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  1. Investigating Welfare Metrics for Snakes at the Saint Louis Zoo

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Augustine, Lauren, Baskir, Eli, Kozlowski, Corinne P., Hammack, Stephen, Elden, Justin, Wanner, Mark D., Franklin, Ashley D., Powell, David M.

    Modern herpetoculture has seen a rise in welfare-related habitat modifications, although ethologically-informed enclosure design and evidence-based husbandry are lacking. The diversity that exists within snakes complicates standardizing snake welfare assessment tools and evaluation techniques....

  2. Exploratory study of fecal cortisol, weight, and behavior as measures of stress and welfare in shelter cats during assimilation into families of children with autism spectrum disorder

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carlisle, G. K., Johnson, R. A., Koch, C. S., Lyons, L. A., Wang, Z., Bibbo, J., Cheak-Zamora, N.

    Background: Cats are a common companion animal (CA) in US households, and many live in families of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The prevalence of ASD is one in 54, and many children have behavior challenges as well as their diagnostic communication disorders. Objective:...

  3. Behavioural diversity as a potential welfare indicator for professionally managed chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): Exploring variations in calculating diversity using species-specific behaviours

    | Contributor(s):: Hall, K., Bryant, J., Staley, M., Whitham, J. C., Miller, L. J.

  4. Development of an evidence-based welfare approach for cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) under human care

    | Contributor(s):: Fischer, B., Flint, M., Cole, K., George, K. A.

  5. To dock or not to dock? Faecal soiling measurement in sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Soriano, V. S., Stamm, F. O., Taconeli, C. A., Molento, C. F. M.

  6. A preliminary approach on the stress assessment through harmless procedures in farmed seabream (Sparus aurata)

    | Contributor(s):: Herrera, M., Lopez, J., Herves, A.

  7. Relationship between behavioural diversity and faecal glucocorticoid metabolites: a case study with cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus)

    | Contributor(s):: Miller, L. J., Pisacane, C. B., Vicino, G. A.

  8. The effect of environmental provisioning on stress levels in captive green anole (Anolis carolinensis)

    | Contributor(s):: Borgmans, G., Palme, R., Sannen, A., Vervaecke, H., Van Damme, R.

  9. Campylobacter and Salmonella in scavenging indigenous chickens in rural central Tanzania: prevalence, antimicrobial resistance, and genomic features

    | Contributor(s):: Rukambile, E., Sintchenko, V., Muscatello, G., Wang, QinNing, Kiiru, J., Maulaga, W., Magidanga, B., Banda, G., Kock, R., Alders, R.

  10. Comparative assessment of faecal microbial composition and metabonome of swine, farmers and human control

    | Contributor(s):: Tan, S. C., Chong, C. W., Yap, I. K. S., Thong, K. L., Teh, C. S. J.

  11. Individual and environmental factors associated with stereotypic behavior and fecal glucocorticoid metabolite levels in zoo housed polar bears

    | Contributor(s):: Shepherdson, David, Lewis, Karen D., Carlstead, Kathy, Bauman, Joan, Perrin, Nancy

    Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) are known to exhibit repetitive pacing behaviors, usually described as stereotypic, in zoo environments. However, little quantitative information exists about the prevalence of pacing in the zoo population. Similarly, large, multi-institutional studies conducted to...

  12. Feed barrier design affects behaviour and physiology in goats

    | Contributor(s):: Nordmann, Eva, Keil, Nina Maria, Schmied-Wagner, Claudia, Graml, Christine, Langbein, Jan, Aschwanden, Janine, von Hof, Jessica, Maschat, Kristina, Palme, Rupert, Waiblinger, Susanne

    Among other things, feed barrier design for goats can differ with regard to ease of leaving, backward view, and presence of physical separation. The aim of our study was to investigate whether the type of feed barrier influences agonistic behaviour and stress. The study involved 55 adult...

  13. Eliminative behaviour of dairy cows at pasture

    | Contributor(s):: Whistance, Lindsay Kay, Sinclair, Liam A., Arney, David Richard, Phillips, Clive Julian Christie

    Despite a strong avoidance of grazing near dung patches, cattle have traditionally been considered not to avoid bodily contact with faeces, regardless of any risk of disease. Little is understood of the behaviour of pasture-kept dairy cows at the time of defaecation and therefore, the eliminative...

  14. Effects of group stability on aggression, stress and injuries in breeding rabbits

    | Contributor(s):: Andrist, Claude A., Bigler, Lotti M., Würbel, Hanno, Roth, Beatrice A.

    On Swiss rabbit breeding farms, group-housed does are usually kept singly for 12 days around parturition to avoid pseudogravidity, double litters and deleterious fighting for nests. After this isolation phase there is usually an integration of new group members. Here we studied whether keeping...

  15. The effect of zoo visitors on the behaviour and faecal cortisol of the Mexican wolf (Canis lupus baileyi)

    | Contributor(s):: Pifarré, María, Valdez, Ricardo, González-Rebeles, Carlos, Vázquez, Carlos, Romano, Marta, Galindo, Francisco

    The effect of zoo visitors on the behaviour and physiological responses of the Mexican wolf has not been documented but is worthy of investigation since it is a critically endangered native species and most of the population live in zoos. The effect of the number of visitors was assessed in 12...

  16. Differential responses of captive southern hairy-nosed wombats (Lasiorhinus latifrons) to the presence of faeces from different species and male and female conspecifics

    | Contributor(s):: Descovich, Kristin A., Lisle, Allan T., Johnston, Stephen, Nicolson, Vere, Phillips, Clive J. C.

    The southern hairy-nosed wombat (Lasiorhinus latifrons) appears to use scent marking, including defaecation, for social communication in the wild. This premise assumes that the receiver wombat is able to distinguish between faeces from different sources. To examine this theory, four types of...

  17. Behaviour and stress responses in horses with gastric ulceration

    | Contributor(s):: Malmkvist, Jens, Poulsen, Janne Møller, Luthersson, Nanna, Palme, Rupert, Christensen, Janne Winther, Søndergaard, Eva

    Only little is known about behaviour and stress responses in horses with gastric ulceration, despite the high prevalence of this condition. Our objectives in the present study was to (i) describe the severity of gastric ulceration in horses, housed under relatively standardised conditions, and...

  18. Dogs in public spaces of Buenos Aires, Argentina: Exploring patterns of the abundance of dogs, the canine faecal contamination, the behaviour of people with dogs, and its relationships with demographic/economic variables

    | Contributor(s):: Rubel, D., Carbajo, A.

  19. Faecal cortisol metabolites as an indicator of adrenocortical activity in farmed silver foxes (Vulpes vulpes)

    | Contributor(s):: Hovland, Anne Lene, Rød, Anne Marit S., Eriksen, Marit Skog, Palme, Rupert, Nordgreen, Janicke, Mason, Georgia J.

    Measuring glucocorticoid metabolites in faeces has proven a useful, non-invasive method to monitor adrenocortical activity in several farm and wild species. Unlike plasma cortisol, whose sampling requires restraint and blood draws, faecal cortisol metabolites (FCM) may be particularly suitable...

  20. A two-stage method to approach weaning stress in horses using a physical barrier to prevent nursing

    | Contributor(s):: Merkies, Katrina, DuBois, Cordelie, Marshall, Kaitlyn, Parois, Severine, Graham, Laura, Haley, Derek

    Many domestic horses are weaned through abrupt physical separation of the foal and mare. Deviations from normal behaviours testify that this abrupt method has an adverse effect on the well-being of both mares and foals. To reduce negative changes in behaviour and physiology induced by weaning, a...