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  1. Environmental risk factors in puppies and kittens for developing chronic disorders in adulthood: A call for research on developmental programming

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gaillard, Virginie, Chastant, Sylvie, England, Gary, Forman, Oliver, German, Alexander J., Suchodolski, Jan S., Villaverde, Cecilia, Chavatte-Palmer, Pascale, Peron, Franck

    Many dogs and cats are affected by chronic diseases that significantly impact their health and welfare and relationships with humans. Some of these diseases can be challenging to treat, and a better understanding of early-life risk factors for diseases occurring in adulthood is key to improving...

  2. Portion size and meal consumption in domesticated dogs: An experimental study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Inge Kersbergen, Alexander J. German, Carri Westgarth, Eric Robinson

    Increases in food portion sizes have been identified as a possible contributor to the increased prevalence of obesity in humans. However, little is known about the origin of behavioural tendencies to overeat from larger portion sizes or whether other non-human animals are affected by meal...

  3. The impact of bedding volumes on laboratory mice

    | Contributor(s):: Freymann, Jennifer, Tsai, Ping-Ping, Stelzer, Helge, Hackbarth, Hansjoachim

    Environmental refinement is considered to be an improvement in housing conditions for laboratory animals. Previous preference tests showed that female BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice prefer deeper bedding in comparison to shallow bedding (Freymann et al., 2015). In order to give a comprehensive insight...

  4. The influence of odour, taste and nutrients on feeding behaviour and food preferences in horses

    | Contributor(s):: van den Berg, M., Giagos, V., Lee, C., Brown, W. Y., Cawdell-Smith, A. J., Hinch, G. N.

    While it has been established that nutrients and flavours (odour, taste) play an important role in diet selection by horses, previous studies have not always clarified what type of flavouring (e.g. non-nutritive or nutritive) was used. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the...

  5. Understanding feeding patterns in growing pigs by modelling growth and motivation

    | Contributor(s):: Boumans, I. J. M. M., Bokkers, E. A. M., Hofstede, G. J., Boer, I. J. M. de

    Feeding is an essential behaviour for body maintenance in pigs and closely related to their growth and productivity performance. Mechanisms underlying feeding behaviour in pigs are still unclear. Understanding these mechanisms can provide valuable insights into the complex interactions among...

  6. Nutritional and behavioral effects of gorge and fast feeding in captive lions

    | Contributor(s):: Altman, J. D., Gross, K. L., Lowry, S. R.

    Nonhuman animals in captivity manifest behaviors and physiological conditions that are not common in the wild. Lions in captivity face problems of obesity, inactivity, and stereotypy. To mediate common problems of captive lions, this study implemented a gorge and fast feeding schedule that better...

  7. Conditioning beaver to avoid desirable plants

    | Contributor(s):: Julie Harper, Dale Nolte, Thomas DeLiberto, David Bergman

    Conditioned food aversion can be used to train animals to avoid select foods. Generally, aversive conditioning is best applied when animals first encounter a food item. However, almost by definition damage is inflicted to desirable plants very familiar to the culprit. We assessed the potential...

  8. Feeding Chromonaela odorata during pregnancy to goat dams affects acceptance of this feedstuff by their offspring

    | Contributor(s):: Phan Vu, Hai, Everts, H., Dam Van, Tien, Schonewille, J. T., Hendriks, W. H.

    We investigated the effect of Chromonaela odorata ingestion by goat dams during pregnancy on intake of C. odorata by their kids. Alteration of prenatal feed preference may be used to increase feed intake of novel feeds and the transit from outdoor to indoor goat farming in...

  9. The least harm principle may require that humans consume a diet containing large herbivores, not a vegan diet

    | Contributor(s):: Davis, S. L.

    Based on his theory of animal rights, Regan concludes that humans are morally obligated to consume a vegetarian or vegan diet. When it was pointed out to him that even a vegan diet results in the loss of many animals of the field, he said that while that may be true, we are still obligated to...

  10. Temporal association between food distribution and human caregiver presence and the development of affinity to humans in lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Tallet, C., Veissier, I., Boivin, X.

    The presence of the caregiver around feeding favors the development of a human-animal relationship. To understand the underlying mechanism, we tested various temporal associations between food distribution and human presence: from an early age, a person was repeatedly present for 2 min just...

  11. A novel flexible method to split feeding behaviour into bouts

    | Contributor(s):: Howie, J. A., Tolkamp, B. J., Avendano, S., Kyriazakis, I.

    Before meal patterns can be analysed properly, a biologically relevant meal criterion must be determined in order to group short-term feeding behaviour into meals. Existing methodologies are based on modelling of the frequency distributions of intervals between feeding events but these methods...

  12. Behavioural and adrenocortical responses of dairy cows toward novel food: effects of food deprivation, milking frequency and energy density in the daily ration

    | Contributor(s):: Herskin, M. S., Munksgaard, L., Kristensen, A. M.

    Effects of metabolic load and 12 h of food deprivation on the behavioural and physiological responses toward novel food were examined in dairy cows provided with 4 kg of carrots as novel food and observed using video for the initial 10 min. In Experiment I, effects of 12 h of food deprivation...

  13. Effects of forced flavor exposure on food neophobia

    | Contributor(s):: Cheney, C. D., Miller, E. R.

    For 5 days, 18 male albino rats were fed on food pellets ad libitum, but were only allowed 10 min access to water daily. After this they received mashed pellets (pellets mixed with water) for 3 days. Then rats (n=6 per group) were assigned to forced-exposure to mint-flavoured water,...

  14. 'Freedom from hunger' and preventing obesity: The animal welfare implications of reducing food quantity or quality

    | Contributor(s):: D

  15. The influence of animal-assisted therapy on nutrition of Alzheimer's disease individuals

    | Contributor(s):: Edwards, N.

  16. Circadian behaviour, including thermoregulatory activities, in feedlot lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Shreffler, C., Hohenboken, W.

  17. Competitive order as a measure of social dominance in dairy cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Friend, T. H., Polan, C. E.

  18. The effect of 2-deoxy-D-glucose on food intake in the pig

    | Contributor(s):: Stephens, D. B.

  19. The effect of rank on social facilitation of feeding in pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Hsia, L. C., Wood-Gush, D. G. M.

  20. Voluntary regulation of food intake in poultry

    | Contributor(s):: Savory, C. J., Gentle, M. J., Hodgkiss, J. P., Kuenzel, W.