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  1. Effective feeding enrichment for non-human primates: a brief review

    Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V., Roberts, A.

    This review summarizes the feeding enrichment options that have been shown to promote more foraging and feed processing activities while ameliorating behavioural pathologies in captive non-human primates.

  2. Effects of fattening boars in mixed or single sex groups and split marketing on pig welfare

    Contributor(s):: Boyle, L. A., Bjorklund, L.

    Our aim was to evaluate the effects of single or mixed sex fattening of boars and split marketing (SM) on pig welfare. Female (n=10), male (n=10) and mixed sex (n=10) groups were fattened to 105 kg. Two focal pigs per pen were selected for continuous behaviour observations and skin lesion...

  3. Effects of feeding enrichment on the behaviour and welfare of captive waldrapps (Northern bald ibis) ( Geronticus eremita )

    Contributor(s):: Vargas-Ashby, H. E., Pankhurst, S. J.

    One of the contributing factors leading to the development of serious foot problems such as bumblefoot (pododermatitis) in captive birds is an abnormally sedentary lifestyle. This study investigated the effects of feeding enrichment on the activity levels of a captive colony of seven Waldrapps or...

  4. Enrichment value of wooden blocks for farmed blue foxes ( Alopex lagopus )

    Contributor(s):: Korhonen, H., Niemela, P.

    Wooden blocks (30x7 cm) were employed to clarify how such inanimate objects might serve to enrich the barren wire-mesh cages. In experiment 1, behavioural reactions of 8 male blue foxes to wooden blocks were videotaped between January and May. In experiment 2, 16 male blue foxes were housed...

  5. Environmental enrichment for captive Eastern blue-tongue lizards ( Tiliqua scincoides )

    Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C., Jiang, Z., Hatton, A. J., Tribe, A., Bouar, M. le, Guerlin, M., Murray, P. J.

    Eastern blue-tongue lizards (Tiliqua scincoides) are kept in zoos and increasingly commonly as exotic pets, but little is known about improving their welfare by enrichment of their environment. Using nine animals kept individually in cages provided with a brick for basking and a pipe for hiding,...

  6. Ethics of feeding: the omnivore dilemma

    Contributor(s):: Kasanen, I. H. E., Sorensen, D. B., Forkman, B., Sandoe, P.

    The way in which animals are fed is an important aspect of their welfare. Not only does food provide the energy and nutrients vital for survival, but feeding is also associated with a number of other factors contributing to the well-being of animals. The feeding method can determine the animals'...

  7. Influence of dry feed supplements on different parameters of welfare in veal calves

    Contributor(s):: Morisse, J. P., Cotte, J. P., Huonnic, D., Martrenchar, A.

    Behavioural, physiological and performance traits were compared in 3 groups of veal calves fed on a routine all-liquid diet with milk substitute (G0) or the same diet supplemented with a total of 10 kg (G10) or 25 kg (G25) of pelleted straw and cereals. Each of the 3 feeding programmes involved...

  8. Inter-observer and test-retest reliability of on-farm behavioural observations in veal calves

    Contributor(s):: Bokkers, E. A. M., Leruste, H., Heutinck, L. F. M., Wolthuis-Fillerup, M., Werf, J. T. N. van der, Lensink, B. J., Reenen, C. G. van

    The objective of this study was to investigate inter-observer and test-retest reliability of different behavioural observations to be used in an on-farm, animal welfare monitoring system for veal calves. Twenty-three veal calf farms, varying in size, housing system, feeding regime and age of the...

  9. Is broiler breeder welfare improved by using qualitative rather than quantitative food restriction to limit growth rate?

    Contributor(s):: Savory, C. J., Hocking, P. M., Mann, J. S., Maxwell, M. H.

    Possible welfare benefits of qualitative rather than quantitative feed restriction were investigated with growing female Ross 1 broiler breeder chickens. In experiment 1, liveweight gain in chickens from 2 to 6 weeks of age were compared among different diet dilution, appetite suppression and...

  10. Mealworm dispensers as environmental enrichment for captive Rodrigues fruit bats ( Pteropus rodricensis )

    Contributor(s):: O'Connor, K. I.

    This study is an assessment of the use of mealworm dispensers as environmental enrichment devices for Rodrigues fruit bats (Pteropus rodricensis). Captive animals frequently receive easily consumed food at set times and locations, which often minimizes the time they spend searching for and...

  11. Preliminary evaluation of a prototype welfare monitoring system for sows and piglets (Welfare QualityReg. project)

    Contributor(s):: Scott, K., Binnendijk, G. P., Edwards, S. A., Guy, J. H., Kiezebrink, M. C., Vermeer, H. M.

    The Welfare QualityReg. project aims to develop a European on-farm welfare assessment standard for pigs, amongst other species. A prototype monitoring system was developed for sows and piglets using predominantly animal-based measures of behaviour, health and physiology to assess welfare. The...

  12. Public opinion on UK milk marketing and dairy cow welfare

    Contributor(s):: Ellis, K. A., Billington, K., McNeil, B., McKeegan, D. E. F.

    Interview questionnaires were administered to the general public in central Scotland and northern England during summer 2007 to investigate consumer awareness of UK dairy production methods, welfare issues and recognition of 'quality assurance' product logos. Fifty percent of respondents gave UK...

  13. Reducing post-mixing aggression and skin lesions in weaned pigs by application of a synthetic maternal pheromone

    Contributor(s):: Guy, J. H., Burns, S. E., Barker, J. M., Edwards, S. A.

    In commercial pig production, piglets are often mixed after weaning which can result in severe aggression and lead to body damage, disruption of feeding behaviour and reduced growth. This experiment investigated whether application of a synthetic maternal pheromone to groups of weaned pigs in...

  14. Relation between parity and feed intake, fear of humans and social behaviour in non-lactating sows group-housed under various on-farm conditions

    Contributor(s):: Kongsted, A. G., Hermansen, J. E., Kristensen, T.

    The number of group-housed, non-lactating sows is increasing rapidly in Europe. However, systematic information of the between-sow variation in animal welfare related factors under various on-farm conditions is lacking. Indicators of feed intake, fear of humans and social behaviour in...

  15. Responses to short-term exposure to simulated rain and wind by dairy cattle: time budgets, shelter use, body temperature and feed intake

    Contributor(s):: Schutz, K. E., Clark, K. V., Cox, N. R., Matthews, L. R., Tucker, C. B.

    Our objective was to examine how short-term exposure to wind or rain, or the combination of wind and rain, influences behavioural and physiological responses and the motivation for shelter. Twenty-four, non-lactating, pregnant Holstein-Friesian cows were individually housed and allocated one of...

  16. Social behaviour of collared peccaries ( Pecari tajacu ) under three space allowances

    Contributor(s):: Nogueira, S. S. da C., Silva, M. G., Dias, C. T. dos S., Pompeia, S., Cetra, M., Nogueira Filho, S. L. G.

    Captive breeding of peccaries is on the increase in neotropical countries. Few studies, however, have reported behavioural responses of wild animals under farmed conditions. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of space allowance on the occurrence of social behaviour...

  17. Stakeholders' assessment of welfare indicators for sheep and cattle exported by sea from Australia

    Contributor(s):: Pines, M. K., Petherick, J. C., Gaughan, J. B., Phillips, C. J. C.

    An adaptive conjoint analysis was used to evaluate stakeholders' opinion of welfare indicators for ship-transported sheep and cattle, both onboard and in pre-export depots. In consultations with two nominees of each identified stakeholder group (government officials, animal welfare...

  18. The effect of essential oils showing acaricidal activity against the poultry red mite ( Dermanyssus gallinae ) on aspects of welfare and production of laying hens

    Contributor(s):: George, Sparagano, O. A. E., Port, G., Okello, E., Shiel, R. S., Guy, J. H.

    The poultry red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) causes severe welfare concerns for laying hens arising from anaemia and disease transmission, and has been identified as an associated risk factor in cannibalistic feather pecking. Previous work suggests that essential oils may offer an alternative to...

  19. The effect of feeding a high fibre diet on the welfare of sows housed in large dynamic groups

    Contributor(s):: Stewart, C. L., Boyle, L. A., McCann, M. E. E., O'Connell, N. E.

    This study assessed the effect of increasing fibre levels in the concentrate ration on the welfare of sows housed in a large dynamic group. One hundred and twelve Large White x Landrace sows were allocated to one of two treatments over six replicates. Treatments were as follows: (i) High Fibre...

  20. The effect of management system on mortality and other welfare indicators in Pennsylvania dairy herds

    Contributor(s):: Dechow, C. D., Smith, E. A., Goodling, R. C.

    The objective of this study was to identify farm characteristics that were associated with cow (Bos taurus) welfare outcomes, including mortality rate, culling by 60 days of lactation, survival to >=6 years of age and >=5th parity (aged cows), somatic cell score, milk yield, and milk composition....