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  1. Dog Ownership and Training Reduces Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms and Increases Self-Compassion Among Veterans: Results of a Longitudinal Control Study

    Contributor(s):: Bergen-Cico, D., Smith, Y., Wolford, K., Gooley, C., Hannon, K., Woodruff, R., Spicer, M., Gump, B.

    Objectives: The aims of this study were to measure the potential impact of a therapeutic dog ownership and training program for Veterans with symptoms of post-traumatic stress. Design: The study used a quasi-experimental design with two cohorts of Veterans-a dog owner-trainer intervention and a...

  2. A Comparison of Zoo Animal Behavior in the Presence of Familiar and Unfamiliar People

    | Contributor(s):: Martin, Rosemary Anne, Melfi, Vicky

    As recorded in domestic nonhuman animals, regular interactions between animals in zoos and keepers and the resulting relationship formed (human–animal relationship [HAR]) are likely to influence the animals' behaviors with associated welfare consequences. HAR formation requires that zoo...

  3. The role of cultural norms in shaping attitudes towards amphibians in Cape Town, South Africa

    | Contributor(s):: Brom, P., Anderson, P., Channing, A., Underhill, L. G.

    Urban ecosystems are increasingly viewed as an important component within strategies for wildlife conservation but are shaped as much by natural systems as they are by social and political processes. At the garden scale, attitudes and preferences govern design and maintenance choices including...

  4. An Exploration of Equine-Assisted Therapy to Improve Balance, Functional Capacity, and Cognition in Older Adults With Alzheimer Disease

    | Contributor(s):: Borges de Araujo, T., Martins, W. R., Freitas, M. P., Camargos, E., Mota, J., Safons, M. P.

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Alzheimer disease (AD) is a chronic, progressive dementia syndrome that features cognitive and behavioral symptoms, as well as physical and functional limitations that develop over the course of the disease. As an activity that involves physical and cognitive aspects,...

  5. Evolution of facial muscle anatomy in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Kaminski, J., Waller, B. M., Diogo, R., Hartstone-Rose, A., Burrows, A. M.

    Domestication shaped wolves into dogs and transformed both their behavior and their anatomy. Here we show that, in only 33,000 y, domestication transformed the facial muscle anatomy of dogs specifically for facial communication with humans. Based on dissections of dog and wolf heads, we show that...

  6. Effectiveness of the dog therapy for patients with dementia - a systematic review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Klimova, B., Toman, J., Kuca, K.

    BACKGROUND: Dementia represents a mental and economic burden for both patients and their caregivers. Therefore, the aim of this study is to explore the effectiveness of animal assisted therapy (AAT) with special focus on canis therapy among people with dementia, specifically Alzheimer's...

  7. Attachment security in companion dogs: adaptation of Ainsworth's strange situation and classification procedures to dogs and their human caregivers

    | Contributor(s):: Solomon, J., Beetz, A., Schoberl, I., Gee, N., Kotrschal, K.

    This exploratory study describes the development of a classification system for dogs' attachment security to caregivers that adheres closely to Ainsworth's seminal methodology. Fifty-nine adult dogs and caregivers participated in a mildly threatening laboratory encounter with a stranger (TS) and...

  8. Animal-Assisted Therapy in the Residential Treatment of Dual Pathology

    | Contributor(s):: Monfort Montolio, M., Sancho-Pelluz, J.

    Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) is a complementary intervention of therapy that has shown positive results in the treatment of various pathologies. This study assesses the viability of the implementation and the effectiveness of an AAT program in patients diagnosed with substance abuse disorder and...

  9. Animal-assisted therapy for patients in a minimally conscious state: A randomized two treatment multi-period crossover trial

    | Contributor(s):: Hediger, K., Petignat, M., Marti, R., Hund-Georgiadis, M.

  10. Friends with malefit. The effects of keeping dogs and cats, sustaining animal-related injuries and Toxoplasma infection on health and quality of life

    | Contributor(s):: Flegr, J., Preiss, M.

  11. It's all about the sex, or is it? Humans, horses and temperament

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Fenner, K., Caspar, G., Hyde, M., Henshall, C., Dhand, N., Probyn-Rapsey, F., Dashper, K., McLean, A., McGreevy, P.

    We propose that the anthropomorphic application of gender stereotypes to animals influences human-animal interactions and human expectations, often with negative consequences for female animals. An online survey was conducted to explore riders’ perceptions of horse temperament and...

  12. A modest protective association between pet ownership and cardiovascular diseases: A systematic review and meta-analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Yeh, T. L., Lei, W. T., Liu, S. J., Chien, K. L.

  13. Investigating risk factors that predict a dog's fear during veterinary consultations

    | Contributor(s):: Edwards, P. T., Hazel, S. J., Browne, M., Serpell, J. A., McArthur, M. L., Smith, B. P.

  14. Depression and anxiety in pet owners after a diagnosis of cancer in their pets: a cross-sectional study in Japan

    | Contributor(s):: Nakano, Y., Matsushima, M., Nakamori, A., Hiroma, J., Matsuo, E., Wakabayashi, H., Yoshida, S., Ichikawa, H., Kaneko, M., Mutai, R., Sugiyama, Y., Yoshida, E., Kobayashi, T.

  15. Endoparasite infection hotspots in Estonian urban areas

    | Contributor(s):: Tull, A., Moks, E., Laurimaa, L., Keis, M., Suld, K.

  16. Dogs in public spaces of Buenos Aires, Argentina: Exploring patterns of the abundance of dogs, the canine faecal contamination, the behaviour of people with dogs, and its relationships with demographic/economic variables

    | Contributor(s):: Rubel, D., Carbajo, A.

  17. Does having a pet influence the physical activity of their young female owners?

    | Contributor(s):: Machova, K., Dadova, K., Chaloupkova, H., Svobodova, I.

  18. Companion dog acquisition and mental well-being: a community-based three-arm controlled study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Powell, L., Edwards, K. M., McGreevy, P., Bauman, A., Podberscek, A., Neilly, B., Sherrington, C., Stamatakis, E.

    Background Dog ownership is suggested to improve mental well-being, although empirical evidence among community dog owners is limited. This study examined changes in human mental well-being following dog acquisition, including four measures: loneliness, positive and negative affect, and...

  19. Do dogs rescue their owners from a stressful situation? A behavioral and physiological assessment

    | Contributor(s):: Carballo, F., Dzik, V., Freidin, E., Damian, J. P., Casanave, E. B., Bentosela, M.

  20. Canine-Assisted Therapy in Hospitalized Patients Awaiting Heart Transplantation

    | Contributor(s):: Snipelisky, D., Smidt, J., Gallup, S., Myrick, J., Bauer, B., Burton, M. C.