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  1. A comparison between leg problems in Danish and Swedish broiler production

    Contributor(s):: Sanotra, G. S., Berg, C., Lund, J. D.

    In Denmark and Sweden, surveys were undertaken to estimate the prevalence of leg problems in conventional broiler production. The Danish survey included 28 Ross 208 flocks, and the Swedish survey included 15 Ross 208 and 16 Cobb flocks. Leg problems included reduced walking ability (gait), tibial...

  2. A cross-sectional study of prevalence and risk factors for foot lesions and abnormal posture in lactating sows on commercial farms in England

    Contributor(s):: Kilbride, A. L., Gillman, C. E., Green, L. E.

    A cross-sectional study of lactating sows in 71 commercial pig herds in England was carried out to estimate the prevalence of foot lesions and abnormal posture and investigate the associated risks. Observational data were collected on the standing posture, lesions on the hind left foot, and the...

  3. A cross-sectional study of the prevalence of lameness in finishing pigs, gilts and pregnant sows and associations with limb lesions and floor types on commercial farms in England

    Contributor(s):: Kilbride, A. L., Gillman, C. E., Green, L. E.

    The prevalence and risks for abnormal gait in finishing pigs (Sus scrofa), gilts and pregnant sows from a representative cross-section of indoor and outdoor herds in the United Kingdom were investigated. The prevalence of abnormal gait in finishing pigs, maiden gilts, pregnant gilts and pregnant...

  4. A hippotherapy simulator is effective to shift weight bearing toward the affected side during gait in patients with stroke

    Contributor(s):: Sung, Y. H., Kim, C. J., Yu, B. K., Kim, K. M.

  5. A note on the linear and temporal stride kinematics of Olympic show jumping horses between two fences

    Contributor(s):: Hole, S. L., Clayton, H. M., Lanovaz, J. L.

    The aims of this study were to describe the temporal and linear stride kinematics of horses within a two-stride combination of fences and to make comparisons between the first and second intermediate strides. Video recordings (60 Hz) were made of eight horses jumping two vertical fences that were...

  6. A tool for the evaluation of slaughter horse welfare during unloading

    Contributor(s):: Messori, S., Visser, E. K., Buonanno, M., Ferrari, P., Barnard, S., Borciani, M., Ferri, N.

    This study aimed to develop a scientific and practical tool to be used to assess horse welfare after commercial transport over long journeys. A set of physical, behavioural and environmental measures was selected, covering welfare aspects of both transport and unloading procedures. The protocol...

  7. An assessment of the pressure distribution exerted by a rider on the back of a horse during hippotherapy

    Contributor(s):: Janura, M., Peham, C., Dvorakova, T., Elfmark, M.

  8. Angular kinematics of the gait of children with Down's syndrome after intervention with hippotherapy

    Contributor(s):: Copetti, F., Mota, C. B., Graup, S., Menezes, K. M., Venturini, E. B

  9. Can a modified Latency-to-Lie test be used to validate gait-scoring results in commercial broiler flocks?

    Contributor(s):: Berg, C., Sanotra, G. S.

    Bodily contact with water is a novel and aversive experience for broiler chickens, and this has been used when designing the Latency to Lie (LTL) test. The original testing procedure, in which the birds are tested in groups, involves a certain settling period, which makes the test time-consuming...

  10. Changes in Gait Balance and Brain Connectivity in Response to Equine-Assisted Activity and Training in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    Contributor(s):: Hyun, G. J., Jung, T. W., Park, J. H., Kang, K. D., Kim, S. M., Son, Y. D., Cheong, J. H., Kim, B. N., Han, D. H.

  11. Comparative Effects of Horse Exercise Versus Traditional Exercise Programs on Gait, Muscle Strength, and Body Balance in Healthy Older Adults

    Contributor(s):: Aranda-García, Silvia, Iricibar, Albert, Planas, Antoni, Prat-Subirana, Joan A., Angulo-Barroso, Rosa M.

  12. Comparing the pelvis kinematics of able-bodied children during normal gait and when riding a therapeutic horse

    Contributor(s):: Brandon Rhett Rigby, Brian A. Garner (adviser)

    Hippotherapy is a treatment strategy that uses horse movement as physical therapy tool for clients with a broad range of diagnoses including cerebral palsy and multiple sclerosis. The prevailing theory is that the gait motion of the therapeutic horse provides sensory stimulus and movement...

  13. Comparison of temporospatial and kinetic variables of walking in small and large dogs on a pressure-sensing walkway

    Contributor(s):: Kim, J., Kazmierczak, K. A., Breur, G. J.

  14. Coordination dynamics in horse-rider dyads

    Contributor(s):: Wolframm, I. A., Bosga, J., Meulenbroek, R. G.

  15. Cow gait scores and kinematic gait data: can people see gait irregularities?

    Contributor(s):: Nuffel, A. van, Sprenger, M., Tuyttens, F. A. M., Maertens, W.

    Increasing lameness problems associated with intensified dairy cattle production has lead to the development of several techniques to automatically detect these problems. Comparisons of these new measuring techniques of cow locomotion with the conventional subjective observer scoring are scarce....

  16. Defining pacing quantitatively: a comparison of gait characteristics between pacing and non-repetitive locomotion in zoo-housed polar bears

    Contributor(s):: Cless, I. T., Voss-Hoynes, H. A., Ritzmann, R. E., Lukas, K. E.

    Pacing is a commonly investigated behavior in zoo animals, however, little data have been published to support a precise definition of pacing. High speed video of pacing behavior in 11 zoo-housed polar bears ( Ursus maritimus) was compared with goal-oriented locomotion in the same bears....

  17. Dehydration and lameness in a broiler flock

    Contributor(s):: Butterworth, A., Weeks, C. A., Crea, P. R., Kestin, S. C.

    A case study from the UK [date not given] is described in which a high incidence of lameness in broiler chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) is associated with rearing to 84 days of age; broilers are normally slaughtered at less than 50 days of age. A sample of 185 birds was scored for walking...

  18. Differences in the expression of genes in lame and normal broiler chickens identified by subtraction hybridisation

    Contributor(s):: Butterworth, A., Reeves, N. A., Knowles, T. G., Kestin, S. C.

    In the UK, broiler chickens are normally slaughtered at about six weeks of age when they weigh approximately 2.2 kg; this contrasts with the growth of an 'unimproved' traditional strain of bird such as a White Sussex, which would weigh about 800 g at the same age. Lameness, characterised by...

  19. Does hippotherapy effect use of sensory information for balance in people with multiple sclerosis?

    Contributor(s):: Lindroth, J. L.

  20. Early detection of lameness in heifers with hairy heel warts using a pressure plate

    Contributor(s):: Almeida, P. E., Mullineaux, D. R., Raphael, W., Wickens, C., Zanella, A. J.

    Lameness is an indicator of pain and suffering, which has substantial animal welfare and economic impact on the dairy industry. Subjective locomotion scoring is unreliable for detecting mild cases of lameness in dairy herds. Undetected lameness can progress to a more serious and painful state...