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  1. Agonistic behaviour, skin lesions and activity pattern of entire male, female and castrated male finishing pigs

    Contributor(s):: Bunger, B., Schrader, L., Schrade, H., Zacharias, B.

    Fattening of intact boars is the least invasive alternative to the detrimental welfare effects of surgical castration of piglets. However, beside problems such as boar taint the divergent agonistic and sexual behaviour of boars may impair the pigs' welfare during fattening. To evaluate the effect...

  2. Alternative housing systems for fattening bulls under Austrian conditions with special respect to rubberised slatted floors

    Contributor(s):: Rouha-Muelleder, C., Absmanner, E., Kahrer, E., Zeiner, H., Scharl, T., Leisch, F., Stanek, C., Troxler, J.

  3. Application of the Welfare Quality animal welfare assessment system in Finnish pig production, Part I: Identification of principal components

    Contributor(s):: Munsterhjelm, C., Heinonen, M., Valros, A.

    The Welfare Quality (WQ) on-farm welfare assessment protocols for fattening pigs (n=95 farms) and sows, as well as suckling piglets (n=103 farms), were applied on Finnish farms. In order to identify distinct types of welfare problems (WPTs) Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was applied to the...

  4. Application of the Welfare Quality animal welfare assessment system in Finnish pig production, Part II: Associations between animal-based and environmental measures of welfare

    Contributor(s):: Munsterhjelm, C., Heinonen, M., Valros, A.

    This study aimed to establish associations between the environment and animal-based measures of welfare collected on 158 Finnish farms according to the Welfare Quality systems for pigs. The data consisted of 95 welfare assessments in fattening pigs and 103 in sows, including suckling piglets....

  5. Behaviour and welfare of veal calves fed different amounts of solid feed supplemented to a milk replacer ration adjusted for similar growth

    | Contributor(s):: Webb, L. E., Bokkers, E. A. M., Engel, B., Gerrits, W. J. J., Berends, H., Reenen, C. G. van

    Veal calves in Europe are typically fed large quantities of milk replacer and small amounts of solid feed, a diet known to lead to the development of abnormal oral behaviours in these animals. These abnormal oral behaviours are thought to be an indication of frustration, chronic stress, and...

  6. Behaviour of two genotypes of growing-finishing pig in three different housing systems

    | Contributor(s):: Guy, J. H., Rowlinson, P., Chadwick, J. P., Ellis, M.

    This trial compared the behaviour of 720 growing-finishing pigs, progeny of either indoor (Large White x Landrace) or outdoor (part-Meishan or part-Duroc) sows mated to Large White boars, when housed in either outdoor paddocks, straw yards or fully-slatted pens. Space allowance per pig in outdoor...

  7. Comparison of pig behaviour when given a sequence of enrichment objects or a chain continuously

    | Contributor(s):: Perre, V. van de, Driessen, B., Thielen, J. van, Verbeke, G., Geers, R.

    Tail biting is a major problem in modern pig (Sus scrofa) production and results in a reduction of animal welfare and productive performance. Biting behaviour has been shown to be decreased by the use of enrichment objects. In this study, 108 pigs housed in a room with 12 pens were observed and a...

  8. Comparison of the severity of esophagogastric, lung and limb lesions at slaughter in pigs reared under standard and enriched conditions

    | Contributor(s):: Ramis, G., Gomez, S., Pallares, F. J., Munoz, A.

    Two hundred and ten pigs were reared in three groups (according to genotype) under enriched conditions of large open-front sawdust-bedded barns. Eight hundred and twenty pigs were reared under standard conditions of small 15-animal pens in a conventional barn with partially slatted floors and...

  9. Diurnal rhythms, locations and behavioural sequences associated with eliminative behaviours in fattening pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Guo, YuGuang, Lian, XinMing, Yan, PeiShi

    Understanding eliminative behaviours in pigs is very important to maintain individual and pen cleanliness. In this experiment, twenty fattening pigs were housed in four concrete floor pens with a floor space of 3.25 m 2 per pig and free accessibility of outdoor runs. We studied the diurnal...

  10. Does group size have an impact on welfare indicators in fattening pigs?

    | Contributor(s):: Meyer-Hamme, S. E. K., Lambertz, C., Gauly, M.

    Production systems for fattening pigs have been characterized over the last 2 decades by rising farm sizes coupled with increasing group sizes. These developments resulted in a serious public discussion regarding animal welfare and health in these intensive production systems. Even though large...

  11. Effects of animal/feeding-place ratio on the behaviour and performance of fattening pigs fed via sensor-controlled liquid feeding

    | Contributor(s):: Rasmussen, D. K., Weber, R., Wechsler, B.

    Sensor feeding is a liquid feeding system for fattening pigs that is run with a restricted animal/feeding-place ratio (AFR). Feeding occurs at specific periods, so that the trough is left empty in-between. Therefore, it must be regarded as an ad libitum feeding system. The aim of the present...

  12. Effects of fattening boars in mixed or single sex groups and split marketing on pig welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Boyle, L. A., Bjorklund, L.

    Our aim was to evaluate the effects of single or mixed sex fattening of boars and split marketing (SM) on pig welfare. Female (n=10), male (n=10) and mixed sex (n=10) groups were fattened to 105 kg. Two focal pigs per pen were selected for continuous behaviour observations and skin lesion...

  13. Effects of space allowance on the behaviour and cleanliness of finishing bulls kept in pens with fully slatted rubber coated flooring

    | Contributor(s):: Gygax, L., Siegwart, R., Wechsler, B.

    To assess whether and how much indicators of animal welfare are influenced when space allowance is increased we studied the behaviour of finishing bulls in pens of 2.5, 3.0, 3.5 and 4.0 m2/animal with rubber coated slatted floors. A total of 56 finishing bulls were kept in eight groups which were...

  14. Effects of species-relevant environmental enrichment on the behaviour and productivity of finishing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Weerd, H. A. van de, Docking, C. M., Day, J. E. L., Breuer, K., Edwards, S. A.

    Three different enrichment objects, which were designed according to pig-specific requirements, were provided to groups of growing pigs with undocked tails. The enrichment treatments were a substrate dispenser providing straw, a rootable feed dispenser providing flavoured feed and a liquid...

  15. Effects of the inclination of the lying area in cubicles on the behaviour and dirtiness of fattening bulls

    | Contributor(s):: Westerath, H. S., Meier, T., Gygax, L., Wechsler, B., Mayer, C.

    The aim of the study was to determine the optimal inclination of the lying area in cubicles for fattening bulls, taking into account the behaviour and dirtiness of the animals, as well as the dirtiness of the lying area. The inclination of the lying area was varied experimentally (3, 5, 8 and...

  16. Experience of moderate bedding affects behaviour of growing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Munsterhjelm, C., Peltoniemi, O. A. T., Heinonen, M., Halli, O., Karhapaa, M., Valros, A.

    Effects of early substrate-enrichment on behaviour and productivity of pigs were evaluated in a trial with four siblings as the experimental unit. Pens either were (=E) or were not (=0) moderately bedded with wood shavings and chopped straw during suckling (0-4 weeks of age), nursery (5-9 weeks)...

  17. Exploration as an indicator of good welfare in beef bulls: an attempt to develop a test for on-farm assessment

    | Contributor(s):: Westerath, H. S., Laister, S., Winckler, C., Knierim, U.

    Exploration appears to be carried out for its own purpose due to being self-rewarding. Furthermore, it increases environmental certainty with the effect of increased predictability and control of the environment. We, therefore, supposed that exploratory behaviour is associated with positive...

  18. Factors associated with in-transit losses of fattening pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Dewey, C. E., Haley, C., Widowski, T., Poljak, Z., Friendship, R. M.

    In-transit losses (ITL) in fattening pigs refers to mortality occurring after having left the farm but prior to stunning at the abattoir. The purpose of this observational study was to identify the associations between environmental and truck temperatures, distances travelled, feed withdrawal,...

  19. Factors of potential influence on different behavioural tests in fattening pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Mieloch, F. J., Nietfeld, S., Strassburg, C., Krieter, J., Beilage, E. G., Czycholl, I.

  20. Feeding behaviour and diet selection of finishing Limousin bulls under intensive rearing system

    | Contributor(s):: Cozzi, G., Gottardo, F.

    Twenty Limousin finishing bulls (initial body weight=425.9+or-22.0 kg) were assigned to four balanced groups reared in separate pens with a space allowance of 3.6 m2 per head and a manger space of 95 cm per head. The finishing period lasted 138 days during which the animals received the same diet...