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  1. "Who's been a good dog?" - Owner perceptions and motivations for treat giving

    Contributor(s):: White, G. A., Ward, L., Pink, C., Craigon, J., Millar, K. M.

    Complex relationships commonly exist between owners and their companion animals, particularly around feeding behaviour with an owner's affection or love for their animal most pronounced through the provision of food. It is notable that the pet food market is experiencing strong year-on-year...

  2. A brief note about cow lying behaviour - do cows choose left and right lying side equally?

    Contributor(s):: Forsberg, A. M., Pettersson, G., Ljungberg, T., Svennersten-Sjaunja, K.

    The factors influencing cows' lying behaviour are not fully evaluated. Most studies dealing with lying behaviour were primarily aimed at comparing different designs for the resting area and floor surfaces, while only a few studies have investigated the cows' preference of lying side. The aim of...

  3. A case study of orangutan and siamang behavior within a mixed-species zoo exhibit

    Contributor(s):: Pearson, E. L., Davis, J. M., Litchfield, C. A.

    This empirical case study assessed the behavior and welfare of 2 orangutans (Pongo abelii) and 2 siamangs (Symphalangus syndactylus) within a mixed-species zoo exhibit. The study used instantaneous scan-sampling to record behavior, location, and interspecies proximity over 174 hr and...

  4. A new approach to overcoming a yearling Holstein bull's complete lack of motivation to mounting

    Contributor(s):: Foote, R. H., Presicce, G. A., Brockett, C. C.

    A young Holstein bull, selected for semen evaluation, was presented with a variety of sexual stimuli in an attempt to induce it to mount teaser animals and serve an artificial vagina. The bull was tested on 25 occasions and was scheduled for slaughter at 17 months of age because of a total...

  5. A note on averting goats to a toxic but palatable plant, Leucaena leucocephala

    Contributor(s):: Gorniak, S. L., Pfister, J. A., Lanzonia, E. C., Raspantini, E. R.

    Conditioned taste aversions are a useful tool to reduce livestock consumption of toxic plants. The forage legume Leucaena leucocephala (leucaena) is both toxic and palatable. The objective of this study was to determine if goats could be aversively conditioned to avoid leucaena. Adult and...

  6. A note on behaviour of stabled horses with foraging devices in mangers and buckets

    Contributor(s):: Goodwin, D., Davidson, H. P. B., Harris, P.

    Processed feed for stabled horses is usually presented in buckets or mangers, and is easily and rapidly consumed. Foraging devices based on the Edinburgh foodball can be used to provide part of the ration. Current designs are all placed on the floor, raising concerns regarding ingestion of...

  7. A note on effects of gender and time of day on the winter time-activity budget of adult ostriches ( Struthio camelus ) in a farming environment

    Contributor(s):: Deeming, D. C.

    Male and female adult ostriches, maintained in 3 pairs and 6 trios on a commercial ostrich farm in Britain, were observed for five 10-min periods in the morning and afternoon during February 1997. Weather conditions included periods of rain, high winds, overcast days and bright sunny days, and...

  8. A note on using a laser-based technique for recording of behaviour and location of free-ranging animals

    Contributor(s):: Fehmi, J. S., Laca, E. A.

    We developed a precise, remote (up to 300 m) observation system to record animal location and behaviour that requires no animal handling or disruption of the normal environment. Our system, combining a survey laser and a laptop, also allows recording of observed animal behaviour from seconds to...

  9. A note on visual, olfactory and spatial cue use in foraging behavior of pigs: indirectly assessing cognitive abilities

    Contributor(s):: Croney, C. C., Adams, K. M., Washington, C. G., Stricklin, W. R.

    The micro pig's (Sus scrofa) ability to use visual, olfactory and spatial cues to locate a food resource in a novel environment was investigated. In Experiment 1, four castrated male pigs were trained to identify a food resource - one of two plastic flower-pots placed within a 12.8 m x 6.7 m...

  10. A pilot investigation of possible positive system descriptors in finishing pigs

    Contributor(s):: Mullan, S., Edwards, S. A., Butterworth, A., Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J.

    In this study, pig producers were identified whose practices exceeded the basic legal requirements and government recommendations for pig welfare. This novel approach was part of a larger project investigating the feasibility and benefits of the inclusion of some animalbased welfare outcome...

  11. A review of cat behavior in relation to disease risk and management options

    Contributor(s):: Lepczyk, C. A., Lohr, C. A., Duffy, D. C.

    Domestic cats ( Felis catus) are a common household pet and also a notorious invasive species around the world. Because cat numbers have been increasing in many locations it is critical to work on management solutions that help to reduce threats posed by cats. With regard to cat behavior, one of...

  12. A survey of abnormal repetitive behaviors in North American river otters housed in zoos

    Contributor(s):: Morabito, P., Bashaw, M. J.

    Stereotypic behaviors, indicating poor welfare and studied in a variety of species (especially carnivores), appear related to characteristics of current and past environments. Although North American river otters (Lontra canadensis) often develop abnormal, repetitive, possibly stereotypic...

  13. Abnormal behavior in caged birds kept as pets

    Contributor(s):: Hoek, C. S. van, Cate, C. ten

    There are a limited number of studies dealing with abnormal behavior in caged birds kept as pets. However, these studies demonstrate the presence of abnormal behavior in both songbirds and parrots. Ethological studies on these birds, as well as studies on domestic and zoo birds, indicate that...

  14. Activity and enrichment use in disabled Asiatic black bears (Ursus thibetanus) rescued from bile farms

    Contributor(s):: Dallaire, J. A., Field, N., Mason, G. J.

  15. Additional foraging elements reduce abnormal behaviour – fur-chewing and stereotypic behaviour – in farmed mink (Neovison vison)

    Contributor(s):: Malmkvist, Jens, Palme, Rupert, Svendsen, Pernille M., Hansen, Steffen W.

    We investigated whether provision of additional appetitive and consummatory elements of foraging reduces baseline stress and abnormal behaviour – in terms of fur-chewing and stereotypic behaviour – in farmed mink. We studied 200 juveniles (n=100 females and 100 males) during the 5-month growth...

  16. Alternatives to nose-ringing in outdoor sows: 2. The provision of edible or inedible overground enrichment

    Contributor(s):: Edge, H. L., Bornett, H. L. I., Newton, E., Edwards, S. A.

    The nose-ringing of outdoor pigs (Sus scrofa), although commonly practiced as a means to inhibit rooting behaviour and therefore reduce pasture damage and soil erosion, has been questioned on ethical grounds and alternatives are being sought. In this experiment, the effect of overground...

  17. Amount of experience and age affect the development of foraging skills of goats browsing blackbrush ( Coleogyne ramosissima )

    Contributor(s):: Ortega-Reyes, L., Provenza, F. D.

    The age and amount of experience browsing blackbrush (Coleogyne ramosissima) in the development of foraging skills in goats of the breeds Alpine, Toggenburg, La Mancha, Spanish and Nubian was investigated. Six-month-old goats in 1990 and 18-month-old goats in 1991 were allowed to forage for 0,...

  18. An automatic system to record foraging behaviour in free-ranging ruminants

    Contributor(s):: Rutter, S. M., Champion, R. A., Penning, P. D.

    Precise measurements of grazing behaviour are required to develop an understanding of the factors affecting the foraging behaviour of free-ranging domestic ruminants. An automatic, microcomputer-based system for the digital recording of the jaw movements of free-ranging cattle and sheep is...

  19. An ethological approach to determining housing requirements of gamebirds in raised laying units

    Contributor(s):: Matheson, S. M., Donbavand, J., Sandilands, V., Pennycott, T., Turner, S. P.

    Each year, the UK rears around 20-30 million pheasants and 3-6 million red-legged partridges for shooting purposes. However, welfare organisations and some members of the gamebird industry itself have raised concerns about the use of raised laying units for breeding gamebirds. Although the...

  20. An investigation into the causation of chewing behaviour in growing pigs: the role of exploration and feeding motivation

    Contributor(s):: Day, J. E. L., Kyriazakis, I., Lawrence, A. B.

    Pigs, with a high or low level of feeding motivation, were allowed to chew an initially novel length of tubing which exuded a sucrose solution, a saccharin solution or water. A measure of exploratory activity was obtained by also providing each pig with an identical control-tube which exuded only...