Comparative assessment of faecal microbial composition and metabonome of swine, farmers and human control
Contributor(s):: Tan, S. C., Chong, C. W., Yap, I. K. S., Thong, K. L., Teh, C. S. J.
Individual and environmental factors associated with stereotypic behavior and fecal glucocorticoid metabolite levels in zoo housed polar bears
Contributor(s):: Shepherdson, David, Lewis, Karen D., Carlstead, Kathy, Bauman, Joan, Perrin, Nancy
Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) are known to exhibit repetitive pacing behaviors, usually described as stereotypic, in zoo environments. However, little quantitative information exists about the prevalence of pacing in the zoo population. Similarly, large, multi-institutional studies conducted to...
Feed barrier design affects behaviour and physiology in goats
Contributor(s):: Nordmann, Eva, Keil, Nina Maria, Schmied-Wagner, Claudia, Graml, Christine, Langbein, Jan, Aschwanden, Janine, von Hof, Jessica, Maschat, Kristina, Palme, Rupert, Waiblinger, Susanne
Among other things, feed barrier design for goats can differ with regard to ease of leaving, backward view, and presence of physical separation. The aim of our study was to investigate whether the type of feed barrier influences agonistic behaviour and stress. The study involved 55 adult...
Eliminative behaviour of dairy cows at pasture
Contributor(s):: Whistance, Lindsay Kay, Sinclair, Liam A., Arney, David Richard, Phillips, Clive Julian Christie
Despite a strong avoidance of grazing near dung patches, cattle have traditionally been considered not to avoid bodily contact with faeces, regardless of any risk of disease. Little is understood of the behaviour of pasture-kept dairy cows at the time of defaecation and therefore, the eliminative...
Effects of group stability on aggression, stress and injuries in breeding rabbits
Contributor(s):: Andrist, Claude A., Bigler, Lotti M., Würbel, Hanno, Roth, Beatrice A.
On Swiss rabbit breeding farms, group-housed does are usually kept singly for 12 days around parturition to avoid pseudogravidity, double litters and deleterious fighting for nests. After this isolation phase there is usually an integration of new group members. Here we studied whether keeping...
The effect of zoo visitors on the behaviour and faecal cortisol of the Mexican wolf (Canis lupus baileyi)
Contributor(s):: Pifarré, María, Valdez, Ricardo, González-Rebeles, Carlos, Vázquez, Carlos, Romano, Marta, Galindo, Francisco
The effect of zoo visitors on the behaviour and physiological responses of the Mexican wolf has not been documented but is worthy of investigation since it is a critically endangered native species and most of the population live in zoos. The effect of the number of visitors was assessed in 12...
Effect of short and long periods of separation on agonistic behaviour, injuries and stress in Hérens cows kept in loose housing
Contributor(s):: Castro, Isabelle M. L., Gygax, Lorenz, Wechsler, Beat, Hauser, Rudolf
Hérens cows are typically not dehorned and are therefore housed in tie-barns during winter. Recently, however, farmers have started to also use loose housing systems. They separate single cows from their herd for periods of a few days to ensure undisturbed calving and to avoid excessive activity...
Differential responses of captive southern hairy-nosed wombats (Lasiorhinus latifrons) to the presence of faeces from different species and male and female conspecifics
Contributor(s):: Descovich, Kristin A., Lisle, Allan T., Johnston, Stephen, Nicolson, Vere, Phillips, Clive J. C.
The southern hairy-nosed wombat (Lasiorhinus latifrons) appears to use scent marking, including defaecation, for social communication in the wild. This premise assumes that the receiver wombat is able to distinguish between faeces from different sources. To examine this theory, four types of...
Behaviour and stress responses in horses with gastric ulceration
Contributor(s):: Malmkvist, Jens, Poulsen, Janne Møller, Luthersson, Nanna, Palme, Rupert, Christensen, Janne Winther, Søndergaard, Eva
Only little is known about behaviour and stress responses in horses with gastric ulceration, despite the high prevalence of this condition. Our objectives in the present study was to (i) describe the severity of gastric ulceration in horses, housed under relatively standardised conditions, and...
Dogs in public spaces of Buenos Aires, Argentina: Exploring patterns of the abundance of dogs, the canine faecal contamination, the behaviour of people with dogs, and its relationships with demographic/economic variables
Contributor(s):: Rubel, D., Carbajo, A.
Faecal cortisol metabolites as an indicator of adrenocortical activity in farmed silver foxes (Vulpes vulpes)
Contributor(s):: Hovland, Anne Lene, Rød, Anne Marit S., Eriksen, Marit Skog, Palme, Rupert, Nordgreen, Janicke, Mason, Georgia J.
Measuring glucocorticoid metabolites in faeces has proven a useful, non-invasive method to monitor adrenocortical activity in several farm and wild species. Unlike plasma cortisol, whose sampling requires restraint and blood draws, faecal cortisol metabolites (FCM) may be particularly suitable...
A two-stage method to approach weaning stress in horses using a physical barrier to prevent nursing
Contributor(s):: Merkies, Katrina, DuBois, Cordelie, Marshall, Kaitlyn, Parois, Severine, Graham, Laura, Haley, Derek
Many domestic horses are weaned through abrupt physical separation of the foal and mare. Deviations from normal behaviours testify that this abrupt method has an adverse effect on the well-being of both mares and foals. To reduce negative changes in behaviour and physiology induced by weaning, a...
The effect of communal litter box provision on the defecation behavior of free-roaming cats in old-town Onomichi, Japan
Contributor(s):: Seo, Aira, Tanida, Hajime
Feces littered on the ground by free-roaming cats contain bacteria, viruses, and parasites and pose a significant health risk to humans. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of communal litter box provision on the defecation behavior of a free-roaming cat population. The study was...
Are cats less stressed in homes than in shelters? A study of personality and faecal cortisol metabolites
Contributor(s):: Fukimoto, Naila, Melo, Diogo, Palme, Rupert, Zanella, Adroaldo J., Mendonça-Furtado, Olívia
Personality is defined by characteristics of individuals and describes and accounts for temporally stable patterns of affect, cognition and behaviour traits. The study of cat behaviour and personality can minimize potential problems in the relationship between cats and their owners and decrease...
The associations between animal-based welfare measures and the presence of indicators of food safety in finishing pigs
Contributor(s):: Alpigiani, I., Bacci, C., Keeling, L. J., Salman, M. D., Brindani, F., Pongolini, S., Hitchens, P. L., Bonardi, S.
Stressful housing and management practices affect animals, potentially increasing their receptiveness to pathogens. Since some pathogens do not lead to clinical signs of sickness, subclinical pigs could enter the food-chain, contaminating carcases and offal at slaughter, representing a threat to...
Environmentally enriching American mink ( Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour
Contributor(s):: Diez-Leon, M., Bursian, S., Galicia, D., Napolitano, A., Palme, R., Mason, G.
Enrichment studies for wild carnivores (e.g., in zoos) are often short-term, use enrichments of unknown motivational significance, and focus on glucocorticoids and stereotypic behaviour (SB), ignoring other stress-relevant variables. Our study assessed the broad behavioural and physiological...
Survey of Canada goose feces for presence of Giardia
Contributor(s):: Ayers, Christopher R., DePerno, Christopher S., Moorman, Christopher E., Stibbs, Henry H., Faust, Angela M.
The influence of gentle interactions on avoidance distance towards humans, weight gain and physiological parameters in group-housed dairy calves
Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Munsch, C., Windschnurer, I., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.
The quality of the relationship between cattle and their caretakers is important for animal welfare and productivity. Nevertheless, the influence of gentle interactions on group-housed dairy calves has not been thoroughly studied so far. We examined the effects of 42 min of gentle interactions...
Hormonal and behavioural stress responses to capture and radio-collar fitting in free-ranging pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus)
Contributor(s):: Munerato, M. S., Marques, J. A., Caulkettt, N. A., Tomas, W. M., Zanetti, E. S., Trovati, R. G., Pereira, G. T., Palme, R.
This study evaluated the short-term hormonal and behavioural responses to capture and radio-collar fitting in free-ranging pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus). Twenty adult deer (eleven females and nine males) were captured in the South Pantanal wetland (Brazil) and equipped with VHF...
The effects of social interaction and environmental enrichment on the space use, behaviour and stress of owned housecats facing a novel environment
Contributor(s):: Rehnberg, L. K., Robert, K. A., Watson, S. J., Peters, R. A.
Every day, millions of domestic cats are held temporarily in captive environments, such as boarding catteries and rescue shelters. Being in confinement can potentially invoke high levels of stress for these animals. Therefore, there is a need to develop appropriate strategies to reduce these...