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  1. Knowledge of Hazards Associated With Urban Livestock Farming in Southeast Nigeria

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anthonia N. Asadu, Jane M. Chah, Clement O. Attamah, Edwin M. Igbokwe

    The study assessed urban farmers' knowledge of health hazards associated with Urban Livestock Farming (ULF) in Southeast Nigeria. Multistage and random sampling techniques were used to select 210 respondents. Structured interview schedule was used to collect data. Data collected were...

  2. Spatial Associations of Livestock Guardian Dogs and Domestic Sheep

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Julie Young, John P. Draper, Daniel Kinka

    Livestock guardian dogs (Canis lupus familiaris; LGDs) have been used for centuries to protect livestock, primarily domestic sheep (Ovis aries), from depredation by large carnivores. While previous studies have shown their efficacy, the mechanisms in which LGDs protect livestock have largely...

  3. Farm animals are not humans in sheep clothing

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lorenz Gygax, Christian Nawroth

    Research on the mental lives of farm animals is crucial to assess not only their physical but also their psychological wellbeing. Their current housing and handling practices are highly unlikely to meet their cognitive needs and demands, but our knowledge of their mental capacities is still...

  4. Dairy Cow Handling: Does it Affect the Bottom Line?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marcia I. Endres

  5. Afyonkarahisar İli Süt Sığırcılığı İşletmelerinde Hayvan Refahının Barınak Ve Yetiştirme Şartları Yönünden Değerlendirilmesi

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ersen Şahanoglu

    Bu çalışma, sığırcılık işletmelerinde barınak ölçüleri, ekipman, sıcaklık, nem, gazlar ve bazı yetiştirme işlemlerinin hayvan refahı yönünden incelenmesi amacıyla yapılmıştır. Araştırma 2013 yılında Afyonkarahisar ilinde bulunan 101 adet sığırcılık işletmesinde...

  6. Timely Euthanasia in the United States Dairy Industry–Challenges and a Path Forward

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer B. Walker, I. Noa Roman-Muniz, Lily N Edwards-Callaway

    Euthanasia is a valuable management tool utilized on dairies to end the suffering of sick or debilitated cows. Euthanasia should be implemented if an animal’s pain cannot be adequately alleviated and if there is a limited chance of recovery. To be humane, euthanasia should be quick,...

  7. Making kangaroos grievable; making grievability non-human

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Wijnandts, Y. K. C.

    When Australian economist Ross Garnaut proposed to increase the commercial kangaroo industry in 2008, it started a national debate on the supposed edibility of kangaroos. Campaigns against the commercial kangaroo industry and hesitance amongst many consumers to eat kangaroo reflect concerns about...

  8. Report on zoonoses in Ireland 2005

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Food Safety Authority of Ireland (FSAI)

  9. Quantifying Attitudes and Knowledge Change About the Meat-Animal Industry via a Massive Open Online Course

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chad Carr, Katie Abrams, Grady Roberts, Kylie Phillipps, Victoria Velinsky, Larry Eubanks, Jason Scheffler, Dwain Johnson

    Massive open online courses (MOOCs) offer a unique platform through which Extension can provide valuable education. We explored The Meat We Eat, a MOOC designed to create a more informed meat consumer and increase perceptions of transparency surrounding meat production. Compared to pretest...

  10. Toward Human-Carnivore Coexistence: Understanding Tolerance for Tigers in Bangladesh

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chloe Inskip, Neil Carter, Shawn Riley, Thomas Roberts, Douglas MacMillan

    Fostering local community tolerance for endangered carnivores, such as tigers (Panthera tigris), is a core component of many conservation strategies. Identification of antecedents of tolerance will facilitate the development of effective tolerance-building conservation action and secure...

  11. Turning science into policy: The case of farm animal welfare in Canada

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: David Fraser

    Development of farm animal welfare standards in Canada has evolved significantly over 35 yr in terms of process, leadership, and the role of science. Key elements of the current process include: 1) influential producers and producer organizations that see the benefit of having...

  12. Assessing the Social and Psychological Impacts of Endemic Animal Disease Amongst Farmers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Delyth Crimes, Gareth Enticott

    Outbreaks of exotic animal disease, such as Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) are associated with social and psychological impacts amongst farmers. Whilst claims of similar impacts for endemic diseases have been made, there is little empirical evidence to justify these assertions. This paper...

  13. Duties to Socialise with Domesticated Animals: Farmed Animal Sanctuaries as Frontiers of Friendship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Guy Scotton

    I argue that humans have a duty to socialise with domesticated animals, especially members of farmed animal species: to make efforts to include them in our social lives in circumstances that make friendships possible. Put another way, domesticated animals have a claim to opportunities to...

  14. Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Oregon Master Beekeeper Program

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carolyn Breece, Ramesh Sagili

    The Oregon Master Beekeeper Program has been educating beekeepers since 2012. We surveyed program participants to evaluate the effectiveness of the training on beekeeping knowledge, confidence, and community involvement. The survey results showed positive changes in beekeepers, especially due...

  15. Understanding Cows' Emotions on Farm: Are Eye White and Ear Posture Reliable Indicators?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Monica Battini, Anna Agostini, Silvana Mattiello

    Understanding the emotions of dairy cows is primarily important in enhancing the level of welfare and provide a better life on farm. This study explored whether eye white and ear posture can reliably contribute to interpret valence and arousal of emotions in dairy cows. The research was...

  16. Small Ruminants: Farmers' Hope in a World Threatened by Water Scarcity

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Oluwakamisi F. Akinmoladun, Voster Muchenje, Fabian N. Fon, Conference T. Mpendulo

    The availability and sustainability of suitable and good quality drinking water is a global concern. Such uncertainties threaten livestock production with an attendant ripple effect on food security. Small ruminants, including sheep and goats, appear to be promising to smallholder farmers in...

  17. Einfluss der Mensch-Tier-Beziehung auf die Eutergesundheit von Milchkühen

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Silvia Ivemeyer

    In der vorliegenden Arbeit wurde der Einfluss der Mensch-Tier-Beziehung sowie verschiedener Managementmaßnahmen auf die Eutergesundheit der Milchviehherden von 46 Schweizer Betrieben, die am Bestandsbetreuungsprogramm mit Schwerpunkt Eutergesundheit „pro-Q“ teilnahmen,...

  18. Livestock and local development: Going to a new human-animal relationship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jean François Tourrand, Laurent Dobremez, Benoit Dedieu, Guillaume Duteurtre, M. G. Piketty, P. Lescoat, B. Hubert

    Along the past ten years, the French National Agency for Research (ANR) has financed projects regarding livestock. Results of five projects were gathered to understand the long-term livestock trends. At the end of the 19th century, animal breeding was oriented towards the production of goods to...

  19. A Survey of Italian Dairy Farmers' Propensity for Precision Livestock Farming Tools

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Fabio Abeni, Francesca Petrera, Andrea Galli

    A targeted survey was designed with the aim of describing the diffusion of precision livestock farming (PLF) tools in one of the most intensive dairy farming provinces in Italy. Technicians at the Provincial Breeder Association of Cremona interviewed 490 dairy farmers and obtained data...

  20. Hair Cortisol in Sheltered Cows and Its Association with Other Welfare Indicators

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Arvind Sharma, Govindhaswamy Umapathy, Vinod Kumar, Clive J. C. Phillips

    India, the country with the largest population of dairy cows in the world, has a policy of retiring abandoned and non-lactating cows in shelters, but the level of provision for their welfare in these shelters is unclear. Cows in 54 shelters across India were assessed for historic evidence of...