A two-stage method to approach weaning stress in horses using a physical barrier to prevent nursing
Contributor(s):: Merkies, Katrina, DuBois, Cordelie, Marshall, Kaitlyn, Parois, Severine, Graham, Laura, Haley, Derek
Many domestic horses are weaned through abrupt physical separation of the foal and mare. Deviations from normal behaviours testify that this abrupt method has an adverse effect on the well-being of both mares and foals. To reduce negative changes in behaviour and physiology induced by weaning, a...
The effect of communal litter box provision on the defecation behavior of free-roaming cats in old-town Onomichi, Japan
Contributor(s):: Seo, Aira, Tanida, Hajime
Feces littered on the ground by free-roaming cats contain bacteria, viruses, and parasites and pose a significant health risk to humans. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of communal litter box provision on the defecation behavior of a free-roaming cat population. The study was...
Are cats less stressed in homes than in shelters? A study of personality and faecal cortisol metabolites
Contributor(s):: Fukimoto, Naila, Melo, Diogo, Palme, Rupert, Zanella, Adroaldo J., Mendonça-Furtado, Olívia
Personality is defined by characteristics of individuals and describes and accounts for temporally stable patterns of affect, cognition and behaviour traits. The study of cat behaviour and personality can minimize potential problems in the relationship between cats and their owners and decrease...
Environmentally enriching American mink ( Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour
Contributor(s):: Diez-Leon, M., Bursian, S., Galicia, D., Napolitano, A., Palme, R., Mason, G.
Enrichment studies for wild carnivores (e.g., in zoos) are often short-term, use enrichments of unknown motivational significance, and focus on glucocorticoids and stereotypic behaviour (SB), ignoring other stress-relevant variables. Our study assessed the broad behavioural and physiological...
Survey of Canada goose feces for presence of Giardia
Contributor(s):: Ayers, Christopher R., DePerno, Christopher S., Moorman, Christopher E., Stibbs, Henry H., Faust, Angela M.
The influence of gentle interactions on avoidance distance towards humans, weight gain and physiological parameters in group-housed dairy calves
Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Munsch, C., Windschnurer, I., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.
The quality of the relationship between cattle and their caretakers is important for animal welfare and productivity. Nevertheless, the influence of gentle interactions on group-housed dairy calves has not been thoroughly studied so far. We examined the effects of 42 min of gentle interactions...
Hormonal and behavioural stress responses to capture and radio-collar fitting in free-ranging pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus)
Contributor(s):: Munerato, M. S., Marques, J. A., Caulkettt, N. A., Tomas, W. M., Zanetti, E. S., Trovati, R. G., Pereira, G. T., Palme, R.
This study evaluated the short-term hormonal and behavioural responses to capture and radio-collar fitting in free-ranging pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus). Twenty adult deer (eleven females and nine males) were captured in the South Pantanal wetland (Brazil) and equipped with VHF...
The effects of social interaction and environmental enrichment on the space use, behaviour and stress of owned housecats facing a novel environment
Contributor(s):: Rehnberg, L. K., Robert, K. A., Watson, S. J., Peters, R. A.
Every day, millions of domestic cats are held temporarily in captive environments, such as boarding catteries and rescue shelters. Being in confinement can potentially invoke high levels of stress for these animals. Therefore, there is a need to develop appropriate strategies to reduce these...
The danger of contracting salmonellosis from exotic pets
Contributor(s):: Paul, Siba Prosad, Wilkinson, Rachel, Hawes, Dorothy
Early transfer of mated females into the maternity unit reduces stress and increases maternal care in farm mink
Contributor(s):: Malmkvist, J., Palme, R.
Mated mammals on farms are typically transferred to another housing environment prior to delivery. We investigated whether the timing of this transfer - EARLY (Day -36), INTERMEDIATE (Day -18), or LATE (Day -3) relative to the expected day of birth (Day 0) - affects maternal stress, maternal care...
Effects of visual contact with zoo visitors on black-capped capuchin welfare
Contributor(s):: Sherwen, S. L., Harvey, T. J., Magrath, M. J. L., Butler, K. L., Fanson, K. V., Hemsworth, P. H.
Previous research has suggested that the presence of zoo visitors may be stressful for various primate species, and visual contact with visitors may be the sensory stimuli that mediate visitor effects. We studied a group of black-capped capuchins, Cebus apella, in a controlled experiment,...
Enteric pathogens of dogs and cats with public health implications
Contributor(s):: Kantere, M., Athanasiou, L. V., Chatzopoulos, D. C., Spyrou, V., Valiakos, G., Kontos, V., Billinis, C.
Dogs and cats play an important role in modern society, enhancing the psychological and physiological well-being of many people. However, there are well-documented health risks associated with human animal interactions. More specifically, enteric pathogens of zoonotic risk which are transmitted...
Group composition for fattening entire male pigs under enriched housing conditions - influences on behaviour, injuries and boar taint compounds
Contributor(s):: Holinger, M., Fruh, B., Hillmann, E.
In organic farming, the production of pork from entire male pigs seems to be the most promising alternative to castration, as organic animal husbandry aims at high standards of animal welfare and elimination of mutilations. However, previous research on behaviour of entire male pigs was mostly...
Head partitions at the feed barrier affect behaviour of goats
Contributor(s):: Nordmann, E., Barth, K., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.
Space allowance at the feeding places often forces goats to feed in close proximity, that is, less than their individual distances. In consequence, agonistic behaviour may increase as well as stress and injuries, while access to feed may decrease, especially in low-ranking goats. Partitions...
Colorectal cancer screening with odour material by canine scent detection
Contributor(s):: Sonoda, H., Kohnoe, S., Yamazato, T., Satoh, Y., Morizono, G., Shikata, K., Morita, M., Watanabe, A., Kakeji, Y., Inoue, F., Maehara, Y.
Events around weaning in semi-feral and stable-reared Konik polski foals: evaluation of short-term physiological and behavioural responses
Contributor(s):: Gorecka-Bruzda, A., Suwala, M., Palme, R., Jaworski, Z., Jastrzebska, E., Boron, M., Jezierski, T.
The annual weaning, stabling and subsequent sale of semi-feral Konik polski foals born in forest reserves ensure a stable population of free-roaming Konik polski horses. However, welfare concerns regarding the maternal and herd separation of young horses, manipulation by humans, transportation...
Gut microbiota of humans, dogs and cats: current knowledge and future opportunities and challenges
Contributor(s):: Deng, P., Swanson, K. S.
High-throughput DNA sequencing techniques allow for the identification and characterisation of microbes and their genes (microbiome). Using these new techniques, microbial populations in several niches of the human body, including the oral and nasal cavities, skin, urogenital tract and...
Environmental contamination by dog’s faeces: a public health problem?
Contributor(s):: Cinquepalmi, Vittoria, Monno, Rosa, Fumarola, Luciana, Ventrella, Gianpiero, Calia, Carla, Greco, Maria Fiorella, De Vito, Danila, Soleo, Leonardo
Comparison of antimicrobial resistance patterns of Salmonella spp. and Escherichia coli recovered from pet dogs from volunteer households in Ontario (2005-06)
Contributor(s):: Leonard, E. K., Pearl, D. L., Finley, R. L., Janecko, N., Reid-Smith, R. J., Peregrine, A. S., Weese, J. S.
Cryptosporidium spp. in pet birds: genetic diversity and potential public health significance
Contributor(s):: Qi, M., Wang, R., Ning, C., Li, X., Zhang, L., Jian, F., Sun, Y., Xiao, L.