Short- and Long-Term Effects of Unpredictable Repeated Negative Stimuli on Japanese Quail's Fear of Humans
| Contributor(s):: Agathe Laurence, Sophie Lumineau, Ludovic Calandreau, Cécile Arnould, Christine Leterrier, Alain Boissy, Cécilia Houdelier
Numerous aversive events occur in poultry production, and if repeated and unpredictable, can result in an impaired welfare. Some events such as handling can be perceived negatively and it is of interest to understand how humans' behaviour could affect poultry's behaviours and especially...
Perception of animal sentience by Brazilian and French citizens: The case of sheep welfare and sentience
| Contributor(s):: Priscilla Regina Tamioso, Daniel Santiago Rucinque, Mara Miele, Alain Boissy, Carla Forte Maiolino Molento
The study compared the perception of ordinary citizens from Curitiba, Brazil (OB) and Clermont-Ferrand, France (OF), as well as OB, Brazilian veterinarians (VB), biologists (BB) and animal scientists (AB), concerning animal welfare and sentience. An online survey containing 18 open-ended,...
Fear vs. frustration - Possible factors behind canine separation related behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Lenkei, R., Alvarez Gomez, S., Pongracz, P.
Behavior Differences Between Search-and-Rescue and Pet Dogs
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| Contributor(s):: Elizabeth Hare, Kathleen M. Kelsey, James A. Serpell, Cynthia M. Otto
Behavioral traits such as trainability, fearlessness, and energy are required for dogs to succeed as search-and-rescue (SAR) dogs. Certification by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) ensures that dogs and handlers have extensive training and have demonstrated specific skills in the...
Domestic dogs' understanding of human emotional cues
| Contributor(s):: Min Hooi Yong
Past research has focused on the ability of domestic dogs to recognise human communicative cues such as human pointing, eye gaze, attachment behaviour, social learning, and responses to affective stimuli. However, there is still much to be learned about dogs’ ability to recognise human...
Evaluating the Media's Role in Public and Political Responses to Human-Shark Interactions in NSW, Australia
| Contributor(s):: Sam Fraser-Baxter
Of all animals that pose danger to humans in this world, few are more feared than sharks. Human-shark interactions are traumatic, emotional and difficult to rationalize. While rare, human-shark interactions generate a disproportionate amount of media coverage and public debate. The mass media is...
Prisoners in War: Zoos and Zoo Animals During Human Conflict 1870-1947
| Contributor(s):: Clelly Johnson
Animals are sentient beings capable of many of the same feelings experienced by humans. They mourn a loss, they feel love and loyalty, and they experience fear. During wars and conflicts, fear is a prevailing emotion among humans, who worry for their wellbeing. Animals,...
Without stress at the veterinarian: make the visit in the veterinary practice cat-friendlyOhne Stress sum Tierarzt: Den Besuch in der Tierarztpraxis katzenfreundlich gestalten
| Contributor(s):: Melchers, V.
This article describes how to reduce stress in cats presented at animal hospitals for routine and medical procedures.
A preliminary study of the effects of individual response to challenge tests and stress induced by humans on learning performance of weaned piglets (Sus scrofa)
| Contributor(s):: Brajon, S., Laforest, J. P., Schmitt, O., Devillers, N.
This study investigated whether individual behavioural characteristics of piglets and stress induced by experience with humans can influence learning performance. After weaning, piglets received a chronic experience with humans to modulate their emotional state: rough (ROU), gentle (GEN), or...
Distúrbios comportamentais relacionados com o medo em cães
| Contributor(s):: João Ricardo Ferreira Teotónio
Os distúrbios comportamentais relacionados com o medo são comuns, induzem sofrimento nos animais e prejudicam os laços afectivos com os seus donos. O presente estudo procurou, por um lado, avaliar o envolvimento de variáveis intrínsecas e extrínsecas no...
Comportamento do cão no acto de consulta médico-veterinária profilática
| Contributor(s):: Inês Machado Guimarães
O comportamento de medo é habitualmente demonstrado pelos cães durante a consulta médico-veterinária. Uma tentativa de defesa, por parte do cão, pode tornar uma consulta de rotina numa tarefa complicada, pelo que é fundamental prevenir a...
Thunderstorm phobia in dogs
| Contributor(s):: Kari Wallentine
Canine thunderstorm phobia is a common, frustrating, and complex problem that, due to the often severe nature of the clinical signs, can lead to canine relinquishment to shelters. Although a potentially treatable disorder, existing treatment options have several limitations and variable success...
The Plight of Wildlife in India: Hans Dalal at TEDxSomaiyaVidyavihar
| Contributor(s):: Hans Dalal
Hans Dalal, a tiger conservationist and the founder of the PROWL NGO, talks about the lack of awareness and the fear regarding animals amongst people. His NGO functions in Maharashtra and Karnataka, along with the forest departments and local villagers, to protect tigers. According to him, if...
The Management of Horses during Fireworks in New Zealand
| Contributor(s):: Gabriella Gronqvist, Chris Rogers, Erica Gee
Within popular press there has been much coverage of the negative effects associated with firework and horses. The effect of fireworks has been documented in companion animals, yet no studies have investigated the negative effects, or otherwise, of fireworks on horses. This study aims to document...
Development of personality tests to use in the field, stable over time and across situations, and linked to horses' show jumping performance
| Contributor(s):: Lansade, L., Philippon, P., Herve, L., Vidament, M.
This study aimed to identify tests that include all the criteria necessary to characterise reliably the personality of horses on a large scale: stability of measures across situations and over time, evaluation of independent dimensions, links with use and easy to organise for a large number of...
The fearful, anxious, & worried pet
| Contributor(s):: Deporter, T.
Cattle handling pointers: stockmanship and low-stress handling
| Contributor(s):: Gill, R., Machen, R.
Deer-activated bioacoustic frightening device deters white-tailed deer
| Contributor(s):: Hildreth, Aaron M., Hygnstrom, Scott E., VerCauteren, Kurt C.
Traits of drug and explosives detection in dogs of two breeds as evaluated by their handlers and trainers
| Contributor(s):: Adamkiewicz, E., Jezierski, T., Walczak, M., Gorecka-Bruzda, A., Sobczynska, M., Prokopczyk, M., Ensminger, J.
Police dogs handlers' and trainers' opinions on Labrador retrievers (n=87) and German shepherds (n=96) trained for drugs vs. explosives detection have been compared. As most important traits in both specialties the responders indicated: (1) willingness to sniff objects, (2) concentration...
The effects of food-related environmental complexity on litter directed behaviour, fear and exploration of novel stimuli in young broiler chickens
| Contributor(s):: Pichova, K., Nordgreen, J., Leterrier, C., Kostal, L., Moe, R. O.
Stimulation of foraging behaviour during the first weeks of life by increasing environmental complexity such as scattering food items on the litter may be one way of preventing leg disorders, reducing fear and improving broiler welfare. However, studies on effects of access to various food based...