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  1. Does Flooring Substrate Impact Kennel and Dog Cleanliness in Commercial Breeding Facilities?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katie Osborn, Judith Stella, Moriah Hurt, Amy Bauer, Paulo Gomes, Audrey Ruple, Alan Beck, Candace Croney

    Evaluation of kennel flooring surfaces is needed to understand their impacts on dog health and well-being. This pilot study aimed to characterize aspects of physical health, kennel cleanliness, and dog body cleanliness on flooring types common in US breeding kennels. Subjects were 118 adult...

  2. Management and design of hospital pens relative to behavior of the compromised dairy cow: a questionnaire survey of Iowa dairy farms

    | Contributor(s):: Fogsgaard, K. K., Herskin, M. S., Gorden, P. J., Timms, L. L., Shearer, J. K., Millman, S. T.

    Compromised dairy cows, such as those suffering from illness or injury, are likely to have different behavioral priorities and needs compared to healthy cows. Although hospital pens are typically required in animal welfare standards and assessment programs, there is surprisingly little...

  3. Long-term effects of straw blocks in pens with finishing pigs and the interaction with boar type

    | Contributor(s):: Bulens, A., Beirendonck, S. van, Thielen, J. van, Buys, N., Driessen, B.

    This study verified the effect of straw blocks on the behavior and growth of finishing pigs and possible interactions with the genetic background (boar type). A total of 359 finishing pigs, which were offspring from different boar types, were housed in gender-mixed pens with slatted floors. Half...

  4. Degree of synchrony based on individual observations underlines the importance of concurrent access to enrichment materials in finishing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Zwicker, B., Weber, R., Wechsler, B., Gygax, L.

    Pigs are sociable animals with a strong motivation to explore and forage, and it has been stated that they have a strong motivation to do so synchronously. We examined the synchrony of exploration in groups of finishing pigs when enrichment materials were offered. We used a novel measure of...

  5. Straw applications in growing pigs: effects on behavior, straw use and growth

    | Contributor(s):: Bulens, A., Beirendonck, S. van, Thielen, J. van, Buys, N., Driessen, B.

    The short-term effects of four straw applications on pigs housed on slatted floors were investigated to determine differences in behavior, straw use and growth. Both the type of straw used and the design of the application might influence the attractiveness and effectiveness of the applications....

  6. Validating the use of qualitative behavioral assessment as a measure of the welfare of sheep during transport

    | Contributor(s):: Wickham, S. L., Collins, T., Barnes, A. L., Miller, D. W., Beatty, D. T., Stockman, C. A., Blache, D., Wemelsfelder, F., Fleming, P. A.

    We tested the application of qualitative behavioral assessment (QBA) as a welfare assessment tool. Sheep were exposed to road transport treatments, and behavioral expressions were compared between experimental treatments and validated by correlation with physiological measures. We compared...

  7. Effects of stage of gestation at mixing on aggression, injuries and stress in sows

    | Contributor(s):: Stevens, B., Karlen, G. M., Morrison, R., Gonyou, H. W., Butler, K. L., Kerswell, K. J., Hemsworth, P. H.

    Confinement of breeding sows to stalls is a controversial welfare issue, and there is a worldwide move to house gestating sows in groups. We examined the effects of day of mixing following insemination on aggression, injuries and stress in sows. A total of 800 sows were used in this experiment...

  8. Evidence of competition for nest sites by laying hens in large furnished cages

    | Contributor(s):: Hunniford, M. E., Torrey, S., Bedecarrats, G., Duncan, I. J. H., Widowski, T. M.

    Furnished cages are designed to accommodate behaviour considered important to laying hens, particularly nesting behaviour. Few researchers have studied the degree of competition for nest sites or the extent to which the amount of nest space affects nesting behaviour in large furnished cages. We...

  9. Fresh wood reduces tail and ear biting and increases exploratory behaviour in finishing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Telkanranta, H., Bracke, M. B. M., Valros, A.

    Chewing and rooting are high behavioural priorities in pigs. Lack of suitable materials can lead to abnormal behaviours such as tail and ear biting. In commercial farming, slatted floors limit the use of straw, and various point-source objects have therefore been developed. The crucial challenge...

  10. Stakeholder attitudes toward farm animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Heleski, C. R., Mertig, A. G., Zanella, A. J.

    We developed a survey to measure attitudes toward farm animal welfare, then targeted two US groups considered highly influential in this area: veterinary college faculty members with large animal/food animal emphasis (VCF) and animal science faculty members (ANS). The survey was conducted via...

  11. Changes in substrate access did not affect early feather-pecking behavior in two strains of laying hen chicks

    | Contributor(s):: Dixon, L. M., Duncan, I. J. H.

    Feather pecking, commonly found in flocks of laying hens (Gallus gallus), is detrimental to bird welfare. Thought to cause this problem is the normal housing of layers without a floor substrate. Some evidence suggests that early substrate access decreases later feather pecking. However, there has...

  12. Effect of enclosure size and complexity on the behaviors of captive chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes )

    | Contributor(s):: Jensvold, M. L. A., Sanz, C. M., Fouts, R. S., Fouts, D. H.

    Reports describing the implementation of innovative facility designs are important to both the primate caregiving community and policymakers reviewing current U.S. Department of Agriculture regulations. This study documents the changes in behaviour of 5 adult chimpanzees that coincided with...

  13. Flaws in federal regulations pertaining to the welfare of primates kept in research institutions

    | Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V.

    Federal welfare regulations for primates kept in research laboratories fail to (a) include recommendations pertaining to the legal requirement of the avoidance of stress and unnecessary discomfort during handling procedures, (b) specify how the legally required "uniform illumination" can be...

  14. Handling and welfare of bovine livestock at local abattoirs in Bangladesh

    | Contributor(s):: Murshidul, Ahsan, Hasan, B., Algotsson, M., Sarenbo, S.

    The World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) allows rope casting and the tying of legs for nonhuman animal slaughter without stunning. The handling and welfare of bovine livestock ( Bos indicus and Bubalus bubalis) were studied in 8 local abattoirs in 5 districts of Bangladesh. A total of 302...

  15. If you knew what was good for you! The value of environmental enrichments with known welfare benefits is not demonstrated by sows using operant techniques

    | Contributor(s):: Elmore, M. R. P., Garner, J. P., Johnson, A. K., Kirkden, R. D., Richert, B. T., Pajor, E. A.

    This study assessed the motivation of gestating sows housed in standard, barren gestation stalls (used for breeding/implantation and/or gestation) for access to environmental enrichment. Enrichment consisted of a cotton rope or rubber mat in comparison to positive (additional food when fed at...

  16. Legal loophole for subminimal floor area for caged macaques

    | Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V.

    Macaques are biologically adapted to an arboreal or semiarboreal lifestyle. They spend much or most of the day and all of the night in elevated locations well off the ground as a safeguard against predators including humans. When they are on the ground during an alarming situation, they...

  17. Legal space requirement stipulations for animals in the laboratory: are they adequate?

    | Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V., Reinhardt, A.

    Animals in the laboratory need the legally required "empty space" to meet their basic spatial requirements for postural adjustment, but they also deserve functional-structured-space for species-typical locomotor behavior and dynamic interaction with their physical environment. Primary enclosures...

  18. Welfare, health, and hygiene of laying hens housed in furnished cages and in alternative housing systems

    | Contributor(s):: Rodenburg, T. B., Tuyttens, F. A. M., Sonck, B., Reu, K. de, Herman, L., Zoons, J.

    The aim of this review was to compare welfare, health, and hygienic status of laying hens housed in furnished cages and in alternative systems. In alternative systems (floor housing and aviaries), birds have more freedom of movement and a more complex environment than in furnished cages. However,...

  19. Rearing substrate and space allowance influences locomotor play behaviour of dairy calves in an arena test

    | Contributor(s):: Sutherland, M. A., Worth, G. M., Schutz, K. E., Stewart, M.

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of rearing substrate and space allowance in the home environment on the motivation of dairy calves to perform locomotor play in an arena test. At 1 wk of age, 72 calves were moved into one of 18 experimental pens ( n=4 calves/pen) where they...

  20. Effect of rubber slat mats on the behaviour and welfare of group housed pregnant sows

    | Contributor(s):: Diaz, J. A. C., Boyle, L. A.

    This study evaluated the effect of flooring, lameness, body and limb lesion scores on postural and spatial behaviour of gestating sows. Sixty-four sows were kept in groups of four in pens with four solid concrete floored feeding stalls and a concrete fully slatted group area from 4 weeks after...