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  1. 'A fiendish outrage'? A study of animal maiming in East Anglia: 1830-1870

    Contributor(s):: Archer, J. E.

  2. A review of the relationship between indigenous Australians, dingoes ( Canis dingo ) and domestic dogs ( Canis familiaris )

    Contributor(s):: Smith, B. P., Litchfield, C. A.

    Canids form a large part of Indigenous Australian life and mythology, an association first developed with the dingo, and later with the domestic dog. The relationship between canids and Indigenous Australians is intricate, but unique in that these peoples never domesticated the wild dingo....

  3. Avoidance of dyed food by the northern bobwhite

    Contributor(s):: Mastrota, F. N., Mench, J. A.

    Since certain colours are aversive to birds, the authors suggest that it might be possible to use dyes to prevent birds from consuming agricultural seeds and pesticide granules. The effectiveness of 8 dyes in repelling food consumption in a gamebird, the northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus),...

  4. Awareness of whale conservation status and whaling policy in the US - a preliminary study on American youth

    Contributor(s):: Parsons, E. C. M., Rice, J. P., Sadeghi, L.

    In 2008, a preliminary study was conducted to provide information on awareness of cetacean (whale, dolphin and porpoise) conservation issues and the US government's policy on whaling, in a test group of US university students (n=230). When given a list of whale species, 39% of the participants...

  5. Behaviour and weight change of red deer calves during different weaning procedures

    Contributor(s):: Pollard, J. C., Littlejohn, R. P., Suttie, J. M.

    In a preliminary pilot trial, 60 [male] and [female] calves were not weaned, or weaned and then confined to a paddock or indoors for 7 days, with or without the presence of 2 hand-reared hinds during confinement. Activities observed over 5 days, starting on the day after weaning, differed among...

  6. Behavioural evidence of hybridization (Japanese x European) in domestic quail released as game birds

    Contributor(s):: Deregnaucourt, S., Guyomarc'h, J. C., Spano, S.

    The European quail is a partial migrant bird considered 'vulnerable' by the European community. The decline of this subspecies has spurred an annual release of large numbers of domestic Japanese quail. Prezygotic and postzygotic isolating mechanisms have not been established between these two...

  7. Behavioural responses of park red and fallow deer to disturbance and effects on population performance

    Contributor(s):: Langbein, J., Putman, R. J.

    The effects of disturbances by humans and dogs on deer in two London parks, Bushy Park and Richmond Park, were investigated. In most cases the effects of the disturbance was relatively minor, with the animals resuming their normal activity quickly after the encounter. There was no evidence that...

  8. Bowhunting deer

    Contributor(s):: Gregory, N. G.

    There are conflicting views about the humaneness of the handbow as a recreational hunting method for deer. Some claim that it is the most humane hunting method, whilst others report higher wounding rates and crippling losses than with the rifle. This commentary summarises the factors affecting...

  9. Canine mental genetics

    Contributor(s):: Whitney, L. F.

    Certain behaviour patterns of the wolf are briefly examined and are likened to similar modified patterns in the domestic dog, thus implying acceptance of the theory that the dog's ancestor was the wolf. The author's earlier findings on characteristics peculiar to different breeds of sporting dog...

  10. Cecil: A Moment or a Movement? Analysis of Media Coverage of the Death of a Lion, Panthera leo

    Contributor(s):: David W. Macdonald, Kim S. Jacobsen, Dawn Burnham, Paul J. Johnson, Andrew J. Loveridge

    The killing of a satellite-tagged male lion by a trophy hunter in Zimbabwe in July 2015 provoked an unprecedented media reaction. We analyse the global media response to the trophy hunting of the lion, nicknamed “Cecil”, a study animal in a long-term project run by Oxford...

  11. Chronic toxicity of 1080 and its implications for conservation management: a New Zealand case study

    Contributor(s):: Weaver, S. A.

    Sodium monofluoroacetate (1080) is a mammalian pesticide used in different parts of the world for the control of mammalian pest species. In New Zealand it is used extensively and very successfully as a conservation management tool for the control of brushtail possums (Trichosurus vulpecula) - an...

  12. Comparing fostering success between wild-caught and game farm bred captive red-legged partridges ( Alectoris rufa , L.)

    Contributor(s):: Sanchez-Garcia, C., Alonso, M. E., Perez, J. A., Rodriguez, P. L., Ramiro Gaudioso, V.

    As fostered game birds are better prepared for releasing in comparison to those intensively reared, fostering of wild and game farm red-legged partridges (Alectoris rufa) was studied on a semi-natural rearing farm using farm-hatched chicks. Parent pairs, barren pairs and single individuals from...

  13. Comparison of effects of different methods of culling red deer ( Cervus elaphus ) by shooting on behaviour and post mortem measurements of blood chemistry, muscle glycogen and carcase characteristics

    Contributor(s):: Cockram, M. S., Shaw, D. J., Milne, E., Bryce, R., McClean, C., Daniels, M. J.

    Methods for culling wild red deer (Cervus elaphus) were compared by observing behaviour and collecting post mortem samples from wild deer shot (i) by a single stalker during daytime; (ii) by more than one stalker during daytime; (iii) by using a helicopter for the deployment of stalkers and...

  14. Could empathy for animals have been an adaptation in the evolution of Homo sapiens ?

    Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, J. W. S., Paul, E. S.

    In humans, empathy has emotional and cognitive components, both of which are linked to caring and nurturant behaviour. Variations in each of these facets of empathy were likely to have been accessible to natural selection during the evolution of Homo, although the likely details of their...

  15. Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans

    Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.

    Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...

  16. Ducks and Deer, Profit and Pleasure: Hunters, Games and the Natural Landscapes of Medieval Italy

    Contributor(s):: Cristina Arrigoni Martelli

    This dissertation is an ample and thorough assessment of hunting in late medieval and Renaissance northern and central Italy. Hunting took place in a variety of landscapes and invested animal species. Both of these had been influenced by human activities for centuries. Hunting had deep cultural...

  17. Effect of genetic selection for dustbathing activity on productive traits in Japanese quail

    Contributor(s):: Gerken, M., Petersen, J.

  18. Effects of behaviour and handling on heart rate in farmed red deer

    Contributor(s):: Price, S., Sibly, R. M., Davies, M. H.

    The heart rate of farmed red deer hinds was affected by behaviour and handling, and the baseline heart rate changed seasonally. Heart rate was measured in 5 red deer during 14 different behaviours throughout the day in October, January and May. Baseline heart rate in May (85 beats/min) was some...

  19. Effects of isolation and mixing of social groups on heart rate and behaviour of red deer stags

    Contributor(s):: Pollard, J. C., Littlejohn, R. P., Suttie, J. M.

    The effects of visual and spatial isolation from other deer (Experiment 1), and of mixing with unfamiliar deer (Experiment 2) on the behaviour and heart rate of 16 yearling red deer stags, were measured. In each experiment, the deer were initially confined in an indoor pen for 1 min in the...

  20. Effects of repeated changes in group composition on immune response, behaviour, adrenal activity and liveweight gain in farmed red deer yearlings

    Contributor(s):: Hanlon, A. J., Rhind, S. M., Reid, H. W., Burrells, C., Lawrence, A. B.

    The validity of antibody and lymphocyte response as measures of social stress in farmed red deer hinds was assessed by comparison with other indices of stress (behaviour, adrenal capacity and liveweight gain). 10 "wild" red deer (mixed, M), born to wild hinds after capture, were each housed in 10...