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  1. The welfare of dairy buffalo. (Special Issue: Criteria and methods for the assessment of animal welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Rosa, G. de, Grasso, F., Pacelli, C., Napolitano, F., Winckler, C.

    The present paper addresses the issue on buffalo welfare. Firstly, the biological characteristics and behavioural needs of buffalo are considered. Subsequently, the effects of intensive farming and some animal-related indicators, to be used for a monitoring scheme of buffalo welfare at farm...

  2. Effects of animal/feeding-place ratio on the behaviour and performance of fattening pigs fed via sensor-controlled liquid feeding

    Contributor(s):: Rasmussen, D. K., Weber, R., Wechsler, B.

    Sensor feeding is a liquid feeding system for fattening pigs that is run with a restricted animal/feeding-place ratio (AFR). Feeding occurs at specific periods, so that the trough is left empty in-between. Therefore, it must be regarded as an ad libitum feeding system. The aim of the present...

  3. Effects of species-relevant environmental enrichment on the behaviour and productivity of finishing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Weerd, H. A. van de, Docking, C. M., Day, J. E. L., Breuer, K., Edwards, S. A.

    Three different enrichment objects, which were designed according to pig-specific requirements, were provided to groups of growing pigs with undocked tails. The enrichment treatments were a substrate dispenser providing straw, a rootable feed dispenser providing flavoured feed and a liquid...

  4. Effects of the inclination of the lying area in cubicles on the behaviour and dirtiness of fattening bulls

    | Contributor(s):: Westerath, H. S., Meier, T., Gygax, L., Wechsler, B., Mayer, C.

    The aim of the study was to determine the optimal inclination of the lying area in cubicles for fattening bulls, taking into account the behaviour and dirtiness of the animals, as well as the dirtiness of the lying area. The inclination of the lying area was varied experimentally (3, 5, 8 and...

  5. Exploration as an indicator of good welfare in beef bulls: an attempt to develop a test for on-farm assessment

    | Contributor(s):: Westerath, H. S., Laister, S., Winckler, C., Knierim, U.

    Exploration appears to be carried out for its own purpose due to being self-rewarding. Furthermore, it increases environmental certainty with the effect of increased predictability and control of the environment. We, therefore, supposed that exploratory behaviour is associated with positive...

  6. Rabbit preference for cages and pens with or without mirrors

    | Contributor(s):: Zotte, A. D., Princz, Z., Matics, Z., Gerencser, Z., Metzger, S., Szendro, Z.

    Five-week-old Pannon White rabbits were housed in a closed climatized rabbitry and randomly assigned to either pens (56 rabbits) having a basic area of 1 m2 with a stocking density of 16 and 12 rabbits/m2 or to 18 individual cages (0.24 m2/cage). The pens and the cages were divided into two...

  7. Mixing at the beginning of fattening moderates social buffering in beef bulls

    | Contributor(s):: Mounier, L., Veissier, I., Andanson, S., Delval, E., Boissy, A.

    Cattle establish strong preferential associations early in their life that determine the cohesiveness within a group and can diminish fear responses (i.e. social buffering). Mixing beef bulls at the beginning of fattening may lead to less cohesiveness. Moreover, mixing beef bulls induces...

  8. Effects of space allowance on the behaviour and cleanliness of finishing bulls kept in pens with fully slatted rubber coated flooring

    | Contributor(s):: Gygax, L., Siegwart, R., Wechsler, B.

    To assess whether and how much indicators of animal welfare are influenced when space allowance is increased we studied the behaviour of finishing bulls in pens of 2.5, 3.0, 3.5 and 4.0 m2/animal with rubber coated slatted floors. A total of 56 finishing bulls were kept in eight groups which were...

  9. Feeding behaviour and diet selection of finishing Limousin bulls under intensive rearing system

    | Contributor(s):: Cozzi, G., Gottardo, F.

    Twenty Limousin finishing bulls (initial body weight=425.9+or-22.0 kg) were assigned to four balanced groups reared in separate pens with a space allowance of 3.6 m2 per head and a manger space of 95 cm per head. The finishing period lasted 138 days during which the animals received the same diet...

  10. Comparison of the severity of esophagogastric, lung and limb lesions at slaughter in pigs reared under standard and enriched conditions

    | Contributor(s):: Ramis, G., Gomez, S., Pallares, F. J., Munoz, A.

    Two hundred and ten pigs were reared in three groups (according to genotype) under enriched conditions of large open-front sawdust-bedded barns. Eight hundred and twenty pigs were reared under standard conditions of small 15-animal pens in a conventional barn with partially slatted floors and...

  11. Effects of fattening boars in mixed or single sex groups and split marketing on pig welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Boyle, L. A., Bjorklund, L.

    Our aim was to evaluate the effects of single or mixed sex fattening of boars and split marketing (SM) on pig welfare. Female (n=10), male (n=10) and mixed sex (n=10) groups were fattened to 105 kg. Two focal pigs per pen were selected for continuous behaviour observations and skin lesion...

  12. Factors associated with in-transit losses of fattening pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Dewey, C. E., Haley, C., Widowski, T., Poljak, Z., Friendship, R. M.

    In-transit losses (ITL) in fattening pigs refers to mortality occurring after having left the farm but prior to stunning at the abattoir. The purpose of this observational study was to identify the associations between environmental and truck temperatures, distances travelled, feed withdrawal,...

  13. RICHPIG: a semantic model to assess enrichment materials for pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Bracke, M. B. M.

    A computer-based model was constructed to assess enrichment materials (EMats) for intensively-farmed weaned, growing and fattening pigs on a scale from 0 to 10. This model, called RICHPIG, was constructed in order to support the further implementation of EC Directive 2001/93/EC, which states that...

  14. Testing different methods to evaluate pig welfare on farm

    | Contributor(s):: Courboulay, V., Foubert, C.

    Feasibility and validity of protocols used to assess welfare were evaluated in two fattening rooms in twenty farms, chosen according to the group size, pen shape, floor and space per animal. The two rooms contained animals at the beginning or at the end of the fattening period, respectively....

  15. Welfare assessment in 82 pig farms: effect of animal age and floor type on behaviour and injuries in fattening pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Courboulay, V., Eugene, A., Delarue, E.

    A welfare assessment method was built, based on criteria related to behaviour, lesion scores and human/animal interactions, and tested thereafter in two main types of farms differing by their type of floor: either concrete, fully or partially slatted (C; n=42) or straw bedding (S; n=40)....