Dogs fail to reciprocate the receipt of food from a human in a food-giving task
| Contributor(s):: Jim McGetrick, Lisa Poncet, Marietta Amann, Johannes Schullern- Schrattenhofen, Leona Fux, Mayte Martinez, Friederike Range
Domestic dogs have been shown to reciprocate help received from conspecifics in food-giving tasks. However, it is not yet known whether dogs also reciprocate help received from humans. Here, we investigated whether dogs reciprocate the receipt of food from humans. In an experience phase,...
Clinical and Immunological Response in Dogs Naturally Infected by L. infantum Treated with a Nutritional Supplement
| Contributor(s):: Pietro Lombardi, Anna Teresa Palatucci, Angela Giovazzino, Vincenzo Mastellone, Giuseppina Ruggiero, Valentina Rubino, Nadia Musco, Rosalia Crupi, Monica Isabella Cutrignelli, Domenico Britti, Giuseppe Vassalotti, Giuseppe Terrazzano, Laura Cortese
The use of nutraceuticals as immunomodulators in the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis has generated interest in the current approaches to treat the disease. In this clinical and immunological study, we investigated whether the administration of a nutritional supplement mediates the...
Diagnosis of Feline Food Sensitivity and Intolerance Using Saliva: 1000 Cases
| Contributor(s):: W. Jean Dodds
This prospective study assessed the efficacy of a novel saliva-based immunoassay of IgA- and IgM-antibodies in predicting feline food sensitivities and intolerances. Clinical samples were obtained from 1000 cats proven or suspected to have food intolerances. Most were of domestic shorthair...
Large Birds of Prey, Policies That Alter Food Availability and Air Traffic: a Risky Mix for Human Safety
| Contributor(s):: Rubén Moreno-Opo, Antoni Margalida
Raptors are considered to pose one of the greatest aviation bird strike risk. We investigated raptor bird strikes reported at the largest Spanish airport (Adolfo Suárez Madrid Barajas; AS-MB) from 2009 to 2016 to determine the factors contributing to the increased incidences and develop...
Do Service Dogs for Veterans with PTSD Mount a Cortisol Response in Response to Training?
| Contributor(s):: van Houtert, E. A. E., Endenburg, N., Rodenburg, T. B., Vermetten, E.
Only a few studies have investigated the welfare of animals participating in animal-assisted interventions (AAIs). Most of these studies focus on dogs in therapeutic settings. There are, however, also dogs-service dogs-that are employed to continuously support a single human. Because the...
Free-Riders in the Nonprofit Industrial Complex: The Problem of Flexitarianism
| Contributor(s):: Wrenn, C. L.
Early feeding experiences of piglets and their impact on novel environment behaviour and food neophobia
| Contributor(s):: Middelkoop, Anouschka, Kemp, Bas, Bolhuis, J. Elizabeth
We studied whether feeding experiences of piglets during lactation influence novel environment behaviour pre-weaning and food acceptance pre- and post-weaning. In a 2 × 2 arrangement, litters (n = 10/treatment) received creep feed as monotonous diet (MO) or four feed items as diverse diet (DD)...
Corticosterone Assimilation by a Voluntary Oral Administration in Palatable Food to Rats
| Contributor(s):: Raya, Juliana, Girardi, Carlos Eduardo Neves, Hipólide, Débora Cristina
Drug delivery in research on nonhuman animals in the laboratory is still challenging because it is usually invasive and stressful. Stress-free voluntary oral drug administration in water lacks precise control of dose and timing of substance ingestion. Voluntary oral consumption of corticosterone...
The importance of diet choice on stress-related responses by lambs
| Contributor(s):: Catanese, Francisco, Obelar, Marianela, Villalba, Juan J., Distel, Roberto A.
Farm animals are commonly restricted to a reduced array of foods, like total mixed rations or pastures with low species diversity. Under these conditions, animals are less likely to satisfy their specific and changing nutrient requirements. In addition, foods and flavors eaten too frequently or...
Rubber shots not as effective as selective culling in deterring gulls from landfill sites
| Contributor(s):: Thiériot, Ericka, Molina, Pierre, Giroux, Jean-François
Landfill managers often need to implement scaring programmes to deter gulls from feeding at their sites because the birds can be a significant nuisance for both site employees and residents of the surrounding area. Our objective was to assess the efficiency of firing rubber shots, a method...
Characterization of anticipatory behaviour in domesticated horses (Equus caballus)
| Contributor(s):: Peters, Suzanne M., Bleijenberg, Elise H., van Dierendonck, Machteld C., van der Harst, Johanneke E., Spruijt, Berry M.
In animal welfare science there is a strong need for objective parameters for the assessment of animal welfare. Anticipatory behaviour is a potential indicator of welfare since it reflects reward-sensitivity which is in its turn related to previous experiences of animals: negative experiences are...
Evaluation of Arsenic, Cadmium, Lead and Mercury Contamination in Over-the-Counter Available Dry Dog Foods With Different Animal Ingredients (Red Meat, Poultry, and Fish)
| Contributor(s):: Hyun-Tae Kim, John P. Loftus, Sabine Mann, Joseph J. Wakshlag
Objectives: To examine the relative levels of heavy metals and arsenic content in commercial dog foods (arsenic, cadmium, lead and mercury) of 51 over-the-counter maintenance or all-life-stage dry dog foods. All products were chosen and segregated based on meat sources (fish, poultry,...
Naturecultures and the affective (dis)entanglements of happy meat
| Contributor(s):: Bruckner, Heide K., Colombino, Annalisa, Ermann, Ulrich
Marx and Alienated Speciesism
| Contributor(s):: Foster, John Bellamy, Clark, Brett
Acceptance of novel food by horses: The influence of food cues and nutrient composition
| Contributor(s):: van den Berg, M., Giagos, V., Lee, C., Brown, W. Y., Hinch, G. N.
Compared to ruminants little is known about how horses modulate food intake and learn about flavour-to-post-ingestive consequences. While it has been suggested that due to hindgut fermentation horses foraging preferences may be largely influenced by sensory input (e.g. volatiles), it has been...
Behaviour directed towards inaccessible food predicts consumption—A novel way of assessing food preference
| Contributor(s):: Thompson, Hannah, Riemer, Stefanie, Ellis, Sarah L. H., Burman, Oliver H. P.
When determining an animal’s food preference based on comparative consumption, a major problem is the potential for individuals to over-eat, rendering subjects unavailable for subsequent tests as well as exposing them to potentially adverse health implications. Here, we explored alternative,...
How you can help save the bees, one hive at a time | Noah Wilson-Rich
| Contributor(s):: Noah Wilson-Rich
Bees are dying off in record numbers, but ecologist Noah Wilson-Rich is interested in something else: Where are bees healthy and thriving? To find out, he recruited citizen scientists across the US to set up beehives in their backyards, gardens and rooftops. Learn how these little data...
Responding to the problem of ‘food security’ in animal cruelty policy debates: building alliances between animal-centred and human-centred work on food system issues
| Contributor(s):: Evans, Brodie, Johnson, Hope
Effects of breed group and development on dogs' willingness to follow a human misleading advice
| Contributor(s):: Barnard, S., Passalacqua, C., Pelosi, A., Valsecchi, P., Prato-Previde, E.
Overweight and obese pet owners: respondent and pet characteristics in the rural Midwestern United States
| Contributor(s):: Heuberger, R. A., Garner, J. A., Corby, A., DeWitt, K., Sluis, R. vander
The obesity epidemic has impacted both people and pets in the rural Midwestern United States (MWUS). Tailoring health advice to the socio-demographic characteristics and dietary patterns of owners and their pets can help promote adherence to health behavior changes for owners and foster health...