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  1. The European Union ban on conventional cages for laying hens: history and prospects

    Contributor(s):: Appleby, M. C.

    Since the publication of "Animal Machines" (Harrison, 1964), there has been widespread public pressure in Europe - supported by European institutions - to "ban the battery cage." The European Union (EU) and national governments (particularly in Northern Europe) funded research on noncage systems...

  2. Using conjoint analysis to weight broiler welfare variables based on slaughterhouse data

    Contributor(s):: Tuunainen, P., Valaja, J., Valkonen, E., Hepola, H.

    The Council of the European Union adopted the welfare directive for broiler chickens in 2007 (Commission of the European Communities, 2007). The directive defines minimum demands and objectives for broiler production ranging from stocking density to welfare. This study found that the level of...

  3. Welfare, health, and hygiene of laying hens housed in furnished cages and in alternative housing systems

    Contributor(s):: Rodenburg, T. B., Tuyttens, F. A. M., Sonck, B., Reu, K. de, Herman, L., Zoons, J.

    The aim of this review was to compare welfare, health, and hygienic status of laying hens housed in furnished cages and in alternative systems. In alternative systems (floor housing and aviaries), birds have more freedom of movement and a more complex environment than in furnished cages. However,...

  4. Incorporating the philosophy of technology into animal welfare assessment

    Contributor(s):: Daigle, C. L.

    Changes in attitudes towards how animals are housed in agriculture are currently under question in the public eye - particularly for laying hens. Many arguments from the rights and utilitarian viewpoints have been made for changing environmental conditions and managerial practices for animals in...

  5. Aggressiveness in the domestic fowl: Distance versus 'attitude'

    Contributor(s):: Rodriguez-Aurrekoetxea, A., Estevez, I.

    It has been suggested that invasion of the personal space by flock members is the main trigger of aggressive interactions in the domestic fowl ( Gallus gallus domesticus). In large and dense groups of birds high frequency of attacks should be expected as the chances of invading the personal space...

  6. BIOETHICS SYMPOSIUM II: current factors influencing perceptions of animals and their welfare

    Contributor(s):: McKendree, M. G. S., Croney, C. C., Widmar, N. J. O.

    To address escalating concerns about livestock animal care and welfare it is necessary to better understand the factors that may predispose people to develop such concerns. It has been hypothesized that experiences with, beliefs about, and emotional connections to animals may influence level of...

  7. Lameness is consistently better at predicting broiler chicken performance in mobility tests than other broiler characteristics

    Contributor(s):: Caplen, G., Hothersall, B., Nicol, C. J., Parker, R. M. A., Waterman-Pearson, A. E., Weeks, C. A., Murrell, J. C.

    To determine whether lame broilers are in pain it is necessary to compare measures of lameness and mobility before and after analgesic treatment. Such measures should not be unduly affected by other bird characteristics. This study assessed the performance of lame (gait score, GS 3-4) and...

  8. Can substrate in early rearing prevent feather pecking in adult laying hens?

    Contributor(s):: Jong, I. C. de, Reuvekamp, B. F. J., Gunnink, H.

  9. Close human presence reduces avoidance behaviour in commercial caged laying hens to an approaching human

    Contributor(s):: Edwards, L. E., Coleman, G. J., Hemsworth, P. H.

    The quality of human contact that hens are exposed to will determine the degree of fear of humans that they experience. This has consequences for the welfare of commercial laying hens, as hens that are afraid of humans will be regularly exposed to a fear-provoking stressor. Hens can be habituated...

  10. Religious slaughter: data from surveys and spot-check visits in Italy and animal welfare issues

    Contributor(s):: Cenci-Goga, B. T., Sechi, P., Cuccurese, A., Poeta, A., Angelis, G. de, Marini, P., Mattiacci, C., Rossi, R., Pezzato, R., Salamano, G., Santori, P.

  11. The effect of pre-stun shocks in electrical water-bath stunners on carcase and meat quality in broilers

    Contributor(s):: Rao, M. A., Knowles, T. G., Wotton, S. B.

  12. The welfare of laying hens in conventional cages and alternative systems: first steps towards a quantitative comparison

    Contributor(s):: Freire, R., Cowling, A.

  13. Cruelty and legislation

    Contributor(s):: Harrison, R.

  14. A method for the economic valuation of animal welfare benefits using a single welfare score

    Contributor(s):: Bennett, R., Kehlbacher, A., Balcombe, K.

  15. A non-intrusive method of assessing plumage condition in commercial flocks of laying hens

    Contributor(s):: Bright, A., Jones, T. A., Dawkins, M. S.

  16. Breeding for better welfare: genetic goals for broiler chickens and their parents

    Contributor(s):: Dawkins, M. S., Layton, R.

  17. Chronic neurophysiological and anatomical changes associated with infrared beak treatment and their implications for laying hen welfare

    Contributor(s):: McKeegan, D. E. F., Philbey, A. W.

  18. Emergency procedures in the field: a report of wound treatment and fast healing in the giant ditch frog (Leptodactylus fallax)

    Contributor(s):: Rosa, G. M., Fernandez-Loras, A.

  19. Global Animal Partnership's 5-Step<sup>TM</sup> Animal Welfare Rating Standards: a welfare-labelling scheme that allows for continuous improvement

    Contributor(s):: Duncan, I. J. H., Park, M., Malleau, A. E.

  20. Improving the poultry shackle line

    Contributor(s):: Lines, J. A., Berry, P., Cook, P., Schofield, C. P., Knowles, T. G.