose by using pictures of four breeds (Doberman Pinscher, Golden Retriever, pit bull, and...

  2. Eyestalk ablation procedures to minimize pain in the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium americanum

    Contributor(s):: Diarte-Plata, Genaro, Sainz-Hernández, Juan C., Aguiñaga-Cruz, Jazmín A., Fierro-Coronado, Jesús A., Polanco-Torres, Arturo, Puente-Palazuelos, Catalina

    This article proposes an enhanced and less painful procedure to eliminate the flow of hormones from the X organ sinus gland in adult Macrobrachium americanum. Three groups and two controls were analyzed to determine the amount of stress caused by the following: (1) unilateral eyestalk ablation,...

  3. Looking into the eyes of a cow: Can eye whites be used as a measure of emotional state?

    Contributor(s):: Lambert, Helen S., Carder, Gemma

    A number of studies have looked at whether the percentage of visible eye whites could be a reliable and dynamic tool for measuring emotional state in cattle. In this study we have built upon previous research to further test this measure with different stimuli and different types of emotional...

  4. The Processing of Human Emotional Faces by Pet and Lab Dogs: Evidence for Lateralization and Experience Effects

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anjuli L.A. Barber, Dania Randi, Corsin A. Müller, Ludwig Huber

    From all non-human animals dogs are very likely the best decoders of human behavior. In addition to a high sensitivity to human attentive status and to ostensive cues, they are able to distinguish between individual human faces and even between human facial expressions. However, so far little...

  5. Molecular Characterization of Pneumococcal Isolates from Pets and Laboratory Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mark van der Linden, Adnan Al-Lahham, Werner Nicklas, Ralf René Reinert

    Background Between 1986 and 2008 Streptococcus pneumoniae was isolated from 41 pets/zoo animals (guinea pigs (n = 17), cats (n = 12), horses (n = 4), dogs (n = 3), dolphins (n = 2), rat (n = 2), gorilla (n = 1)) treated in medical veterinary laboratories and zoos, and 44 laboratory animals...

  6. Different allelic frequency of progressive rod-cone degeneration in two populations of Labrador Retrievers in Japan

    | Contributor(s):: Takanosu, M.

  7. Sustained attention to the owner is enhanced in dogs trained for animal assisted interventions

    | Contributor(s):: Mongillo, P., Pitteri, E., Marinelli, L.

  8. Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans

    | Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.

    Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...

  9. Behavioral responses of nursing home residents to visits from a person with a dog, a robot seal or a toy cat

    | Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Sorensen, L. U., Videbech, P. B., Poulsen, P. H., Houbak, B., Damgaard, V., Keseler, I., Edwards, D., Christensen, J. W.

    Previous studies suggest that contact with dogs can positively affect the wellbeing of elderly people in nursing homes, but there is a lack of research investigating the causal pathways of these effects. One such pathway may relate to the behavioral responses of the elderly when interacting with...

  10. 'Goats that stare at men' - revisited: do dwarf goats alter their behaviour in response to eye visibility and head direction of a human?

    | Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Borell, E. von, Langbein, J.

    Being able to recognise when one is being observed by someone else is thought to be adaptive during cooperative or competitive events. In particular for prey species, this ability should be of use in the context of predation. A previous study reported that goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) alter...

  11. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  12. Sociability and gazing toward humans in dogs and wolves: Simple behaviors with broad implications

    | Contributor(s):: Bentosela, M., Wynne, C. D., D'Orazio, M., Elgier, A., Udell, M. A.

  13. Owners' direct gazes increase dogs' attention-getting behaviors

    | Contributor(s):: Ohkita, M., Nagasawa, M., Kazutaka, M., Kikusui, T.

  14. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  15. Behavioral responses of nursing home residents to visits from a person with a dog, a robot seal or a toy cat

    | Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Sorensen, L. U., Videbech, P. B., Poulsen, P. H., Houbak, B., Damgaard, V., Keseler, I., Edwards, D., Christensen, J. W.

    Previous studies suggest that contact with dogs can positively affect the wellbeing of elderly people in nursing homes, but there is a lack of research investigating the causal pathways of these effects. One such pathway may relate to the behavioral responses of the elderly when interacting with...

  16. Visual attention and facial identification in human and non-human animals

    | Contributor(s):: Guo, Kun, Freund, Lisa S., McCune, Sandra, Esposito, Layla, Gee, Nancy R., McCardle, Peggy

  17. Owners' direct gazes increase dogs' attention-getting behaviors

    | Contributor(s):: Ohkita, M., Nagasawa, M., Kazutaka, M., Kikusui, T.

  18. Behavioral responses of nursing home residents to visits from a person with a dog, a robot seal or a toy cat

    | Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Sorensen, L. U., Videbech, P. B., Poulsen, P. H., Houbak, B., Damgaard, V., Keseler, I., Edwards, D., Christensen, J. W.

    Previous studies suggest that contact with dogs can positively affect the wellbeing of elderly people in nursing homes, but there is a lack of research investigating the causal pathways of these effects. One such pathway may relate to the behavioral responses of the elderly when interacting with...

  19. Are dogs able to communicate with their owners about a desirable food in a referential and intentional way?

    | Contributor(s):: Savalli, C., Ades, C., Gaunet, F.

  20. Dogs' body language relevant to learning achievement

    | Contributor(s):: Hasegawa, M., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M.

    The facial expressions and body postures of dogs can give helpful information about their moods and emotional states. People can more effectively obedience train their dogs if we can identify the mannerisms associated with learning in dogs. The aim of this study was to clarify the dog's body...