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  1. A benefit-cost analysis decision framework for mitigation of disease transmission at the wildlife–livestock interface

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stephanie A Shwiff, Steven J Sweeney, Julie L Elser, Ryan S Miller, Matthew L Farnsworth, Pauline Nol, Steven S Shwiff, Aaron M Anderson

    The economics of managing disease transmission at the wildlife–livestock interface have received heightened attention as agricultural and natural resource agencies struggle to tackle growing risks to animal health. In the fiscal landscape of increased scrutiny and shrinking budgets,...

  2. Comparison of Vocalization Patterns in Piglets Which Were Crushed to Those Which Underwent Human Restraint

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nichole M. Chapel, Jeffrey R. Lucas, Scott Radcliffe, Kara R. Stewart, Donald C. Lay Jr.

    : Though many studies focused on piglet crushing utilizing piglet vocalizations to test sow response, none have verified the properties of test vocalizations against actual crushing events. Ten sows were observed 48 h after parturition, and crushing events were recorded from all sows. When a...

  3. An Evaluation of Two Different Broiler Catching Methods

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Käthe Elise Kittelsen, Erik Georg Granquist, Agnete Lien Aunsmo, Randi Oppermann Moe, Elisiv Tolo

    Catching is the first step in the pre-slaughter chain for broiler chickens. The process may be detrimental for animal welfare due to the associated handling. The aim of this pilot study was to compare two different methods to manually catch broilers: Catching the broilers by two legs and...

  4. Efecto de algunos factores genético-ambientales sobre el tamaño de camada al nacimiento en cerdos. I. Tamaño de la Camada Nacidos Vivos (TCNV)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Romina Pía Aguirre Brockway

    Chile, según información reciente de USDA, se encuentra en el sexto lugar de los principales exportadores de carne porcina del mundo. Para responder a esta demanda, los productores de cerdos se han preocupado de mejorar sus índices productivos, entre los que se encuentra el...

  5. The Human-Animal Relationship in Australian Caged Laying Hens

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren E. Edwards, Grahame J. Coleman, Kym L. Butler, Paul H. Hemsworth

    Studies on farm animals have shown relationships between stockperson attitudes and behaviour and farm animal fear, stress and productivity. This study investigated how the avoidance behaviour of Australian commercial caged laying hens may be related to stockperson behaviour, albumen...

  6. Can cattle handling affect morbidity?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ronald Gill

  7. To eat or not to eat companion dogs: symbolic value of dog meat and human–dog companionship in contemporary South Korea

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Julien Dugnoille

    South Korea is widely regarded as a nation that eats dogs. Today, South Korean civil discourses emphasize a clear boundary between companion animals and livestock but an ethnographic approach to the South Korean dog-meat trade reveals that this taxonomy does not always represent how dogs are...

  8. Bonding practices between farmer and animals : a study in organic and conventional ovine farming systems from the south east of France

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Clara Hélène Gouy

    Today animal welfare is at the centre of many societal interrogations and the place that farm animals hold in our society is under scrutiny. The human-animal relationship is acknowledged to be a major contributor to animal welfare; however, given the difficulty to assess this subjective bond,...

  9. One Health approach to controlling a Q fever outbreak on an Australian goat farm

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: K.A. Bond, G. Vincent, C.R. Wilks, L. Franklin, B. Sutton, J. Stenos, R. Cowan, K. Lim, E. Athan, O. Harris, L. Macfarlane-Berry, Y. Segal, S.M. Firestone

    A recent outbreak of Q fever was linked to an intensive goat and sheep dairy farm in Victoria, Australia, 2012-2014. Seventeen employees and one family member were confirmed with Q fever over a 28-month period, including two culture-positive cases. The outbreak investigation and management...

  10. How To Help Animals Through Innovation | N.G. Jayasimha | TEDxShivNadarUniversity

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: N. G. Jayasimha

    “Most of these animals get more space in your microwave, than when they are alive.” In an extremely captivating talk, Mr. N G Jayasimha sheds light on how animals are suffering today in the name of science and advancements. With the epitome of our endless desires, we’ve been...

  11. Why Pain Is Still a Welfare Issue for Farm Animals, and How Facial Expression Could Be the Answer

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Krista Marie McLennan

    Pain is a sensory and emotional experience that significantly affects animal welfare and has negative impacts on the economics of farming. Pain is often associated with common production diseases such as lameness and mastitis, as well as introduced to the animal through routine husbandry...

  12. The Richness of Food: A Zooarchaeological Analysis of Huaca Santa Clara and Huaca Gallinazo, North Coast of Peru

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Arwen M. Johns

    This thesis is a zooarchaeological study examining the entangled nature of human-animal relations within processes of food production, preparation, and consumption at Huaca Santa Clara and Huaca Gallinazo in the Virú Valley, North Coast of Peru. It assesses how the consumption of animal...

  13. Dialogues on Ethical Vegetarianism

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Michael Huemer

    Two philosophy students, M and V, discuss the ethics of meat consumption. Standard arguments on both sides are reviewed, with emphasis on the argument that meat-consumption is wrong because it supports extreme cruelty. M and V also address such questions as how conflicting intuitions ought to...

  14. Heganism

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Thomas E. Randall

    An emblematic association exists between meat consumption and the gender identity hegemonic masculinity. This association is so strong that men who pursue meatless diets (especially vegans) are likely to be socially ostracized. Heganism is a diet/gender identity that aims to...

  15. Independent Study 490A: Positive Reinforcement Training Piglets to Stand in a Container and Follow a Human

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Adrianne R. Kaiser, Anna K. Johnson, Jason W. Ross, Joshua T. Selsby, Kenneth J. Stalder

    The Department of Animal Science within the biomedical research area is using the pig as a model for Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy. Duchenne muscular dystrophy is the leading, fatal, X-linked disease, affecting 1:3,500 male births worldwide. Two tests require the pigs afflicted with...

  16. Xenotransplantation, Subsistence Hunting and the Pursuit of Health: Lessons for Animal Rights-Based Vegan Advocacy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nathan M. Nobis

    I argue that, contrary to what Tom Regan suggests, his rights view implies that subsistence hunting is wrong, that is, killing animals for food is wrong even when they are the only available food source, since doing so violates animal rights. We can see that subsistence hunting is wrong on...

  17. Modeling Commercial Freshwater Turtle Production on US Farms for Pet and Meat Markets

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ivana Mali, Hsiao-Husan Wang, William E. Grant, Mark Feldman, Michael R. J. Forstner

    Freshwater turtles are being exploited for meat, eggs, traditional medicine, and pet trade. As a response, turtle farming became a booming aquaculture industry in the past two decades, specifically in the southeastern states of the United States of America (US) and across Southeast Asia....

  18. What Extension Personnel Should Know About Midwestern Goat Producers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kelsey F. Cole, Catherine Hoegeman, Benjamin M. Onyango, Jodie A. Pennington, Charlotte A. Clifford-Rathert, Elizabeth L. Walker

    The growth of the goat industry has created opportunities for producers looking for a profitable alternative enterprise. Little is known about goat production or educational needs of producers in Missouri and Arkansas. A survey of goat producers in Missouri and Arkansas addressed farm...

  19. The Value Chain Approach in One Health: Conceptual Framing and Focus on Present Applications and Challenges

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nicolas Antoine-Moussiaux, Marisa Peyre, Pascal Bonnet, Charles Bebay, Mohammed Bengoumi, Astrid Tripodi

    The value chain (VC) is a major operational concept for socioeconomic analysis at meso level. Widely mobilized in development practice, it is still undergoing conceptual and practical refining, e.g., to take account of environmental and social sustainability. Briefly, VC refers to a system of...

  20. Beyond Animal Husbandry: The Study of Farm Animal Cognition and Ensuing Ethical Issues

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: C C Croney, B Gardner, S Baggot

    Concerns about the welfare of agricultural animals in corporate or “factory farming” systems are growing. Increasingly, it is suggested that modern farm animal production practices are morally objectionable, causing physical and mental suffering to animals. Such criticisms are...