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  1. The Processing of Human Emotional Faces by Pet and Lab Dogs: Evidence for Lateralization and Experience Effects

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anjuli L.A. Barber, Dania Randi, Corsin A. Müller, Ludwig Huber

    From all non-human animals dogs are very likely the best decoders of human behavior. In addition to a high sensitivity to human attentive status and to ostensive cues, they are able to distinguish between individual human faces and even between human facial expressions. However, so far little...

  2. Molecular Characterization of Pneumococcal Isolates from Pets and Laboratory Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mark van der Linden, Adnan Al-Lahham, Werner Nicklas, Ralf René Reinert

    Background Between 1986 and 2008 Streptococcus pneumoniae was isolated from 41 pets/zoo animals (guinea pigs (n = 17), cats (n = 12), horses (n = 4), dogs (n = 3), dolphins (n = 2), rat (n = 2), gorilla (n = 1)) treated in medical veterinary laboratories and zoos, and 44 laboratory animals...

  3. Different allelic frequency of progressive rod-cone degeneration in two populations of Labrador Retrievers in Japan

    | Contributor(s):: Takanosu, M.

  4. Sustained attention to the owner is enhanced in dogs trained for animal assisted interventions

    | Contributor(s):: Mongillo, P., Pitteri, E., Marinelli, L.

  5. Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans

    | Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.

    Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...

  6. Behavioral responses of nursing home residents to visits from a person with a dog, a robot seal or a toy cat

    | Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Sorensen, L. U., Videbech, P. B., Poulsen, P. H., Houbak, B., Damgaard, V., Keseler, I., Edwards, D., Christensen, J. W.

    Previous studies suggest that contact with dogs can positively affect the wellbeing of elderly people in nursing homes, but there is a lack of research investigating the causal pathways of these effects. One such pathway may relate to the behavioral responses of the elderly when interacting with...

  7. 'Goats that stare at men' - revisited: do dwarf goats alter their behaviour in response to eye visibility and head direction of a human?

    | Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Borell, E. von, Langbein, J.

    Being able to recognise when one is being observed by someone else is thought to be adaptive during cooperative or competitive events. In particular for prey species, this ability should be of use in the context of predation. A previous study reported that goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) alter...

  8. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  9. Sociability and gazing toward humans in dogs and wolves: Simple behaviors with broad implications

    | Contributor(s):: Bentosela, M., Wynne, C. D., D'Orazio, M., Elgier, A., Udell, M. A.

  10. Owners' direct gazes increase dogs' attention-getting behaviors

    | Contributor(s):: Ohkita, M., Nagasawa, M., Kazutaka, M., Kikusui, T.

  11. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  12. Behavioral responses of nursing home residents to visits from a person with a dog, a robot seal or a toy cat

    | Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Sorensen, L. U., Videbech, P. B., Poulsen, P. H., Houbak, B., Damgaard, V., Keseler, I., Edwards, D., Christensen, J. W.

    Previous studies suggest that contact with dogs can positively affect the wellbeing of elderly people in nursing homes, but there is a lack of research investigating the causal pathways of these effects. One such pathway may relate to the behavioral responses of the elderly when interacting with...

  13. Visual attention and facial identification in human and non-human animals

    | Contributor(s):: Guo, Kun, Freund, Lisa S., McCune, Sandra, Esposito, Layla, Gee, Nancy R., McCardle, Peggy

  14. Owners' direct gazes increase dogs' attention-getting behaviors

    | Contributor(s):: Ohkita, M., Nagasawa, M., Kazutaka, M., Kikusui, T.

  15. Behavioral responses of nursing home residents to visits from a person with a dog, a robot seal or a toy cat

    | Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Sorensen, L. U., Videbech, P. B., Poulsen, P. H., Houbak, B., Damgaard, V., Keseler, I., Edwards, D., Christensen, J. W.

    Previous studies suggest that contact with dogs can positively affect the wellbeing of elderly people in nursing homes, but there is a lack of research investigating the causal pathways of these effects. One such pathway may relate to the behavioral responses of the elderly when interacting with...

  16. Are dogs able to communicate with their owners about a desirable food in a referential and intentional way?

    | Contributor(s):: Savalli, C., Ades, C., Gaunet, F.

  17. Dogs' body language relevant to learning achievement

    | Contributor(s):: Hasegawa, M., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M.

    The facial expressions and body postures of dogs can give helpful information about their moods and emotional states. People can more effectively obedience train their dogs if we can identify the mannerisms associated with learning in dogs. The aim of this study was to clarify the dog's body...

  18. Genetic study of stress assessed with infrared thermography during dressage competitions in the Pura Raza Espanol horse

    | Contributor(s):: Sanchez, M. J., Bartolome, E., Valera, M.

    Despite the fact that physiological parameters in dressage are important because of their close connection to human-horse accidents, performance and welfare, these parameters are only rarely included in horse breeding programs. In Spain, the Pura Raza Espanol horse (PRE) Breeding Program focuses...

  19. Assessment of aversion and unconsciousness during exposure to carbon dioxide at high concentration in lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Rodriguez, P., Dalmau, A., Manteca, X., Litvan, H., Jensen, E. W., Velarde, A.

    The most widely used stunning method in sheep is electrical. However, in lambs, this method leads to rupture of the blood vessels, provoking ecchymoses. In pigs ( Sus scrofa), the use of CO 2-stunning systems has increased in popularity due to positive effects on meat quality and animal welfare...

  20. Effects of maternal vocalisations on the domestic chick stress response

    | Contributor(s):: Edgar, J., Kelland, I., Held, S., Paul, E., Nicol, C.

    Although natural brooding is not commercially feasible, there is great potential to simulate aspects of maternal care to improve the welfare of farmed domestic chicks. Our previous studies showed that the presence of calm broody hens can buffer mild stress responses in chicks, although the...