Evaluation of D-dimer levels in aqueous humor of rabbit eyes with and without induced intraocular fibrin and fibrinolytic treatment
Contributor(s):: Voelter, K., Tappeiner, C., Riond, B., Nuss, K., Bruetsch, D., Pot, S. A.
The Effect of Noseband Tightening on Horses' Behavior, Eye Temperature, and Cardiac Responses
| Contributor(s):: Kate Fenner, Samuel Yoon, Peter White, Melissa Starling, Paul McGreevy
Restrictive nosebands are common in equestrian sport. This is concerning, as recent evidence suggests that very tight nosebands can cause a physiological stress response, and may compromise welfare. The objective of the current study was to investigate relationships that noseband tightness has...
Corrigendum: Do Animals Engage Greater Social Attention in Autism? An Eye Tracking Analysis
| Contributor(s):: Valiyamattam, G. J., Katti, H., Chaganti, V. K., O'Haire, M. E., Sachdeva, V.
Do Animals Engage Greater Social Attention in Autism? An Eye Tracking Analysis
The ophthalmic health and refractive state of working dogs in South Brazil
| Contributor(s):: de Oliveira, J. K., Bortolini, M., Schaller, M., Schuchmann, R. K., Moore, B. A., Montiani-Ferreira, F.
Background: Working dogs, such as police dogs and guide dogs, have important roles in the contemporary society by performing specific and demanding jobs. Ocular health and the maintenance of good visual acuity are imperative to strong work performance and thus human safety. Aim: The aim of this...
What Makes a Dog Adoptable? An Eye-Tracking Investigation
| Contributor(s):: Isgate, Sara, Couchman, Justin J.
Humans readily attribute personality and behavioral traits to dogs, and these attributions influence decisions about adoption. This study focused on how these attributions could be influenced by breed and pose by using pictures of four breeds (Doberman Pinscher, Golden Retriever, pit bull, and...
Animal-Based Welfare Assessment of Cattle and Water Buffalo in Bangladeshi Slaughterhouses
| Contributor(s):: Alam, Mohammad Rashedul, Islam, Md Jahirul, Amin, Al, Shaikat, Amir Hossan, Pasha, Md Ridoan, Doyle, Rebecca E.
This study quantified the welfare of 423 cattle and water buffalo in four Bangladeshi slaughterhouses to identify facility and species-specific factors that influence welfare. The majority of animals arrived at the slaughterhouse with injuries, signs of dehydration and oculo-nasal discharge....
Eyestalk ablation procedures to minimize pain in the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium americanum
| Contributor(s):: Diarte-Plata, Genaro, Sainz-Hernández, Juan C., Aguiñaga-Cruz, Jazmín A., Fierro-Coronado, Jesús A., Polanco-Torres, Arturo, Puente-Palazuelos, Catalina
This article proposes an enhanced and less painful procedure to eliminate the flow of hormones from the X organ sinus gland in adult Macrobrachium americanum. Three groups and two controls were analyzed to determine the amount of stress caused by the following: (1) unilateral eyestalk ablation,...
Evolution of facial muscle anatomy in dogs
| Contributor(s):: Kaminski, J., Waller, B. M., Diogo, R., Hartstone-Rose, A., Burrows, A. M.
Domestication shaped wolves into dogs and transformed both their behavior and their anatomy. Here we show that, in only 33,000 y, domestication transformed the facial muscle anatomy of dogs specifically for facial communication with humans. Based on dissections of dog and wolf heads, we show that...
Looking into the eyes of a cow: Can eye whites be used as a measure of emotional state?
| Contributor(s):: Lambert, Helen S., Carder, Gemma
A number of studies have looked at whether the percentage of visible eye whites could be a reliable and dynamic tool for measuring emotional state in cattle. In this study we have built upon previous research to further test this measure with different stimuli and different types of emotional...
The Processing of Human Emotional Faces by Pet and Lab Dogs: Evidence for Lateralization and Experience Effects
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Anjuli L.A. Barber, Dania Randi, Corsin A. Müller, Ludwig Huber
From all non-human animals dogs are very likely the best decoders of human behavior. In addition to a high sensitivity to human attentive status and to ostensive cues, they are able to distinguish between individual human faces and even between human facial expressions. However, so far little...
Molecular Characterization of Pneumococcal Isolates from Pets and Laboratory Animals
| Contributor(s):: Mark van der Linden, Adnan Al-Lahham, Werner Nicklas, Ralf René Reinert
Background Between 1986 and 2008 Streptococcus pneumoniae was isolated from 41 pets/zoo animals (guinea pigs (n = 17), cats (n = 12), horses (n = 4), dogs (n = 3), dolphins (n = 2), rat (n = 2), gorilla (n = 1)) treated in medical veterinary laboratories and zoos, and 44 laboratory animals...
Different allelic frequency of progressive rod-cone degeneration in two populations of Labrador Retrievers in Japan
| Contributor(s):: Takanosu, M.
Sustained attention to the owner is enhanced in dogs trained for animal assisted interventions
| Contributor(s):: Mongillo, P., Pitteri, E., Marinelli, L.
Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans
| Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.
Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...
Face processing of animal and human static stimuli by children with autism spectrum disorder: a pilot study
| Contributor(s):: Marine Grandgeorge, CÈline Degrez, Zarrin Alavi, Eric Lemonnier
Animals are part of humans' social environment and present numerous benefits. Each partner in a human-animal interaction uses signals emitted by the other (e.g. postures, gestures or gaze directions) to collect information to adjust their behaviour. Face processing impairment is associated...
Behavioral responses of nursing home residents to visits from a person with a dog, a robot seal or a toy cat
| Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Sorensen, L. U., Videbech, P. B., Poulsen, P. H., Houbak, B., Damgaard, V., Keseler, I., Edwards, D., Christensen, J. W.
Previous studies suggest that contact with dogs can positively affect the wellbeing of elderly people in nursing homes, but there is a lack of research investigating the causal pathways of these effects. One such pathway may relate to the behavioral responses of the elderly when interacting with...
'Goats that stare at men' - revisited: do dwarf goats alter their behaviour in response to eye visibility and head direction of a human?
| Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Borell, E. von, Langbein, J.
Being able to recognise when one is being observed by someone else is thought to be adaptive during cooperative or competitive events. In particular for prey species, this ability should be of use in the context of predation. A previous study reported that goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) alter...
Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats
| Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.
The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...
Sociability and gazing toward humans in dogs and wolves: Simple behaviors with broad implications
| Contributor(s):: Bentosela, M., Wynne, C. D., D'Orazio, M., Elgier, A., Udell, M. A.