The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Is evolution of domestication driven by tameness? A selective review with focus on chickens
Contributor(s):: Agnvall, Beatrix, Bélteky, Johan, Katajamaa, Rebecca, Jensen, Per
Domestication of animals offers unique possibilities to study evolutionary changes caused by similar selection pressures across a range of species. Animals from separate genera tend to develop a suite of phenotypic alterations referred to as "the domesticated phenotype". This involves changes in...
Homozygosity for Mobile Element Insertions Associated with WBSCR17 Could Predict Success in Assistance Dog Training Programs
Contributor(s):: Tandon, D., Ressler, K., Petticord, D., Papa, A., Jiranek, J., Wilkinson, R., Kartzinel, R. Y., Ostrander, E. A., Burney, N., Borden, C., Udell, M. A. R., VonHoldt, B. M.
To save the bees or not to save the bees: honey bee health in the Anthropocene
Contributor(s):: Andrews, Eleanor
Preventing skeletal and neurological problems in guide dogs for the blind and other working dogs
Contributor(s):: Evans, K. M., Lewis, T. W.
Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans
| Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.
Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...
Attitudes of livestock keepers to breeding strategies - Threats and opportunities for on-farm conservation of the Borana cattle breed
| Contributor(s):: Kerstin K. Zander
Environmental and market pressures strongly affect cattle breeding in East Africa. While optimising breeding with diverse genetic material can improve income from cattle production, it can also lead to a loss and depletion of valuable animal genetic resources. This study assesses...
Structural variants in genes associated with human Williams-Beuren syndrome underlie stereotypical hypersociability in domestic dogs
| Contributor(s):: Bridgett M. vonHoldt, Emily Shuldiner, Ilana Janowitz Koch, Rebecca Y. Kartzinel, Andrew Hogan, Lauren Brubaker, Shelby Wanser, Daniel Stahler, Clive D. L. Wynne, Elaine A. Ostrander, Janet S. Sinsheimer, Monique A. R. Udell
Although considerable progress has been made in understanding the genetic basis of morphologic traits (for example, body size and coat color) in dogs and wolves, the genetic basis of their behavioral divergence is poorly understood. An integrative approach using both behavioral and genetic data...
The Dog: A Domestic Wolf to Communicate with Man: The Aggressiveness of the Dog
| Contributor(s):: Jean-Mane Giffroy
On the basis of research in archeozoology and molecular genetics, it is established that the wolf is the main ancestor of the dog and that domestication would have occurred some 14,000 or 15,000 years ago, 5,000 years before the domestication of another species. The place or places of the first...
Discussion of Animal Stem Cells in the Classroom: Engaging Students through the Lens of Veterinary Medicine
| Contributor(s):: Farenga, Stephen J., Niess, Daniel, Hutchinson, Michael
Family Dog Project: history and future of the ethological approach to human-dog interaction
| Contributor(s):: Abdai, J., Miklosi, A.
Dogs occupy a specific niche in the human social environment. Some authors argued that dogs' social competence show functional similarities in their components (e.g. attachment, rule following) to that of humans due to their long history living in anthropogenic environment if proper socialisation...
Manifestation of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis in Australian Merino sheep: observations on altered behaviour and growth
| Contributor(s):: Cronin, Greg M., Beganovic, Danai F., Sutton, Amanda L., Palmer, David J., Thomson, Peter C., Tammen, Imke
Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCL) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder in children. Presently there is no effective treatment and the disorder is lethal. NCL occur in a variety of non-human species including sheep, which are recognised as valuable large animal models for NCL. This...
Long-term effects of straw blocks in pens with finishing pigs and the interaction with boar type
| Contributor(s):: Bulens, Anneleen, Van Beirendonck, Sanne, Van Thielen, Jos, Buys, Nadine, Driessen, Bert
This study verified the effect of straw blocks on the behavior and growth of finishing pigs and possible interactions with the genetic background (boar type). A total of 359 finishing pigs, which were offspring from different boar types, were housed in gender-mixed pens with slatted floors. Half...
Generational habituation and current bald eagle populations
| Contributor(s):: Guinn, Jeremy E.
The relationship between coat colour phenotype and equine behaviour: a pilot study
| Contributor(s):: Finn, Jessica L., Haase, Bianca, Willet, Cali E., van Rooy, Diane, Chew, Tracy, Wade, Claire M., Hamilton, Natasha A., Velie, Brandon D.
Mutations in the genes influencing melanocytes not only affect the colour of an animal, but are also believed to impact physiological and behavioural functions. When this is taken into consideration, the common perception among horse owners that the chestnut coat colour is associated with adverse...
Social group formation and genetic relatedness in reintroduced Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus) in Thailand
| Contributor(s):: Thitaram, C., Dejchaisri, S., Somgird, C., Angkawanish, T., Brown, J., Phumphuay, R., Chomdech, S., Kangwanpong, D.
Captive-held elephants were recruited from several parts of Thailand and released as part of a reintroduction project. Wild elephants with a herd matriarch generally contain the same matrilineal line and are genetically related. However, reintroduced elephants are less likely to be related, but...
Gene-edited 'micropigs' to be sold as pets at Chinese institute
| Contributor(s):: Cyranoski, D.
Overview and critique of stages and periods in canine development
| Contributor(s):: Fox, M. W.
The inseparability of science and ethics in animal welfare
| Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.
This article discusses the application of ethical principles in animal welfare in all fields of scientific research and advancement. The ethical components of animal welfare in the use of animals in animal production, policy-making, research, laboratories and genetic engineering are highlighted.
The backtest in pigs revisited - an analysis of intra-situational behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Zebunke, M., Repsilber, D., Nurnberg, G., Wittenburg, D., Puppe, B.
The occurrence of different behavioural phenotypes in animals (regarding temperament and personality) has increasingly attracted the attention of scientists dealing with farm animal breeding, management and welfare. As part of the adaptation repertoire, coping behaviour describes how animals deal...
Human‐directed social behaviour in dogs shows significant heritability
| Contributor(s):: Persson, M. E., Roth, L. S. V., Johnsson, M., Wright, D., Jensen, P.