Goats Follow Human Pointing Gestures in an Object Choice Task
Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Martin, Z. M., McElligott, A. G.
Thermography as a Non-Invasive Measure of Stress and Fear of Humans in Sheep
| Contributor(s):: Simona Cannas, Clara Palestrini, Elisabetta Canali, Bruno Cozzi, Nicola Ferri, Eugenio Heinzl, Michela Minero, Matteo Chincarini, Giorgio Vignola, Emanuela Dalla Costa
No data have been published on the use of infrared thermography (IRT) to evaluate sheep emotions. We assessed whether this technique can be used as a non-invasive measure of negative emotions. Two voluntary animal approach (VAA) tests were conducted (and filmed) on five ewes before and after...
A benefit-cost analysis decision framework for mitigation of disease transmission at the wildlife–livestock interface
| Contributor(s):: Stephanie A Shwiff, Steven J Sweeney, Julie L Elser, Ryan S Miller, Matthew L Farnsworth, Pauline Nol, Steven S Shwiff, Aaron M Anderson
The economics of managing disease transmission at the wildlife–livestock interface have received heightened attention as agricultural and natural resource agencies struggle to tackle growing risks to animal health. In the fiscal landscape of increased scrutiny and shrinking budgets,...
Comparison of Vocalization Patterns in Piglets Which Were Crushed to Those Which Underwent Human Restraint
| Contributor(s):: Nichole M. Chapel, Jeffrey R. Lucas, Scott Radcliffe, Kara R. Stewart, Donald C. Lay Jr.
: Though many studies focused on piglet crushing utilizing piglet vocalizations to test sow response, none have verified the properties of test vocalizations against actual crushing events. Ten sows were observed 48 h after parturition, and crushing events were recorded from all sows. When a...
An Evaluation of Two Different Broiler Catching Methods
| Contributor(s):: Käthe Elise Kittelsen, Erik Georg Granquist, Agnete Lien Aunsmo, Randi Oppermann Moe, Elisiv Tolo
Catching is the first step in the pre-slaughter chain for broiler chickens. The process may be detrimental for animal welfare due to the associated handling. The aim of this pilot study was to compare two different methods to manually catch broilers: Catching the broilers by two legs and...
Efecto de algunos factores genético-ambientales sobre el tamaño de camada al nacimiento en cerdos. I. Tamaño de la Camada Nacidos Vivos (TCNV)
| Contributor(s):: Romina Pía Aguirre Brockway
Chile, según información reciente de USDA, se encuentra en el sexto lugar de los principales exportadores de carne porcina del mundo. Para responder a esta demanda, los productores de cerdos se han preocupado de mejorar sus índices productivos, entre los que se encuentra el...
Children’s Welfare Knowledge of and Empathy with Farm Animals: A Qualitative Study
| Contributor(s):: Burich, Lisbeth, Williams, Joanne M.
Public concern for farm animal welfare is increasing in the UK, as is evidenced by recent legislation. Calls have been made to enhance awareness of food, farming, and farm animal welfare among school children, yet educators have very little research available to aid meaningful design of farm...
The emergence of emotional lateralization: Evidence in non-human vertebrates and implications for farm animals
| Contributor(s):: Leliveld, Lisette M. C., Langbein, Jan, Puppe, Birger
The study and protection of animal welfare are based on the assumption that animals are sentient beings, capable of experiencing emotions. Still, our understanding of animal emotions is limited. In this review we focus on the potential of cerebral-lateralization research to provide new insights...
Qualitative Behavioural Assessment of Angus steers during pre-slaughter handling and relationship with temperament and physiological responses
| Contributor(s):: Stockman, Catherine A., McGilchrist, Peter, Collins, Teresa, Barnes, Anne L., Miller, David, Wickham, Sarah L., Greenwood, Paul L., Cafe, Linda M., Blache, Dominique, Wemelsfelder, Francoise, Fleming, Patricia A.
This study examined the behavioural expression of cattle immediately prior to slaughter through the process of Qualitative Behavioural Assessment (QBA), and compared these results to measurements of physiology and temperament. Twenty-eight Angus steers were filmed while in a funnel chute as they...
Friends with benefits: Social support and its relevance for farm animal welfare
| Contributor(s):: Rault, Jean-Loup
Despite growing interest in promoting positive welfare, rather than just alleviating poor welfare, potential measures of good welfare, and means to provide it, have remained elusive. In humans social support improves stress-coping abilities, health, and promotes positive psychological welfare....
The Human-Animal Relationship in Australian Caged Laying Hens
| Contributor(s):: Lauren E. Edwards, Grahame J. Coleman, Kym L. Butler, Paul H. Hemsworth
Studies on farm animals have shown relationships between stockperson attitudes and behaviour and farm animal fear, stress and productivity. This study investigated how the avoidance behaviour of Australian commercial caged laying hens may be related to stockperson behaviour, albumen...
The Response of LLamas (Lama Glama) to Familiar and Unfamilar Humans
| Contributor(s):: Allison A Taylor, Hank Davis
The current study explored the response of llamas to familiar and unfamiliar humans under housing and management conditions typical of both zoological gardens and llama farms. A group of five adult llamas was exposed to three 30-min socialization sessions with one female handler, who offered...
Goats display audience-dependent human-directed gazing behaviour in a problem-solving task
| Contributor(s):: Christian Nawroth, Jemma M. Brett, Alan G. McElligott
Domestication is an important factor driving changes in animal cognition and behaviour. In particular, the capacity of dogs to communicate in a referential and intentional way with humans is considered a key outcome of how domestication as a companion animal shaped the canid brain. However, the...
Bonding practices between farmer and animals : a study in organic and conventional ovine farming systems from the south east of France
| Contributor(s):: Clara Hélène Gouy
Today animal welfare is at the centre of many societal interrogations and the place that farm animals hold in our society is under scrutiny. The human-animal relationship is acknowledged to be a major contributor to animal welfare; however, given the difficulty to assess this subjective bond,...
One Health approach to controlling a Q fever outbreak on an Australian goat farm
| Contributor(s):: K.A. Bond, G. Vincent, C.R. Wilks, L. Franklin, B. Sutton, J. Stenos, R. Cowan, K. Lim, E. Athan, O. Harris, L. Macfarlane-Berry, Y. Segal, S.M. Firestone
A recent outbreak of Q fever was linked to an intensive goat and sheep dairy farm in Victoria, Australia, 2012-2014. Seventeen employees and one family member were confirmed with Q fever over a 28-month period, including two culture-positive cases. The outbreak investigation and management...
My Gentle Barn: Learning to Listen to Animals | Ellie Laks | TEDxWilmingtonWomen
| Contributor(s):: Ellie Laks
The story of a mom’s desperate cries for her lost baby, their miraculous reunion, and the life lessons for us all that make us better humans. Ellie Laks is the Founder of The Gentle Barn, a national nonprofit that rescues and rehabilitates unwanted animals and heals people with the same...
Why Pain Is Still a Welfare Issue for Farm Animals, and How Facial Expression Could Be the Answer
| Contributor(s):: Krista Marie McLennan
Pain is a sensory and emotional experience that significantly affects animal welfare and has negative impacts on the economics of farming. Pain is often associated with common production diseases such as lameness and mastitis, as well as introduced to the animal through routine husbandry...
Identification of QTLs for behavioral reactivity to social separation and humans in sheep using the OvineSNP50 BeadChip
| Contributor(s):: Dominique Hazard, Carole Moreno, Didier Foulquié, Eric Delval, Dominique François, Jacques Bouix, Guillaume Sallé, Alain Boissy
Background Current trends in sheep farming practices rely on animals with a greater level of behavioral autonomy than before, a phenotype that actively contributes to the sustainability of animal production. Social reactivity and reactivity to humans are relevant behavioral traits in sheep,...
Independent Study 490A: Positive Reinforcement Training Piglets to Stand in a Container and Follow a Human
| Contributor(s):: Adrianne R. Kaiser, Anna K. Johnson, Jason W. Ross, Joshua T. Selsby, Kenneth J. Stalder
The Department of Animal Science within the biomedical research area is using the pig as a model for Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy. Duchenne muscular dystrophy is the leading, fatal, X-linked disease, affecting 1:3,500 male births worldwide. Two tests require the pigs afflicted with...
Woollying the Boundaries: Perceptions of, and Interventions into, Upland Sheep Farming in Wales
| Contributor(s):: Ffion Jones
This thesis uses an interdisciplinary methodological approach including art practice, ethnography and autoethnography as a way of examining the relationship between a farming family and their upland sheep farm in mid- Wales. It draws on the ethnographic methods of ‘participant...