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  1. Can dogs behaving badly suggest a new way to treat OCD?

    Contributor(s):: Holden, Constance, Travis, John

  2. Heterogeneity and phylogenetic relationships of community-associated methicillin-sensitive/resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in healthy dogs, cats and their owners

    Contributor(s):: Wan, M. T., Fu, S. Y., Lo, Y. P., Huang, T. M., Cheng, M. M., Chou, C. C.

    Aims: To investigate the distribution of staphylococcal enterotoxin genes (se) and the molecular features of community-associated methicillin-sensitive/resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MSSA/MRSA) isolates in the nostrils of healthy pets and their owners. Methods and Results: A total of 114...

  3. A quantitative safety assessment model for transgenic protein products produced in agricultural crops

    Contributor(s):: Howard, J. A., Donnelly, K. C.

    Transgenic plants are now being used to develop pharmaceutical and industrial products in addition to their use in crop improvement. Using confinement requirements, these transgenic plants are grown and processed under conditions that prevent intermixing with commodity crops. Regulatory agencies...

  4. Exploiting abstract possibilities: a critique of the concept and practice of product patenting

    Contributor(s):: Radder, H.

    Developments in biotechnology and genomics have moved the issue of patenting scientific and technological inventions toward the centre of interest. In particular, the patentability of genes of plants, animals, or humans and of genetically modified (parts of) living organisms has been discussed,...

  5. Molecular characterization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains from pet animals and their relationship to human isolates

    Contributor(s):: Strommenger, B., Kehrenberg, C., Kettlitz, C., Cuny, C., Verspohl, J., Witte, W., Schwarz, S.

    Objectives: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates from pet animals were characterized and compared with human isolates from clonal complexes most prevalent in Central Europe. Methods: S. aureus isolates were investigated for their in vitro susceptibility to antimicrobial...

  6. The harm principle and genetically modified food. (Special Issue: Two systems - one world.)

    Contributor(s):: Holtug, N.

    It is suggested that the Harm Principle can be viewed as the moral basis on which genetically modified (GM) food is currently regulated. It is then argued (a) that the concept of harm cannot be specified in such a manner as to render the Harm Principle a plausible political principle, so this...

  7. Animal welfare: should we change housing to better accommodate the animal or change the animal to accommodate the housing?

    Contributor(s):: Cheng, Heng-Wei

    Animal welfare (well-being) can be generally defined as 'a state of harmony between the animal and its environment, characterized by optimal physical, behavioural and psychological functioning and high quality of the animal's life'. Since its inception in the early nineteenth century, through...

  8. Primate models in serotonin transporter research

    Contributor(s):: Herman, Khalisa N., Winslow, James T., Suomi, Stephen J.

  9. Domestication - from behaviour to genes and back again

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, P.

    During domestication, animals have adapted with respect to behaviour and an array of other traits. This tends to give rise to a specific domestication phenotype, involving similar changes in colour, size, physiology and behaviour among different species. Hence, domestication offers a model for...

  10. Genetics and genomics of animal behaviour and welfare - challenges and possibilities. (Special Issue: Farm animal welfare since the Brambell report.)

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, P., Buitenhuis, B., Kjaer, J., Zanella, A., Mormede, P., Pizzari, T.

    Traditionally, the contribution of applied ethology to animal welfare science has concentrated on understanding the reactions of animals to their housing conditions. Domestication has had small effects on fundamental aspects of animal behaviour, and therefore, the needs of present day...

  11. An approach to canine behavioural genetics employing guide dogs for the blind

    Contributor(s):: Takeuchi, Y., Hashizume, C., Arata, S., Inoue-Murayama, M., Maki, T., Hart, B. L., Mori, Y.

    The purpose of this study was to attempt to find related variables of the canine genome with behavioural traits of dogs maintained and tested in a guide dog facility which provided a relatively uniform environment. The study involved 81 Labrador Retrievers that were being trained as guide dogs....

  12. Review of 'From genes to animal behavior: Social structures, personalities, communication by color'

    Contributor(s):: Edenbrow, Mathew

  13. Myth #1: Autism Assistance Dog Placements for Children can be Created Safely and Effectively Using Rescue Dogs

    10 Aug 2012 | Posted by Patty Dobbs Gross

    by Patty Dobbs Gross We are each of us angels with only one wing, and we can only fly by embracing one another. ~ Lucretius 'Marques and North Star's Boots' Rescuing a child as well as a dog can...

    https://habricentral.org/members/1661/blog/2012/08/myth-1-autism-assistance-dog-placements-for-children-can-be-created-safely-and-effectively-using

  14. From society to genes with the honey bee

    Contributor(s):: Robinson, Gene E.

  15. Animal models of affective behaviors and drug addiction

    Contributor(s):: Drews, Eva, Becker, Astrid, Bilkei-Gorzo, Andras, Zimmer, Andreas

  16. Animal models of eating disorder traits

    Contributor(s):: Kas, Martien J. H., Adan, Roger A. H.

  17. Genetics and animal domestication: new windows on an elusive process

    Contributor(s):: Dobney, K., Larson, G.

    Domesticated animals are universally familiar. How, when, where and why they became domesticated is less well understood. The genetic revolution of the past few decades has facilitated novel insights into a field that previously was principally the domain of archaeozoologists. Although some of...

  18. Proceedings of the 6th International Veterinary Behavior Meeting (IVBM), Riccione, Italy, 17-19 June 2007

    A total of 43 abstracts of papers presented at the 6th International Veterinary Behaviour Meeting are included in this issue. The following topics are covered: behaviour; behavioural medicine; and clinical ethology; behavioural development; relationship and influence of owners on behaviour;...

  19. Uncertainties of nutrigenomics and their ethical meaning

    | Contributor(s):: Korthals, M., Komduur, R.

    Again and again utopian hopes are connected with the life sciences (no hunger, health for everyone; life without diseases, longevity), but simultaneously serious research shows uncertain, incoherent, and ambivalent results. It is unrealistic to expect that these uncertainties will disappear. We...

  20. Behaviour in pigs from three genotypes segregating at the halothane locus

    | Contributor(s):: Schaefer, A. L., Sather, A. P., Tong, A. K. W., Lepage, P.

    Time-lapse video recordings were made over 24-h periods on 32 halothane-negative pigs (NN) and halothane-positive pigs (nn) and on 16 of their progeny (Nn). Ethograms constructed from the tapes revealed that halothane-positive pigs drank and ate less frequently and spent longer investigating...