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  1. A comparison of the use of resting platforms and nest boxes in growing farmed silver foxes ( Vulpes vulpes )

    Contributor(s):: Mononen, J., Korhonen, H., Harri, M., Kasanen, S.

    The use of the interior and roof of a nest box and the use of various types of resting platform were studied in 50 juvenile silver foxes of both sexes housed singly in traditional fox cages (length, 115 cm; width, 105 cm; height, 70 cm). The experiment was carried out from early July to the end...

  2. A note on reward-related behaviour and emotional expressions in farmed silver foxes ( Vulpes vulpes ) - basis for a novel tool to study animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Moe, R. O., Bakken, M., Kittilsen, S., Kingsley-Smith, H., Spruijt, B. M.

    The present study aimed to investigate the profile and quantitative aspects of reward-related behaviour and emotional expressions during anticipation of positive (predictable or various unpredictable) or negative (predictable) rewards in a Pavlovian trace conditioning paradigm in farmed silver...

  3. A note on the effects of an unobstructed view on cage choices in farmed foxes

    Contributor(s):: Mononen, J., Harri, M., Sepponen, J., Ahola, L.

    Eight farmed adult female silver foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and 8 blue foxes (Alopex lagopus) were given the option of a cage with an open view and a cage with a partly obstructed view in a 14-day choice test. Silver foxes spent 61 +or- 16% and blue foxes 68 +or- 18% of their daily time in the cage...

  4. A study of the use of resting platforms by farm bred blue foxes

    Contributor(s):: Harri, M., Mononen, J., Korhonen, H., Haapanen, K.

  5. A unique human-fox burial from a pre-Natufian cemetery in the Levant (Jordan).

    Contributor(s):: Maher, Lisa A., Stock, Jay T., Finney, Sarah, Heywood, James J.N., Miracle, Preston T., Banning, Edward B.

  6. Abnormal behaviour in farmed silver fox vixens (Vulpes vulpes L.): tail-biting and infanticide

    Contributor(s):: Braastad, B. O.

  7. An analysis of fear and aggression during early development of behaviour in silver foxes ( Vulpes vulpes )

    Contributor(s):: Plyusnina, I. Z., Oskina, I. N., Trut, L. N.

  8. An Analysis of Rabies Incidence and Its Geographic Spread in the Buffer Area Among Orally Vaccinated Wildlife in Ukraine From 2012 to 2016

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ivan Polupan, Maksym Bezymennyi, Yurii Gibaliuk, Zhanna Drozhzhe, Oleksii Rudoi, Vitalii Ukhovskyi, Vitalii Nedosekov, Marco De Nardi

    The statistics of rabies cases in Volyn, Lviv, and Zakarpattia oblasts of Ukraine from 2012 to 2016 were analyzed to establish spatial–temporal distribution of rabies endemic outbreaks and to identify causes of widespread infections among wild and domestic animals. The occurrence of...

  9. Anxiolytic drugs inhibit hyperthermia induced by handling in farmed silver foxes ( Vulpes vulpes )

    | Contributor(s):: Moe, R. O., Bakken, M.

    Eighteen silver fox vixens were divided into 3 equal groups and injected i.m with either diazepam (5 mg/kg) or buspirone (10 mg/kg), or sterile saline (control). Foxes were handled before and at 90 min after injection. Rectal temperature (Trec) was measured as an indicator of stress-induced...

  10. Assessing the human-animal relationship in farmed species: a critical review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Waiblinger, S., Boivin, X., Pedersen, V., Tosi, M. V., Janczak, A. M., Visser, E. K., Jones, R. B.

    The present paper focuses on six main issues. First, we briefly explain why an increased understanding of the human-animal relationship (HAR) is an essential component of any strategy intended to improve the welfare of farmed animals and their stockpersons. Second, we list the main internal and...

  11. Behaviour of silver foxes in traditional breeding boxes and in boxes with an entrance tunnel

    | Contributor(s):: Braastad, B. O.

    The periparturient behaviour of silver-fox females inside traditional and modified breeding boxes was recorded on video tape from 24 h before to 72 h after parturition for 3 diurnal periods. 20 litters had the traditional simple breeding box, 14 litters had a box with a narrow entrance tunnel....

  12. Behavioural and physiological differences between silver foxes selected and not selected for domestic behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Harri, M., Mononen, J., Ahola, L., Plyusnina, I., Rekila, T.

    The degree of domestication of an animal is difficult to estimate because the animal's phenotype depends not only on its genetic make-up but also on its experiences during ontogeny. In addition, comparisons between wild and domestic animals suffer from the lack of a proper reference population....

  13. Behavioural and physiological effects of post-weaning handling and access to shelters in farmed blue foxes ( Alopex lagopus )

    | Contributor(s):: Pedersen, V., Moeller, N. H., Jeppesen, L. L.

    Ninety-four female blue fox Alopex lagopus cubs were distributed into two groups with either handling or no handling. Handling was performed once a day for 2.5 min between 7 and 10 weeks of age, while the control group received no extra human contact. As handling completed at 10 weeks of age,...

  14. Blue foxes' ( Vulpes lagopus) motivation to gain access and interact with various resources

    | Contributor(s):: Koistinen, T., Korhonen, H. T., Hamalainen, E., Mononen, J.

    We analysed the willingness of blue foxes ( Vulpes lagopus) to work for and utilise five resources: a platform, wooden block, sand floor, nest box and empty space. Ten juvenile blue fox males were housed singly in apparatus consisting of three cages connected with one-way doors through the walls...

  15. Blue foxes' motivation to gain access to solid floors and the effect of the floor material on their behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Koistinen, T., Mononen, J.

    Farmed blue foxes are willing to work to gain access to a sand floor from a wire mesh floor. It is not clear whether the foxes work for the sand floor because of its solidity or because it enables them to perform certain behaviours, e.g. exploration and digging. Here, we measured blue foxes'...

  16. Bones as enrichment for farmed blue foxes ( Vulpes lagopus ): interaction with the bones and preference for a cage with the bones

    | Contributor(s):: Koistinen, T., Turunen, A., Kiviniemi, V., Ahola, L., Mononen, J.

    Animal welfare regulations (e.g. Recommendations of European Convention) state that farmed foxes need to be provided with an activity object, though the material or shape of the object is not specified. We aimed to evaluate the properties of bones as an activity object for farmed blue foxes...

  17. Bulldozers and blueberries: managing fence damage by bare-nosed wombats at the agricultural-riparian interface

    | Contributor(s):: Borchard, P., Wright, I. A.

  18. Choices of farm foxes for raised wire mesh cage and ground pen

    | Contributor(s):: Korhonen, H., Niemela, P.

    Eight adult male silver foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and 10 adult and 10 juvenile blue foxes (Alopex lagopus) were housed in a combined cage-pen housing. A raised wire mesh cage (110 x 107 x 60 cm) was connected via tunnel with a ground level pen with solid floor (200 x 400 x 150 cm). Animal behaviour...

  19. Comparison of daytime use between platform types, materials, ceilings and experiences in juvenile blue foxes ( Alopex lagopus )

    | Contributor(s):: Korhonen, H., Ketoja, E., Niemela, P.

    264 juvenile blue foxes were housed in cages with side-U platforms or corner flat platforms made from wood or net with ceilings 23 or 30 cm above. The foxes were the offspring of females housed in cages without or with platforms. Platform type significantly affected the amount of time the foxes...

  20. Conditioned taste aversion in the grey fox ( Pseudalopex griseus), in Southern Argentine Patagonia

    | Contributor(s):: Nielsen, S., Travaini, A., Vassallo, A. I., Procopio, D., Zapata, S. C.

    Attempts to control cougar ( Puma concolor) and culpeo fox ( Pseudalopex culpaeus) populations in Patagonia through poisoning, negatively affects grey foxes ( Pseudalopex griseus) and many other non-target species. It is therefore advisable to develop selective predator control methods. Among a...