Farm animal-assisted interventions in clinical depression
Contributor(s):: Ingeborg Pedersen
Depression affects millions of people every year. Depressed individuals suffer from depressed mood, loss of interest and enjoyment, reduced energy, diminished activity, reduced attention and concentration and reduced self-esteem. The consequences are substantial both for each individual and for...
Worker injuries involving the interaction of cattle, cattle handlers, and farm structures or equipment
Contributor(s):: Shannon L. Fox
Cattle and other livestock have been identified as leading sources of injuries to workers in agriculture. Cattle handling injuries can be serious and often appear to be under-reported [superscript]3,[superscript]4. Many of these injuries involve predictable patterns of interactions among victims,...
The effects of wildlife-livestock-human interactions on habitat in the Meru Conservation Area, Kenya
Contributor(s):: J. Otuoma
Risk behaviors for disease transmission among petting zoo attendees
Contributor(s):: M. McMillian, J.R. Dunn, J.E. Keen, K.L. Brady, T.F. Jones
To evaluate risk behaviors for transmission of zoonotic diseases at petting zoos during a period without a recognized disease outbreak. Observational survey with environmental microbiologic sampling. 6 petting zoos in Tennessee. Attendees were observed for animal and environmental contact, eating...
Early exposure to dogs and farm animals and the risk of childhood asthma
Contributor(s):: Tove Fall, Cecilia Lundholm, Anne K. Ortqvist, Katja Fall, Fang Fang, Ake Hedhammar, Olle Kampe, Erik Ingelsson, Catarina Almqvist
IMPORTANCE: The association between early exposure to animals and childhood asthma is not clear, and previous studies have yielded contradictory results.OBJECTIVE: To determine whether exposure to dogs and farm animals confers a risk of asthma. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS:...
A Case Study of Behaviour and Performance of Confined or Pastured Cows During the Dry Period
Contributor(s):: Randi A. Black, Peter D. Krawczel
The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of the dry cow management system (pasture or confined) on: (1) lying behaviour and activity; (2) feeding and heat stress behaviours; (3) intramammary infections, postpartum. Non-lactating Holstein cows were assigned to either deep-bedded,...
Cattle handling technique can induce fatigued cattle syndrome in cattle not fed a beta adrenergic agonist
Contributor(s):: D.A. Frese, Christopher D. Reinhardt, Steven J. Bartle, David Rethorst, J.P. Hutcheson, W.T. Nichols, B.E. Depenbusch, M.E. Corrigan, Daniel U. Thomson
Angus crossbred steers (n = 40; 563 +/- 44 kg) were used to examine the effects of handling method and fat thickness on the blood chemistry and physiology of market steers. Steers were blocked by backfat (BF) thickness and were randomly assigned to treatment groups: low-stress handling (LSH) and...
Contributor(s):: S. Fox, Mitchell Ricketts, J. Ernest Minton
Cattle have been identified as leading sources of injuries to agricultural workers. The present study focused on worker injuries that involved the interaction of cattle, cattle handlers, and farm structures or equipment. The goal of the study was to identify opportunities for injury prevention....
Observation of public health risk behaviors, risk communication and hand hygiene at Kansas and Missouri petting zoos – 2010-2011
Contributor(s):: Gonzalo Erdozain, Katherine KuKanich, Benjamin Chapman, Douglas A. Powell
Outbreaks of human illness have been linked to visiting settings with animal contact throughout developed countries. This paper details an observational study of hand hygiene tool availability and recommendations; frequency of risky behavior; and, handwashing attempts by visitors in Kansas (9)...
Animals and Causal Impotence: A Deontological View
Contributor(s):: Blake Hereth
In animal ethics, some ethicists such as Peter Singer argue that we ought not to purchase animal products because doing so causally contributes to unnecessary suffering. Others, such as Russ Shafer-Landau, counter that where such unnecessary suffering is not causally dependent on one’s...
Understanding Life Skills Gained from and Reasons for Youth Participation in the Tennessee 4-H Sheep Skillathon
Contributor(s):: Terra Kimes Davis, Christopher T. Stripling, Carrie A. Stephens, H. Dwight Loveday
The high number of U.S. youth exhibiting at-risk behavior points to a lack of life skills development. We determined the effects of participating in one state's 4-H sheep skillathon on youths' life skills development and the youths' reasons for participating. The target population was...
Revealing the History of Sheep Domestication Using Retrovirus Integrations
Contributor(s):: Bernardo Chessa, Filipe Pereira, Frederick Arnaud, Antonio Amorim, Felix Goyache, Ingrid Mainland
The domestication of livestock represented a crucial step in human history. By using endogenous retroviruses as genetic markers, we found that sheep differentiated on the basis of their "retrotype" and morphological traits dispersed across Eurasia and Africa via separate migratory...
Mar 10 2017
26th Annual Conference for Food Animal Veterinarians
Sheep farmer opinions on the current and future role of veterinarians in flock health management on sheep farms: a qualitative study
Contributor(s):: Jasmeet Kaler, L.E. Green
A 2009 UK Government report on veterinary expertise in food animal production highlighted that there was insufficient herd health expertise among veterinarians and lack of appropriate business models to deliver veterinary services to the livestock sector. Approximately two thirds of sheep farmers...
Politics, Policy, Profit and People: How They Help and Hinder Animal Welfare
Contributor(s):: Jennifer Walker
This information was presented the 2016 Herd Health and Nutrition Conference, organized by the PRO-DAIRY Program in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Cornell University. Softcover copies of the entire conference proceedings may be purchased at http:// ansci.cornell.edu/dm/ or by...
One Health approach to identify research needs in bovine and human babesioses: workshop report
Contributor(s):: Adalberto A Perez de Leon, Daniel A Strickman, Donald P Knowles, Durland Fish, Eileen Thacker, Jose de la Fuente, Peter J Krause, Stephen K Wikel, Ryan S Miller, Gale G Wagner, Consuelo Almazan, Robert Hillman, Matthew T Messenger, Paul O Ugstad, Roberta A Duhaime, Pete D Teel, Alfonso Ortega-Santos, David G Hewitt, Edwin J Bowers, Stephen J Bent, Matt H Cochran, Terry F McElwain, Glen A Scoles, Carlos E Suarez, Ronald Davey, Jeanne M Howell Freeman, Kimberly Lohmeyer, Andrew Y Li, Felix D Guerrero, Diane M Kammlah, Pamela Phillips, Joe Pound, Group for Emerging Babesioses and One Health Research and Development in the U.S.
BackgroundBabesia are emerging health threats to humans and animals in the United States. A collaborative effort of multiple disciplines to attain optimal health for people, animals and our environment, otherwise known as the One Health concept, was taken during a research workshop held in April...
Livestock Behavior as Related to Handling Facilities Design
Contributor(s):: Temple Grandin
Choice testing utilizing a Y -maze has becfn suckssfully used to 'test animal preferences. In this experiment, 12 female Angus X Hereford X Simmental X Charolaisheifen were given a choice of walking through a squeeze chute .(crush) or being restrained in a squeeze chute. The objective of the...
The potential for commercial deer farming in New Zealand
Contributor(s):: Michael P. McIntyre
New Zealand's wild deer herds are sizable and free for the taking, but given this response to the opportunity for free enterprise profits by commercial hunters, and with the realization that bigger markets than that of West Germany might well be opened up, government planners are beginning to...
Human-Managed vs. Natural Grazing Systems: Exploring Effects of Livestock and Wildlife Grazing at Multiple Scales
Contributor(s):: Megan Esther McSherry
Grazing by large herbivores is the most prevalent land use on grassland ecosystems, which cover greater than 40% of the earth's land surface and provide critical ecological and economic benefits. As such, understanding how grazing impacts different aspects of the ecosystem is of especially...