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"Hitched Horse, Milked Cow, Killed Pig": Pragmatic Stewardship and the Paradox of Human/Animal Relationships in Southern Ontario, 1900-1920
Contributor(s):: Katharine Anderson
This thesis is an investigation of the relationship between Southern Ontario farmers and three different animal species raised on early twentieth century mixed family farms. Between 1900 and 1920, many non-rural Ontarians romanticized rural communities as harmonious and pastoral; a place where...
"Nobody Wants to Eat Them Alive:" Ethical Dilemmas and Dual Media Narratives on Domestic Rabbits as Pets and Commodity
Contributor(s):: Gayane F. Torosyan, Brian Lowe
Using semiotic analysis, this study explores changes occurring in the societal perception of rabbits as farm animals as juxtaposed to their increasing popularity as domestic companions. This study is based on a preliminary hypothesis that rabbits are increasingly perceived and portrayed in media...
Mar 10 2017
26th Annual Conference for Food Animal Veterinarians
A Case Study of Behaviour and Performance of Confined or Pastured Cows During the Dry Period
Contributor(s):: Randi A. Black, Peter D. Krawczel
The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of the dry cow management system (pasture or confined) on: (1) lying behaviour and activity; (2) feeding and heat stress behaviours; (3) intramammary infections, postpartum. Non-lactating Holstein cows were assigned to either deep-bedded,...
A Comparison of Three Animal Welfare Assessment Programs on Canadian Swine Farms
Contributor(s):: Ashley Nicole Roberts
Standard measures used in animal welfare assessments include animal-based measures obtained by observing animals, resource-based measures obtained by observing facilities, and management-based measures obtained by interviewing farmers and checking records. Animal welfare assessments are composed...
A Decade of Progress toward Ending the Intensive Confinement of Farm Animals in the United States
Contributor(s):: Sara Shields, Paul Shapiro, Andrew Rowan
In this paper, the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) farm animal protection work over the preceding decade is described from the perspective of the organization. Prior to 2002, there were few legal protections for animals on the farm, and in 2005, a new campaign at the HSUS began to...
A descriptive survey of the range of injuries sustained and farmers' attitudes to vulva biting in breeding sows in south-west England
Contributor(s):: Rizvi, S., Nicol, C. J., Green, L. E.
The within-farm prevalence of vulva biting in breeding sows in south-west England was investigated using a postal survey sent to 410 pig farmers in January 1997. The response rate was 65% and there were 83 usable replies. The majority of farms where vulva biting was reported indicated a low...
A interação humano-animal e o uso de homeopatia em bovinos de leite
Contributor(s):: Luciana Aparecida Honorato
Um fator importante para o bem-estar de animais de produção é a forte interação humano-animal decorrente do processo de produção, que por sua vez, é norteada pelas atitudes dos humanos em relação aos animais. O objetivo deste...
A note on the behaviour of the chicken that receives feather pecks
Contributor(s):: Riber, A. B., Forkman, B.
Basic knowledge of feather pecking on the individual level is still limited. The aim of this study was to investigate whether active and inactive individuals preferentially attract feather pecking. Female layer hen chicks were housed in six pens with each 15 chicks. Each occurrence of gentle and...
A population-based on-farm evaluation protocol for comparing the welfare of pigs between farms
Contributor(s):: Goossens, X., Sobry, L., Odberg, F., Tuyttens, F., Maes, D., Smet, S. de, Nevens, F., Opsomer, G., Lommelen, F., Geers, R.
The variability of animal-based parameters was studied within a population of 41 farrow-to-finish farms. Data were collected during three visits, each corresponding to a different season within a two-year period. The largest between-farm variability was observed for Stereotypic behaviour by...
A Return to Descartes: Property, Profit, and the Corporate Ownership of Animals
Contributor(s):: Darian M. Ibrahim
The conditions for farm animals in the United States are exceedingly bad. Most of the 9.5 billion farm animals we slaughter each year' are not owned and raised by family farmers, as in times past, but by agribusiness corporations. Likewise, most of these animals are no longer raised on the...
A review of the problem of milk-sucking in dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Grommers, F. J.
A sequential analysis of eliminative behaviour in domestic pigs
Contributor(s):: Wechsler, B., Bachmann, I.
Knowledge of eliminative behaviour in pigs is of much importance for the design of housing systems in order to minimise soiling of the lying area. 53 piglets, 136 fatteners, 272 finishers and 277 sows were observed as focal animals at regularly used dunging areas in a highly structured housing...
A Systematic Assessment of Stress and Attention via short-term Canine Association: Differences Between Cognitive Functioning, Performance and Subjective Experience
Contributor(s):: Kristin Marie Finkbeiner
Humans have coexisted with animals since the beginning, with their relationship evolving over time from one that was predatory-based (i.e. eat or be eaten), to fascination, to domestication, to integration into modern day society as pets or pests (Serpell, 1995). Many people recognize that...
A systematic review of zoonoses transmission and livestock/wildlife interactions: Preliminary findings
Contributor(s):: Delia Grace, R. Kock, J. Rushton, F. Mutua, J.J. McDermott, D.U. Pfeiffer, B. Jones
Aggression in replacement grower and finisher gilts fed a short-term high-tryptophan diet and the effect of long-term human-animal interaction
Contributor(s):: Poletto, R., Meisel, R. L., Richert, B. T., Cheng, H. W., Marchant-Forde, J. N.
Aggression can be a major problem for swine production as it negatively impacts the pigs' health and welfare. Increasing tryptophan (TRP) intake to raise brain serotonin (5-HT) - key for aggression control, and long-term positive social handling can reduce stress in pigs. Objective was to...
Agribusiness and consumer ethical concerns over animal use and foods of animal origin: the emergence of new ethical thinking in society
Contributor(s):: Rollin, Bernard E.
Feb 19 2016
ALVMA 25th Annual Food Animal Conference
An alternative ethic for animals
Contributor(s):: Comstock, Gary L.
An assessment of community understanding of the Human Animal Conservancy Self-Insurance Scheme and the impact of human-wildlife conflicts : a case study from the Kwandu conservancy, north-east Namibia.
Contributor(s):: Marthin Kaukaha Kasaona
The research problem of this mini-dissertation involves the conflicts between human and wildlife populations and the trialing of ‘compensation’ payouts that are emerging as a critical test within the conservancy. Crop raiders such as elephants, buffaloes, hippopotamus, bush pigs and...