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  1. Understanding Cows' Emotions on Farm: Are Eye White and Ear Posture Reliable Indicators?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Monica Battini, Anna Agostini, Silvana Mattiello

    Understanding the emotions of dairy cows is primarily important in enhancing the level of welfare and provide a better life on farm. This study explored whether eye white and ear posture can reliably contribute to interpret valence and arousal of emotions in dairy cows. The research was...

  2. Small Ruminants: Farmers' Hope in a World Threatened by Water Scarcity

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Oluwakamisi F. Akinmoladun, Voster Muchenje, Fabian N. Fon, Conference T. Mpendulo

    The availability and sustainability of suitable and good quality drinking water is a global concern. Such uncertainties threaten livestock production with an attendant ripple effect on food security. Small ruminants, including sheep and goats, appear to be promising to smallholder farmers in...

  3. Einfluss der Mensch-Tier-Beziehung auf die Eutergesundheit von Milchkühen

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Silvia Ivemeyer

    In der vorliegenden Arbeit wurde der Einfluss der Mensch-Tier-Beziehung sowie verschiedener Managementmaßnahmen auf die Eutergesundheit der Milchviehherden von 46 Schweizer Betrieben, die am Bestandsbetreuungsprogramm mit Schwerpunkt Eutergesundheit „pro-Q“ teilnahmen,...

  4. Livestock and local development: Going to a new human-animal relationship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jean François Tourrand, Laurent Dobremez, Benoit Dedieu, Guillaume Duteurtre, M. G. Piketty, P. Lescoat, B. Hubert

    Along the past ten years, the French National Agency for Research (ANR) has financed projects regarding livestock. Results of five projects were gathered to understand the long-term livestock trends. At the end of the 19th century, animal breeding was oriented towards the production of goods to...

  5. A Survey of Italian Dairy Farmers' Propensity for Precision Livestock Farming Tools

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Fabio Abeni, Francesca Petrera, Andrea Galli

    A targeted survey was designed with the aim of describing the diffusion of precision livestock farming (PLF) tools in one of the most intensive dairy farming provinces in Italy. Technicians at the Provincial Breeder Association of Cremona interviewed 490 dairy farmers and obtained data...

  6. Hair Cortisol in Sheltered Cows and Its Association with Other Welfare Indicators

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Arvind Sharma, Govindhaswamy Umapathy, Vinod Kumar, Clive J. C. Phillips

    India, the country with the largest population of dairy cows in the world, has a policy of retiring abandoned and non-lactating cows in shelters, but the level of provision for their welfare in these shelters is unclear. Cows in 54 shelters across India were assessed for historic evidence of...

  7. Divergent Approaches Regulating Beta Agonists and Cloning of Animals for Food: USA and European Union

    | Contributor(s):: Centner, T. J., Petetin, L.

  8. Feather Pecking and Cannibalism in Non-Beak-Trimmed Laying Hen Flocks—Farmers' Perspectives

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Eija Kaukonen, Anna Valros

    Pecking-related problems are common in intensive egg production, compromising hen welfare, causing farmers economic losses and negatively affecting sustainability. These problems are often controlled by beak trimming, which in Finland is prohibited. An online questionnaire aimed to collect...

  9. Aromatic Profile, Physicochemical and Sensory Traits of Dry-Fermented Sausages Produced without Nitrites Using Pork from Krškopolje Pig Reared in Organic and Conventional Husbandry

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Martin Škrlep, Marjeta Cˇ andek-Potokar, Nina Batorek-Lukac, Urška Tomažin, Mónica Flores

    Dry-fermented sausages were produced in a traditional way, without addition of nitrites and starter cultures, from meat of an autochthonous breed (Krškopolje pig) raised either in a conventional indoor or organic husbandry system. Physicochemical and sensory analyses were performed at...

  10. Thermal Micro-Environment during Poultry Transportation in South Central United States

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Douglas J. Aldridge, Kaushik Luthra, Yi Liang, Karen Christensen, Susan E. Watkins, Colin G. Scanes

    This observational study was conducted to characterize the thermal micro- climate that broilers experienced in commercial poultry transporters under various weather conditions and typical management practices in the South Central USA. We continuously monitored temperature and relative humidity...

  11. Effects of Environmental Enrichment on Behavior in a Domestic Goat Herd

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stephanie Peramas

    Animal welfare is one of the most important parts of animal management. Apart from other measures of good animal welfare, like being in good health, animal behavior can be indicative of the animal’s internal state and is often one of the first signs of improper welfare. Stereotypies, or...

  12. Antibiotic Use on Goat Farms: An Investigation of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors of Missouri Goat Farmers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren K. Landfried, Ellen K. Barnidge, Patrick Pithua, Roger D. Lewis, Jonathan Jacoby, Christopher C. King, Carole R. Baskin

    Use of low dose, prophylactic antibiotics contributes to the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria. In one study, goat meat in Missouri was found to have a higher percentage of antibiotic residues at slaughter than the national average, so we attempted to identify factors related to goat...

  13. A benefit-cost analysis decision framework for mitigation of disease transmission at the wildlife–livestock interface

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stephanie A Shwiff, Steven J Sweeney, Julie L Elser, Ryan S Miller, Matthew L Farnsworth, Pauline Nol, Steven S Shwiff, Aaron M Anderson

    The economics of managing disease transmission at the wildlife–livestock interface have received heightened attention as agricultural and natural resource agencies struggle to tackle growing risks to animal health. In the fiscal landscape of increased scrutiny and shrinking budgets,...

  14. Comparison of Vocalization Patterns in Piglets Which Were Crushed to Those Which Underwent Human Restraint

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nichole M. Chapel, Jeffrey R. Lucas, Scott Radcliffe, Kara R. Stewart, Donald C. Lay Jr.

    : Though many studies focused on piglet crushing utilizing piglet vocalizations to test sow response, none have verified the properties of test vocalizations against actual crushing events. Ten sows were observed 48 h after parturition, and crushing events were recorded from all sows. When a...

  15. An Evaluation of Two Different Broiler Catching Methods

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Käthe Elise Kittelsen, Erik Georg Granquist, Agnete Lien Aunsmo, Randi Oppermann Moe, Elisiv Tolo

    Catching is the first step in the pre-slaughter chain for broiler chickens. The process may be detrimental for animal welfare due to the associated handling. The aim of this pilot study was to compare two different methods to manually catch broilers: Catching the broilers by two legs and...

  16. Efecto de algunos factores genético-ambientales sobre el tamaño de camada al nacimiento en cerdos. I. Tamaño de la Camada Nacidos Vivos (TCNV)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Romina Pía Aguirre Brockway

    Chile, según información reciente de USDA, se encuentra en el sexto lugar de los principales exportadores de carne porcina del mundo. Para responder a esta demanda, los productores de cerdos se han preocupado de mejorar sus índices productivos, entre los que se encuentra el...

  17. The Human-Animal Relationship in Australian Caged Laying Hens

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren E. Edwards, Grahame J. Coleman, Kym L. Butler, Paul H. Hemsworth

    Studies on farm animals have shown relationships between stockperson attitudes and behaviour and farm animal fear, stress and productivity. This study investigated how the avoidance behaviour of Australian commercial caged laying hens may be related to stockperson behaviour, albumen...

  18. Can cattle handling affect morbidity?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ronald Gill

  19. To eat or not to eat companion dogs: symbolic value of dog meat and human–dog companionship in contemporary South Korea

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Julien Dugnoille

    South Korea is widely regarded as a nation that eats dogs. Today, South Korean civil discourses emphasize a clear boundary between companion animals and livestock but an ethnographic approach to the South Korean dog-meat trade reveals that this taxonomy does not always represent how dogs are...

  20. Bonding practices between farmer and animals : a study in organic and conventional ovine farming systems from the south east of France

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Clara Hélène Gouy

    Today animal welfare is at the centre of many societal interrogations and the place that farm animals hold in our society is under scrutiny. The human-animal relationship is acknowledged to be a major contributor to animal welfare; however, given the difficulty to assess this subjective bond,...