A case study: fecal corticosteroid and behavior as indicators of welfare during relocation of an Asian elephant
Contributor(s):: Laws, N., Ganswindt, A., Heistermann, M., Harris, M., Harris, S., Sherwin, C.
This study was a preliminary investigation of an enzyme immunoassay for measuring fecal glucocorticoid metabolites in a male Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) by investigating changes in behavior and cortisol metabolite excretion associated with a putative stressful event. The study collected...
A note on the cecotrophy behavior in capybara ( Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris )
Contributor(s):: Mendes, A., Nogueira, S. S. da C., Lavorenti, A., Nogueira-Filho, S. L. G.
Six adult capybaras (56 kg) were placed in individual pens and observed for 96 serial hours. During this period a behavioural pattern believed to consist of caecotrophy was observed 243 times. Animals sat on their hind limbs, stretched either limb out, bent over driving their heads in the...
A preliminary approach on the stress assessment through harmless procedures in farmed seabream (Sparus aurata)
Contributor(s):: Herrera, M., Lopez, J., Herves, A.
A review of mulesing and other methods to control flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) in sheep
Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C.
Flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) in sheep has the potential to have a major impact on the welfare of significant numbers of sheep worldwide, but particularly in Australia. The main control method used in Australia, the mulesing operation to remove folds of skin from the hindquarters of the sheep, is...
A survey of attitudes of local citizens of a residential area toward urban stray cats in Japan
Contributor(s):: Uetake, K., Yamada, S., Yano, M., Tanaka, T.
This study surveyed the attitudes of local residents living in an urban area in Japan toward stray cats. An anonymous questionnaire asked local residents (359 houses) about their attitudes toward stray cats. Responses were received from 126 houses (35%). Answers about nuisance, respondents'...
A two-stage method to approach weaning stress in horses using a physical barrier to prevent nursing
Contributor(s):: Merkies, Katrina, DuBois, Cordelie, Marshall, Kaitlyn, Parois, Severine, Graham, Laura, Haley, Derek
Many domestic horses are weaned through abrupt physical separation of the foal and mare. Deviations from normal behaviours testify that this abrupt method has an adverse effect on the well-being of both mares and foals. To reduce negative changes in behaviour and physiology induced by weaning, a...
Abnormal behaviour in captive sooty mangabeys
Contributor(s):: Crast, J., Bloomsmith, M. A., Perlman, J. E., Meeker, T. L., Remillard, C. M.
The influence of several factors on abnormal behaviour was investigated in 46 singly housed sooty mangabeys ( Cercocebus atys) (eight nursery-reared, 38 mother-reared), including self-injurious, self-directed, stereotypic locomotion, and faeces/urine-related behaviours (SIB, SDB, SL, FUR,...
An ethicist's commentary on the case of the veterinarian who will not utilize the proper regimen for control of roundworms
Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.
Antimicrobial resistance, virulence profiles, and phylogenetic groups of fecal Escherichia coli isolates: a comparative analysis between dogs and their owners in Japan
Contributor(s):: Harada, K., Okada, E., Shimizu, T., Kataoka, Y., Sawada, T., Takahashi, T.
Are cats less stressed in homes than in shelters? A study of personality and faecal cortisol metabolites
Contributor(s):: Fukimoto, Naila, Melo, Diogo, Palme, Rupert, Zanella, Adroaldo J., Mendonça-Furtado, Olívia
Personality is defined by characteristics of individuals and describes and accounts for temporally stable patterns of affect, cognition and behaviour traits. The study of cat behaviour and personality can minimize potential problems in the relationship between cats and their owners and decrease...
Behaviour and stress responses in horses with gastric ulceration
Contributor(s):: Malmkvist, Jens, Poulsen, Janne Møller, Luthersson, Nanna, Palme, Rupert, Christensen, Janne Winther, Søndergaard, Eva
Only little is known about behaviour and stress responses in horses with gastric ulceration, despite the high prevalence of this condition. Our objectives in the present study was to (i) describe the severity of gastric ulceration in horses, housed under relatively standardised conditions, and...
Behaviour and welfare in donkeys during therapies and activities assisted with animals (AAT/AAA) simulation
Contributor(s):: Amendola, S., Macchi, E., Rasola, M., Carluccio, A., Marsilio, F., Contri, A., Sfirro, M. P., Ponzio, P.
Behaviour of badgers ( Meles meles ) in farm buildings: opportunities for the transmission of Mycobacterium bovis to cattle?
Contributor(s):: Tolhurst, B. A., Delahay, R. J., Walker, N. J., Ward, A. I., Roper, T. J.
Eurasian badgers (Meles meles) are implicated in the transmission of bovine tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis) to cattle. Here we investigate potential spatio-temporal foci of opportunities for contact between badgers and cattle in farm buildings. We discuss the relative occurrence of different...
Behavioural responses of cattle to the odours of blood and urine from conspecifics and to the odour of faeces from carnivores
Contributor(s):: Terlouw, E. M. C., Boissy, A., Blinet, P.
Before experimentation, 12 heifers were trained during 15 days to walk through a corridor for food. In the middle of the corridor, at either side, 2 ventilating odour dispensers were fixed behind perforated screens. The odours of urine from non-stressed and stressed conspecifics and of blood were...
Campylobacter and Salmonella in scavenging indigenous chickens in rural central Tanzania: prevalence, antimicrobial resistance, and genomic features
Contributor(s):: Rukambile, E., Sintchenko, V., Muscatello, G., Wang, QinNing, Kiiru, J., Maulaga, W., Magidanga, B., Banda, G., Kock, R., Alders, R.
Can non-invasive glucocorticoid measures be used as reliable indicators of stress in animals?
Contributor(s):: Lane, J.
Colorectal cancer screening with odour material by canine scent detection
Contributor(s):: Sonoda, H., Kohnoe, S., Yamazato, T., Satoh, Y., Morizono, G., Shikata, K., Morita, M., Watanabe, A., Kakeji, Y., Inoue, F., Maehara, Y.
Comparative assessment of faecal microbial composition and metabonome of swine, farmers and human control
Contributor(s):: Tan, S. C., Chong, C. W., Yap, I. K. S., Thong, K. L., Teh, C. S. J.
Comparison of antimicrobial resistance patterns of Salmonella spp. and Escherichia coli recovered from pet dogs from volunteer households in Ontario (2005-06)
Contributor(s):: Leonard, E. K., Pearl, D. L., Finley, R. L., Janecko, N., Reid-Smith, R. J., Peregrine, A. S., Weese, J. S.
Cross-institutional assessment of stress responses in zoo animals using longitudinal monitoring of faecal corticoids and behaviour
Contributor(s):: Shepherdson, D. J., Carlstead, K. C., Wielebnowski, N.
Cross-institutional studies that combine non-invasive physiological measures of stress responses and the assessment of individual differences in behaviour and temperament have great potential as tools for assessing the well-being of zoo animals and for identifying key environmental stimuli...