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  1. Pre- and Post-Race Intestinal Microbiota in Long-Distance Sled Dogs and Associations with Performance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kristoffer Relling Tysnes, Inga Leena Angell, Iselin Fjellanger, Sigrid Drageset Larsen, Silje Rebekka Søfteland, Lucy J. Robertson, Ellen Skancke, Knut Rudi

    Although our understanding of the role of the gut microbiota in different diseases is improving, our knowledge regarding how the gut microbiota affects functioning in healthy individuals is still limited. Here, we hypothesize that the gut microbiota could be associated with sled dog...

  2. Aggressiveness, ADHD-like behaviour, and environment influence repetitive behaviour in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Sulkama, S., Salonen, M., Mikkola, S., Hakanen, E., Puurunen, J., Araujo, C., Lohi, H.

  3. Historical development of horse breeds

    | Contributor(s):: Tuncer, S. S., Kozat, S.

    This study was conducted to examine the historical development process of modern horse breeds. Horses are among the few species that have managed to become domesticated on earth. The domestication of horses took place after dogs, goats, sheep, pigs, reindeer and poultry. It is accepted that the...

  4. Analysis of Genetic Diversity in the Czech Spotted Dog

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Karolína Machová, Anita Kranjˇceviˇcová, Luboš Vostrý, Emil Krupa

    Loss off genetic diversity negatively affects most of the modern dog breeds. However, no breed created strictly for laboratory purposes has been analyzed so far. In this paper, we sought to explore by pedigree analysis exactly such a breed—the Czech Spotted Dog (CSD). The pedigree...

  5. Selection for reduced fear of humans changes intra-specific social behavior in red junglefowl - implications for chicken domestication

    | Contributor(s):: Gjoen, J., Jensen, P.

  6. Ethnographic Observations on the Role of Domestic Dogs in the Lowland Tropics of Belize with Emphasis on Crop Protection and Subsistence Hunting

    | Contributor(s):: Pacheco-Cobos, Luis, Winterhalder, Bruce

  7. The Role of Nature in Coping with Psycho-Physiological Stress: A Literature Review on Restorativeness

    | Contributor(s):: Rita Berto

  8. Why were New World rabbits not domesticated?

    | Contributor(s):: Somerville, A. D., Sugiyama, N.

    2021Animal Frontiers11362-682160-605610.1093/af/vfab026EnglishDepartment of World Languages and Cultures, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, USA.asomervi@iastate.edutext

  9. Adenoviral Gene Transfer of Gremlin Modulates Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor-A-Induced Angiogenesis in Porcine Myocardium

    | Contributor(s):: Pajula, J. J., Halonen, P. J., Hätinen, O. P., Ylä-Herttuala, S., Nurro, J.

  10. Use of questionnaire-based data to assess dog personality

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Pamela Wiener, Marie J. Haskell

    The study of dog personality is of general academic interest and also has applications for the management of both working dogs and pets. However, acquiring direct behavioral assessments of large numbers of animals is both time consuming and logistically difficult. An alternative approach that...

  11. Aspects of juvenile and adolescent environment predict aggression and fear in 12-month-old guide dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Serpell, J. A., Duffy, D. L.

    Maturational changes in behavior, and the possible influence of the puppy-raising environment on behavioral development, were investigated in a total sample of 978 prospective guide dogs belonging to four different breeds/crosses. All dogs belonged to the same guide dog organization, and had...

  12. Protein expression and genetic variability of canine Can f 1 in golden and Labrador retriever service dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Breitenbuecher, C., Belanger, J. M., Levy, K., Mundell, P., Fates, V., Gershony, L., Famula, T. R., Oberbauer, A. M.

    Background: Valued for trainability in diverse tasks, dogs are the primary service animal used to assist individuals with disabilities. Despite their utility, many people in need of service dogs are sensitive to the primary dog allergen, Can f 1, encoded by the Lipocalin 1 gene (LCN1). Several...

  13. Environmental enrichment: an experiment in biosocial intervention

    | Contributor(s):: Chiapperino, Luca

  14. Comparative assessment of faecal microbial composition and metabonome of swine, farmers and human control

    | Contributor(s):: Tan, S. C., Chong, C. W., Yap, I. K. S., Thong, K. L., Teh, C. S. J.

  15. Metagenomic analysis of dental calculus in ancient Egyptian baboons

    | Contributor(s):: Ottoni, C., Guellil, M., Ozga, A. T., Stone, A. C., Kersten, O., Bramanti, B., Porcier, S., Van Neer, W.

  16. CRISPR/Cas9 Technology in Translational Biomedicine

    | Contributor(s):: Leonova, E. I., Gainetdinov, R. R.

  17. The presence of Icelandic leadersheep affects flock behaviour when exposed to a predator test

    | Contributor(s):: Brunberg, Emma, Eythórsdóttir, Emma, Dýrmundsson, Ólafur R., Grøva, Lise

    Genetic selection in commercial sheep production has mainly focussed on production traits and to a large extent ignoring behavioural traits, such as response towards predators. The Icelandic leadersheep is a sheep breed selected and known for its special behavioural traits, such as leading the...

  18. Pharmacological inhibition of histone deacetylase reduces NADPH oxidase expression, oxidative stress and the progression of atherosclerotic lesions in hypercholesterolemic apolipoprotein E-deficient mice; potential implications for human atherosclero

    | Contributor(s):: Manea, S. A., Vlad, M. L., Fenyo, I. M., Lazar, A. G., Raicu, M., Muresian, H., Simionescu, M., Manea, A.

  19. Antiphospholipid syndrome: complement activation, complement gene mutations and therapeutic implications

    | Contributor(s):: Chaturvedi, S., Braunstein, E. M., Brodsky, R. A.

  20. Brown and white egg-layer strain differences in fearfulness and stress measures

    | Contributor(s):: Nelson, Jill R., Settar, Petek, Berger, Emily, Wolc, Anna, O’Sullivan, Neil, Archer, Gregory S.

    Different genetic lines of laying hens may show varying levels of fearfulness in response to stressful events or situations. It is important to select appropriate genetic strains when keeping hens in alternative housing systems to minimize health and production issues caused by fear and stress....