The Frequencies of Immunosuppressive Cells in Adipose Tissue Differ in Human, Non-human Primate, and Mouse Models
Contributor(s):: Laparra, A., Tricot, S., Le Van, M., Damouche, A., Gorwood, J., Vaslin, B., Favier, B., Benoist, S., Ho Tsong Fang, R., Bosquet, N., Le Grand, R., Chapon, C., Lambotte, O., Bourgeois, C.
Quantitative assessment of human and pet exposure to Salmonella associated with dry pet foods
Contributor(s):: Lambertini, E., Buchanan, R. L., Narrod, C., Ford, R. M., Baker, R. C., Pradhan, A. K.
Recent Salmonella outbreaks associated with dry pet foods and treats highlight the importance of these foods as previously overlooked exposure vehicles for both pets and humans. In the last decade efforts have been made to raise the safety of this class of products, for instance by upgrading...
New insights into the Early Neolithic economy and management of animals in Southern and Central Europe revealed using lipid residue analyses of pottery vessels
Contributor(s):: Salque, M., Radi, G., Tagliacozzo, A., Uria, B. P., Wolfram, S., Hohle, I., Stauble, H., Whittle, A., Hofmann, D., Pechtl, J., Schade-Lindig, S., Eisenhauer, U., Evershed, R. P.
Analyses of organic residues preserved in ceramic potsherds enable the identification of foodstuffs processed in archaeological vessels. Differences in the isotopic composition of fatty acids allow differentiation of non-ruminant and ruminant fats, as well as adipose and dairy fats. This paper...
Nutritional ecology of obesity: from humans to companion animals
Contributor(s):: Raubenheimer, D., Machovsky-Capuska, G. E., Gosby, A. K., Simpson, S.
We apply nutritional geometry, a framework for modelling the interactive effects of nutrients on animals, to help understand the role of modern environments in the obesity pandemic. Evidence suggests that humans regulate the intake of protein energy (PE) more strongly than non-protein energy...
Perceptions among university students in Seville (Spain) of the rabbit as livestock and as a companion animal
| Contributor(s):: González-Redondo, P., Contreras-Chacón, G. M.
Dog obesity: can dog caregivers' (owners') feeding and exercise intentions and behaviors be predicted from attitudes?
| Contributor(s):: Rohlf, V. I., Toukhsati, S., Coleman, G. J., Bennett, P. C.
Dog obesity is a common nutritional disorder affecting up to 40% of the companion animal (pet) dog population in Australia and other developed nations. A clear understanding of factors determining relevant caregiver (owner) behaviors underpins effective treatment for this disorder. The theory of...
Portrayals of canine obesity in English-language newspapers and in leading veterinary journals, 2000-2009: implications for animal welfare organizations and veterinarians as public educators
| Contributor(s):: Degeling, C., Rock, M., Teows, L.
In industrialized societies, more than 1 in 3 dogs and people currently qualify as overweight or obese. Experts in public health expect both these figures to rise. Although clinical treatment remains important, so are public perceptions and social norms. This article presents a thematic analysis...
An investigation of the association between socio-demographic factors, dog-exercise requirements, and the amount of walking dogs receive
| Contributor(s):: Degeling, C., Burton, L., McCormack, G. R.
Chubby puppies and fat cats: Gendered deviance through overweight pets
| Contributor(s):: Craven, Nena Sechler
Effect of dietary fat source and exercise on odorant-detecting ability of canine athletes
| Contributor(s):: Altom, E. K., Davenport, G. M., Myers, L. J., Cummins, K. A.
Search and rescue: nutritional considerations for dogs with missions from drugs to disaster
| Contributor(s):: Newman, M.
Alternative housing systems for fattening bulls under Austrian conditions with special respect to rubberised slatted floors
| Contributor(s):: Rouha-Muelleder, C., Absmanner, E., Kahrer, E., Zeiner, H., Scharl, T., Leisch, F., Stanek, C., Troxler, J.
Behaviour and welfare of veal calves fed different amounts of solid feed supplemented to a milk replacer ration adjusted for similar growth
| Contributor(s):: Webb, L. E., Bokkers, E. A. M., Engel, B., Gerrits, W. J. J., Berends, H., Reenen, C. G. van
Veal calves in Europe are typically fed large quantities of milk replacer and small amounts of solid feed, a diet known to lead to the development of abnormal oral behaviours in these animals. These abnormal oral behaviours are thought to be an indication of frustration, chronic stress, and...
Effects of aviary and box sizes on body mass and behaviour of domesticated budgerigars (Melopsittacus undulatus)
| Contributor(s):: Gebhardt-Henrich, S. G., Steiger, A.
Owning the problem: media portrayals of overweight dogs and the shared determinants of the health of human and companion animal populations
| Contributor(s):: Degeling, C., Rock, M.
Weight-related health problems have become a common topic in Western mass media. News-coverage has also extended to overweight pets, particularly since 2003 when the U.S. National Academy of Sciences announced that obesity was also afflicting co-habiting companion animals in record numbers. To...
The effect of housing system on the behaviour and growth parameters of fattening rabbits
| Contributor(s):: Postollec, G., Boilletot, E., Maurice, R., Michel, V.
Companion dogs as weight loss partners
| Contributor(s):: Kushner, R. F.
This paper reviews the beneficial impact of companion dogs on social support and physical activity, and their role in obesity management.
Education for change
| Contributor(s):: Winne, M.
The author uses two publications, Fighting Poverty in the US and Europe (Alesina and Glaeser) and Poetry magazine, to underscore the important role that educational institutions play in developing a person's political philosophy and imagination. European nations, for instance, have better funded...
The fat of the land: linking American food overconsumption, obesity, and biodiversity loss
| Contributor(s):: Cafaro, P. J., Primack, R. B., Zimdahl, R. L.
Americans' excessive consumption of food harms their health and quality of life and also causes direct and indirect environmental degradation, through habitat loss and increased pollution from agricultural fertilizers and pesticides. We show here that reducing food consumption (and eating less...
Experience of moderate bedding affects behaviour of growing pigs
| Contributor(s):: Munsterhjelm, C., Peltoniemi, O. A. T., Heinonen, M., Halli, O., Karhapaa, M., Valros, A.
Effects of early substrate-enrichment on behaviour and productivity of pigs were evaluated in a trial with four siblings as the experimental unit. Pens either were (=E) or were not (=0) moderately bedded with wood shavings and chopped straw during suckling (0-4 weeks of age), nursery (5-9 weeks)...