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  1. Determination of static space requirements for finishing bulls based on image analysis

    Contributor(s):: Volkmann, N., Stracke, J., Rauterberg, S. L., Spindler, B., Kemper, N.

  2. The animal welfare implications of civet coffee tourism in Bali

    Contributor(s):: Carder, G., Proctor, H., Schmidt-Burbach, J., D'Cruze, N.

  3. Impact of flooring type on the sham dustbathing behaviour of caged laying hens

    Contributor(s):: Moroki, Yuko

    Feed particles are preferred for foraging and they are also a stimulus for sham dustbathing. Most sham dustbathing bouts start with bill raking in the feed by caged hens. As hens often exhibit a floor scratching behaviour, an element of both sham dustbathing and foraging, by moving their legs...

  4. Dairy goats prefer to use different flooring types to perform different behaviours

    Contributor(s):: Sutherland, Mhairi A., Lowe, Gemma L., Watson, Trevor J., Ross, Colleen M., Rapp, Delphine, Zobel, Gosia A.

    Flooring is an important component of indoor housing systems for livestock as it can impact animal hygiene and welfare. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the lying and elimination preferences of goats, as well as their relative udder cleanliness, when presented with four different...

  5. The effect of trough space and floor space on feeding and welfare of lambs in an intensive finishing system

    Contributor(s):: Jongman, Ellen C., Rice, Maxine, Campbell, Angus J. D., Butler, Kym L., Hemsworth, Paul H.

    This study examined the effects of floor space and feeder space on the feeding behaviour, growth and stress physiology of lambs, at different times, over a 6-week period in a finishing feedlot. A total of 640 lambs in four time replicates (160 lambs per replicate) were studied in four 40-lamb...

  6. Does Flooring Substrate Impact Kennel and Dog Cleanliness in Commercial Breeding Facilities?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Judith Stella, Moriah Hurt, Amy Bauer, Paulo Gomes, Audrey Ruple, Alan Beck, Candace Croney

    Evaluation of kennel flooring surfaces is needed to understand their impacts on dog health and well-being. This pilot study aimed to characterize aspects of physical health, kennel cleanliness, and dog body cleanliness on flooring types common in US breeding kennels. Subjects were 118 adult dogs...

  7. Degree of synchrony based on individual observations underlines the importance of concurrent access to enrichment materials in finishing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Zwicker, B., Weber, R., Wechsler, B., Gygax, L.

    Pigs are sociable animals with a strong motivation to explore and forage, and it has been stated that they have a strong motivation to do so synchronously. We examined the synchrony of exploration in groups of finishing pigs when enrichment materials were offered. We used a novel measure of...

  8. Straw applications in growing pigs: effects on behavior, straw use and growth

    | Contributor(s):: Bulens, A., Beirendonck, S. van, Thielen, J. van, Buys, N., Driessen, B.

    The short-term effects of four straw applications on pigs housed on slatted floors were investigated to determine differences in behavior, straw use and growth. Both the type of straw used and the design of the application might influence the attractiveness and effectiveness of the applications....

  9. Validating the use of qualitative behavioral assessment as a measure of the welfare of sheep during transport

    | Contributor(s):: Wickham, S. L., Collins, T., Barnes, A. L., Miller, D. W., Beatty, D. T., Stockman, C. A., Blache, D., Wemelsfelder, F., Fleming, P. A.

    We tested the application of qualitative behavioral assessment (QBA) as a welfare assessment tool. Sheep were exposed to road transport treatments, and behavioral expressions were compared between experimental treatments and validated by correlation with physiological measures. We compared...

  10. Effects of stage of gestation at mixing on aggression, injuries and stress in sows

    | Contributor(s):: Stevens, B., Karlen, G. M., Morrison, R., Gonyou, H. W., Butler, K. L., Kerswell, K. J., Hemsworth, P. H.

    Confinement of breeding sows to stalls is a controversial welfare issue, and there is a worldwide move to house gestating sows in groups. We examined the effects of day of mixing following insemination on aggression, injuries and stress in sows. A total of 800 sows were used in this experiment...

  11. Stakeholder attitudes toward farm animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Heleski, C. R., Mertig, A. G., Zanella, A. J.

    We developed a survey to measure attitudes toward farm animal welfare, then targeted two US groups considered highly influential in this area: veterinary college faculty members with large animal/food animal emphasis (VCF) and animal science faculty members (ANS). The survey was conducted via...

  12. Changes in substrate access did not affect early feather-pecking behavior in two strains of laying hen chicks

    | Contributor(s):: Dixon, L. M., Duncan, I. J. H.

    Feather pecking, commonly found in flocks of laying hens (Gallus gallus), is detrimental to bird welfare. Thought to cause this problem is the normal housing of layers without a floor substrate. Some evidence suggests that early substrate access decreases later feather pecking. However, there has...

  13. Effect of enclosure size and complexity on the behaviors of captive chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes )

    | Contributor(s):: Jensvold, M. L. A., Sanz, C. M., Fouts, R. S., Fouts, D. H.

    Reports describing the implementation of innovative facility designs are important to both the primate caregiving community and policymakers reviewing current U.S. Department of Agriculture regulations. This study documents the changes in behaviour of 5 adult chimpanzees that coincided with...

  14. Flaws in federal regulations pertaining to the welfare of primates kept in research institutions

    | Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V.

    Federal welfare regulations for primates kept in research laboratories fail to (a) include recommendations pertaining to the legal requirement of the avoidance of stress and unnecessary discomfort during handling procedures, (b) specify how the legally required "uniform illumination" can be...

  15. Handling and welfare of bovine livestock at local abattoirs in Bangladesh

    | Contributor(s):: Murshidul, Ahsan, Hasan, B., Algotsson, M., Sarenbo, S.

    The World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) allows rope casting and the tying of legs for nonhuman animal slaughter without stunning. The handling and welfare of bovine livestock ( Bos indicus and Bubalus bubalis) were studied in 8 local abattoirs in 5 districts of Bangladesh. A total of 302...

  16. If you knew what was good for you! The value of environmental enrichments with known welfare benefits is not demonstrated by sows using operant techniques

    | Contributor(s):: Elmore, M. R. P., Garner, J. P., Johnson, A. K., Kirkden, R. D., Richert, B. T., Pajor, E. A.

    This study assessed the motivation of gestating sows housed in standard, barren gestation stalls (used for breeding/implantation and/or gestation) for access to environmental enrichment. Enrichment consisted of a cotton rope or rubber mat in comparison to positive (additional food when fed at...

  17. Legal loophole for subminimal floor area for caged macaques

    | Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V.

    Macaques are biologically adapted to an arboreal or semiarboreal lifestyle. They spend much or most of the day and all of the night in elevated locations well off the ground as a safeguard against predators including humans. When they are on the ground during an alarming situation, they...

  18. Legal space requirement stipulations for animals in the laboratory: are they adequate?

    | Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V., Reinhardt, A.

    Animals in the laboratory need the legally required "empty space" to meet their basic spatial requirements for postural adjustment, but they also deserve functional-structured-space for species-typical locomotor behavior and dynamic interaction with their physical environment. Primary enclosures...

  19. Welfare, health, and hygiene of laying hens housed in furnished cages and in alternative housing systems

    | Contributor(s):: Rodenburg, T. B., Tuyttens, F. A. M., Sonck, B., Reu, K. de, Herman, L., Zoons, J.

    The aim of this review was to compare welfare, health, and hygienic status of laying hens housed in furnished cages and in alternative systems. In alternative systems (floor housing and aviaries), birds have more freedom of movement and a more complex environment than in furnished cages. However,...

  20. The effect of fine granular sand on pododermatitis in captive greater flamingos ( Phoenicopterus roseus)

    | Contributor(s):: Wyss, F., Wenker, C., Hoby, S., Houwald, F. von, Schumacher, V., Doherr, M. G., Robert, N.

    Pododermatitis is a worldwide health and animal welfare problem in captive flamingos (Phoenicopteridae). Since sub-optimal substrate or flooring has been described as a factor in the development of pododermatitis in poultry and raptors, it is also suspected to play a role in flamingo foot health....