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  1. Identifying environmental and management factors that may be associated with the quality of life of kennelled dogs ( Canis familiaris)

    Contributor(s):: Kiddie, J., Collins, L.

    This paper describes the use of a validated quality of life assessment tool (described elsewhere) to identify environmental and management factors that may affect quality of life in dogs kennelled in rehoming centres. Dogs were allocated to one of the four treatment groups, all of which had a...

  2. Influences of various factors on cows' entrance order into the milking parlour

    Contributor(s):: Polikarpus, A., Kaart, T., Mootse, H., Rosa, G. de, Arney, D.

    This study investigates the stability of the milking order of cows entering into the milking parlour of a commercial dairy herd, and changes to this order consequent to a change in health status and a change in the membership of the group of cows being milked. In large herds it is difficult for...

  3. Predicting time spent on different behavioural activities from physicochemical properties of fibrous diets in finishing pigs

    Contributor(s):: Bakare, A. G., Ndou, S. P., Madzimure, J., Chimonyo, M.

    The objective of the present study was to predict time spent on different behavioural activities by finishing pigs, using physicochemical measurements of fibrous feed. Eighty four Large White * Landrace barrows with 80.54.7 kg body weight (BW) at the beginning of the experiment were used. Feed...

  4. Stress assessment in small ruminants kept on city farms in Southern Germany

    Contributor(s):: Schilling, A. K., Reese, S., Palme, R., Erhard, M., Wohr, A. C.

    Sheep and goats are frequently used in nonhuman animal-assisted activities on city farms. There are few data available on this type of usage of small ruminants. Health evaluations, behavioral observations (feeding, resting, comfort, explorative and social behaviors), behavioral tests (human...

  5. The effect of overgrown claws on behaviour and claw abnormalities of sows in farrowing crates

    Contributor(s):: Diaz, J. A. C., Stienezen, I. M. J., Leonard, F. C., Boyle, L. A.

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of overgrowth of the weight bearing claws on the behaviour of sows in farrowing crates. The study used 24 multiparous lactating sows, 13 with overgrown (OG) rear claws and 11 controls. Sows were video recorded continuously from approximately...

  6. The anthropozoology of domestication for milk productionAnthropozoologie de la domestication laitiere

    Contributor(s):: Poplin, F.

    Milk draws its substance from a living being of flesh and blood and from plant matter full of scents, through a two-cycle digestive system and fermentation in vivo, that of ruminants, which are also animals that provide meat ("you drink my milk, you eat my meat"). The pig, the "outlaw" of...

  7. The milky way: the implications of using animal milk products in infant feeding

    Contributor(s):: Howcroft, R., Eriksson, G., Liden, K.

    Animal milks have been used in infant feeding for at least a few millennia, but this can only have become a common practice after the domestication of dairy animals during the Neolithic. Neolithic population increase has often been attributed to the effect of a reduction in breastfeeding duration...

  8. A conditioned response overrides social attraction in common carp: a possibility for low stress sorting strongly schooling fish?

    Contributor(s):: Mesquita, F. O., Borcato, F. L., Huntingford, F. A.

    In this study we investigated whether a conditioned response to a light cue can override the strong schooling tendency of common carp, with a view to identifying a possible system for low stress control of movement for captive fish. Carp were trained in groups of three to approach and bite a...

  9. Effects of growth-promoting technology on feedlot cattle behavior in the 21 days before slaughter

    Contributor(s):: Stackhouse-Lawson, K. R., Tucker, C. B., Calvo-Lorenzo, M. S., Mitloehner, F. M.

    There is growing interest in the animal welfare implications of growth-promoting technology used in feedlot cattle, namely hormonal implants, ionophores, antibiotics and β 2-adrenergic agonists. Previous studies have focused on the effects of implants on aggression, but little work has...

  10. Events around weaning in semi-feral and stable-reared Konik polski foals: evaluation of short-term physiological and behavioural responses

    Contributor(s):: Gorecka-Bruzda, A., Suwala, M., Palme, R., Jaworski, Z., Jastrzebska, E., Boron, M., Jezierski, T.

    The annual weaning, stabling and subsequent sale of semi-feral Konik polski foals born in forest reserves ensure a stable population of free-roaming Konik polski horses. However, welfare concerns regarding the maternal and herd separation of young horses, manipulation by humans, transportation...

  11. The effects of witnessing managemental procedures during the light versus the dark phase of the light cycle on behaviour, performance and welfare of laboratory rats

    Contributor(s):: Abou-Ismail, U. A., Mohamed, R. A., El-Kholya, S. Z.

    Research has indicated that witnessing managemental procedures are stressful to laboratory rats. Yet there has been little investigation into whether the time of witnessing these procedures affects behaviour and welfare in these animals. Ninety-six rats, representing two batches, were used in...

  12. Managing Livestock Using Animal Behavior: Mixed Species Stocking and Flerds

    Contributor(s):: Ed L. Frederickson

    Mixed-species stocking can foster sound landscape management while offering economic and ecological advantages compared with mono-species stocking. Producers contemplating a mixed-species enterprise should reflect on several considerations before implementing this animal management strategy....

  13. Dog cuisine

    Contributor(s):: Carr, N.

    This book chapter focuses on the consumption of cuisine by dogs. An introduction describes the differences in dog food and dog cuisine. It examines the cuisine that is provided to pander to the taste buds of dogs, or those their owners perceive them to have, and the ethical concerns of their...

  14. Fat companions: understanding the welfare effects of obesity in cats and dogs

    Contributor(s):: Sandoe, P., Corr, S., Palmer, C., Appleby, M. C., Weary, D. M.

    Overfeeding is arguably the most significant feeding-related welfare problem for companion animals in developed countries. From an animal welfare perspective, the amount fed presents a dilemma between avoiding feelings of hunger and maximizing animal health. This chapter will not only focus on...

  15. What is a canine athlete?

    Contributor(s):: Zink, M. C., Dyke, J. B. van

    Canine sports medicine and rehabilitation is the newest specialty in veterinary medicine. It encompasses and integrates a variety of fields, including orthopedics, exercise physiology, neurology, cardiology, pulmonology, nutrition, and others. Rehabilitation, which includes conditioning...

  16. Carnivorous cats, vegetarian dogs, and the resolution of the vegetarian's dilemma

    Contributor(s):: Rothgerber, H.

    The present research sought to further clarify the vegetarian's dilemma, the conflict that pits feeding one's pet an animal-based diet that may be perceived as best promoting their well-being with concerns over animal welfare and environmental degradation threatened by such diets. It specifically...

  17. Moral disengagement in harmful but cherished food practices? An exploration into the case of meat

    Contributor(s):: Graca, J., Calheiros, M. M., Oliveira, A.

    Harmful but culturally cherished practices often endure in spite of the damages they cause. Meat consumption is increasingly becoming one of such cases and may provide an opportunity from which to observe these phenomena. Growing evidence indicates that current and projected production and...

  18. The major welfare problems of dairy cows in French commercial farms: an epidemiological approach

    Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Coignard, M., Bareille, N., Guatteo, R., Capdeville, J., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.

    Animal welfare enhancement requires that problems are reliably identified and ranked in order to prioritise corrective actions. Welfare problems vary with the conditions in which animals are maintained. The objectives were to highlight major welfare problems for dairy cows on farms in France, and...

  19. A survey of abnormal repetitive behaviors in North American river otters housed in zoos

    Contributor(s):: Morabito, P., Bashaw, M. J.

    Stereotypic behaviors, indicating poor welfare and studied in a variety of species (especially carnivores), appear related to characteristics of current and past environments. Although North American river otters (Lontra canadensis) often develop abnormal, repetitive, possibly stereotypic...

  20. Aggressive behavior in two different group-housing systems for pregnant sows

    Contributor(s):: Chapinal, N., Ruiz-de-la-Torre, J. L., Cerisuelo, A., Gasa, J., Baucells, M. D., Manteca, X.

    The study housed 120 pregnant sows from Day 29 of pregnancy to 1 week before parturition either in groups of 10 with trickle feeding (TRICKLE) or in groups of 20 with an unprotected electronic sow feeding (FITMIX). The study recorded aggressive interaction on 11 nonconsecutive days. Frequency of...