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  1. A Comparison of Zoo Animal Behavior in the Presence of Familiar and Unfamiliar People

    Contributor(s):: Martin, Rosemary Anne, Melfi, Vicky

    As recorded in domestic nonhuman animals, regular interactions between animals in zoos and keepers and the resulting relationship formed (human–animal relationship [HAR]) are likely to influence the animals' behaviors with associated welfare consequences. HAR formation requires that zoo animals...

  2. “A Very Photogenic Cat”: Personhood, Social Status, and Online Cat Photo Sharing

    Contributor(s):: Austin, Jessica, Irvine, Leslie

    This study explores how domestic cats and their connections to humans are represented in a modern photo-sharing context through content analysis of Reddit, a popular social media website. By examining the photos that cat owners share online, as well as the language that accompanies the photos, we...

  3. Pet Attachment in the Context of Family Conflict

    Contributor(s):: Applebaum, Jennifer W., Zsembik, Barbara A.

    Previous research shows that companion animals can have a positive effect on their owner’s health and may also serve as a buffer to stress. Despite this, few studies have investigated the role of the pet in adverse or tumultuous family circumstances. In this study, we explored whether reported...

  4. Pet Dogs Improve Family Functioning and Reduce Anxiety in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Contributor(s):: Wright, Hannah, Hall, Sophie, Hames, Annette, Hardiman, Jessica, Mills, Richard, Team, Paws Project, Mills, Daniel

    There is increasing evidence to suggest that dogs are beneficial for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in therapy sessions, and anecdotal reports suggest that dogs may have wider benefits, in a family setting. This study investigated the effect of dog ownership on family functioning...

  5. Empathy-Related Ratings to Still Images of Human and Nonhuman Animal Groups in Negative Contexts Graded for Phylogenetic Similarity

    Contributor(s):: Ingham, H. Rae Westbury, Neumann, David L., Waters, Allison M.

    Research using film stimuli has shown that the strength of empathy-related responses toward nonhuman animals is related to the amount of phylogenetic similarity of the animals to humans. The present study aimed to develop and validate a new set of still images depicting humans and nonhuman...

  6. Exploring Synchronicity in the Heart Rates of Familiar and Unfamiliar Pairs of Horses and Humans Undertaking an In-Hand Task

    Contributor(s):: Hockenhull, Jo, Young, Tamsin J., Redgate, Sarah E., Birke, Lynda

    Physiological responses that occur in horses and humans during their interactions, on the ground and during ridden work, have been investigated in a number of studies with some conflicting results. These suggest that in some situations emotional state may be transferred from humans to horses and...

  7. Social learning of feeding behaviour in pigs: Effects of neophobia and familiarity with the demonstrator conspecific

    Contributor(s):: Figueroa, Jaime, Solà-Oriol, David, Manteca, Xavier, Pérez, José Francisco

    Social interactions facilitate animals learning of new features of their environment minimizing a trial and error process. It has been observed in some species that food cues can be acquired by one individual (the observer) from an animal model (demonstrator) due to social learning. Three...

  8. More than noise?—Field investigations of intraspecific acoustic communication in dogs (Canis familiaris)

    Contributor(s):: Péter, Pongrácz, Éva, Szabó, Anna, Kis, András, Péter, Ádám, Miklósi

    Besides being a widely investigated behavioural phenomenon, barks of dogs often represent a factor of nuisance for people. Although some argue that dog barking has no or only minimal communicative function, it was shown recently that these acoustic signals carry various information that humans...

  9. Winter housing conditions of cows of the Hérens breed do not influence fighting but modulate spacing behaviour on alpine pastures

    Contributor(s):: Castro, Isabelle M. L., Gygax, Lorenz, Wechsler, Beat, Hauser, Rudolf

    Cows of the Hérens breed are typically kept in small herds and three types of winter housing conditions feature in practical application: tie-barns with minimal winter outdoor exercise, this being taken singly or in pairs (“minimal exercise”), tie-barns with daily exercise as a complete herd...

  10. Shelter use of familiar and unfamiliar groups of juvenile European catfish Silurus glanis

    Contributor(s):: Slavík, Ondřej, Maciak, Matúš, Horký, Pavel

    Within aquaculture systems, shelters are often used to reduce cannibalism, minimise energy consumption, accelerate the start of exogenous feeding, support growth, and improve survival and welfare. However, stronger competition for shelters in aquaculture systems relative to that under wild...

  11. The effect of familiarity on behaviour of kennel housed dogs during interactions with humans

    Contributor(s):: Pullen, Anne J., Merrill, Ralph J. N., Bradshaw, John W. S.

    Human contact appears to be a highly valued resource for domestic dogs but it is unclear what type of human contact they prefer and what factors affect individual differences in such preferences. This study assessed the effect of familiarity of the human on duration of interaction by two samples...

  12. Clustered environmental enrichments induce more aggression and stereotypic behaviour than do dispersed enrichments in female mice

    Contributor(s):: Akre, Anne Kathrine, Bakken, Morten, Hovland, Anne Lene, Palme, Rupert, Mason, Georgia

    Adding environmental enrichments to a previously resource-poor cage or enclosure can sometimes cause elevated aggression in socially housed animals, due to competition over the provided resources. Here, using female C57BL/6J mice, we investigated whether the way that environmental enrichments are...

  13. Improved Wellbeing for Both Caretakers and Users from A Zoo-Related Nature Based Intervention-A Study at Nordens Ark Zoo, Sweden

    Contributor(s):: Sahlin, E., Johansson, B., Karlsson, P. O., Loberg, J., Niklasson, M., Grahn, P.

    Nature-based interventions have been proposed to promote physical and mental health and give stress reduction. Little attention has been given to the potential of zoos for human health and wellbeing. A disadvantaged group in Sweden regarding access to nature are individuals with disabilities who...

  14. Fleeing with Fido: an Analysis of What Canadian Domestic Violence Shelters Are Communicating Via their Websites about Leaving an Abusive Relationship when Pets Are Involved

    Contributor(s):: Gray, Allison, Barrett, Betty Jo, Fitzgerald, Amy, Peirone, Amy

  15. Evaluating a supported nature play programme, parents’ perspectives

    Contributor(s):: Ward, Tanya, Goldingay, Sophie, Parson, Judi

  16. Effects of familiarity on individual growth and feeding behaviour of European seabass Dicentrarchus labrax

    Contributor(s):: Batzina, Alkisti, Drossos, Ioannis-Panagiotis, Karakatsouli, Nafsika

    Available literature indicates that fish are able to recognize familiar conspecifics and that familiarity may offer important benefits (e.g. more stable social environment, improved foraging behavior, growth, survival). In the practice of intensive rearing of European seabass Dicentrarchus labrax...

  17. Factors affecting dog jumping on people

    Contributor(s):: Rezac, Petr, Koru, Eva, Havlicek, Zdenek, Pospisilova, Dagmar

    Jumping on people is one of the most frequent problems in dogs. However, little is known about the factors influencing this behavior. The aim of the study was to assess whether in some period of their life the dogs jumped on people in five different contexts (on their household members entering...

  18. Effectiveness of verbal and gestural signals and familiarity with signal-senders on the performance of working dogs

    Contributor(s):: Scandurra, Anna, Alterisio, Alessandra, Marinelli, Lieta, Mongillo, Paolo, Semin, Gün Refik, D’Aniello, Biagio

    We assessed how highly trained dogs respond to gestural versus verbal signals when their handlers or an unfamiliar person asked them to perform an obedience task. Dogs were requested to perform four different actions (“Sit”, “Down”, “Stay” and “Come”) upon receiving congruent (only gestural or...

  19. People of Diverse Genders and/or Sexualities and Their Animal Companions: Experiences of Family Violence in a Binational Sample.

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Damien W. Riggs, Nik Taylor, Tania Signal, Heather Fraser, Catherine Donovan

    A significant body of research in the field of human-animal studies has focused on animals who live alongside humans within the home, with such animals often considered family members. To date, however, this research has focused almost exclusively on the experiences of heterosexual cisgender...

  20. The existence of parenting styles in the owner-dog relationship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ineke R. van Herwijnen, Joanne A. M. van der Borg, Marc Naguib, Bonne Beerda

    Parents interact with children following specific styles, known to influence child development. These styles represent variations in the dimensions of demandingness and responsiveness, resulting in authoritarian, authoritative, permissive or uninvolved parenting. Given the similarities in the...