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  1. Auditing animal welfare and making practical improvements in beef-, pork- and sheep-slaughter plants

    Contributor(s):: Grandin, T.

  2. Behavioral and hormonal consequences of transporting giant pandas from China to the United States

    Contributor(s):: Snyder, R. J., Perdue, B. M., Powell, D. M., Forthman, D. L., Bloomsmith, M. A., Maple, T. L.

    Zoological institutions strive to ensure the welfare of nonhuman animals in captivity. Part of this effort involves reducing the level of distress experienced by an animal to the greatest extent possible. However, some necessary zoo management practices such as transportation induce stress...

  3. Behavioural fear and heart rate responses of horses after exposure to novel objects: Effects of habituation

    Contributor(s):: Leiner, Lisa, Fendt, Markus

    The emotion fear promotes the fitness of wild animals. In a farm environment, exaggerated fear, e.g., in horses, can cause several problems. Therefore, knowledge about fear in horses helps to prevent or to handle potential fear-inducing situations. The present study investigated which behavioural...

  4. Bird consumption of sweet and tart cherries

    Contributor(s):: Lindell, C. A., Eaton, R. A., Lizotte, E. M., Rothwell, N. L.

  5. Bird strikes and aircraft fuselage color: a correlational study

    Contributor(s):: Fernandez-Juricic, E., Gaffney, J., Blackwell, B. F., Baumhardt, P.

  6. Effects of human handling during early rearing on the behaviour of dairy calves

    Contributor(s):: Schutz, K. E., Hawke, M., Waas, J. R., McLeay, L. M., Bokkers, E. A. M., Reenen, C. G. van, Webster, J. R., Stewart, M.

  7. Effects of obstructed take-off and landing perches on the flight accuracy of laying hens

    Contributor(s):: Moinard, C., Rutherford, K. M. D., Haskell, M. J., McCorquodale, C., Jones, R. B., Green, P. R.

    Laying hens housed in extensive systems may be at risk of injury when many birds compete for use of the same perch space. Experiments were carried out to determine the space required by laying hens to move between obstructed perches. Eighty Lohmann Brown layer hens were reared in floor pens...

  8. Estimation of red-winged blackbird mortality from toxic bait application

    Contributor(s):: James F. Glahn, Michael L. Avery

    Application of slow-acting toxic bait is one method of reducing local populations of depredating blackbirds. Estimating numbers of birds killed in such baiting operations is difficult because affected birds die off-site and are seldom recovered. We conducted bioassays and flight pen studies of...

  9. Exploration behaviour and flight response toward a stimulus in three sea bass strains ( Dicentrarchus labrax L.)

    Contributor(s):: Millot, S., Begout, M. L., Chatain, B.

    Domestication and selection may affect fish behaviour, sometime as soon as at the first generation of domestication. However, knowledge about how both processes impact on fish spatial exploration and swimming activity still is to be improved. The objective of this experiment was (i) to evaluate...

  10. Exploring heifers' perception of 'positive' treatment through their motivation to pursue a retreated human

    Contributor(s):: Bertenshaw, C. E., Rowlinson, P.

    This pilot study investigates dairy heifers' perception of 'positive treatment' by a human (stroking and brushing) through a test of appetitive motivation. The hypothesis was that positive treatment by a human results in heifers pursuing a human to seek further positive treatment. Thirty-seven...

  11. Fear reactions in trained and untrained horses from dressage and show-jumping breeding lines

    Contributor(s):: Borstel, U. U. K. von, Duncan, I. J. H., Lundin, M. C., Keeling, L. J.

    Horses' fear reactions are hazardous to both horses and human beings, but it is not clear whether fear is influenced more by training or by other factors such as genetics. The following study was designed to detect differences between young, untrained (U) and older, well-trained (T) horses of...

  12. Fearfulness in horses: a temperament trait stable across time and situations

    Contributor(s):: Lansade, L., Bouissou, M. F., Erhard, H. W.

    The purpose of this study was to test the existence of a "fearfulness" trait in horses, by testing the stability across situations and over time of the responses to different fear-eliciting situations. It was also to identify which behavioural parameters are the best indicators of this trait....

  13. Flight distance and reaction to fawn handling are greater in high- than in low-ranked pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus) females

    Contributor(s):: Ungerfeld, R., Morales-Pineyrua, J. T., Freitas-de-Melo, A.

    The flight distance from humans and the reaction of the mother to human handling of their offspring are measures that can be used to assess the quality of the human-animal relationship which could vary according to animals' position in a group. The objective was to determine if the flight...

  14. Further evidence for the post-release survival of hand-reared, orphaned bats based on radio-tracking and ring-return data

    Contributor(s):: Kelly, A., Goodwin, S., Grogan, A., Mathews, F.

  15. Hormonal and behavioural stress responses to capture and radio-collar fitting in free-ranging pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus)

    Contributor(s):: Munerato, M. S., Marques, J. A., Caulkettt, N. A., Tomas, W. M., Zanetti, E. S., Trovati, R. G., Pereira, G. T., Palme, R.

    This study evaluated the short-term hormonal and behavioural responses to capture and radio-collar fitting in free-ranging pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus). Twenty adult deer (eleven females and nine males) were captured in the South Pantanal wetland (Brazil) and equipped with VHF...

  16. Minimizing disturbance to wildlife by tourists approaching on foot or in a car: a study of kangaroos in the Australian rangelands

    Contributor(s):: Wolf, I. D., Croft, D. B.

    Approaching wildlife to attain a closer viewing experience is common amongst visitors to natural areas. We examined how tourists approach free-living kangaroos during encounters in a popular tourism destination in South Australia. We then simulated the typical properties of approaches to quantify...

  17. Pet Therapy Takes Flight: An Interview with Heidi Huebner

    04 May 2015 | Posted by Katie Carroll

    Between flight delays and cancellations, lost luggage, and jet lag, traveling by airplane can be quite stressful.  Airports tend to be filled with nonstop commotion and many anxious people,...

    https://habricentral.org/members/2412/blog/2015/05/pet-therapy-takes-flight-an-interview-with-heidi-huebner

  18. Post-release survival of hand-reared pipistrelle bats ( Pipistrellus spp)

    Contributor(s):: Kelly, A., Goodwin, S., Grogan, A., Mathews, F.

    There is very little known about the post-release survival of hand-reared pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus spp). We radio-tracked 12 pipistrelle bats, hand-reared and released under three different protocols: (i) limited pre-release flight training and over-wintering (n=5); (ii) prolonged...

  19. Quality of handling and holding yard environment, and beef cattle temperament: 1. Relationships with flight speed and fear of humans

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Doogan, V. J., Holroyd, R. G., Olsson, P., Venus, B. K.

    Numerous tests have been used to measure beef cattle temperament, but limited research has addressed the relationship between such tests and whether temperament can be modified. One-hundred-and-forty-four steers were given one of three human handling and yarding experiences on six occasions...

  20. Quality of handling and holding yard environment, and beef cattle temperament: 2. Consequences for stress and productivity

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Doogan, V. J., Venus, B. K., Holroyd, R. G., Olsson, P.

    This experiment assessed the effects of different quality and quantity of handling and quality of the holding yard environment on the productivity and physiological parameters indicative of stress in beef cattle. One-hundred-and-forty-four steers were given one of three human handling and yarding...