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  1. [A pilot study in the Loire-Atlantic region]

    Contributor(s):: Vuillemenot, J. L., Cesaire, F.

  2. [Animal assisted therapy in a long-term care nursing home]

    Contributor(s):: Mudzyk, A., Bourque, M., Guilbert, H., Seguin, A. D., Savoye, M. J.

  3. [Animal therapy: current status and future]

    Contributor(s):: Desachy, F.

  4. [Dogs who give wings!]

    Contributor(s):: Javel, P.

  5. [Four paws for ... two legs]

    Contributor(s):: Trabacchi, G.

  6. [Therapeutic health promotion and therapy facilitated by animals]

    Contributor(s):: Barthalot, C.

  7. [A historical perspective of human-animal interaction as a field of study]

    Contributor(s):: Odendaal, J. S.

  8. Dogs a sentinels of human risk from environmental origin: interest for saturnim prevention; first study conducted in the Alfort French Veterinary School

    Contributor(s):: Enriquez, B., Hakou, G., Tabaries, A., Revol, B., Moal, J. le, Sasco, A., Benet, J. J.

    A study was carried out at the Alfort Veterinary School to apply the concept of sentinel animals to environmental toxicology, associated with pet epidemiology. The recruitment, with owners' consent, of adequate dogs (over 10 kg) in sufficient number, at the School's attending clinics has made it...

  9. Farmers' relationship with different animals: the importance of getting close to the animals - case studies of French, Swedish and Dutch cattle, pig and poultry farmers. (Special issue: Competing discourses of farm animal welfare and agri-food restru

    Contributor(s):: Bock, B. B., Huik, M. M. van, Prutzer, M., Eveillard, F. K., Dockes, A.

    This article seeks to provide a deeper understanding of the factors that influence farmers' relations with animals and focuses on the relevance of sector (e.g. beef or dairy cattle), animal species, housing systems and any national differences. It seeks to draw out how the relationship between...

  10. The reintroduction and reinterpretation of the wild

    Contributor(s):: O'Rourke, E.

    This paper is concerned with changing social representations of the "wild," in particular wild animals. It argues that within a contemporary Western context the old agricultural perception of wild animals as adversarial and as a threat to domestication, is being replaced by an essentially urban...

  11. The youth and stray dogs: new figures of urban insecurity. (Varia No.9) [French]

    Contributor(s):: Blanchard, C.

    This article describes the situation of homeless youths and their dogs in the urban areas of France.

  12. An analysis of ingestive behaviour and activity of cattle under field conditions

    Contributor(s):: Ruckebusch, Y., Bueno, L.

    The times spent by cattle in grazing, walking, ruminating, non-chewing and resting under field conditions for 24-h periods in autumn and winter during 3 consecutive yr were recorded by means of vibracorders. Three 500-kg cows (5, 7 and 17 yr old, resp.) were used in the trials which were...

  13. Development of a methodology for studying feeding station behaviour of grazing ewes

    Contributor(s):: Roguet, C., Prache, S., Petit, M.

    A test apparatus was developed to study feeding station (FS) use and abandonment by sheep, by controlling FS number, characteristics and distance between FS. It consisted of a rectangular pen with openings in one of the long sides through which the sheep could extend its head to graze. FS...

  14. Stereotypies in pregnant sows: indications of influence of the housing system on the patterns expressed by the animals

    Contributor(s):: Vieuille-Thomas, C., Pape, G. le, Signoret, J. P.

    Patterns of stereotyped behaviour were observed in pregnant sows maintained in different housing systems in commercial farms. The stereotypies were compared between stalled and tethered Large White sows (124 and 68, respectively) and between stalled and group-housed Large White/Landrace crosses...

  15. Comparison between 28 zoological parks: stereotypic and social behaviours of captive brown bears ( Ursus arctos )

    Contributor(s):: Montaudouin, S., Pape, G. le

    In the present study we compared 33 enclosures in 28 parks, with a total of 66 bears. We chose direct observation of behaviour rather than surveys. Each enclosure was observed during one day; stereotypies and social relationships were qualitatively noted in types and amount. The connections of...

  16. How degree of selectivity modifies foraging behaviour of dry ewes on reproductive compared to vegetative sward structure

    Contributor(s):: Prache, S., Roguet, C., Petit, M.

    The effect of sward phenological stage in interaction with the degree of selectivity for green leaves on foraging behaviour of dry ewes was studied in France. The hypothesis that dry matter (DM) intake per bite, intake rate and intake were determined by the amount of preferred food items (green...

  17. Human-related disturbance risk and distance to cover affect use of montane pastures by Pyrenean chamois

    Contributor(s):: Pepin, D., Lamerenx, F., Chadelaud, H., Recarte, J.

    The influence of a hiking trail and the edge of a surrounding beech forest on the diurnal habitat use patterns of the Pyrenean chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica) was studied within montane pastures of a protected area during a mild winter. Habitat selection significantly increased as the distance from...

  18. Sequence of food presentation influences intake of foods containing tannins and terpenes

    Contributor(s):: Mote, T. E., Villalba, J. J., Provenza, F. D.

    Interactions among nutrients and secondary compounds in plants can influence the kinds and amounts of different forages herbivores ingest, but little is known about how the sequence of plant ingestion may influence these interactions. The physiological pathways and rates of nutrient and secondary...

  19. Characterisation by fractal analysis of foraging paths of ewes grazing heterogeneous swards

    Contributor(s):: Garcia, F., Carrere, P., Soussana, J. F., Baumont, R.

    On grasslands, herbivores make a trade-off between the quality and the quantity of their intake. They improve their searching efficiency by modulating their foraging velocity and/or their path sinuosity through the perception of their feeding environment. The aim of this study was to test the...

  20. Beef calves react differently to different handlers according to the test situation and their previous interactions with their caretaker

    Contributor(s):: Boivin, X., Garel, J. P., Mante, A., Neindre, P. le

    From birth, 24 beef calves received either minimal or extensive contact with 1 experimenter and were observed in 3 tests between 3 and 4 months of age. In the first test, the calves observed with the familiar motionless experimenter spent less time away from a feeding bucket (5.6+or-4.0 s) than...