Temperament in Captivity, Environmental Enrichment, Flight Ability, and Response to Humans in an Endangered Parrot Species
Contributor(s):: Ramos, G. A. P., Azevedo, C. S., Jardim, T. H. A., Sant'Anna, A. C.
Temperament assessment is useful in reintroduction programs. Reactivity to humans and flight ability are also important behavioral aspects for captive parrots candidates to reintroduction. The study aimed: a) to evaluate if behavioral responses to environmental enrichment differ as a function of...
Do Birdwatchers Care about Bird Disturbance?
Contributor(s):: Weston, Michael A., Guay, Patrick-Jean, McLeod, Emily M., Miller, Kelly K.
Little is known about how non-consumptive recreationists perceive their impacts on animals and how this relates to recreationist behavior. We surveyed attitudes and behaviors relating to bird disturbance of 179 birdwatchers who visited a world-renowned, restricted-access birdwatching destination...
Horses’ responses to variation in human approach
Contributor(s):: Birke, Lynda, Hockenhull, Jo, Creighton, Emma, Pinno, Lisa, Mee, Jenny, Mills, Daniel
The behaviour of humans around horses is thought to have a substantial impact on how people are perceived in subsequent interactions and many horse trainers give detailed advice on how handlers should behave when initially approaching a loose horse. Here we report on three studies designed to...
The genetics of temperament in Merino sheep and relationships with lamb survival
Contributor(s):: Plush, Kate J., Hebart, Michelle L., Brien, Forbes D., Hynd, Philip I.
Investigations were made into the genetics of several temperament traits in Merino ewes, with particular emphasis on those aspects which might be associated with maternal behaviour at lambing and consequently, the postnatal survival of lambs. If a beneficial relationship between ewe temperament...
Consistency and stability of behavioural fear responses of heifers to different fear-eliciting situations involving humans
Contributor(s):: Mazurek, Mickael, McGee, Mark, Crowe, Mark A., Prendiville, Daniel J., Boivin, Xavier, Earley, Bernadette
This study investigated the consistency and stability of fear responses in housed beef heifers over time using three behavioural tests. The flight (time to join peers and avoidance distance), docility (isolation and handling) and fear (4 phases; responses of isolated heifers in (i), the absence...
Behavioural fear and heart rate responses of horses after exposure to novel objects: Effects of habituation
Contributor(s):: Leiner, Lisa, Fendt, Markus
The emotion fear promotes the fitness of wild animals. In a farm environment, exaggerated fear, e.g., in horses, can cause several problems. Therefore, knowledge about fear in horses helps to prevent or to handle potential fear-inducing situations. The present study investigated which behavioural...
Investigating the effect of pen shape and pen size on group flight distance of extensively managed ewes
Contributor(s):: Cramer, Samantha R., Munoz, Carolina A., McGill, David M., Rice, Maxine, Doyle, Rebecca E.
This study investigated the effect of pen shape and pen size on the group flight distance of extensively managed ewes, and how flight distances of individual ewes compared when recorded in group and isolated settings. Within eight groups of 25 sheep, six focal animals were randomly selected...
The effect providing space in excess of standards on the behaviour of budgerigars in aviaries
Contributor(s):: Phillips, Clive J. C., Farrugia, Cameron, Lin, Chun-han, Mancera, Karen, Doneley, Bob
Budgerigars housed in conventional cages have no opportunity for some normal behaviours, in particular flight, and develop stereotyped behaviours. Increasingly aviaries are used for groups of budgerigars but the minimum space requirement to support normal behaviour is not known. We compared the...
Wildlife strikes with U.S. military rotary-wing aircraft deployed in foreign countries
Contributor(s):: Washburn, Brian E., Cisar, Paul J., DeVault, Travis L.
Refinement of biomarker pentosidine methodology for use on aging birds
Contributor(s):: Cooey, C. K., Fallo, J. A., Avery, M. L., Anderson, J. T., Falkenstei, E. A., Klandorf, H.
The effects of radar on avian behavior: implications for wildlife management at airports
Contributor(s):: Sheridan, E., Randolet, J., DeVault, T. L., Seamans, T. W., Blackwell, B. F., Fernandez-Juricic, E.
Airports often contain foraging, breeding, and roosting resources for wildlife. Airports also have different types of radars to assist with air traffic control, monitoring weather, and tracking wildlife that could become a risk for collision with aircraft. The effect of radar electromagnetic...
Flight distance and reaction to fawn handling are greater in high- than in low-ranked pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus) females
Contributor(s):: Ungerfeld, R., Morales-Pineyrua, J. T., Freitas-de-Melo, A.
The flight distance from humans and the reaction of the mother to human handling of their offspring are measures that can be used to assess the quality of the human-animal relationship which could vary according to animals' position in a group. The objective was to determine if the flight...
Hormonal and behavioural stress responses to capture and radio-collar fitting in free-ranging pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus)
Contributor(s):: Munerato, M. S., Marques, J. A., Caulkettt, N. A., Tomas, W. M., Zanetti, E. S., Trovati, R. G., Pereira, G. T., Palme, R.
This study evaluated the short-term hormonal and behavioural responses to capture and radio-collar fitting in free-ranging pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus). Twenty adult deer (eleven females and nine males) were captured in the South Pantanal wetland (Brazil) and equipped with VHF...
Pet Therapy Takes Flight: An Interview with Heidi Huebner
04 May 2015 |
Posted by Katie Carroll
Between flight delays and cancellations, lost luggage, and jet lag, traveling by airplane can be quite stressful. Airports tend to be filled with nonstop commotion and many anxious people,...
Behavioral and hormonal consequences of transporting giant pandas from China to the United States
Contributor(s):: Snyder, R. J., Perdue, B. M., Powell, D. M., Forthman, D. L., Bloomsmith, M. A., Maple, T. L.
Zoological institutions strive to ensure the welfare of nonhuman animals in captivity. Part of this effort involves reducing the level of distress experienced by an animal to the greatest extent possible. However, some necessary zoo management practices such as transportation induce stress...
Estimation of red-winged blackbird mortality from toxic bait application
Contributor(s):: James F. Glahn, Michael L. Avery
Application of slow-acting toxic bait is one method of reducing local populations of depredating blackbirds. Estimating numbers of birds killed in such baiting operations is difficult because affected birds die off-site and are seldom recovered. We conducted bioassays and flight pen studies of...
Auditing animal welfare and making practical improvements in beef-, pork- and sheep-slaughter plants
Contributor(s):: Grandin, T.
Bird consumption of sweet and tart cherries
Contributor(s):: Lindell, C. A., Eaton, R. A., Lizotte, E. M., Rothwell, N. L.
Bird strikes and aircraft fuselage color: a correlational study
Contributor(s):: Fernandez-Juricic, E., Gaffney, J., Blackwell, B. F., Baumhardt, P.
Effects of human handling during early rearing on the behaviour of dairy calves
Contributor(s):: Schutz, K. E., Hawke, M., Waas, J. R., McLeay, L. M., Bokkers, E. A. M., Reenen, C. G. van, Webster, J. R., Stewart, M.