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  1. Flight distance and reaction to fawn handling are greater in high- than in low-ranked pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus) females

    Contributor(s):: Ungerfeld, R., Morales-Pineyrua, J. T., Freitas-de-Melo, A.

    The flight distance from humans and the reaction of the mother to human handling of their offspring are measures that can be used to assess the quality of the human-animal relationship which could vary according to animals' position in a group. The objective was to determine if the flight...

  2. Hormonal and behavioural stress responses to capture and radio-collar fitting in free-ranging pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus)

    Contributor(s):: Munerato, M. S., Marques, J. A., Caulkettt, N. A., Tomas, W. M., Zanetti, E. S., Trovati, R. G., Pereira, G. T., Palme, R.

    This study evaluated the short-term hormonal and behavioural responses to capture and radio-collar fitting in free-ranging pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus). Twenty adult deer (eleven females and nine males) were captured in the South Pantanal wetland (Brazil) and equipped with VHF...

  3. Auditing animal welfare and making practical improvements in beef-, pork- and sheep-slaughter plants

    Contributor(s):: Grandin, T.

  4. Further evidence for the post-release survival of hand-reared, orphaned bats based on radio-tracking and ring-return data

    Contributor(s):: Kelly, A., Goodwin, S., Grogan, A., Mathews, F.

  5. Effects of human handling during early rearing on the behaviour of dairy calves

    Contributor(s):: Schutz, K. E., Hawke, M., Waas, J. R., McLeay, L. M., Bokkers, E. A. M., Reenen, C. G. van, Webster, J. R., Stewart, M.

  6. Fearfulness in horses: a temperament trait stable across time and situations

    Contributor(s):: Lansade, L., Bouissou, M. F., Erhard, H. W.

    The purpose of this study was to test the existence of a "fearfulness" trait in horses, by testing the stability across situations and over time of the responses to different fear-eliciting situations. It was also to identify which behavioural parameters are the best indicators of this trait....

  7. The relationships between temperament during routine handling tasks, weight gain and facial hair whorl position in frequently handled beef cattle

    Contributor(s):: Olmos, G., Turner, S. P.

    A relationship has been described between facial hair whorl position and temperament in infrequently handled beef cattle when both traits were measured on categorical scales. Hair whorl position has also been found to relate to daily weight gain in dairy heifers. Using both a categorical scale...

  8. Quality of handling and holding yard environment, and beef cattle temperament: 1. Relationships with flight speed and fear of humans

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Doogan, V. J., Holroyd, R. G., Olsson, P., Venus, B. K.

    Numerous tests have been used to measure beef cattle temperament, but limited research has addressed the relationship between such tests and whether temperament can be modified. One-hundred-and-forty-four steers were given one of three human handling and yarding experiences on six occasions...

  9. Quality of handling and holding yard environment, and beef cattle temperament: 2. Consequences for stress and productivity

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Doogan, V. J., Venus, B. K., Holroyd, R. G., Olsson, P.

    This experiment assessed the effects of different quality and quantity of handling and quality of the holding yard environment on the productivity and physiological parameters indicative of stress in beef cattle. One-hundred-and-forty-four steers were given one of three human handling and yarding...

  10. Responsiveness of dairy cows to human approach and novel stimuli

    Contributor(s):: Gibbons, J., Lawrence, A., Haskell, M.

    This study investigated intra-test and inter-test consistency of dairy cattle behavioural responses to a series of tests involving human approach and exposure to novelty. Thirty-six lactating Holstein-Friesian cows were each subjected to three human approach tests and three novel stimuli tests....

  11. The effect of early handling of foals on their reaction to handling, humans and novelty, and the foal-mare relationship

    Contributor(s):: Sondergaard, E., Jago, J.

    The natural behaviour of horses in response to danger is to take flight, and consequently human handlers can be injured. Reducing the flight response and general reactivity of horses is therefore likely to reduce the incidence of injuries to handlers. In this experiment we investigated the effect...

  12. Minimizing disturbance to wildlife by tourists approaching on foot or in a car: a study of kangaroos in the Australian rangelands

    Contributor(s):: Wolf, I. D., Croft, D. B.

    Approaching wildlife to attain a closer viewing experience is common amongst visitors to natural areas. We examined how tourists approach free-living kangaroos during encounters in a popular tourism destination in South Australia. We then simulated the typical properties of approaches to quantify...

  13. The effect of low energy electric shock on cortisol, beta -endorphin, heart rate and behaviour of cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Lee, C., Fisher, A. D., Reed, M. T., Henshall, J. M.

    Electrical stimuli are used increasingly to confine cattle, whether through conventional electric fencing or the development of 'virtual' fencing systems. Two experiments were conducted to assess behavioural, heart rate and stress hormone responses of cattle to electrical stimuli...

  14. Fear reactions in trained and untrained horses from dressage and show-jumping breeding lines

    | Contributor(s):: Borstel, U. U. K. von, Duncan, I. J. H., Lundin, M. C., Keeling, L. J.

    Horses' fear reactions are hazardous to both horses and human beings, but it is not clear whether fear is influenced more by training or by other factors such as genetics. The following study was designed to detect differences between young, untrained (U) and older, well-trained (T) horses of...

  15. Exploring heifers' perception of 'positive' treatment through their motivation to pursue a retreated human

    | Contributor(s):: Bertenshaw, C. E., Rowlinson, P.

    This pilot study investigates dairy heifers' perception of 'positive treatment' by a human (stroking and brushing) through a test of appetitive motivation. The hypothesis was that positive treatment by a human results in heifers pursuing a human to seek further positive treatment. Thirty-seven...

  16. Post-release survival of hand-reared pipistrelle bats ( Pipistrellus spp)

    | Contributor(s):: Kelly, A., Goodwin, S., Grogan, A., Mathews, F.

    There is very little known about the post-release survival of hand-reared pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus spp). We radio-tracked 12 pipistrelle bats, hand-reared and released under three different protocols: (i) limited pre-release flight training and over-wintering (n=5); (ii) prolonged...