Prevalence of intestinal parasites in private-household cats in Japan
Contributor(s):: Itoh, N., Ikegami, H., Takagi, M., Ito, Y., Kanai, K., Chikazawa, S., Hori, Y., Hoshi, F., Higuchi, S.
Making scents out of changing spatial geographies: a closer look at the animal-human-faecal relationship
Contributor(s):: Carolan, M.
The paper begins by examining changing animal geographies, specifically, in regard to animals within Western nations that have been regulated over the years as their smells, sounds and bodily presences have been deemed inappropriate. Closely coupled to these changing animal configurations is also...
A note on the cecotrophy behavior in capybara ( Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris )
Contributor(s):: Mendes, A., Nogueira, S. S. da C., Lavorenti, A., Nogueira-Filho, S. L. G.
Six adult capybaras (56 kg) were placed in individual pens and observed for 96 serial hours. During this period a behavioural pattern believed to consist of caecotrophy was observed 243 times. Animals sat on their hind limbs, stretched either limb out, bent over driving their heads in the...
Behaviour of badgers ( Meles meles ) in farm buildings: opportunities for the transmission of Mycobacterium bovis to cattle?
Contributor(s):: Tolhurst, B. A., Delahay, R. J., Walker, N. J., Ward, A. I., Roper, T. J.
Eurasian badgers (Meles meles) are implicated in the transmission of bovine tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis) to cattle. Here we investigate potential spatio-temporal foci of opportunities for contact between badgers and cattle in farm buildings. We discuss the relative occurrence of different...
Estimating the diet of urban birds: the problems of anthropogenic food and food digestibility
Contributor(s):: Ottoni, I., Oliveira, F. F. R. de, Young, R. J.
A variety of methods exist for assessing the diets of wild birds, each of which has its strengths and weaknesses. The objective of this study was to compare diet data collected in parallel by behavioural observations and faecal analysis from an urban population of Penelope superciliaris...
Feather eating in layer pullets and its possible role in the aetiology of feather pecking damage
Contributor(s):: McKeegan, D. E. F., Savory, C. J.
Feather eating and its possible relationship with damaging pecking was examined in 144 pen-housed ISA Brown layer pullets. Collection and measurement of loose feathers in sample plots on 12 pen floors (feather were characterized as 'short' or 'long'), and examination of faecal droppings (eaten...
Periparturient nest building: implications for parturition, kit survival, maternal stress and behaviour in farmed mink ( Mustela vison )
Contributor(s):: Malmkvist, J., Palme, R.
Several types of nesting materials with different capacity as substrate for nest building are currently supplied to farmed mink. We investigated whether different nesting resources and possibility of performing periparturient nest-building influenced (a) the parturition, (b) the vitality and...
Diurnal distribution of dairy cow defecation and urination
Contributor(s):: Aland, A., Lidfors, L., Ekesbo, I.
This study investigated the diurnal distribution of urination and defaecation in tied dairy cows with reference to management routines and milk yield/feeding intensity. A total of 16 lactating cows and 4 heifers were videotaped during 9 consecutive 24-h periods. The cows had a mean of 16.1...
Does sward height affect feeding patch choice and voluntary intake in horses?
Contributor(s):: Edouard, N., Fleurance, G., Dumont, B., Baumont, R., Duncan, P.
The numbers of horses grazing at pasture are increasing in developed countries, so a proper understanding of their feeding selectivity and of the tactics they use for extracting nutrients from swards is essential for the management of horses and grasslands. Resource acquisition in herbivores can...
Intake and selection for white clover by grazing lambs in response to gastrointestinal parasitism
Contributor(s):: Cosgrove, G. P., Niezen, J. H.
A study was conducted at Palmerston North, New Zealand to determine if lambs grazing at pasture would enhance their nutrient intake in response to parasitism, by selecting more white clover from a mixed grass-clover pasture. The trial used a split-plot design with two grass-clover mixtures as...
Strategies for the avoidance of faeces by grazing sheep
Contributor(s):: Cooper, J., Gordon, I. J., Pike, A. W.
Experiments were conducted to investigate which environmental cues were used by sheep when discriminating against patches of pasture contaminated with faeces. The influence of the spatial distribution of contaminated patches and the parasite infection status of sheep on avoidance of contaminated...
An ethicist's commentary on the case of the veterinarian who will not utilize the proper regimen for control of roundworms
Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.
The effect of environmental enrichment and visitors on the behaviour and welfare of two captive hamadryas baboons ( Papio hamadryas )
Contributor(s):: Bortolini, T. S., Bicca-Marques, J. C.
The welfare of zoo animals depends on a combination of physical, social, dietary and other ecological characteristics of the captive setting. We analysed the influence of the transfer of an adult couple of hamadryas baboons (Papio hamadryas) from a small and non-enriched cage that was closed to...
Stress response of working African elephants to transportation and safari adventures
Contributor(s):: Millspaugh, T. T., Burke, T., Dyk, G. van, Slotow, R., Washburn, B. E., Woods, R. J.
African elephants (Loxodonta africana) are intensively managed in southern Africa and are routinely translocated between reserves. Domesticated elephants are used for elephant-back safaris and interactions with guests. Understanding how elephants respond to such activities is critical because of...
The anti-social behaviour of urban dogs
Contributor(s):: Loew, F. M., Fraser, A. F.
Anti-social behaviour of urban dogs includes defaecation, biting, barking, street wandering, pack forming, exploring 'garbage' and public copulation. The authors discuss the use of ethology as a major tool in remedial action. They conclude that since heredity affects behaviour very considerably,...
Behavioural responses of cattle to the odours of blood and urine from conspecifics and to the odour of faeces from carnivores
Contributor(s):: Terlouw, E. M. C., Boissy, A., Blinet, P.
Before experimentation, 12 heifers were trained during 15 days to walk through a corridor for food. In the middle of the corridor, at either side, 2 ventilating odour dispensers were fixed behind perforated screens. The odours of urine from non-stressed and stressed conspecifics and of blood were...
Eliminatory behaviour of domestic dogs in an urban environment
Contributor(s):: Reid, J. B., Chantrey, D. F., Davie, C.
Influence of weaning age and an experimental Haemonchus contortus infection on behaviour and growth rates of lambs
Contributor(s):: Schichowski, C., Moors, E., Gauly, M.
Four groups of 20 lambs each, differing in weaning age (6 or 13 weeks) and infection with Haemonchus contortus (infection after weaning or simultaneous to weaning), were observed and compared regarding the behaviour before, during and after these procedures. Furthermore the influence on...
Social dominance of female dairy goats influences the dynamics of gastrointestinal parasite eggs
Contributor(s):: Ungerfeld, R., Correa, O.
In ruminants, social hierarchies determine an unequal access to resources, such as food consumption, individuals from the other gender, or shade. Related to this, physiological status is associated with the social rank, resulting in differences in reproductive success, milk yield, or health...
Detecting and neutralizing odor sources in dog and cat elimination problems
Contributor(s):: Melese, P.