The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Genetically Engineering Human-Animal Chimeras and Lives Worth Living
Contributor(s):: Cooley, D. R.
Review of Rollin's The Frankenstein Syndrome
Contributor(s):: Sapontzis, Steve F.
Response: Of Pigs and Primitive Notions
Contributor(s):: Detmer, David J.
Should We Genetically Engineer Hogs?
Contributor(s):: Comstock, Gary L.
To Clone or not to Clone: A Look at Why Cloning Fluffy and Fido Might not be in the Best Interests of Society and May Inevitably Pave the Way for Human Cloning
Contributor(s):: Penelope Tsernoglou
Dolly was the first. Others soon followed: goats, pigs, and mice to name a few. Recently the world has witnessed the first birth of a cloned companion animal, CC the cat. This is a huge step in making cloning more acceptable within American society because humans relate far more to...
Review article: ethical issues of mammoth proportions? reviving and re-engineering the extinct
Contributor(s):: O'Sullivan, M.
This book is a fascinating exploration of ethical issues in the restoration of extinct species, viewed from multidisciplinary perspectives. It does not, however, include law. Scientific possibilities and experimentation that appear to operate outside of the ethical sphere are explored in detail...
Genetic engineering as animal slavery
Contributor(s):: Linzey, Andrew
GM crops, the hubris argument and the nature of agriculture
Contributor(s):: Moula, P.
In this paper, I investigate the moral status of agricultural biotechnology and, more specifically, genetically modified (GM) crops by employing the hubris argument. The old notion of hubris, given to us by the ancient Greeks, provides a narrative from which we can understand ourselves and...
Looking for moral responsibility in ownership: a way to deal with Hazards of GMOs
Contributor(s):: Robaey, Z.
Until now, the debates around genetically modified seeds in agriculture have converged towards two main issues. The first is about hazards that this new technology brings about, and the second is about the ownership of seeds and the distribution of their economic benefits. In this paper, I...
Risk assessment of genetically modified food and neoliberalism: an argument for democratizing the regulatory review protocol of the Food and Drug Administration
Contributor(s):: Meghani, Z.
The primary responsibility of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is to protect public health by ensuring the safety of the food supply. To that end, it sometimes conducts risk assessments of novel food products, such as genetically modified (GM) food. The FDA describes its regulatory...
The leading Canadian NGOs' discourse on fish farming: from ecocentric intuitions to biocentric solutions
Contributor(s):: Pigeon, L. E., Letourneau, L.
The development of the aquaculture industry in Canada has triggered a conflict of a scope never seen before. As stated in Young and Matthews' The Aquaculture Controversy, this debate has "mushroomed over the past several decades to become one of the most bitter and stubborn face-offs over...
Dolly's deceiving perfection: biotechnology, animal welfare, and ethics
Contributor(s):: Hoog, A. V., Cock Buning, T. de, Hazekamp, A.
New biotechnological inventions demand a different way of monitoring experiments for possible nonhuman animal welfare problems. Only with such a monitoring system in place will review committees be able to render good judgments on new experiments. Nuclear transfer cloning serves as a clear...
Ethics and Genetic Engineering: The Frankenstein Syndrome: Ethical and Social Issues in the Genetic Engineering of Animals (Book Review)
Contributor(s):: Thompson, Paul B.
Reviews the book 'The Frankenstein Syndrome: Ethical and Social Issues in the Genetic Engineering of Animals,' by Bernard E. Rollin.
Genetic engineering and other factors that might affect human-animal interactions in the research setting
Contributor(s):: Comber, J., Griffin, G.
Evidence exists, particularly in the welfare literature of nonhuman animals on the farm, that the interaction between nonhuman animals and the personnel who care for them can have a strong effect on the animals' behavior, productivity, and welfare. Among species commonly used for biomedical...
Genetically modified laboratory animals - what welfare problems do they face?
Contributor(s):: Buehr, M., Hjorth, P. J., Hansen, A. K., Sandoe, P.
In this article, we respond to public concern expressed about the welfare of genetically modified (GM) non-human animals. As a contribution to the debate on this subject, we attempt in this article to determine in what situations the practice of genetic modification in rodents may generate...
Phenotype characterization and welfare assessment of transgenic rodents (mice)
Contributor(s):: Mertens, C., Rulicke, T.
Methods of transgenesis in vertebrate animals in the laboratory involve the stable addition or selective substitution of defined genes into the germline. Although there is a continuous and remarkable development in transgenic technology-the quality of transgenes, gene-targeting vectors, and...
Prolonged pain research in mice: trends in reference to the 3Rs
Contributor(s):: Balcombe, J., Ferdowsian, H., Briese, L.
This literature review documents trends in the use of mice in prolonged pain research, defined herein as research that subjects mice to a source of pain for at least 14 days. The total amount of prolonged pain research on mice has increased dramatically in the past decade for the 3 pain...
Critical care and survival of fragile animals: the case of Prrxl1 knockout mice
Contributor(s):: Monteiro, C., Dourado, M., Matos, M., Duarte, I., Lamas, S., Galhardo, V., Lima, D.
The generation of genetically modified animal models in which a given gene is permanently deleted or overexpressed, sometimes results in fragile phenotypes characterized by high morbidity and premature death. This undesired outcome creates important welfare difficulties and poses a huge...
For Science, Love and Money: The Social Worlds of Poultry and Rabbit Breeding in Britain, 1900-1940
Contributor(s):: Marie, Jenny
Re-taking care: open source biotech in light of the need to deproletarianize agricultural innovation
Contributor(s):: Lemmens, P.
This article deals with the biotechnology revolution in agriculture and analyzes it in terms of Bernard Stiegler's theory of techno-evolution and his thesis that technologies have an intrinsically pharmacological nature, meaning that they can be both supportive and destructive for sociotechnical...