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  1. Garden-Based Learning: An Experience With "At Risk" Secondary Education Students

    Contributor(s):: José-Reyes Ruiz Gallardo, Alonso Verde, Arturo Valdés

    The reengagement of disenchanted secondary students is one of the priorities of the educational system. Over a six-year period (2003–2004 to 2008–2009), 63 disruptive and low-performance secondary school students were integrated into a two-year garden-based learning program, which...

  2. Caregiver/orangutan relationships at Auckland Zoo: empathy, friendship, and ethics between species

    Contributor(s):: Palmer, A., Malone, N., Park, J.

    Drawing on ethnographic, ethological, and historical data, we examined the relationships between orangutans and caregivers at Auckland Zoo. Caregivers displayed high levels of empathy and adjusted their husbandry routines to their interpretations of the orangutans' moods. Caregivers experienced...

  3. Defamiliarising the Zoo : Representations of Nonhuman Animal Captivity in Five Contemporary Novels

    Contributor(s):: Hadassa Prattley

    While human-animal relations have always been part of human cultures the public zoo is a relatively recent phenomenon that reflects very specific elements of Western cultures’ modern ideas about, and relationships with, nonhuman animals. By becoming such a familiar part of popular culture...

  4. The handling of stray dogs in Norway and Hungary : The operation of Budadogs

    Contributor(s):: Caroline Holtet

    Many countries in Europe have so called stray dogs,Hungary is one of them. Norway does not have a problem with stray dogs due to a well function society, strict animal welfare law and generally high standard of living, so the term “stray dog” is not in use in Norway. The aim of my...

  5. Human-Animal Interactions at Zoological Institutions

    Contributor(s):: Christopher Marion

    Objective – To determine the preventive practices concerning zoonotic disease transmission between humans and animals in interactive exhibits at Association of Zoos & Aquariums (AZA) accredited institutions. Data were also analyzed to determine if annual budget was associated with...

  6. Keeper-animal interactions: differences between the behaviour of zoo animals affect stockmanship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Melfi, V.

    Stockmanship is a term used to describe the management of animals with a good stockperson someone who does this in a in a safe, effective, and low-stress manner for both the stock-keeper and animals involved. Although impacts of unfamiliar zoo visitors on animal behaviour have been extensively...

  7. Coping strategies in captive capuchin monkeys ( Sapajus spp.)

    | Contributor(s):: Ferreira, R. G., Mendl, M., Wagner, P. G. C., Araujo, T., Nunes, D., Mafra, A. L.

    Studies on diverse species indicate the existence of individual differences in stress coping strategies labelled as 'proactive' and 'reactive'. Identifying taxonomic distribution of such coping strategies is fundamental to evolutionary models and to management of captive animals. Capuchin monkeys...

  8. Environmentally enriching American mink ( Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Diez-Leon, M., Bursian, S., Galicia, D., Napolitano, A., Palme, R., Mason, G.

    Enrichment studies for wild carnivores (e.g., in zoos) are often short-term, use enrichments of unknown motivational significance, and focus on glucocorticoids and stereotypic behaviour (SB), ignoring other stress-relevant variables. Our study assessed the broad behavioural and physiological...

  9. What drives cat-owner behaviour? First steps towards limiting domestic-cat impacts on native wildlife

    | Contributor(s):: MacDonald, E., Milfont, T., Gavin, M.

    Context. Cats can have substantial negative impacts on native wildlife. To harness the collective conservation impact of owners keeping cats inside, advocacy campaigns need to be based on empirical evidence regarding potential drivers to change cat-owner behaviour. Aims. We assessed the degree to...

  10. Behavioural analysis of captive tigers ( Panthera tigris): a water pool makes the difference

    | Contributor(s):: Biolatti, C., Modesto, P., Dezzutto, D., Pera, F., Tarantola, M., Gennero, M. S., Maurella, C., Acutis, P. L.

    The activity budgets of seven captive tigers ( Panthera tigris) housed in four zoological gardens (A, B, C, D) were analysed to assess their welfare and to relate it to several variables, including enclosure type, management, and animal history. Behaviours were recorded by instantaneous focal...

  11. A "how-to" guide for designing judgment bias studies to assess captive animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Bethell, E. J.

    Robust methods to assess nonhuman animal emotion are essential for ensuring good welfare in captivity. Cognitive bias measures such as the judgment bias task have recently emerged as promising tools to assess animal emotion. The simple design and objective response measures make judgment bias...

  12. A multi-institutional assessment of factors influencing locomotion and pacing in captive okapis ( Okapia johnstoni)

    | Contributor(s):: Bennett, C., Torgerson-White, L., Fripp, D., Watters, J., Petric, A.

    The okapi ( Okapia johnstoni), native to the Democratic Republic of Congo, is a large, solitary, and diurnal forest-dwelling ungulate highly sensitive to captive conditions. The captive population demonstrates persistent health problems, reproductive abnormalities, and several potentially...

  13. A universal animal welfare framework for zoos

    | Contributor(s):: Kagan, R., Carter, S., Allard, S.

    The Detroit Zoological Society's (DZS) Center for Zoo Animal Welfare (CZAW) was created to advance the science and policy of the welfare of exotic nonhuman animals in captivity. This important part of the DZS mission is achieved through assessments of, and research on, the welfare of animals in...

  14. Evaluation of an innovative approach for sensory enrichment in zoos: semiochemical stimulation for captive lions ( Panthera leo)

    | Contributor(s):: Martinez-Macipe, M., Lafont-Lecuelle, C., Manteca, X., Pageat, P., Cozzi, A.

    Despite improvements in zoo housing and management conditions over the last years, zoo animals may still present undesirable behaviours, such as aggression, stereotypies, boredom and a general absence of natural behaviours. In order to improve animal welfare, researchers are constantly looking...

  15. Chinese visitors' experiences of nature and wild macaques: inspiration and personal growth for living in Hong Kong

    | Contributor(s):: Lee, WingNaam, Davey, G.

    Country parks offer urban residents the opportunity to experience wildlife, engage in environmental education, and socially bond with family and friends, but little is known about these experiences in China. Twenty-five interviews were conducted in 2012 to investigate the meanings Hong Kong...

  16. Little penguins, Eudyptula minor, show increased avoidance, aggression and vigilance in response to zoo visitors

    | Contributor(s):: Sherwen, S. L., Magrath, M. J. L., Butler, K. L., Hemsworth, P. H.

    Multiple studies have shown that human disturbance can have negative impacts on wild penguin populations. Penguins in zoos may also be susceptible to negative impacts from humans, but this has not previously been investigated. We examined the visitor effect on a group of 25 little penguins ,...

  17. Pond use by captive African penguins ( Spheniscus demersus) in an immersive exhibit adjacent to human bathers

    | Contributor(s):: Ozella, L., Favaro, L., Carnovale, I., Pessani, D.

    Nonhuman animals in zoos are exposed to a continuous human presence, which affects their behaviors and welfare. However, little is known about what role the "visitor effect" has on penguins in captivity. The African penguin ( Spheniscus demersus) is an endangered species commonly housed in zoos...

  18. Zoo playgrounds: a source of enrichment or stress for a group of nearby cockatoos? A case study

    | Contributor(s):: Collins, C. K., Marples, N. M.

    There is increasing evidence that in some circumstances, zoo visitors may be aversive stimuli to nonhuman animals housed in zoos. Yet, most previous research has focused on primates with little attention given to numerous other species who are housed in zoos. The focus animal of this project was...

  19. Are we ignoring neutral and negative human-animal relationships in zoos?

    | Contributor(s):: Hosey, G., Melfi, V.

    Human-animal interactions (HAI), which may lead to human-animal relationships (HAR), may be positive, neutral, or negative in nature. Zoo studies show that visitors may be stressful, may have no effect, or may be enriching. There is also evidence that good HARs set up between animals and their...

  20. Captivity for conservation? Zoos at a crossroads

    | Contributor(s):: Keulartz, J.

    This paper illuminates a variety of issues that speak to the question of whether 'captivity for conservation' can be an ethically acceptable goal of the modern zoo. Reflecting on both theoretical disagreements (animal protectionists vs. wildlife conservationists) and practical challenges (the...